Book — 1 online resource (20 pages) : digital, PDF file(s).
Islam has become an important symbol in post-Suharto Indonesia, and political figures or parties feel they cannot afford to be seen to be against the religion or be considered unfriendly to it. Islamism emerges to challenge Pancasila (or cultural pluralism) again. Islamists already challenged Pancasila soon after Indonesian independence. But during that initial era under Sukarno, this challenge was already under control. Under Suharto, Pancasila as an ideology was effectively used to govern Indonesia, and political Islam was suppressed. However, Suharto began to co-opt Islamic political leaders during the last decade of his rule. Religious Islam grew significantly during the Suharto era and would gradually transform itself into political Islam after Suharto's fall. Nevertheless, the electoral strength of "Islamic political parties" remained relatively low. But since then, Islam has been used as an effective tool to undermine political rivals. The pluralists who are now in power continue to promote Pancasila, and combining with moderate Islamic organizations and through laws and regulations, have tried to hinder the further development of Islamist organizations. The future of Pancasila depends on whether the Indonesian government and other pluralist forces are able to control the Islamists and provide political stability and economic development in the country. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Introduction-- Multiethnic Society, Conflict Regulation and Nation-Building-- Nation, State, Ethnicity and Indigenism-- Nationhood, Citizenship and Indigenism-- Ethnicity, Indigenism and Southeast Asia's Citizenship Laws-- Ethnic Chinese and the Formation of Southeast Asian Nations-- China's Citizenship Laws and Southeast Asian Chinese-- Nation-building or Citizenship-building in Singapore?-- Indigenism, Islam and Nation-building in Malaysia-- Ethnicity, Islam and Nation-building in Indonesia-- The Philippines and Thailand: Ethnicity and Islam in Nation-building-- Citizenship, Nation-State, and Nation-Building in the Globalizing Southeast Asia-- Appendixes: Ethnic and Religious Composition of the Southeast Asian States-- Citizenship Laws of the Southeast Asian States--.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
The idea of the 'nation' is a Western concept which has been applied to Southeast Asia. It is a project which has been in progress since the last century but is still incomplete. Various theoretical frameworks which are associated with nation and nation-building in the Southeast Asian region have been briefly dealt with. The book aims to examine the making of the nations in Southeast Asia using both historical and political science approaches. Concepts related to nations such as ethnicity, state, indigenism and citizenship have also been analysed in the Southeast Asian context. Specific examples of nation-building in five major Southeast Asian countries are presented. Problems and prospects of Southeast Asia's nation-building and citizenship building in the era of globalisation are also discussed. (source: Nielsen Book Data)