External linguistic politics and policies in the German-speaking countries of Central Europe in early modern times and in the nineteenth century : with some references to the present age / Konrad Schröder
German global soft power, 1700-1920 / Nicola McLelland
French as a polemical language for Russian writers in the age of Nicholas I / Derek Offord
The external cultural and linguistic policy of the Italian government in the Mediterranean region and the issue of the National Association for Aid to Missionaries (1886-1905) / Paolo Pieraccini
Expansion du français et des manières françaises en Europe aux dix-septième et dix-huitième siècles : résultat d'une politique royale extérieure ou effet d'un certain prestige? / Henri Besse
Literary translation as a foreign language policy tool : the case of Russia, mid-eighteenth-early nineteenth centuries / Vladislav Rjéoutski
L'usage diplomatique de la langue française, instrument de la puissance? / Lucien Bély
The political implications of the idea of génie de la langue in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries / Gilles Siouffi.
The policies relating to language pursued by European monarchies and states have been widely studied, but far less attention has been given to their linguistic and cultural policies in territories outside their own borders. This volume takes an interdisciplinary approach to filling that gap, distinguishing and analyzing several different types of linguistic and foreign cultural policies. Such policies, the contributors show, tended not to be proclaimed officially, but they nonetheless had lasting effects on both language and culture in Europe and beyond.