Spain and Portugal, by J. B. Trend.--The crusades, by Ernest Baker.--Geography and commerce, by J. H. Kramera--Islamic minor arts and their influence upon European work, by A. H. Christie.--Islamic art and its influence on painting in Europe, by the late Sir Thomas Arnold.- Architecture, by M. S. Briggs.--Literature, by H. A. R. Gibb.--Mysticism, by R. A. Nicholson.--Philosophy and theology, by Alfred Guillaume.-- Law and society, by David de Santillana.--Science and medicine, by Max Meyerhof.--Music, by H. G. Farmer.--Astronomy and mathematics, by Baron Carra de Vauz.--Index.