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xii, 162 p. : ill.
  • PrefaceChapter 1: Is the earth sustainable?1.Changes from which the earth recovers, and changes from which the earth does not2. Mechanisms for recovery3. A massive intervention by humanity into the biosphere4. The flow of materials resulting from "making things"5. What happens if we continue with "business as usual?"Chapter 2: Knowing energy1. Energy is conserved2. What is energy used for?3. Energy degrades4. Improving efficiencyChapter 3: The limit of energy efficiency1. The elementary steps of human activities2. The energy of elementary steps3. The energy of human activitiesChapter 4: Energy conservation in daily life1. The automobile2. Homes and offices3. Power plantsChapter 5: Making things and recycling things1. The theory of recycling2. Recycling that is also energy conservation3. Is it bad to burn waste paper and plastic?Chapter 6: Introduction of renewable energy1. Could intensification of nuclear power be the answer?2. Sunlight3. Hydropower and wind power4. Geothermal and tidesChapter 7: How to make a sustainable earth1. The significance of the Kyoto Protocol2. Vision 2050: a new road to a sustainable earth3. A concrete image for Vision 2050 (1) A three-fold increase in energy use efficiency (2) Construction of a material recycling system (3) Development of renewable energyChapter 8: How will technology and society work together?1. Forming a total infrastructure for circulating materials in society2. Making the market work for sustainability3. Projects for Vision 20504. Rebuilding the relationship between technology and societyPostscript.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9784431094302 20160528
Hiroshi Komiyama's "Vision 2050" is a plan for paving a road to global sustainability. It lays out a path to a sustainable future for humanity that could realistically be achieved by 2050 through the application of science and technology. A prominent Japanese academic and leader in global sustainability, Komiyama draws upon realistic assumptions and solid scientific concepts to create a vision that makes the living standards enjoyed by developed countries today possible for all people by 2050."Vision 2050" is built upon three fundamental principles - increased energy efficiency, recycling, and development of renewable energy sources - and the book argues for the technological potential of all three. Specifically, Komiyama envisions a three-fold increase in overall energy efficiency and a doubling of renewable energy resources by 2050. "Vision 2050: Roadmap for a Sustainable Earth" is written to address the concerned citizen as well as to inspire an exchange of ideas among experts, policy makers, industrial leaders, and the general public.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9784431094302 20160528
xiii, 452 p. : ill. (some col.).
x, 480 p.
  • Preface ix 1. Introduction 1 1.1 Highlights 1 1.2 A "Not So Hypothetical" Scenario 1 1.3 The Basics 5 1.4 A Structure 12 1.5 A Strategy 16 1.6 A Road Map 19 1.7 Summing Up 20 2. Conventional IA Processes 22 2.1 Highlights 22 2.2 Defining the Problem and Deciding on a Direction 22 2.3 Conventional EIA Choices 23 2.4 Choices for Other IATypes 34 2.5 Contemporary Challenge--SEA Good Practice Guidance 46 2.6 Summing Up 49 3. How to Make IAs More Influential 52 3.1 Highlights 52 3.2 Insights from Practice 52 3.3 Defining the Problem and Deciding on a Direction 56 3.4 Selecting the Most Appropriate Route 62 3.5 Instituting an Influential IA Process 75 3.6 Contemporary Challenge--IA Influence--Good Practice Guidance 84 3.7 Summing Up 84 4. How to Make IAs More Rigorous 91 4.1 Highlights 91 4.2 Insights from Practice 91 4.3 Defining the Problem and Deciding on a Direction 94 4.4 Selecting the Most Appropriate Route 94 4.5 Instituting a Rigorous IA Process 100 4.6 Contemporary Challenge--Good Practice IA Follow-up 111 4.7 Summing Up 114 5. How to Make IAs More Rational 116 5.1 Highlights 116 5.2 Insights from Practice 116 5.3 Defining the Problem and Deciding on a Direction 119 5.4 Selecting the Most Appropriate Route 121 5.5 Instituting a Rational IA Process 129 5.6 Contemporary Challenge--Siting "Locally Unwanted Land Uses" 139 5.7 Summing Up 148 6. How to Make IAs More Substantive 150 6.1 Highlights 150 6.2 Insights from Practice 150 6.3 Defining the Problem and Deciding on a Direction 153 6.4 Selecting the Most Appropriate Route 156 6.5 Instituting a Substantive IA Process 169 6.6 Contemporary Challenge--Horizontal IA Integration 179 6.7 Summing Up 183 7. How to Make IAs More Practical 186 7.1 Highlights 186 7.2 Insights from Practice 186 7.3 Defining the Problem and Deciding on a Direction 190 7.4 Selecting the Most Appropriate Route 194 7.5 Instituting a Practical IA Process 213 7.6 Contempory Challenge--CEA Good Practice 222 7.7 Summing Up 225 8. How to Make IAs More Democratic 227 8.1 Highlights 227 8.2 Insights from Practice 227 8.3 Defining the Problem and Deciding on a Direction 230 8.4 Selecting the Most Appropriate Route 233 8.5 Instituting a Democratic IA Process 244 8.6 Contemporary Challenge--Multijurisdictional IA 252 8.7 Summing Up 258 9. How to Make IAs More Collaborative 261 9.1 Highlights 261 9.2 Insights from Practice 261 9.3 Defining the Problem and Deciding on a Direction 264 9.4 Selecting the Most Appropriate Route 269 9.5 Instituting a Collaborative IA Process 299 9.6 Contemporary Challenge--IA Capacity Building 308 9.7 Summing Up 312 10. How to Make IAs More Ethical 315 10.1 Highlights 315 10.2 Insights from Practice 315 10.3 Defining the Problem and Deciding on a Direction 318 10.4 Selecting the Most Appropriate Route 319 10.5 Instituting an Ethical IA Process 330 10.6 Contemporary Challenge--Significance Determination 337 10.7 Summing Up 344 11. How to Make IAs More Adaptable 346 11.1 Highlights 346 11.2 Insights from Practice 346 11.3 Defining the Problem and Deciding on a Direction 349 11.4 Selecting the Most Appropriate Route 352 11.5 Instituting an Adaptive IA Process 383 11.6 Contemporary Challenge--Climate Change 391 11.7 Summing Up 392 12. How to Connect and Combine IA Processes 399 12.1 Highlights 399 12.2 Insights from Practice 399 12.3 Defining the Problem and Deciding on a Direction 404 12.4 Composite Regulatory Frameworks 405 12.5 Recurrent Problems 406 12.6 IATypes 415 12.7 Contemporary Challenge--Matching Process and Context 418 12.8 Contemporary Challenges 423 12.9 Composite IA Processes 423 12.10 Limits and Priorities 431 12.11 Summing Up 433 References 435 Index 469.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118097373 20160612
Taking a problem-oriented approach, Environmental Impact Assessment provides an in-depth, practical, and comprehensive guide for designing and implementing effective Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) processes. Easily adaptable for application in other jurisdictions, this thoroughly updated second edition addresses a much broader range of practice-related problems, issues, and challenges in EIA. The text also includes a new set of practice-based stories to provide a real-world context for the conceptual and applied analyses. End-of-chapter checklists provide a handy tool for structuring the design and evaluation of EIA processes and documents.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118097373 20160612
x, 78 p. : ill., map.
  • About This Report vii About the Workshop Sponsors ix Acknowledgments x I Executive Summary 1 II Introduction and Process 6 III Human Needs (Water, Food, and Health) 12 Figure 1: Earth's Water Balance 15 Table 1: Water Consumption by Energy Type in the United States 16 IV Infrastructure (Transportation, Housing, and Urban Design) 23 Figure 1: The Brooklyn Bridge: An Example of a Pioneering and Sustained Urban Infrastructure 25 Figure 2: The Los Angeles Airport "Theme Building": Melding Art, Architecture, and Air Transport 28 V The Resource Cycle 30 V(A). Energy 30 Figure 1: Carbon Abatement Wedges 33 Figure 2: Populations Without Electricity Access 34 V(B). Mineral Resources 37 Figure 3: Expansion of the Scope of Concern about Mineral Supply 39 Figure 4: Assessing How a Mine Project Can Contribute to Sustainable Development 40 Table 1: Five Dimensions of Mineral Availability 41 Figure 5: The Scope of Material Stewardship Encompasses Process and Product Stewardship 42 Table 2: Opportunities for Research and Development in the Minerals Sector 43 V(C). Materials and Recycling 46 VI Human Resources 52 VII Linking Technologies to Resources 61 Figure 1: Technology and Resources Matrix 62 VIII The Path Forward 66 Appendix A: List of Delegates 68 Appendix B: References and Recommended Readings 70 Appendix C: Summary of Sector-Specific Advances 77.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118196823 20160609
A wealth of resources and topics of discussion from the Engineering Solutions for Sustainability: Materials and Resources workshop held in Switzerland in 2009 Natural resources are the lifeblood of agricultural and industrial endeavors that contribute to our social and economic well-being. Yet, even as these resources dwindle from mismanagement, there is still no clear consensus in the engineering community of what actually defines "sustainable engineering." This publication offers the engineering profession a multi-disciplinary blueprint for action by presenting topics of discussion from the Engineering Solutions for Sustainability: Materials and Resources workshop held at the ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Switzerland, July 22--24, 2009. It includes an extensive bibliography and recommended readings section, and a summary of key, cross-cutting initiatives recommended as priorities because of their potential to create common principles for advancing societal sustainability through technological, educational, and public policy solutions. The resources, tools, and concepts delivered in this report draw from the unique perspectives and expertise of an array of engineering disciplines, represented by delegates from the American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers (AIME), the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), and the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE). The intent of this publication is to forge a better understanding of the role and responsibility of engineering in achieving global sustainability, while also laying the foundation for an ongoing and productive interdisciplinary dialogue in other forums.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118196823 20160609
191 p. : ill. (some col.).
xxvi, 240 p. : ill.
  • Executive Summary (M. Schmidt) Introduction (M. Schmidt) Biofuels (M. Schmidt, M. Porcar, V. Schachter, A. Danchin, I. Mahmutoglu) Bioremediation (I. Mahmutoglu, L. Pei, M. Porcar, R. Armstrong, M. Bedau) Biomaterials (L. Pei, M. Morange, R. Armstrong, A. Danchin, M. Porcar) Other Developments in Synthetic Biology (R. Armstrong, M. Bedau, M. Schmidt) Regulatory Frameworks for Synthetic Biology (L. Pei, S. Bar-Yam, J. Byers-Corbin, R. Casagrande, F. Eichler, A. Lin, M. Osterreicher, P.C. Regardh, R.D. Turlington, K.A. Oye, H. Torgersen, M. Schmidt, Z.-J. Guan, W. Wei) Appendix References Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783527331833 20160612
This is the only book to focus on industrial and environmental applications of synthetic biology, covering 17 of the most promising uses in the areas of biofuel, bioremediation and biomaterials. The contributions are written by experts from academia, non-profit organizations and industry, outlining not only the scientific basics but also the economic, environmental and ethical impact of the new technologies. This makes it not only suitable as supplementary material for students but also the perfect companion for policy makers and funding agencies, if they are to make informed decisions about synthetic biology. Largely coordinated by Markus Schmidt, a policy adviser, and the only European to testify in front of the bioethics commission of the Obama administration.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783527331833 20160612
viii, 537 p. : ill. (some col.), maps (some col.).
xi, 161 p. : ill. (some col.).
  • Introduction [Additive manufacturing]
  • Additive manufacturing technologies: technology introduction and business implications
  • Additive manufacturing in aerospace: examples and research outlook --- Additive manufacturing is changing surgery
  • The shape of things to come: frontiers in additive manufacturing
  • Introduction [Semantic processing]
  • Automatic text understanding of content and text quality
  • Advancing natural language understanding with collaboratively generated content
  • Large-scale visual semantic extraction
  • Searching for statistical diagrams
  • Introduction [Engineering-sustainable buildings]
  • Challenges and opportunities for low-carbon buildings
  • Expanding design spaces
  • Opportunities and challenges for multiscale modeling of sustainable buildings
  • Accelerating green building market transformation with information technology
  • Introduction [Neuroprosthetics]
  • Retinal prosthetic systems for treatment of blindness
  • The evolution of brain-computer interfaces
  • Ultra low-power biomedical and bio-inspired systems.


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