Preface-- Results in Brief-- Background-- Some Libraries Independently Decided to Close, Reduce Their Hours, or Take Other Actions, but the Final Network Configuration Is Still Uncertain-- EPA Did Not Effectively Justify Its Decision to Reorganize Its Library Network-- EPA Did Not Fully Inform or Solicit Views from the Full Range of Stakeholders on the Reorganization but Is Now Increasing Its Outreach Efforts-- EPA Lacks a Strategy to Ensure Continuity of Library Services and Does Not Know Whether Its Actions Have Impaired Access to Environmental Information-- EPA Program Offices Are Responsible for Funding Their Libraries and Their Reorganization Through Their Support Budgets
40 Conclusions-- Recommendations for Executive Action-- Index.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) library network provides staff and the public with access to environmental information. Its 26 libraries contain a wide range of information and resources and are located at headquarters, regional offices, research centers, and laboratories nation-wide. In 2006, EPA issued a plan to reorganize the network beginning in fiscal year 2007.The plan proposed closing libraries and dispersing, disposing of, and digitizing library materials. GAO was asked to assess: the status of, and plans for, the network reorganization; EPA's rationale for reorganizing the network; the extent to which EPA has communicated with and solicited the views of EPA staff and external stakeholders in, conducting the reorganization; EPA's steps to maintain the quality of library services after the reorganization; and, how EPA is funding the network and its reorganization. For this study, GAO reviewed pertinent EPA documents and interviewed EPA officials and staff from each of the libraries. (source: Nielsen Book Data) 9781606920596 20160528
Preface-- Results in Brief-- Background-- The United States, Iraq, and Donors Have Funded Reconstruction of Iraq's Oil and Electricity Sectors, but Iraq's Future Needs Are Significant and Sources of Funding Uncertain-- Iraq's Oil and Electricity Production Goals Have Not Been Met, Oil Production Figures May Be Overstated, and Iraq Faces Difficulties Sustaining Infrastructure-- Major Challenges Hinder Efforts to Meet Iraq's Oil and Electricity Needs-- Conclusions-- Recommendations for Executive Action-- Agency Comments and Our Evaluation-- Index.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
While billions have been provided to rebuild Iraq's oil and electricity sectors, Iraq's future needs are significant and sources of funding uncertain. For fiscal years 2003 through 2006, the United States made available about $7.4 billion and spent about $5.1 billion to rebuild the oil and electricity sectors. The United States spent an additional $3.8 billion in Iraqi funds on the two sectors, primarily on oil and electricity sector contracts administered by U.S. agencies.However, according to various estimates and officials, Iraq will need billions of additional dollars to rebuild, maintain, and secure Iraq's oil and electricity sectors. The Ministry of Electricity estimates that about $27 billion will be needed to meet the sector's future rebuilding requirements; a comparable estimate has not been developed by the Ministry of Oil. Since the majority (about 70 percent) of U.S. funds has been spent, the Iraqi government and the international donor community represent important sources of potential funding.However, prospects of such funding are uncertain. First, the Oil and Electricity Ministries have encountered difficulties spending capital improvement budgets because of weaknesses in budgeting, procurement, and financial management. As of November 2006, the Ministry of Oil had spent less than 3 percent of its $3.5 billion 2006 capital budget to improve Iraq's oil facilities. Second, Iraq has not made full use of potential international contributions and it is unclear what additional financial commitments, if any, will be provided to Iraq's oil and electricity sectors as part of a new international compact (agreement), according to U.S. officials. As of March 2007, donors had committed $580 million in grants for the electricity sector and had offered loans for oil and electricity projects; however, Iraq has not accessed these loans in part due to concerns about its high debt burden. (source: Nielsen Book Data) 9781604564341 20160528