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Book
xvii, 365 p. : ill.
  • List of Contributors xiii Preface xv 1. Sustainable Development Strategies: An Overview 1 Vincenzo Piemonte, Marcello De Falco, and Angelo Basile 1.1 Renewable Energies: State of the Art and Diffusion 1 1.2 Process Intensification 4 1.3 Concept and Potentialities of Bio-based Platforms for Biomolecule Production 8 1.4 Soil and Water Remediation 13 Acknowledgement 18 References 18 2. Innovative Solar Technology: CSP Plants for Combined Production of Hydrogen and Electricity 25 Marcello De Falco 2.1 Principles 25 2.2 Plant Configurations 28 2.3 Mathematical Models 33 2.4 Plant Simulations 39 2.5 Conclusions 46 Nomenclature 47 References 48 3. Strategies for Increasing Electrical Energy Production from Intermittent Renewables 51 Alessandro Franco 3.1 Introduction 51 3.2 Penetration of Renewable Energies into the Electricity Market and Issues Related to Their Development: Some Interesting Cases 55 3.3 An Approach to Expansion of RES and Efficiency Policy in an Integrated Energy System 57 3.4 Analysis of Possible Interesting Scenarios for Increasing Penetration of RES 62 3.5 Analysis of a Meaningful Case Study: The Italian Scenario 66 3.6 Analysis and Discussion 74 3.7 Conclusions 75 Nomenclature and Abbreviations 76 References 77 4. The Smart Grid as a Response to Spread the Concept of Distributed Generation 81 Yi Ding, Jacob Ostergaard, Salvador Pineda Morente, and Qiuwei Wu 4.1 Introduction 81 4.2 Present Electric Power Generation Systems 82 4.3 A Future Electrical Power Generation System with a High Penetration of Distributed Generation and Renewable Energy Resources 83 4.4 Integration of DGs into Smart Grids for Balancing Power 86 4.5 The Bornholm System -- A "Fast Track" for Smart Grids 91 4.6 Conclusions 92 References 93 5. Process Intensification in the Chemical Industry: A Review 95 Stefano Curcio 5.1 Introduction 95 5.2 Different Approaches to Process Intensification 96 5.3 Process Intensification as a Valuable Tool for the Chemical Industry 97 5.4 PI Exploitation in the Chemical Industry 100 5.5 Conclusions 113 References 113 6. Process Intensification in the Chemical and Petrochemical Industry 119 Angelo Basile, Adolfo Iulianelli, and Simona Liguori 6.1 Introduction 119 6.2 Process Intensification 120 6.3 The Membrane Role 122 6.4 Membrane Reactor 124 6.5 Applications of Membrane Reactors in the Petrochemical Industry 128 6.6 Process Intensification in Chemical Industry 139 6.7 Future Trends 141 6.8 Conclusion 142 Nomenclature 143 References 143 7. Production of Bio-Based Fuels: Bioethanol and Biodiesel 153 Sudip Chakraborty, Ranjana Das Mondal, Debolina Mukherjee, and Chiranjib Bhattacharjee 7.1 Introduction 153 7.2 Production of Bioethanol 155 7.3 Biodiesel and Renewable Diesels from Biomass 166 7.4 Perspective 172 List of Acronyms 172 References 173 8. Inside the Bioplastics World: An Alternative to Petroleum-based Plastics 181 Vincenzo Piemonte 8.1 Bioplastic Concept 181 8.2 Bioplastic Production Processes 183 8.3 Bioplastic Environmental Impact: Strengths and Weaknesses 186 8.4 Conclusions 195 Acknowledgements 196 References 196 9. Biosurfactants 199 Maria Giovanna Martinotti, Gianna Allegrone, Massimo Cavallo, and Letizia Fracchia 9.1 Introduction 199 9.2 State of the Art 200 9.3 Production Technologies 205 9.4 Recovery of Biosurfactants 212 9.5 Application Fields 213 9.6 Future Prospects 225 References 225 10. Bioremediation of Water: A Sustainable Approach 241 Sudip Chakraborty, Jaya Sikder, Debolina Mukherjee, Mrinal Kanti Mandal, and D. Lawrence Arockiasamy 10.1 Introduction 241 10.2 State-of-the-Art: Recent Development 242 10.3 Water Management 247 10.4 Overview of Bioremediation in Wastewater Treatment and Ground Water Contamination 250 10.5 Membrane Separation in Bioremediation 252 10.6 Case Studies 256 10.7 Conclusions 260 List of Acronyms 261 References 262 11. Effective Remediation of Contaminated Soils by Eco-Compatible Physical, Biological, and Chemical Practices 267 Filomena Sannino and Alessandro Piccolo 11.1 Introduction 267 11.2 Biological Methods (Microorganisms, Plants, Compost, and Biochar) 269 11.3 Physicochemical Methods 277 11.4 Chemical Methods 280 11.5 Conclusions 286 List of Symbols and Acronyms 288 Acknowledgments 289 References 289 12. Nanoparticles as a Smart Technology for Remediation 297 Giuseppe Chidichimo, Daniela Cupelli, Giovanni De Filpo, Patrizia Formoso, and Fiore Pasquale Nicoletta 12.1 Introduction 297 12.2 Silica Nanoparticles for Wastewater Treatment 298 12.3 Magnetic Nanoparticles: Synthesis, Characterization and Applications 305 12.4 Titania Nanoparticles in Environmental Photo-Catalysis 317 12.5 Future Prospects: Is Nano Really Good for the Environment? 326 12.6 Conclusions 328 List of Abbreviations 328 References 329 Index 349.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119953524 20160612
Sustainable development is an area that has world-wide appeal, from developed industrialized countries to the developing world. Development of innovative technologies to achieve sustainability is being addressed by many European countries, the USA and also China and India. The need for chemical processes to be safe, compact, flexible, energy efficient, and environmentally benign and conducive to the rapid commercialization of new products poses new challenges for chemical engineers. This book aims to examine the newest technologies for sustainable development in chemical engineering, through careful analysis of the technical aspects, and discussion of the possible fields of industrial development. The book is broad in its coverage, and is divided into four sections: Energy Production , covering renewable energies, innovative solar technologies, cogeneration plants, and smart grids Process Intensification , describing why it is important in the chemical and petrochemical industry, the engineering approach, and nanoparticles as a smart technology for bioremediation Bio-based Platform Chemicals , including the production of bioethanol and biodiesel, bioplastics production and biodegradability, and biosurfactants Soil and Water Remediation , covering water management and re-use, and soil remediation technologies Throughout the book there are case studies and examples of industrial processes in practice.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781119953524 20160612
Book
xiii, 150 p.
Book
xxvi, 240 p. : ill.
  • Executive Summary (M. Schmidt) Introduction (M. Schmidt) Biofuels (M. Schmidt, M. Porcar, V. Schachter, A. Danchin, I. Mahmutoglu) Bioremediation (I. Mahmutoglu, L. Pei, M. Porcar, R. Armstrong, M. Bedau) Biomaterials (L. Pei, M. Morange, R. Armstrong, A. Danchin, M. Porcar) Other Developments in Synthetic Biology (R. Armstrong, M. Bedau, M. Schmidt) Regulatory Frameworks for Synthetic Biology (L. Pei, S. Bar-Yam, J. Byers-Corbin, R. Casagrande, F. Eichler, A. Lin, M. Osterreicher, P.C. Regardh, R.D. Turlington, K.A. Oye, H. Torgersen, M. Schmidt, Z.-J. Guan, W. Wei) Appendix References Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783527331833 20160612
This is the only book to focus on industrial and environmental applications of synthetic biology, covering 17 of the most promising uses in the areas of biofuel, bioremediation and biomaterials. The contributions are written by experts from academia, non-profit organizations and industry, outlining not only the scientific basics but also the economic, environmental and ethical impact of the new technologies. This makes it not only suitable as supplementary material for students but also the perfect companion for policy makers and funding agencies, if they are to make informed decisions about synthetic biology. Largely coordinated by Markus Schmidt, a policy adviser, and the only European to testify in front of the bioethics commission of the Obama administration.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783527331833 20160612
Book
xii, 308 p. : ill., map.
Book
xxvi, 369 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
Book
xviii, 303 p. : ill.
  • Sustainability and Discontinuity Products, Contexts and Capacities A Social Learning Process Life Cycle Design Minimising Resource Consumption Select Low Impact Resources and Processes Product Lifetime Optimisation Extending the Lifespan of Materials Facilitating Disassembly System Design for Eco-efficiency Environmental Complexity and Design Activity Estimating Environmental Impact of Products: Life Cycle Assessment Environmentally Sustainable Design-orientated Tools Evolution of Sustainability in Design Research and Practice.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781848001626 20160528
"Design for Environmental Sustainability" is a technical and operative contribution to the United Nations 'Decade on Education for Sustainable Development' (2005-2014), aiding the development of a new generation of designers, responsible and able in the task of designing environmentally sustainable products. "Design for Environmental Sustainability" provides a comprehensive framework and a practical tool to support the design process. The book offers an organic vision of methodologies, tools and strategies for the integration of environmental requirements into product development. Possible strategies and design guidelines are highlighted, accompanied by a large selection of high-quality environmentally-aware product design case studies. Divided into four parts, the first part covers environmental sustainability and presents the general guidelines that can be followed to reach it. The second part examines the Life Cycle Design approach and the strategies to minimise consumption of resources, select low environmental impact resources, optimise product life span, extend the life of materials, and design for disassembly. The third part presents methods and tools to evaluate the environmental impact of products (e.g., Life Cycle Assessment) and other support tools for the integration of environmental requirements into real design processes. The fourth and final part describes the historical evolution of sustainability, both in design practice and research. "Design for Environmental Sustainability" is an important text for all students, designers and design engineers interested in product development processes.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781848001626 20160528
Book
vi, 284 p.
Book
225 p. : ill. (chiefly col.).
  • Introduction
  • Ecology
  • Economy
  • Culture
  • Frontiers.
Designing for sustainability is an innovation shaping both the design industry and design education today. Yet architects, product designers, and other key professionals in this new field have so far lacked a resource that addresses their sensibilities and concerns. "The Designer's Atlas of Sustainability" now explores the basic principles, concepts, and practice of sustainable design in a visually sophisticated and engaging style. The book tackles not only the ecological aspects of sustainable design - designers' choice of materials and manufacturing processes have a tremendous impact on the natural world - but also the economic and cultural elements involved. The Atlas is neither a how-to manual, nor collection of recipes for sustainable design, but a compendium of fresh approaches to sustainability that designers can incorporate into daily thinking and practice. Illuminating many facets of this exciting field, the book offers ideas on how to harmonize human and natural systems, and then explores practical options for making the business of design more supportive of long-term sustainability. An examination of the ethical dimensions of sustainable development in our public and private lives is the theme present throughout. Like other kinds of atlases, "The Designer's Atlas of Sustainability" illustrates its subject, but it goes far beyond its visual appeal, stimulating design solutions for "development that cultivates environmental and social conditions that will support human well-being indefinitely.".
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781597261005 20160528
Book
xvi, 423 p. : ill.
  • Introduction.- Framework for Sustainability.- Management of Closed-Loop-Economy.- Product Development.- Product Life Cycle Service.- Technologies for Resource Recovery.- Planning for Reuse, Remanufacturing and Recycling.- Education - Curriculum for Engineers.- Roadmap.- Glossary.- Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783540498704 20160528
Population growth and increasing resource consumption are global challenges which have to be coped by sustainable development. Increasing the use productivity of resources by new cycle economical concepts supported by innovative technologies is significantly contributing to this ambitious goal. These challenges were accepted by several research institutions at the Technical University Berlin and lead to the establishment of the Collaborative Research Center (Sfb) 281 Dissassembly Factories for the Recovery of Resources in Product and Material Cycles funded by the German Research Foundation in 1995. Numerous scientific results are available after 12 years of research, which are discussed within this book: Management of industrial experience and education, technology innovation for products and processes of cycle economy are presented in a systemic frame of ecological, economical and socio-political criteria under the consideration of human necessities and limit natural resources. Methods and tools for a sustainable product development, planning methods for cycle economy, the presentation of concepts for product accompanying information systems and innovative disassembly technology are exemplarily to be distinguished. The book makes therefore a contribution to the increase of use productivity of resources. The challenges of sustainable manufacturing cannot be coped on a regional scale - but have to be addressed on a global level. For that reason, long lasting international cooperation's has been established within the Sfb 281 enriching the research work. International partners of TUB have contributed for the success of this book.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783540498704 20160528
Book
107 p.
Book
xii, 202 p. : ill.
  • Ch. 1. Introduction: Changes in Development Assistance
  • Ch. 2. The Enabling Environment and Organizational Performance
  • Ch. 3. Capacity
  • Ch. 4. Organizational Motivation
  • Ch. 5. Performance
  • Ch. 6. Methodological Issues in Organizational Assessment
  • Ch. 7. Implementing an Organizational Assessment
  • App. 1. Environment Assessment Questions
  • App. 2. An Organizational Assessment - Sample Report Outline.
Book
xvi, 302 p. : ill., maps.
Book
xxvii, 291 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
  • pt. 1. Country assessments
  • pt. 2. Political economy of natural resources and the environment.