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131 p. : ill. ; 27 cm.
Green Library
32 p. ; 19x27cm.
This publication offers a general introduction to sustainability impact assessment, which is an approach for exploring the combined economic, environmental and social impacts of a range of proposed policies, programmes, strategies and action plans. Such assessments can also assist decision-making and strategic planning throughout the entire policy cycles. It is not an in-depth or detailed user manual, but rather outlines basic principles and process steps of sustainability impact assessments, drawing on examples from Switzerland, Belgium and the European Commission, among others. This publication is a valuable source of information for policy makers on sustainability impact assessments.
261 pages ; 28 cm
Green Library
181 pages : illustrations, map ; 28 cm.
Green Library
133 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm.
Green Library
201 pages : illustrations, maps ; 28 cm.
Green Library
152 pages : color illustrations ; 28 cm.
Green Library
148 p. : ill. ; 27 cm.
  • Background and aims
  • Industrial uses of biotechnology
  • Alternative techniques of analysis
  • Lessons from the case studies
  • Kes issues and conclusions.
  • Case studies. Manufacture of riboflavin (vitamin B2)
  • Production of 7-amino-cephalosporanic acid
  • Biotechnological production of the antibiotic cephalexin
  • Bioprocesses for the manufacture of amino acids
  • Manufacture of S-chloropropionic acid
  • Enzymatic production of acrylamide - Enzymatic synthesis of acrylic acid
  • Enzyme-catalysed synthesis of polyesters
  • Polymers from renewable resources
  • A vegetable oil degumming enzyme
  • Water recovery in a vegetable-processing company.
  • Removal of bleach residues in textile finishing
  • Enzymatic pulp bleaching process
  • Use of xylanase as a pulp brightener
  • A life cycle assessment of enzyme bleaching of wood pulp
  • On-site production of xylanase
  • A gypsum-free zinc refinery
  • Copper bioleaching technology
  • Renewable fuels: ethanol from biomass
  • The application of LCA software to bioethanol fuel
  • Use of enzymes in oil-well completion.
"Biotechnology can help improve the environmental friendliness of industrial activities and lower both capital expenditure and operating costs. It can also help reduce raw material and energy inputs and waste"--P. [4] of cover.
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
184 p. : ill. ; 21x28 cm.
  • Foreword
  • Acronyms
  • Executive summary
  • Overall assessment and recommendations
  • Overview of food and agriculture challenges and performance in Canada
  • Economic stability and trust in institutions in Canada
  • Investment in the Canadian food and agriculture system
  • Capacity building and services for the Canadian food and agriculture system
  • Canadian agricultural policy: Structural change, sustainability and innovation
  • The Canadian Agricultural Innovation System.
The Canadian food and agriculture sector is for the most part competitive and export-oriented: although challenges and opportunities vary significantly between regions, primary agriculture benefits from an abundance of natural resources and faces limited environmental constraints. Negative environmental impacts of agriculture relate mainly to local water pollution by agricultural nutrients. Productivity growth, resulting from innovation and structural change, has driven production and income growth without significantly increasing pressure on resource use. Nonetheless, the capacity to innovate is crucial to take advantage of the growing and changing demand for food and agricultural products at the global level.
152 p. : ill. ; 20x27cm.
  • Executive Summary
  • Chapter 1. Background and Aims
  • Chapter 2. Industrial Uses of Biotechnology
  • Chapter 3. Alternative Techniques of Analysis
  • Chapter 4. Lessons fromt he Case Studies
  • Chapter 5. Key Issues and Conclusions
  • Case Studies
  • Case Study 1. Manufacture of Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) (Hoffman La Roche, Germany)
  • Case Study 2. Production of 7-Amino-cephalosporanic Acid (Biochemie, Germany/Austria)
  • Case Study 3. Biotechnological Production of the Antibiotic Cephalexin (DSM, Netherlands)
  • Case Study 4. Bioprocesses for the Manufacture of Amino Acides (Tanabe, Japan)
  • Case Study 5. Manufacture of S-Chloroproprionic Acid (Acecia, UK)
  • Case Study 6. Enzymatic Production of Acrylamide (Mitsubishi Rayon, Japan)
  • Case Study 7. Enzymatic Synthesis of Acrylic Acid (Ciba, UK)
  • Case Study 8. Enzyme-Catalysed Sunthesis of Polyesters (Baxenden, UK)
  • Case Study 9. Polymers from Renewable Resources (Cargill Dow, United States)
  • Case Study 10. A Vegetable Oil Degumming Enzyme (Cereol, Germany)
  • Case Study 11. Water Recovery in a Vegetable Processing Company (Pasfrost, Netherlands)
  • Case Study 12. Removal of Bleach Residues in Textile Finishing (Windel, Germany)
  • Case Study 13. Enzymatic Pulp Bleaching Process (Leykam, Austria)
  • Case Study 14. Use of Xylanase as a Pulp Brightener (Domtar, Canada)
  • Case Study 15. A Life Cycle Assessment on Enzyme Bleaching of Wood Pulp (ICPET, Canada)
  • Case Study 16. On-Site Production of Zylanase (Oji Paper, Japan)
  • Case Study 17. A Gypsum-Free Zinc Refinery (Budel Zink, Netherlands)
  • Case Study 18. Copper Bioleaching Technology (Billiton, South Africa
  • Case Study 19. Renewable Fuels - Ethanol from Biomass (Iogen, Canada)
  • Case Study 20. The Application of LCA Software to Bioethanol Fuel (ICPET, Canada)
  • Case Study 21. Use of Enzymes in Oil Well Comletion (M-1, BP Exploration, UK)
  • Annex. List of Participants
In more and more industrial sectors, companies are becoming aware of the importance of sustainable development and of the great potential of biotechnology. Biotechnology can help improve the environmental friendliness of industrial activities and lower both capital expenditure and operating costs. It can also help reduce raw material and energy inputs and waste. This volume brings together for the first time a broad collection of case studies on biotechnology applications in industrial processes and subjects them to detailed analysis in order to tease out essential lessons for industrial managers and for government policy makers. It will encourage the former and provide the latter with basic materials for programme development.
182 pages : color illustrations ; 28 cm.
Green Library
264 pages : color illustrations, maps ; 28 cm.
Green Library
184 p. : ill. ; 20x27cm.
  • Executive summary 1. Introduction -1.1. Introduction -1.2. Summary of the previous report -1.3. International initiatives with a focus on sustainability -1.4. Sustainability elements for the nuclear fuel cycle 2. The nuclear fuel cycle in perspective -2.1. Introduction -2.2. World energy and electricity demand -2.3. The benefits of nuclear power -2.4. The challenges to nuclear power expansion -2.5. The nuclear fuel cycle: an overview -2.6. The nuclear fuel cycle: front end -2.7. The nuclear fuel cycle: irradiation stage – reactor operations -2.8. The nuclear fuel cycle: back end -2.9. The nuclear fuel cycle: future developments 3. Technical progress -3.1. Introduction -3.2. Evolution trends in the current fuel cycle -3.3. The longer-term future, options and R& D trends 4. Progress towards sustainability: technology, policy and international trends -4.1. Sustainability of trends in nuclear fuel cycles -4.2. Trends in countries and global efforts for nuclear fuel cycle developments -4.3. Comments on policies 5. Conclusions and recommendations -5.1. Evolutionary trends -5.2. Advanced fuel cycles Annex 1: List of experts Annex 2: Acronyms
Interest in expanding nuclear power to cope with rising demand for energy and potential climate change places increased attention on the nuclear fuel cycle and whether significant moves are being taken towards ensuring sustainability over the long term. Future nuclear power programme decisions will be increasingly based on strategic considerations involving the complete nuclear fuel cycle, as illustrated by the international joint projects for Generation IV reactors. Currently, 90% of installed reactors worldwide operate on a once-through nuclear fuel cycle using uranium-oxide fuel. While closing the fuel cycle has been a general aim for several decades, progress towards that goal has been slow. This report reviews developments in the fuel cycle over the past ten years, potential developments over the next decade and the outlook for the longer term. It analyses technological developments and government actions (both nationally and internationally) related to the fuel cycle, and examines these within a set of sustainability parameters in order to identify trends and to make recommendations for further action.
188 p. : charts ; 23 cm.
  • A brief history of Brazil's growth
  • China towards 2020 : growth performance and sustainability
  • Shaping the Indian miracle : acceleration towards high growth
  • Indonesia beyond the recovery : growth strategy in an archipelago country
  • Sustainable growth in South Africa.
This publication is based on the proceedings of a conference, organized by the OECD, on the growth performance of these large emerging-market economies. The book brings together contributions from policy makers and scholars. It discusses the growth experiences of these countries, including how they have fared in the wake of the recent global financial crisis. It also examines these countries' prospects for sustaining strong growth over the long term. The chapters in this book offer analyses of the growth process in individual countries, including the reduction of external vulnerability in Brazil, the contribution of human and physical capital accumulation in China and Indonesia, initiatives to promote infrastructure and social development in India, and financial deepening in South Africa.--Publisher's description.
Green Library
487 p. : ill. ; 27 cm.
Law Library (Crown)
487 p. : col. charts ; 27 cm.
Green Library
420 p. : ill. ; 20x27cm.
  • Foreword
  • Section 1. Understanding Sustainable Development
  • Chapter 1. Economic, Environmental, and Social Trends by Marco Mira d'Ercole and Lars Mortensen
  • Chapter 2. Key Features and Principles by Marco Mira d'Ercole and Jan Keppler
  • Chapter 3. Measurement by Carl Obst and Georges Lemaitre
  • Section II. Enhancing Sustainable Development in OECD Countries
  • Chapter 4. Institutions and Decision Making by Frederic Bouder and Jeremy Eppel
  • Chapter 5. Policy Instruments by Jean-Philippe Barde and Helen Mountford
  • Chapter 6. Technology by Yukiko Fukasaku and Ki Joon Jung
  • Chapter 7 Experience in OECD Countries by Paul O'Brien and Ann Vourc'h
  • Section III. Globalisation and Sustainable Development
  • Chapter 8. International Trade and Investment by Maria Maher, Dale Andrew, Fabienne Fortanier, and Cristina Tebar Less
  • Chapter 9. Strategies for Non-Member Countries by Remi Paris, Peter Borkey, and Brendan Gillespie
  • Section IV. Cross-Sectoral Issues
  • Chapter 10. Natural Resource Management by Ola Flaaten and Wilfrid Legg
  • Chapter 11. Climate Change by Jan Corfee-Morlot and Noreen Beg
  • Section V. Sectoral and Territorial Approaches
  • Chapter 12. Energy by Kristi Varangu, Jonathan Pershing, and Jan Keppler
  • Chapter 13. Transport by John White
  • Chapter 14. Agriculture by Ronald Steenblik and Wilfrid Legg
  • Chapter 15. Manufacturing by Candice Stevens and John Newman
  • Chapter 16. Territorial Development by Josef Konvitz and Liz Mills
How can we meet the needs of today without diminishing the capacity of future generations to meet theirs? This is the central question posed by "sustainable development". OECD countries committed themselves to sustainable development at the 1992 UN Conference on Environment and Development in Rio, yet - almost ten years later - progress accomplished remains partial and uneven. Drawing on analysis carried forward in response to a mandate from OECD Ministers in 1998, this report stresses the urgency to address some of the most pressing challenges for sustainable development. It reviews the conceptual foundations of sustainable development, its measurement, and the institutional reforms needed to make it operational. It then discusses how international trade and investment, as well as development co-operation, can contribute to sustainable development on a global basis, and reviews the experience of OECD countries in using market-based, regulatory and technology policies to reach sustainability goals in a cost-effective way. The report also provides an in-depth analysis of policies designed to address key threats to sustainability in the areas of climate change and natural resource management, as well as of those that respond to sustainability concerns at the sectoral and sub-national level. The common thrust of the report is that substantial opportunities exist to make economic growth, environmental protection, and social development mutually reinforcing.
181 p. : ill. ; 27 cm.
Green Library
68 p. ; 23 cm.
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
184 p. : ill. ; 20x27cm.
  • Introduction by Marilyn Yakowitz
  • Integrating the Environment and the Economy by Michel Potier
  • Shaping the 21st Century: The Contribution of Development Cooperation by James H. Michel
  • Assessing Environmental Performance by Christian Averous
  • Consumption and Production Patterns: Making the Change by Elaine Geyer-Allely and Jeremy Eppel
  • Aid Agencies: Changing to Meet the Requirements of Rio by Bettina Soderbaum
  • Trade and Environment in the OECD by Robert Youngman and Dale Andrew
  • Energy Challenges and Opportunities for Action by Lee Solsbery
  • Transport, Economic Development, and Social Welfare by Stephen Perkins, Barrie Stevens, and Regis Confavreux
  • Sustainable Agriculture by Ronald Steenblik, Leo Maier and Wilfred Legg
  • Sound Management of Toxic Chemicals by Dian Turnheim
  • Climate Change: Policy Options for OECD Countries by Jan Corfee Morlot and Laurie Michaelis
  • Nuclear Energy and Sustainability by Elina Berghall and Josef Konvitz
  • Biotechnology and  Sustainable Development  by Carliene Brenner, Mark Cantley, Jean-Marie Debois, Lisa Zannoni and Elettra Ronchi
  • Environmental Education and Sustainable Development: Trends in Member Countries by Kathleen Kelley-Laine
Since the Rio Earth Summit in 1992, sustainability has emerged as an over-arching policy goal in the OECD Secretariat and in its Member countries. Real progress depends upon the integration of environmental and social goals with economic ones. This publication provides an overview and analysis of trends and identifies policy gaps and trade-offs that have been encountered and points to future options. The authors document positive trends which have emerged signalling greater sustainability, as well as areas where progress has proved more elusive. While the main focus is the OECD region, expanding linkages -- among all countries and regions -- form an important part of the story. The coverage of the volume reflects the OECD's diverse subject matter expertise, and some of the interdisciplinary synergies that the Organisation can generate. Part I of this two-part volume concentrates on socio-economic issues, including the integration of economics and environment; trade and environment; changing consumption and production patterns; assessing environmental performance; development co-operation; and the evolution of aid agencies since Rio. Part II takes an in-depth look at nine sectoral issues: energy; transport; agriculture; toxic chemicals; climate change; nuclear energy; urbanisation; biotechnology; and education. In short, this publication gives essential keys to meet the major challengeof the 21st century: helping to make sustainability a reality.


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