Pretoria, South Africa : Africa Institute of South Africa, 2004.
Book — vi, 14 p. : map ; 30 cm.
The notion of peaceful governance in Africa is at the forefront of negotiations in various parts of the continent. This volume discusses the ongoing civil war in Sudan, which has, in effect, divided the country along the lines of religious beliefs, the right to self-determination, and the recognition of fundamental human rights. In this volume, Francis Deng and Mohamed Khalil explore the issue of persistent violent conflict and discuss the manner in which the present peace talks have attempted to curtail the 20-year long civil war in the country. In addition to peace talks between the largely Christian southern region and the predominantly Islamic northern area of the country, and the expressed optimism of foreign peace envoys, a resolution has not yet been proclaimed. In turn, the armed conflict continues, depleting the country's natural resources, forcing war refugees to neighbouring African states, and disregarding the emancipation of the people of Sudan and the preservation of sustainable development for future generations. The peace process is outlined in the volume, with a discussion of the period prior to the signing of the Machakos Protocol in July of 2002, and the progress thereafter, which is defined by the continuation of negotiations on religion and state, self-determination and basic human rights. The two warring factions are expected to unite to form a new Sudan, governed by liberal and democratic ideals. In this is not a feasible solution, then the southern region will undoubtedly demand self-determination. (source: Nielsen Book Data)