I. The justice system in Gaza. The civilian justice system ; Due process violations during arrest and detention ; Military jurisdiction over civilians ; Detention without charge, denial of access to family members and lawyers ; Arbitrary arrest ; Torture ; Ineffective oversight, fear of complaining
II. Case studies. Case files ; Lawyers ; Former Palestinian authority employees ; Execution after torture and unfair trial
III. Legal standards
"Abusive System: Failures of Criminal Justice in Gaza highlights serious human rights violations by Hamas security services in the Gaza Strip and the failure of the criminal justice system to protect detainees from arbitrary arrest and torture or to punish those responsible for severe abuses. The report is based on interviews with victims and relatives of victims of abuses as well as lawyers and judges, and reviews of case files and court verdicts that included evidence of rights violations. The report documents that Hamas's Internal Security service and civil police have frequently subjected Palestinians to arbitrary arrest, incommunicado detention, and torture. Prosecutors and judges have ignored detainees' due process rights in such cases. With few exceptions, security services have enjoyed impunity from Hamas authorities and the courts for such abuses. The report's case studies show that victims of serious abuses include not only members of Hamas's political rival, Fatah, but also persons suspected of common crimes and detained by civil police. In the light of evidence that the Hamas authorities have executed men whom courts had convicted in part on the basis of confessions secured through torture, Abusive System calls on Hamas to immediately impose a moratorium on the death penalty. Hamas should urgently reform the criminal justice system to end warrantless arrests, ensure that detainees have prompt access to lawyers, end prosecutions of civilians in military courts, and hold accountable security officials who commit violations"--P.  of cover.