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xii, 292 p. : ill.
  • pt. 1. Justifying sustainability
  • pt. 2. Characterizing sustainability
  • pt. 3. Indicating sustainability.
xxi, 171 p.
851 p.
xxviii, 407 p. : ill.
  • Dedications Preface Acknowledgements Editor List of Contributors Chapter 1. Elements of Sustainability and Bioremediation Ackmez Mudhoo and Romeela Mohee Chapter 2. Natural Attenuation R. Ryan Dupont Chapter 3. Anaerobic Digestion Processes Steven I. Safferman, Dana M. Kirk Louis L. Faivor, Wei Wu-Haan Chapter 4. Biosurfactants: Synthesis, Properties and Applications in Environmental Bioremediation Ramkrishna Sen, Ackmez Mudhoo and Gunaseelan, D. Chapter 5. Phytoremediation: An Efficient Approach for Bioremediation of Organic and Metallic Ions Pollutants Divya Gupta, Lalit Kumar Singh, Ashish Deep Gupta and Vikash Babu Chapter 6. Bioleaching Leo G. Leduc and Garry D. Ferroni Chapter 7. Biosorption of Heavy Metals - New Perspectives Teresa Taveres and Hugo Figueiredo Chapter 8. Biofiltration: Essentials, Research and Applications Smita Raghuvanshi, Subhajit Majumder and Suresh Gupta Chapter 9. Modeling and Implementation of Sustainable Remediation Based on Bioventing Hillel Rubin, Eran Rubin, and Holger Schuttrumpf Chapter 10. Bioremediation of Xenobiotics Kamal Saxena, Gajendra Kumar Aseri, Ashish Deep Gupta and Vikash Babu Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118062845 20160609
Bioremediation and Sustainability is an up-to-date and comprehensive treatment of research and applications for some of the most important low-cost, "green, " emerging technologies in chemical and environmental engineering.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118062845 20160609
xiv, 122 p. : ill.
African exporters suffer from low survival rates on international markets. They fail more often than others, incurring time and again the setup costs involved in starting new relationships. This high churning is a source of waste, uncertainty, and discouragement. However, this trend is not inevitable. The high "infant mortality" of African exports is largely explained by Africa's low-income business environment and, once properly benchmarked, Africa's performance in terms of exporter failure is no outlier. Moreover, African exporters show vigorous entrepreneurship, with high entry rates into new products and markets despite formidable hurdles created by poor infrastructure, landlocked boundaries for some, and limited access to major sea routes for others. African exporters experiment a lot, and they frequently pay the price of failure. What matters for policy is how to ensure that viable ventures survive. Research carried out for this book demonstrates that governments can and should help to reduce the rate of failure of African export ventures through a mixture of improvements in the business environment, as well as well-targeted proactive interventions. The business environment can be made more conducive to sustainable export entrepreneurship through traditional policy prescriptions such as reducing transportation costs, facilitating trade through better technology and workflow in border management, improving the effectiveness of banking regulations to ensure the availability of trade finance, and striving for regulatory simplicity and coherence. In addition, governments can help leverage synergies between exporters. Original research featured in this book shows that African exporters improve each other's chances of survival when a critical mass of them penetrates a given market together. They also benefit from diaspora presence in destination markets. With adequate donor support and private-sector engagement, export-promotion agencies and technical-assistance programs can help leverage those synergies.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780821395592 20160617
viii, 356 p.
xi, 131p.
  • 1 Front Matter-- 2 1 Introduction-- 3 2 Certification's Place in the Toolbelt-- 4 3 The Landscape of Certification Schemes-- 5 4 Standard Development and Implementation-- 6 5 The Market for Certified Products-- 7 6 Measuring Success-- 8 7 Optimizing Certification as a Tool-- 9 8 Future Research Directions-- 10 Selected References-- 11 Background Papers-- 12 Standardization, Certification, and Labeling--Kira Matus-- 13 Surveying the Landscape: Certification Schemes for Sustainable Products and Services--Derek Vollmer-- 14 Appendixes-- 15 Appendix A: Workshop Agenda-- 16 Appendix B: Workshop Participants-- 17 Appendix C: Roundtable Roster.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780309147118 20171227
Consumption of goods and services represents a growing share of global economic activity. In the United States, consumption accounts for more than two-thirds of gross domestic product. This trend of increasing consumption has brought with it negative consequences for the environment and human well-being. Global demand for energy, food, and all manner of goods is on the rise, putting strains on the natural and human capital required to produce them. Extractive industries and production processes are prominent causes of species endangerment. Modern economies are underpinned by substantial energy consumption, a primary contributor to the current climate crisis. Expanding international trade has led to many economic opportunities, but has also contributed to unfair labor practices and wealth disparities. While certain processes have improved or become more efficient, and certain practices have been outlawed or amended, the sheer scale of global consumption and its attendant impacts continue to be major challenges we face in the transition to sustainability. Third-party certification systems have emerged over the last 15 years as a tool with some promise. There has been anecdotal evidence of success, but to date the overall impact of certified goods and services has been small. Moreover, definitions of sustainable vary across sectors and markets, and rigorous assessments of these programs have been few and far between. In order to take a step in learning from this field of practice, the National Academies' Science and Technology for Sustainability Program held a workshop to illuminate the decision making process of those who purchase and produce certified goods and services. It was also intended to help clarify the scope and limitations of the scientific knowledge that might contribute to the economic success of certified products. The workshop, summarized in this volume, involved presentations and discussions with approximately 40 invited experts from academia, business, government, and nongovernmental organizations.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780309147118 20171227


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