[Toronto, Ontario] : Published by the University of Toronto Press in association with the UCLA Center for Seventeenth- and Eighteenth-Century Studies and the William Andrews Clark Memorial Library, 
Book — 1 online resource (x, 263 pages) : illustrations.
Introduction Part I: History as a Life Form
1. Martin Gierl, "Johann Christoph Gatterer and History as Science"
2. Avi Lifshitz, "An Epicurean Democracy in Language: The volte face in Johann David Michaelis's Early Career"
3. John Zammito, "From Vital Materialism to Naturphilosophie: The Question of Historical Continuity" Part II: Translations of Vitalism
4. Keith Baker, "Was Marat a Vitalist?"
5. Frederic Ogee, "'That infinite variety of human forms': The New Epistemology, Modern Identity, and the English"
6. Kris Pangburn, "Vitalist Natural Philosophy in the Political Thought of John Stuart Mill and Wilhelm von Humboldt" Part III: Esotericism and Enlightenment
7. Annette Graczyk, "Constructions of Life Forms in Lavater's Physiognomy"
8. Renko Geffarth, "The Preaching Philosopher: Andreas Weber (1718-1781): Between Wolffian Philosophy and Heterodox Theology"
9. Clorinda Donato, "Esoteric Reason and Occult Science: Seamless Pursuits in the Work and Networks of Raimondo di Sangro, the Prince of San Severo"
10. Helena Rosenblatt, "The Liberal Mysticism of Madame de Stael".
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
For many years, scholars have been moving away from the idea of a singular, secular, rationalistic, and mechanistic "Enlightenment project." Historian Peter Reill has been one of those at the forefront of this development, demonstrating the need for a broader and more varied understanding of eighteenth-century conceptions of nature. Life Forms in the Thinking of the Long Eighteenth Century is a unique reappraisal of Enlightenment thought on nature, biology, and the organic world that responds to Reill's work. The ten essays included in the collection analyse the place of historicism, vitalism, and esotericism in the eighteenth century - three strands of thought rarely connected, but all of which are central to Reill's innovative work. Working across national and regional boundaries, they engage not only French and English but also Italian, Swiss, and German writers. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Oxford ; New York, N.Y. : Oxford University Press, 2006.
Book — x, 289 p. : ill.
Weighing the World is a revealing behind-the-scenes look at the scientific events leading to modern map making, written by one of the world's master surveyors. Edwin Danson, using a similar approach to his earlier best seller, "Drawing the Line: How Mason and Dixon Surveyed the Most Important Border in America" (Wiley, 2000) takes us on a journey telling the story of this experiment that has not been written about in over two hundred years. National jealousies, commercial and political rivalry were the underlying causes for many of the eighteenth century's wars but war also provided the stimulus for much commercial effort and scientific innovation. Armies equipped with the latest weaponry marched about the countryside, led by generals with only the vaguest of maps at their disposal. At the start of the century there were no maps, anywhere in the world. While there were plenty of atlases and sketch maps of countries, regions and districts, with few exceptions they were imperfect renditions in nature. No one knew, with any certainty the shape of the earth or what lay beneath its surface. Was it hollow or was it solid? Were the Andes the highest mountain on the Earth or was it the peak of Tenerife? Was the Earth a perfect sphere or was it slightly squashed as Sir Isaac Newton prophesized? Just how did you accurately measure the planet? The answers to these and other questions about the nature of the Earth, answers we now take for granted, were complete mysteries. Danson presents the stories of the scientists and scholars that had to scale the Andes, cut through tropical forests and how they handled the hardships they faced in the attempt to revolutionize our understanding of the planet. (source: Nielsen Book Data)