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xii, 347 p. : ill.
xv, 423 p. : ill. (some col.).
xii, 459 p. : ill.
  • Contributors vii Preface xi 1 Biofuel Crop Sustainability Paradigm 3 B.P. Singh 2 Sustainable Production of Grain Crops for Biofuels 31 A.A. Jaradat 3 Sugarcane as an Energy Crop: Its Role in Biomass Economy 53 R. van Antwerpen, S.D. Berry, T. van Antwerpen, J. Smithers, S. Joshi, and M. van der Laan 4 Sustainable Cellulosic Grass Crop Production 109 J.H. Fike, D.J. Parrish, and W.B. Fike 5 Sustainable Oil Crops Production 165 C. Eynck, D. Shrestha, J. Vollmann, K.C. Falk, W. Friedt, H.P. Singh, and E. Obeng 6 Short-rotation Woody Crop Biomass Production for Bioenergy 205 L.C. Kiser and T.R. Fox 7 Biomass Feedstock Production Impact on Water Resource Availability 239 K.C. Stone, P.G. Hunt, K.B. Cantrell, and K.S. Ro 8 Biofuel Crops and Soil Quality and Erosion 261 D. Chatskikh, A. Ovchinnikova, B. Seshadri, and N. Bolan 9 Nutrient Management in Biofuel Crop Production 301 R. Lemus 10 Food, Farming, and Biofuels 325 J. Popp 11 Biofuel Crops, Ecosystem Services, and Biodiversity 357 A. Fieldsend and H.P. Singh 12 Biofuel Crops and Greenhouse Gases 383 A. Hastings, J. Yeluripati, J. Hillier, and P. Smith 13 Economics of Biomass Feedstocks and Biofuels 407 T.A. Maung, C. Gustafson, B. McCarl, D. Ripplinger, and D. Saxowsky 14 Geospatial Modeling Applications for Biofuel Sustainability Assessment 431 S.S. Panda Appendix I: Botanical Names 449 Index 451.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780470963043 20160612
Biofuel Crop Sustainability brings together the basic principles of agricultural sustainability and special stipulations for biofuels, from the economic and ecological opportunities and challenges of sustainable biofuel crop production to the unique characteristics of particular crops which make them ideal for biofuel applications. This book will be a valuable resource for researchers and professionals involved in biofuels development and production as well as agriculture industry personnel. Chapters focus the broad principles of resource management for ecological, environmental and societal welfare, the sustainability issues pertaining to several broad categories of biofuel crops , as well as the economics and profitability of biofuels on both a local and international scale. Coverage includes topics such as utilizing waste water for field crop irrigation and algae production, reliability of feedstock supply, marginal lands, and identifying crops with traits of significance for survival and growth on low fertility soils. The development of production practices with low external inputs of fertilizer, irrigation, and pesticides is also covered. Biofuel Crop Sustainability will be a valuable, up-to-date reference for all those involved in the rapidly expanding biofuels industry and sustainable agriculture research fields.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780470963043 20160612
xvi, 263 p. : ill.
  • Section 1: Scene-Setting Sustainable Farmland Management-- Section 2: Communities of Information and Knowledge-- Section 3: Ethical Production and Protection-- Section 4: Practising Systemic Thinking-- Section 5: Political and Policy Frameworks.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781845933517 20160618
Examining the relationship between sustainability and farmland management in differing temporal, spatial and production contexts, this book considers farmland multifunctionality, systems and systemic thinking, debate over information and knowledge, and ethical aspects.It suggests productive ways of proceeding to enhance integrated thinking on the subject, and will be essential reading for researchers and students in agriculture, rural studies, environmental management, geography, sociology, ecology and conservation.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781845933517 20160618
115 p.
xiv, 411 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
  • History.- Historical Examples of Allelopathy and Ethnobotany from the Mediterranean Region.- Allelopathy: Advances, Challenges and Opportunities.- Allelopathy in Chinese Ancient and Modern Agriculture.- Allelochemicals and Allelopathic Mechanisms.- Allelochemicals in Plants.- Allelopathy: Full Circle from Phytotoxicity to Mechanisms of Resistance.- Allelopathic Mechanisms and Experimental Methodology.- Indirect Effects of Phenolics on Plant Performance by Altering Nitrogen Cycling: Another Mechanism of Plant-Plant Negative Interactions.- Genomic Approaches to Understanding Allelochemical Effects on Plants.- Allelopathy from a Mathematical Modeling Perspective.- Application of Allelopathy in Agriculture and Forestry.- Progress and Prospect of Rice Allelopathy Research.- Rice Allelopathy Research in China.- Recent Advances in Wheat Allelopathy.- Sorghum Allelopathy for Weed Management in Wheat.- Allelochemicals in Pre-cowing Soils of Continuous Soybean Cropping and Their Autointoxication.- Autotoxicity in Agriculture and Forestry.- Black Walnut Allelopathy: Implications for Intercropping.- Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria and Mycorrhizal Fungi in Sustainable Agriculture and Forestry.- Utilization of Stress Tolerant, Weed Suppressive Groundcovers for Low Maintenance Landscape Settings.- Allelopathy in Forested Ecosystems.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780387773360 20160605
This is the first comprehensive and up-to-date reference on the science, mechanism, methodology, and application of allelopathy. The objective of this practical reference is to report on the latest advances by inviting leading scientists to contribute in specific fields. The volume is organized under three major subsections: History of allelopathy, Allelochemicals, allelopathic mechanisms, and bioassays, and Application of allelopathy in agriculture and forestry.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780387773360 20160605
vi, 284 p.
xxi, [8] p. of plates, 276 p. : ill. (some col.), maps.
  • Contributing authors. Preface. Part I: Introduction. 1. Introduction. 1.1 What is digital forestry? 1.2 Contemporary computer applications in forestry. 1.2.1 Remote sensing 1.2.2 Geographic information systems. 1.2.3 Modeling and simulation. 1.2.4 Visualization. 1.2.5 Decision making. 1.3. Overview of chapters. 1.4. Goals and objectives of this volume.- Part II: Core technologies. 2. High-spatial-resolution remote sensing. 2.1 Introduction.2.2 Tree delineation approaches. 2.2.1 Local-maxima approaches. 2.2.2 Boundary-seeking approaches. 2.2.3 Region-based segmentation. 2.2.4 Template matching. 2.2.5 Model-based approach in 3D. 2.3 Identifying species. 2.3.1 Spectral features and tree polygons. 2.3.2 Spatial features. 2.3.3 Temporal information for classification. 2.4 Developing stand maps. 2.5 Tree health. 2.6 Future directions and issues.- 3. Active remote sensing. 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Active, high-resolution airborne remote sensing technologies for precision forestry. 3.3 Principles of airborne laser scanning. 3.4 Lidar terrain mapping in forested areas. 3.5 Lidar for forest inventory applications. 3.6 Principles of interferometric synthetic aperture radar. 3.7 IFSAR Terrain mapping in forested areas. 3.8 Multi-frequency IFSAR for forest inventory applications. 3.9 Conclusions.-4. Forest information systems. 4.1 Introduction. 4.2 The nature of information. 4.3 The nature of forest information systems. 4.4 A typology of forest information systems. 4.4.1 Monitoring and control systems. 4.4.2 Conventional information systems. 4.4.3 Evaluation and analysis systems. 4.4.4 Decision-support systems. 4.4.5 Integrated information systems. 4.5 Methodological components of information systems. 4.5.1 Database systems and geographic information systems. 4.5.2 Knowledge-based systems. 4.5.3 Modeling and simulation. 4.5.4 User interfaces and software ergonomics. 4.5.5 Computer graphics and visualization. 4.5.6 Artificial neural networks and fuzzy logic. 4.5.7 Integration. 4.5.8 Other relevant methods. 4.6 Conclusions.- 5. Road and harvesting planning and operations. 5.1 Introduction. 5.2 Forest road design and location planning. 5.3 Harvest planning. 5.4 Harvesting operations. 5.4.1 Computer simulation. 5.4.2 Real-time decision making -- optimizing in-woods log processing. 5.5 Road operations. 5.6 Concluding comments.- 6. Forest simulation models. 6.1 Introduction. 6.2 Forest simulation models. 6.2.1 Forest growth and yield models. 6.2.2 Forest succession models (gap models). 6.2.3 Forest process-based models. 6.2.4 Hybrid models. 6.3. Application of forest simulation models: Four case studies in Canada. 6.3.1 Case I: Red pine (Pinus resinosa) density management diagram for Ontario. 6.3.2 Case II: Simulating effects of climate change on species composition of boreal ecosystem using FORSKA 2.0. 6.3.3 Case III: Simulating effect of climate change and fire disturbances on carbon dynamics of boreal forests using CENTURY 4.0. 6.3.4 Case IV: Predicting forest growth and yield of boreal forests in Northern Ontario using TRIPLEX1.0. 6.4 Challenges and directions. 6.4.1 Modeling ecosystem sustainability. 6.4.2 Diversified forest modeling approaches.- 7. Visualization with spatial data. 7.1 Introduction. 7.2 Visualization techniques. 7.3 Contemporary 3D visualization. 7.4 Visualization in forest planning. 7.4.1 Application areas of visualization tools. 7.4.2 Spatial data and visualization. 7.5 Examples of visualization. 7.6 Concluding remarks.8. Computer-aided decision making. 8.1 Introduction. 8.2 Mathematical programming. 8.3 Expert systems. 8.4 Network-based models. 8.4.1 Artificial neural networks. 8.4.2 Bayesian belief networks. 8.4.3 Fuzzy logic networks. 8.5 Multicriteria methods. 8.5.1 Multi-attribute utility theory. 8.5.2 Analytic hierarchy process. 8.6 Integrated systems for forest management. 8.6.1 LMS. 8.6.2 NED. 8.6.3 EMDS. 8.6.4 Woodstock. 8.7 Relations between decision tools and other technologies. 8.8 Future developments. 8.8.1 Internet-based implementation. 8.8.2 Systems integration versus collaboration. 8.8.3 Accommodating the human dimension.- 9. Bioeconomic and market models. 9.1 Introduction. 9.2 Questions leading to model development. 9.3 The U.S. timber assessment model. 9.3.1 The timber assessment market model. 3.2 The aggregate timberland assessment systems timber inventory. 9.3.3 North American pulp and paper model. 9.3.4 Timberland area change model. 9.3.5 Linkage among modeling of area changes, timber management intensity, and economic timber supplies. 9.4 Using TAMM, ATLAS, NAPAP, and AREACHANGE. 9.4.1 Forecasting. 9.4.2 Policy analysis. 9.4.3 Scenario planning: The use of TAMM, ATLAS, NAPAP, and AREACHANGE as an integrated system for strategic planning. 9.5 Closing.- Part III: Synthetic applications. 10. Digital forestry in the wildland-urban interface. 10.1 Introduction. 10.2 Defining the problem. 10.3 Applications of digital forestry concepts. 10.3.1 Mapping vegetation and fuels. 10.3.2 Delineating the wildland-urban interface. 10.4 Future directions. 10.4.1 Uncertainty analysis. 10.4.2 Enhanced mapping of the wildland-urban interface. 10.4.3 Decision support. 10.5 Conclusions.- 11. Linking multiple tools: An American case. 11.1 Introduction. 11.2 Purpose of the plan. 11.3 Strategies, goals, and constraints. 11.4 Choice of decision unit. 11.5 Prescription development and decision variables. 11.6 Model structure and solution procedure. 11.6.1 Model structure. 11.6.2 Solution procedure. 11.7 Organization and information flow. 11.7.1 Organization. 11.7.2 Information flow. 11.8 Model verification. 11.9 Goal achievement and implementation.- 12. Linking multiple tools: A Chinese case. 12.1 Introduction. 12.2 Forest management in China. 12.2.1 Forest management unit. 12.2.2 Forest inventory systems and data management. 12.2.3 Forest management planning. 12.3 Identifying computer techniques. 12.3.1 Digitally determining compatible forest units. 12.3.2 Forest modeling for optimizing forest harvesting. 12.3.3 Forest fire management. 12.4 An integrated computer interface. 12.4.1 Forest harvest module (FHM). 12.4.2 Forest protection module (FPM). 12.4.3 Forest restoration module (FRM). 12.5 The future.- Part IV: Conclusions. 13. From data to sustainable forests. 13.1 The essence of the model. 13.2 Drivers of digital forestry. 13.3 Putting the "digital" into forestry. 13.4 Some implications of digital forestry.- Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781402043055 20160528
Forests provide goods and services essential to human societies and the natural environment, but they are disappearing faster today than ever before. What should forestry do in the information era? How can we use computer technologies to better manage forests in a sustainable manner? "Computer Applications in Sustainable Forest Management" provides critical information needed for forestry professionals to address such questions. "Computer Applications in Sustainable Forest Management" presents state-of-the-art computer applications in a variety of specialty areas of forestry, including inventory, remote sensing, information management, modeling and visualization, biometrics, forest and harvest planning, bioeconomics and marketing, and decision science for management. This book emphasizes integration, or collaborative use, of computer technologies across different disciplines through interdisciplinary research and development in North America, China, and Europe. It also offers important new insights on how to continue advancing computational technologies in forest management to better achieve the basic goal of sustainable forest management. This book will be a valuable technical resource for resource managers, planners, administrators, researchers, educators, graduate students, and senior undergraduate students in the field of forestry. Case studies demonstrate integration of, or collaboration among, multiple computer applications for sustainable forest management.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781402043055 20160528
xxii, 109 p. : ill.
xix, 97 p.
xi, 210 p. : ill., maps ; 23 cm.
1046 p. : ill.
xx, 224 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
  • Introduction to Organic Agricultural Practices-- Factors-- The Ideal of Philosophers in Organic Agriculture Inputs-- Organic Motivation-- Necessity in Organic Farming-- Certification Requirements-- Trade in Organic Food-- Marketing-- Basic Concepts for Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Development-- Key Challenges to Agricultural Systems-- Agricultural Advancement-- Enchancing Food Security-- Agricultural Sustainability-- Suggestions on How to Promote Agricultural Development-- Factors Affecting Farmers-- Land-- Land Tenure-- Land Use-- Rock Formation Processes-- Soil and its Formation-- Soil Composition and Property-- Soil Organic Matter in Sustaining Soil Fertility-- Soil Management Principles-- Soil Quality in Organic Systems-- Organic Matter Content-- Soil Biological Activities/Microorganisms-- Soil pH-- Availability of Nitrogen to Plants-- Factors Affecting Soil Fertility-- Carbon Sequestration in Farming System-- Organic Agriculture/Microclimates-- Ground and Surface Water-- Effects and Consequences of Agricultural Chemicals on Soil-- Consequences of Chemical Usage-- Effects of Chemicals on Soil-- Developing and Maintaining Fertile Soils-- Preventing Outbreaks of Pests and Diseases-- Implementing Changes in Chemical Applications-- Ecological Strategies for Pest Control.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781578085125 20160528
This book examines production efficiency and economic benefits of agricultural production systems, comparing both organic and conventional systems. Diseases and pest outbreaks are looked into with a view of recommending the appropriate methods of control. Definition of land and its uses are discussed. Factors affecting soil formation and methods of replenishing lost nutrients are enumerated in an attempt to educate students and farmers on the modern techniques of retaining soil nutrients without environmental destruction. Experiments conducted on soil to investigate the effects and factors affecting nutrients mineralization have been described. Descriptions of forest trees have been given to explain their roles in economic expansion. Methods of planting, rules and regulations implemented by communities, states and countries are also discussed. This book critically reviews the effects of agricultural chemicals on soil organisms and other agricultural practices.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781578085125 20160528
xii, 170 p. : ill.
  • 1 Introduction.- 2 Planning.- 3 Organization, Administration, and Labor Productivity.- 4 Felling.- 5 Animal Skidding.- 6 Ground-Based Mechanized Skidding and Forwarding.- 7 Cable and Helicopter Yarding Systems.- 8 Loading.-9 Transport.- 10 Appropriate Harvesting Technology.- 11 Concluding Comments.- References.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783540463900 20160528
The book brings together information on harvest methods, system productivity, and methods for conducting safe, efficient, and environmentally acceptable operations in tropical forests. It highlights the challenges of harvest operations in the tropics, includes techniques that have been shown to be successful, and discusses newer technologies. The book is a reference for those interested in planning and management of tropical forests. Numerical examples are provided to provide clarity for interpreting graphs, procedures, and formulas. The book covers harvest systems from planning for felling to log transport from the forest, and concludes with considerations in selecting the appropriate harvesting technology.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783540463900 20160528
xiii, 266 p. : ill.
  • Preface ix Contributors xi 1 Introduction 1 Peter de Jong 1.1 Sustainability and the dairy industry: hype or trend? 2 1.2 Quantifying the issue: measuring footprints 4 1.3 Communication: telling the whole story 5 1.4 Structure of this book 6 References 8 2 Greenhouse gas emissions from global dairy production 9 Theun V. Vellinga, Pierre Gerber and Carolyn Opio 2.1 Introduction 9 2.2 Methods for calculating emissions 11 2.3 Total emissions of the dairy sector 14 2.4 Discussion 26 References 28 3 Life cycle assessment 31 Maartje N. Sevenster 3.1 Introduction 31 3.2 Current life cycle assessment 32 3.3 Life cycle assessment in application 37 3.4 Life cycle assessment of dairy products 41 3.5 Life cycle assessment in strategy and policy 50 Acknowledgements 51 References 52 4 Sustainability and resilience of the dairy sector in a changing world: a farm economic and EU perspective 55 Roel Jongeneel and Louis Slangen 4.1 Introduction 56 4.2 Dairy economics and sustainability 62 4.3 Sustainability evaluation of the EU dairy sector 71 4.4 Agricultural policy 79 4.5 Conclusion 83 References 85 5 Dairy processing 87 Arjan J. van Asselt and Michael G. Weeks 5.1 Introduction 87 5.2 Key unit operations and their water and energy use 89 5.3 Possibilities for optimisation 101 5.4 Revisiting dairy processing: breakthrough technologies 114 References 117 6 The role of packaging in a sustainable dairy chain 119 Erika Mink 6.1 Introduction 120 6.2 Packaging sustainability: a growing market expectation 123 6.3 Packaging's contribution to dairy sustainability 130 6.4 Global alignment of packaging requirements: implications for dairy 139 6.5 A company response: the example of Tetra Pak 150 6.6 Outlook: growing importance of economic and social pillars of sustainability 158 References 160 7 The business case for sustainable dairy products 163 Jaap Petraeus 7.1 Introduction 163 7.2 From a process-driven to a product-driven approach 164 7.3 Success factors for creating more sustainable processes and products 169 7.4 Implementation of sustainability within the company 175 7.5 The business case for sustainability 180 7.6 Policy and strategy adopted by different dairy companies 183 7.7 Looking to the future 183 7.8 Conclusion 184 References 186 Appendix: Overview of the sustainability policy and strategy of various companies 187 8 A case study of marketing sustainability 191 Grietsje Hoekstra, Corine Kroft and Klaas Jan van Calker 8.1 Introduction 191 8.2 What is sustainability? 193 8.3 Motivations for sustainability 196 8.4 Choose your battles: sustainability strategy issues 198 8.5 Getting to work 203 8.6 Communicating sustainability 212 8.7 Conclusion 217 Acknowledgement 218 References 219 9 Cradle to Cradle for innovations in the dairy industry 221 Wil A.M. Duivenvoorden 9.1 Introduction 222 9.2 A tool for C2C(R)-driven innovation (PROPER model) 229 9.3 Cradle to Cradle for the dairy industry 232 9.4 Conclusion 238 References 241 10 The future of sustainable dairy production 243 Peter de Jong 10.1 Future relevance of sustainable dairy 243 10.2 Next steps in chain innovation 244 10.3 Communication and marketing 247 10.4 Business case: people, planet and profit 247 10.5 Conclusion 249 References 250 Index 251.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118489451 20160802
This book offers a comprehensive overview of the state of the art in sustainable dairy production, helping the industry to develop more sustainable dairy products, through new technologies, implementing life cycle analysis, and upgrading and optimization of their current production lines. It aims to stimulate process innovations, taking into account environmental, economic and public relations benefits for companies. Topics covered include: How to set up a sustainable production line How to quantify the carbon foot print of a dairy product by using life cycle analysis Current technologies to improve the carbon foot print What measures can be taken to reduce the global warming potential of the farm Reduction of water use in dairy production Marketing sustainable dairy products Bench marking of dairy products against other food products Potential future technological developments to improve the carbon foot print for the following decades.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118489451 20160802


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