Book
1 online resource (vp. ) : digital, PDF file.
No abstract prepared.
Book
1 online resource (10 pages ) : digital, PDF file.
This paper presents the challenge, goals, and general approach for quantifying and measuring ecosystem sustainability, including human components, from a hydrologic system perspective. These integrated, multidisciplinary approaches and tools are used to identify the key environmental functions and structures (physical and hydrobiogeochemical) at the wetlands, watershed, and ground-water basin scale that can be, applied in ecosystem characterization and socioeconomic analysis.
Book
1 online resource (23 p. ) : digital, PDF file.
The Department of Energy’s (DOE) Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) aims at developing and deploying technologies to transform renewable biomass resources into commercially viable, high-performance biofuels, bioproducts and biopower through public and private partnerships (DOE, 2015). BETO also performs a supply chain sustainability analysis (SCSA). This report describes the SCSA of the production of renewable high octane gasoline (HOG) via indirect liquefaction (IDL) of lignocellulosic biomass. This SCSA was developed for the 2017 design case for feedstock logistics (INL, 2014) and for the 2022 target case for HOG production via IDL (Tan et al., 2015). The design includes advancements that are likely and targeted to be achieved by 2017 for the feedstock logistics and 2022 for the IDL conversion process. The 2017 design case for feedstock logistics demonstrated a delivered feedstock cost of $80 per dry U.S. short ton by the year 2017 (INL, 2014). The 2022 design case for the conversion process, as modeled in Tan et al. (2015), uses the feedstock 2017 design case blend of biomass feedstocks consisting of pulpwood, wood residue, switchgrass, and construction and demolition waste (C&D) with performance properties consistent with a sole woody feedstock type (e.g., pine or poplar). The HOG SCSA case considers the 2017 feedstock design case (the blend) as well as individual feedstock cases separately as alternative scenarios when the feedstock blend ratio varies as a result of a change in feedstock availability. These scenarios could be viewed as bounding SCSA results because of distinctive requirements for energy and chemical inputs for the production and logistics of different components of the blend feedstocks.
Book
1 online resource (20 p. ) : digital, PDF file.
No Abstract Provided
Book
1 online resource (17 p. ) : digital, PDF file.
No abstract provided.
Book
1 online resource (24 p. ) : digital, PDF file.
The Department of Energy’s (DOE) Bioenergy Technology Office (BETO) aims at developing and deploying technologies to transform renewable biomass resources into commercially viable, high-performance biofuels, bioproducts and biopower through public and private partnerships (DOE, 2015). BETO and its national laboratory teams conduct in-depth techno-economic assessments (TEA) of technologies to produce biofuels. These assessments evaluate feedstock production, logistics of transporting the feedstock, and conversion of the feedstock to biofuel. There are two general types of TEAs. A design case is a TEA that outlines a target case for a particular biofuel pathway. It enables identification of data gaps and research and development needs, and provides goals and targets against which technology progress is assessed. On the other hand, a state of technology (SOT) analysis assesses progress within and across relevant technology areas based on actual experimental results relative to technical targets and cost goals from design cases, and includes technical, economic, and environmental criteria as available.
Book
1 online resource (30 p. ) : digital, PDF file.
This report describes the SCSA of the production of renewable high octane gasoline (HOG) via indirect liquefaction (IDL) of lignocellulosic biomass. This SCSA was developed for both the 2015 SOT (Hartley et al., 2015; ANL, 2016; DOE, 2016) and the 2017 design case for feedstock logistics (INL, 2014) and for both the 2015 SOT (Tan et al., 2015a) and the 2022 target case for HOG production via IDL (Tan et al., 2015b). The design includes advancements that are likely and targeted to be achieved by 2017 for the feedstock logistics and 2022 for the IDL conversion process. In the SCSA, the 2015 SOT case for the conversion process, as modeled in Tan et al. (2015b), uses the 2015 SOT feedstock blend of pulpwood, wood residue, and construction and demolition waste (C&D). Moreover, the 2022 design case for the conversion process, as described in Tan et al. (2015a), uses the 2017 design case blend of pulpwood, wood residue, switchgrass, and C&D. The performance characteristics of this blend are consistent with those of a single woody feedstock (e.g., pine or poplar). We also examined the influence of using a single feedstock type on SCSA results for the design case. These single feedstock scenarios could be viewed as bounding SCSA results given that the different components of the feedstock blend have varying energy and material demands for production and logistics.
Book
1 online resource.
Abstract not provided
Book
1 online resource (2 p. ) : digital, PDF file.
Worldwide, more than three-quarters of our energy needs are obtained from nonrenewable reserves of coal, oil, gas, and uranium. The unavoidable outcome of our present path is the depletion of all non-renewable energy resources. Further exacerbating the energy picture is the mounting cost of mitigating the adverse environmental and health impacts of energy use. Problems ranging from acid rain and radioactive waste storage to the potential for widespread environmental disaster that could result from the buildup of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere have made it that the earth`s capacity to absorb the waste products of energy use without serious consequences is being severely strained. Potential supply shortages and mounting costs for the energy component of our industrial enterprise will increasingly undermine our ability to sustain global economic development. Strong positive actions that shore up the energy foundations of our economy arc called for. The purpose of this presentation is to focus attention on two such proactive steps which, though insufficient to the task by themselves, are nevertheless crucial to any effective plan for heading off the recessionary tendencies of our growing energy supply and cost dilemma. The first of these essential steps is to develop a much better arrangement than we currently have for including all costs for the adverse health and environmental impacts of industrial production in the price paid by consumers for fuels, electricity, and manufactured goods. The second essential action is to expand our R&D effort to develop new manufacturing processes and new materials and products that meet our needs for power, fuels and consumer goods at lower cost, greater efficiency, and with reduced environmental cost.
Book
1 online resource (Pages: (2 p) ) : digital, PDF file.
Worldwide, more than three-quarters of our energy needs are obtained from nonrenewable reserves of coal, oil, gas, and uranium. The unavoidable outcome of our present path is the depletion of all non-renewable energy resources. Further exacerbating the energy picture is the mounting cost of mitigating the adverse environmental and health impacts of energy use. Problems ranging from acid rain and radioactive waste storage to the potential for widespread environmental disaster that could result from the buildup of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere have made it that the earth's capacity to absorb the waste products of energy use without serious consequences is being severely strained. Potential supply shortages and mounting costs for the energy component of our industrial enterprise will increasingly undermine our ability to sustain global economic development. Strong positive actions that shore up the energy foundations of our economy arc called for. The purpose of this presentation is to focus attention on two such proactive steps which, though insufficient to the task by themselves, are nevertheless crucial to any effective plan for heading off the recessionary tendencies of our growing energy supply and cost dilemma. The first of these essential steps is to develop a much better arrangement than we currently have for including all costs for the adverse health and environmental impacts of industrial production in the price paid by consumers for fuels, electricity, and manufactured goods. The second essential action is to expand our R D effort to develop new manufacturing processes and new materials and products that meet our needs for power, fuels and consumer goods at lower cost, greater efficiency, and with reduced environmental cost.
Book
1 online resource (xii, 124 p.) : ill.
  • Machine generated contents note: GOVERNANCE AND FINANCE FOR SUSTAINABLE ENERGY AND WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Energy Sector Fostering Governance in the Energy Sector The Energy Governance-Finance Connection Water Sector Fostering Governance in the Water Sector Mobilizing Financial Resources to Manage Water Resources The Water Governance-Finance Connection SUSTAINABLE ENERGY AND WATER SUCCESS STORIES India: India Zero Emissions Transportation Program Guatemala: Hidroelectrica Papeles Elaborados S.A. Mexico: Renewable Energy for Agriculture Russia: Krasnogorsk Water-Efficiency Program Mexico: Renewable Energy for Protected Areas in Mexico Vietnam: Sale and Distribution of Household Biogas Systems India: Alternative Bagasse Cogeneration Global: Collaborative Labeling and Appliance Standards Program Indonesia: Water Efficiency Team Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan: South Asia Transboundary Water Quality Monitoring Project China: Geothermal Heat Pump Demonstration Project Argentina: Solar Systems for Schools in the Province of Jujuy Kenya: Ngong Cookstove Project Honduras: Soluz Honduras Poland: Cracow Clean Fossil Fuels and Energy-Efficiency Program Bolivia: Bolivia Private Hydropower Project Mexico: Design, Installation, and Testing of a Cleaner Combustion Technology at a Petroleos Mexicanos Refinery Bulgaria: Pirinsko Pivo Brewery Project Costa Rica: Tierras Morenas Wind Farm Republic of Korea: Ulsan Landfill Methane Gas Project Jamaica: Environmental Audits for Sustainable Tourism Philippines: Increasing Electric Power for Development in the Southern Philippines Thailand: Clean Thai Biogas Plant Colombia: Cartagena Water Supply, Sewerage, and Environmental Management Mexico and the Philippines: Ultraviolet Waterworks Mexico: Cerveceria Cuauhtemoc Moctezuma Taiwan: Environmental Center for Livestock Waste Management Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama: Increased Use of Renewable Resources Program for Central America Russia: Cherepovets Water-Efficiency/Tariff Reform Program China: US/China High-Efficiency Motors Demonstration Project Mexico: Improving Manufacturability and Reliability of Solar Water Distillers Romania: Leak Abatement in Romania Peru: Renewable Energy Systems in the Peruvian Amazon Region China: Modernized Biomass Utilization Chile: Clean Cities Santiago Program Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam, India, Philippines, Thailand: Greening the Supply Chain India: Efficient Power Generation Bolivia: Kanata Hydroelectric Plant India: Sustainable Cities Initiative Brazil: Municipal Water-Efficiency Program India: India Renewable Resources Development Project Mexico: Comision Federal de Eletricidad/Arizona Public Service Company of Phoenix Renewable Energy Mini Grid Project El Salvador: Increased Access by Rural Households to Clean Water Uganda: Solar Light for the Churches of Africa Jordan: E7 Project 82
  • Efficiency Improvements in Power Plants Ukraine: Industrial Energy Efficiency in Ukraine
  • Gostomel Glass Plant APPENDIX: EXAMPLE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER CASE STUDIES AND ENABLING POLICY ENVIRONMENT PROGRAMS EXAMPLE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER CASE STUDIES Chevron Texaco Gulf of Mexico Gas Hydrates Joint Industry Project Wabash River Coal Gasification Repowering Project/Clean Coal Technology Demonstration Program Restoring Coastal Wetlands Using Drill Cuttings Mallik 2002: An International Research Initiative Considering Gas Hydrates as a Potential New Energy Resource EXAMPLE ENABLING POLICY ENVIRONMENT PROGRAMS South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Training South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Rural Electrification Services Egyptian Environmental Policy Program Egyptian Electric Regulatory Program.
Book
xii, 124 p. : col. ill., col. maps ; 28 cm.
Green Library
Book
1 CD-ROM ; 4 3/4 in.
Book
1 online resource (0:53:12 ) : digital, PDF file.
Lithium-ion batteries are strong candidates for powering upcoming generations of hybrid electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. But improvements in safety must be achieved while keeping track of materials resources and abundances, as well as materials synthesis and recycling processes, all of which could inflict a heavy energy cost. Thus, electrode materials that have a minimum footprint in nature and are made via eco-efficient processes are sorely needed. The arrival of electrode materials based on minerals such as LiFePO4 (tryphilite) is a significant, but not sufficient, step toward the long-term demand for materials sustainability. The eco-efficient synthesis of LiFePO4 nanopowders via hydrothermal/ solvo-thermal processes using latent bases, structure directing templates, or other bio-related approaches will be presented in this talk. However, to secure sustainability and greeness, organic electrodes appear to be ideal candidates.... We took a fresh look at organic based electrodes; the results of this research into sequentially metal-organic-framework electrodes and Li-based organic electrodes (LixCyOz) will be reported and discussed.
Book
1 online resource (0:53:12 ) : digital, PDF file.
Lithium-ion batteries are strong candidates for powering upcoming generations of hybrid electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. But improvements in safety must be achieved while keeping track of materials resources and abundances, as well as materials synthesis and recycling processes, all of which could inflict a heavy energy cost. Thus, electrode materials that have a minimum footprint in nature and are made via eco-efficient processes are sorely needed. The arrival of electrode materials based on minerals such as LiFePO4 (tryphilite) is a significant, but not sufficient, step toward the long-term demand for materials sustainability. The eco-efficient synthesis of LiFePO4 nanopowders via hydrothermal/ solvo-thermal processes using latent bases, structure directing templates, or other bio-related approaches will be presented in this talk. However, to secure sustainability and greeness, organic electrodes appear to be ideal candidates.... We took a fresh look at organic based electrodes; the results of this research into sequentially metal-organic-framework electrodes and Li-based organic electrodes (LixCyOz) will be reported and discussed.
Book
1 online resource (vp. ) : digital, PDF file.
No abstract prepared.
Book
1 online resource (vp. ) : digital, PDF file.
No abstract prepared.
Book
1 online resource (vp. ) : digital, PDF file.
No abstract prepared.
Book
1 online resource (Pages: 6 ) : digital, PDF file.
Auger electron spectroscopy has been used to monitor the surface composition of an alloy consisting of 3.0 at. % Li in Cu while sputtering with 1 to 3 keV Ar/sup +/ or He/sup +/ at a flux of 10/sup 12/ to 10/sup 14/ cm/sup -2/ sec/sup -1/ (corresponding to a gross erosion rate of several mm/yr) at temperatures up to 430/sup 0/C. It is found that the alloy is capable of reproducibly maintaining a complete lithium overlayer. The time-dependent thickness of the overlayer depends strongly on the mass and energy spectrum of the incident particle flux. It has been experimentally demonstrated that a significant fraction of the sputtered lithium is in the form Li/sup +/ and is returned to the surface by an electric field such as the sheath potential at the limiter, or a tangential magnetic field such as the toroidal field at the first wall; consequently, the overlayer lifetime is essentially unlimited. The TRIM computer code has been used to calculate the sputtering yield for pure metals and the partial sputtering yields of binary alloy components for various assumed solute concentration profiles.
Book
1 online resource (0:01:59 ) : digital, PDF file.
Argonne's senior management shows leadership in the sustainability arena with their own personal choices in "green" vehicles. They don't just talk the talk — they walk the walk.

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