Baltimore : Johns Hopkins University Press, c2000.
Book — xii, 164 p. ; 22 cm.
What is the debate all about?
Agricultural research : making a difference in people's lives
The expanding boundaries of research, risks, and benefits
What is wrong with more of the same?
Can the poor benefit from genetic modified food?
Who sets the agenda?
Moving forward : Handle with care.
In recent years the media have reported, frequently with alarm, on the increasing use of genetically modified crops in agriculture. Some groups have expressed concern about consumer safety and the risks of large-scale ecosystem damage. Others have noted the resulting shift of power away from locally controlled farming operations toward large agribusiness and biotech companies, and the particular vulnerability of farmers in the developing world to this trend. In this book, development specialists Per Pinstrup-Andersen and Ebbe Schi ler focus attention on the less discussed issues of the potential benefits and costs of genetically modified crops for developing countries. Pinstrup-Andersen and Schi ler review the basic issues and discuss the potential that such crops have for addressing the great needs of poor and undernourished peoples throughout the world. They explain how increased agricultural productivity is not enough in addressing the problem of famine. People in developing countries need crops that are disease-resistant, can fend off insect predators, and can withstand severe environmental conditions in order to produce larger crop yields. Pinstrup-Andersen and Schi ler are sober in their assessment of these prospects, for they acknowledge that GM crops alone will not solve the world's food problem. They argue, however, that they may be one element in the solution and that people in developing countries should have information about benefits and risks, and the freedom to make their own decisions about whether or not to grow and consume GM crops. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Washington, DC : International Food Policy Research Institute with the Economic Research Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, American Agricultural Economics Association : Distributed by Johns Hopkins University Press, c2001.
Book — xvii, 102 p. : ill. ; 23 cm.
Global food production has more than doubled since the 1960s, growing faster than population, and will likely keep pace in the 21st century. Yet today one-eighth of the world's people lack secure access to the food they need to live active and healthy lives. This volume describes how together innovative technologies and sound policies can help close the global food gap - the gap between demand for and supply of food. Although markets will continue to supply sufficient food to those with money to spend, getting food to the poor will require that government policies and investments supplement the operation of markets in three critical areas: protecting the natural resources on which agriculture depends; focusing the benefits of agricultural research, including biotechnology, on the needs of small farmers in developing countries; and ensuring that access to food, resources, and income-generating opportunities is equitable and secure. Contributors to this book show how soil degradation, biotechnology, and other resources and technologies might affect the future supply of food, as well as how poverty, conflict, and gender roles might affect demand. They also consider the roles that institutions must play in meeting the challenge of global hunger. Finally, they outline the policy priorities required to achieve a food-secure world in the 21st century. (source: Nielsen Book Data)