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Book
1 online resource (xiv, 309 pages) : illustrations, maps, charts.
  • * Land and Water Management in Coastal Zones: Dealing with Agriculture-Aquaculture-Fishery Conflicts, J W Gowing, T P Tuong and C T Hoanh, -- * Adapting to Aquaculture in Vietnam: Securing Livelihoods in a Context of Change in Two Coastal Communities, C Luttrell, Overseas Development Institute, UK-- * Livelihood Systems and Dynamics of Poverty in a Coastal Province of Vietnam, M Hossain, IRRI, Philippines, T T Ut, Nong Lam University, Vietnam and M L Bose, WorldFish Center, Philippines-- * Social and Environmental Impact of Rapid Change in the Coastal Zone of Vietnam: an Assessment of Sustainability Issues, J W Gowing, T P Tuong, C T Hoanh and N T Khiem, An Giang University, Vietnam-- * Brackish-Water Shrimp Cultivation Threatens Permanent Damage to Coastal Agriculture in Bangladesh, M Rezaul Karim-- * Coastal Water Resource Use for Higher Productivity: Participatory Research for Increasing Cropping Intensity in Bangladesh, M K Mondal, Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, T P Tuong, S P Ritu, Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, M H K Choudhury, Proshika Manobik Unnyan Kendra, Bangladesh, A M Chasi, HEED, Bangladesh, P K Majumder, Department of Agricultural Extension, Bangladesh, M M Islam, and S K Adhikary, Khulna University, Bangladesh-- * Coastal Shrimp Farming in Thailand: Searching for Sustainability, B Szuster, University of Hawaii at Manoa, USA-- * Tracing the Outputs from Drained Acid Sulphate Floodplains to Minimize Threats to Coastal Lakes, B C T Macdonald, I White, L Heath, Australian National University, J Smith, University of New South Wales, Australia, A F Keene, Southern Cross University, Australia, M Tunks, Tweed Shire Council, Australia and A Kinsela, University of New South Wales, Australia-- * From Conflict to Industry-Regulated Best Practice Guidelines: a Case Study of Estuarine Floodplain Management of the Tweed River of Eastern Australia, I White, M Melville, University of New South Wales, Australia, B C T Macdonald, University of Newcastle, UK, R Quirk and R Hawken, Condong Sugar Mill, Australia, M Tunks, D Buckley, R Beattie, New South Wales Sugar Milling Co-operative Limited, Australia, L Heath and J Williams, New South Wales Department of Primary Industries, Australia-- * Mangrove Dependency and the Livelihoods of Coastal Communities in Thailand, E B Barbier, University of Wyoming, USA. * Mangroves, People and Cockles: Impacts of the Shrimp-Farming Industry on Mangrove Communities in Esmeraldas Province, Ecuador, P Ocampo-Thomason-- * Interrelations among Mangroves, the Local Economy and Social Sustainability: A Review from a Case Study in North Brazil, U Saint-Paul, Centre for Tropical Marine Ecology (ZMT), Germany-- * Mangrove: Changes and Conflicts in Claimed Ownership, Uses and Purposes, M-C Cormier-Salem, IRD/MNHN, France-- * Comparing Land-Use Planning Approaches in the Coastal Mekong Delta of Vietnam, N H Trung and L Q Tri, Can Tho University, Vietnam, M E F van Mensvoort and A K. Bregt, Wageningen University, Netherlands-- * Applying the Resource Management Domain (RMD) Concept to Land and Water Use and Management in the Coastal Zone: Case Study of Bac Lieu Province, Vietnam, S P Kam, WorldFish Center (WFC), Philippines, N V Nhan and V T Be Nam, Integrated Resources Management Center (IRMC), Vietnam, T P Tuong, C T Hoanh, and A Maunahan, IRRI, Philippines-- * Developing a Consultative Bayesian Model for Integrated Management of Aquatic Resources: an Inland Coastal Zone Case Study, E Baran, WorldFish Center, Cambodia, T Jantunen, Phnom Penh, Cambodia and P Chheng, Inland Fisheries Research and Development Institute, Cambodia-- * Aquatic Food Production in the Coastal Zone: Data-Based Perceptions on the Trade-off between Mariculture and Fisheries Production of the Mahakam Delta and Estuary, East Kalimantan, Indonesia, P A M van Zwieten, Wageningen University, Netherlands, S A Sidik, Noryadi, I Suyatna and Abdunnur, University of Mulawarman, Indonesia-- * Managing Diverse Land Uses in Coastal Bangladesh: Institutional Approaches, M Rafiqul Islam, Program Development Office for Integrated Coastal Zone Management, Bangladesh-- * Widening Coastal Manager's Perceptions of Stakeholders through Capacity Building, M Le Tissier and J M Hills, University of Newcastle, UK-- * Can Integrated Coastal Management Solve Agriculture-Fisheries-Aquaculture Conflicts at the Land-Water Interface? A Perspective from New Institutional Economics, C Brugere, FAO of the United Nations, Italy-- * Responding to Coastal Poverty: Should We Be Doing Things Differently or Doing Different Things? J Campbell, E Whittingham and P Townsley, University of Exeter, UK-- * Achieving Food and Environmental Security: Better River Basin Management for Healthy Coastal Zones, S Atapattu and D Molden, International Water Management Institute, Sri Lanka.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781845931070 20160528
This book focuses on the challenges people face in managing agricultural crops, aquaculture, fisheries and related ecosystems in inland areas of coastal zones in the tropics of Asia, Africa, Australia and South America. These challenges can create conflicts in the use of natural resources between different stakeholders. Through many case studies, the book discusses the nature of the conflicts and identifies what is known and not known about how to manage them. For example, some case studies relate to the trade-offs between enhancing agricultural production by constructing embankments to keep out saline water and maintaining not only the variety of rural livelihoods but also brackish aquatic biodiversity. Other case studies provide the lessons learnt from the conversion of mangrove forests to shrimp farms.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781845931070 20160528
Book
xxvii, 761 p. ; 24 cm. + 1 computer disc (4 3/4 in.)
  • Contributors Foreword by Lester C. Thurow Preface Section I: Introduction: The Tropics-Paradise Imperiled? 1. The Changing Tropics 2. A Brief Historical and Visual Introduction to Costa Rica Section II: Development and Sustainability 3. The Theories and Myths that Have Guided Development 4. Data on Sustainability in Costa Rica: Time Series Analysis of Population, Land Use, Economics, Energy, and Efficiency 5. Land, Energy, and Agricultural Production in Costa Rica Section III: Adding a Spatial Dimension: Tools for Dynamic Geographical Analysis 6. The Derivation and Analysis of National-Level Geographical Information: A New Model for Accessibility and an Easy-to-Use Micro GIS Program 7. Geographical Modeling: The Synthesis of a GIS and Simulation Modeling Section IV: Building a Geographical Database for Costa Rica 8. Developing a Nationwide Topographical Database 9. Synthesis of Costa Rican Meteorological Information in a Geographical Context 10. Properties, Geographic Distribution, and Management of Major Soil Orders of Costa Rica 11. Remote Sensing and Land Use Analysis for Agriculture in Costa Rica Section V: Application to Sustainability Issues for Costa Rica's Natural Resources 12. Temporal and Spatial Overview of Costa Rican Agricultural Production 13. Biophysical Agricultural Assessment and Management Models for Developing Countries 14. Geographical Synthesis of Data on Costa Rican Pastures and Their Potential for Improvement 15. The Extent and Economic Impacts of Soil Erosion in Costa Rica 16. Land Use and Cover Change in Costa Rica: A Geographic Perspective 17. Gradient Analysis of Biomass in Costa Rica and a First Estimate of Countrywide Emissions of Greenhouse Gases from Biomass Burning 18. Forestry in Costa Rica and an Estimate of Energy Potentially Available from Forests 19. Assessing the Role of Parks for Protecting Forest Resources Using GIS and Spatial Modeling Section VI: Biophysical Analysis of Major Components of the Economy 20. The Costa Rican Banana Industry: Can It Be Sustainable? 21. The Costa Rican Coffee Industry 22. Costa Rican Industry: Characteristics, History, and Potential for Sustainability 23. The Internationalization of the Costa Rican Economy: A Two-Edged Sword. 24. An Assessment of the Effectiveness of Structural Adjustment Policies in Costa Rica 25. Comparative Estimates of Sustainability: Economic, Resource Base, Ecological Footprint, and Energy 26. The Myth of Sustainable Development Appendix I: Low Cost Mapmaking Appendix II: A Free Micro GIS Program Supplement: CD-ROM of Pictures, Programs and Data.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780123188601 20160528
Until recently, the phenomenal economic development of the Asian tigers, Chile, and Malaysia, as well as the sustained economic growth of the United States, painted a very desirable and optimistic picture of free markets, fiscal responsibility, and, more generally, the entire dogma of neoclassical economics. As of the fall of 1998, however, the economies of many tropical countries have contracted severely, and the enthusiasm of the developing tropics for the free market and all of its ancillary policies is decidedly cooler. Have our traditional approaches to economics been failing the developing world? This interdisciplinary book covers the conditions of the developing tropics, the resistance of some of their problems to earlier attempts at solutions, and the use of new tools to develop a much more comprehensive and empirical framework for analysis and decision making. It also presents the development of cutting edge technology that links GIS and modeling approaches with extensive databases on meteorology, soils, agricultural production, and land use. The book discusses whether development is sustainable through a synthesis of demographic, economic, and resource-specific considerations. Costa Rica is uniquely suited to this study because of its size, stage of development, democratic institutions, and national databases. A CD-ROM containing all data and programs, color images, animated models, large data tables, and references accompanies the book. It links economic and biophysical analyses of sustainability and presents new tools and approaches for analysis and decision-making.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780123188601 20160528
Green Library
Book
ix, 281 p. : ill., maps ; 25 cm.
  • 1. Introduction-- 2. Mineralogy-- 3. Soil Chemistry-- 4. Soil Physics-- 5. Soil Biology and Microbiology-- 6. Soil Fertility-- 7. Soil Formation and Classification-- 8. Major Soils of the Tropics: A Descriptive Classification Based on Clay Mineralogy-- 9. Soil Management: An Overview-- 10. Properties and Management of Kaolinitic Soils-- 11. Properties and Management of Oxidic Soils-- 12. Properties and Management of Smectitic Soils-- 13. Properties and Management of Allophanic Soils-- 14. Soils and Sustainable Agriculture.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780195115987 20160528
Agricultural ecology, or agroecology, deals in general with the structure and function of agroecosystems at different levels of resolution. In this text/reference, the authors describe in terms of agroecology the tropical environments of sub-Saharan Africa, Southeast Asia, and Latin and Central America, focusing on production and management systems unique to each region.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780195115987 20160528
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
xv, 335 p. : ill., maps ; 24 cm.
  • Foreword by Angela Cropper About the Contributors Acknowledgments INTRODUCTION The Struggle for Equity in Forest Management Carol J. Pierce Colfer PART I. ASIA 1. Negotiating More Than Boundaries in Indonesia Njau Anau, Ramses Iwan, Miriam van Heist, Godwin Limberg, Made Sudana, and Eva Wollenberg 2. Dealing with Overlapping Access Rights in Indonesia Stepi Hakim 3. Participation and Decisionmaking in Nepal Sushma Dangol 4. Scientists in Social Encounters: The Case for an Engaged Practice of Science Mariteuw Chimere Diaw and Trikurnianti Kusumanto PART II. AFRICA 5. From Diversity to Exclusion for Forest Minorities in Cameroon Phil Rene Oyono 6. Women in Campo-Ma'an National Park: Uncertainties and Adaptations in Cameroon Anne Marie Tiani, George Akwah, and Joachim Nguiebouri 7. Women, Decisionmaking, and Resource Management in Zimbabwe Nontokozo Nemarundwe 8. Becoming Men in Our Dresses! Women's Involvement in a Joint Forestry Management Project in Zimbabwe Bevlyne Sithole 9. Learning Amongst Ourselves: Adaptive Forest Management through Social Learning in Zimbabwe Tendayi Mutimukuru, Richard Nyirenda, and Frank Matose PART III. SOUTH AMERICA 10. Intrahousehold Differences in Natural Resource Management in Peru and Brazil Constance Campbell, Avecita Chicchon, Marianne Schmink, and Richard Piland 11. Improving Collaboration between Outsiders and Communities in the Amazon Benno Pokorny, Guilhermina Cayres, and Westphalen Nunes 12. Diversity in Living Gender: Two Cases from the Brazilian Amazon Noemi Miyasaki Porro and Samantha Stone 13. Gender, Participation, and the Strengthening of Indigenous Forest Management in Bolivia Peter Cronkleton 14. Women's Place Is Not in the Forest: Gender Issues in a Timber Management Project in Bolivia Omaira Bolanos and Marianne Schmink CONCLUSION Implications of Adaptive Collaborative Management for More Equitable Forest Management Carol J. Pierce Colfer References Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781891853784 20160528
While there continues to be refinement in defining and assessing sustainable management, there remains the urgent need for policies that create the conditions that support sustainability and can halt or slow destructive practices already underway. Carol Colfer and her contributors maintain that standardized solutions to forest problems from afar have failed to address both human and environmental needs. Such approaches, they argue, often neglect the knowledge that local stakeholders have accumulated over generations as forest managers and do not address issues involving the diversity and well-being of groups within communities. The contributors note that these problems persist despite clear evidence that equity and social relationships, including gender roles, are important factors in the ways that communities adapt to change and manage forest resources overall. "The Equitable Forest" offers an alternative to traditional, externally organized strategies for forest management. Termed adaptive collaborative management (ACM), the approach tries to better acknowledge the diversity, complexity, and unpredictability of human and natural systems. ACM works to strengthen local institutions and use the knowledge and capacity of groups in local communities to enhance the health and well-being of both forests and the people who live in and around them. "The Equitable Forest" provides a detailed explanation of the descriptive, analytical, and methodological tools of ACM, along with accounts of early stages of its implementation in tropical regions of Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Although the contributors make it clear that it is too soon to evaluate the efficacy of ACM, their work is supported by evidence that rural communities do make important contributions when involved in formal forest management; that management strategies are most effective when flexible and tailored to local contexts; and, that efforts by outside governmental and nongovernmental organizations to support local management are feasible from the policymaking perspective, and desirable for their impact on human, economic, and environmental well-being.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781891853784 20160528
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
xvii, 290 p. : ill., maps ; 25 cm.
  • The Rise and Fall of Forests * Sustainable Forest Management: A Response to Destruction * Genesis of a Treaty: The ITTA Takes Shape * ITTO's Early Days: Optimism and Experiment * First Assessment: Living a Fool's Paradise * From Abidjan to Bali: A Radical New Agenda * The case of Sarawak * Ferment 1990-1992 * Tropical Forests, or all Forests? Renegotiating the ITTA * Has the Tropical Timber Trade any Leverage? Policies 1991-1995 * The Many Roads from UNCED * ITTO's Road to 1995: ENGOs Diverge * 1995-2000: Getting on with the Job * Year 2000 Report: The Curate's Egg? * Reaction: False Start, New Energy * Policies Into Action: Some Case Studies * ITTO: Agent of Change * Changing Landscapes, Future Prospects * Appendices * Notes * References * Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781853839917 20160528
This is the history of the International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO); its aims, policies and achievements, through drawing on contemporary records and the author's own wide experience. The book uses examination of past successes and failures to formulate a 21st-century agenda for the most practical ways of improving the management of forests and deciding forest policies.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781853839917 20160528
Green Library

6. ETFRN news [1995 - ]

Book
x, 377 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
  • List of Contributors. Chapter Reviewers. Preface.-Introduction-- P.K.R. Nair, B.M. Kumar.- Section 1: Historical and Regional Perspectives. Diversity and change in homegarden cultivation in Indonesia-- K.F. Wiersum. Urban and homegarden agroforestry in the Pacific islands: Current status and future prospects-- R.R. Thaman et al. Amazonian homegardens: Their ethnohistory and potential contribution to agroforestry development-- R.P. Miller et al. Homegardens of Mesoamerica: Biodiversity, food security, and nutrient management-- F. Montagnini.- Section 2: Structure, Function, and Dynamics of Homegardens. Homegarden dynamics in Kerala, India-- A. Peyre et al. Structure and dynamics of coconut-based agroforestry systems in Melanesia: A case study from the Vanuatu archipelago-- N. Lamanda et al. Diversity and dynamics in homegardens of southern Ethiopia-- Tesfaye Abebe et al. Homegarden plant diversity in relation to remoteness from urban centers: A case study from the Peruvian Amazon region-- A. Wezel, J. Ohl. Gender and social dynamics in swidden and homegardens in Latin America-- P.L. Howard.- Section 3: Some New Thrust Areas. Carbon sequestration potential of tropical homegardens-- B.M. Kumar. Medicinal plants in tropical homegardens-- M.R. Rao, B.R. Rajeswara Rao. Commercialization of homegardens in an Indonesian village: Vegetation composition and functional changes-- O.S. Abdoellah et al. Transpiration characteristics of some homegarden tree species in Central Sri Lanka-- W.A.J.M. de Costa et al. Ecology versus economics in tropical multistrata agroforests-- E. Torquebiau, E. Penot. Financial analysis of homegardens: a case study from Kerala state, India-- S. Mohan et al.- Section 4: Future of Homegardens. The role of homegardens in agroforestry development: Lessons from Tome-Acu, a Japanese-Brazilian settlement in the Amazon-- M. Yamada, H.M.L. Osaqui. Urban homegardens and allotment gardens for sustainable livelihoods: Management strategies and institutional environments-- A.W. Drescher et al. Are tropical homegardens sustainable? Some evidence from Central Sulawesi, Indonesia-- K. Kehlenbeck, B.L. Maass. Whither Homegardens?-- P.K.R. Nair.- Subject Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781402049477 20160528
'Homegardens' are integrated tree - crop - animal production systems, often in small parcels of land surrounding homesteads, and primarily found in tropical environments. These agroforestry systems, developed and nurtured by farmers through generations of innovation and experiment, are often cited as the epitome of sustainability, yet have been long neglected by the scientific community. Today, however, these age-old systems are receiving increasing attention owing to their perceived potential to mitigate environmental problems such as loss of biodiversity and rising levels of atmospheric CO2, while providing significant economic gains, as well as food and nutritional security to their owners. This multi-authored volume contains peer-reviewed chapters from the world's leading researchers and professionals in this topic. It summarizes the current state of knowledge on homegarden systems, with a view to using this knowledge as a basis for improving both homegardens and other similar multistrata agroforestry systems.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781402049477 20160528
Book
xii, 170 p. : ill.
  • 1 Introduction.- 2 Planning.- 3 Organization, Administration, and Labor Productivity.- 4 Felling.- 5 Animal Skidding.- 6 Ground-Based Mechanized Skidding and Forwarding.- 7 Cable and Helicopter Yarding Systems.- 8 Loading.-9 Transport.- 10 Appropriate Harvesting Technology.- 11 Concluding Comments.- References.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783540463900 20160528
The book brings together information on harvest methods, system productivity, and methods for conducting safe, efficient, and environmentally acceptable operations in tropical forests. It highlights the challenges of harvest operations in the tropics, includes techniques that have been shown to be successful, and discusses newer technologies. The book is a reference for those interested in planning and management of tropical forests. Numerical examples are provided to provide clarity for interpreting graphs, procedures, and formulas. The book covers harvest systems from planning for felling to log transport from the forest, and concludes with considerations in selecting the appropriate harvesting technology.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783540463900 20160528
Book
xii, 170 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
  • 1 Introduction.- 2 Planning.- 3 Organization, Administration, and Labor Productivity.- 4 Felling.- 5 Animal Skidding.- 6 Ground-Based Mechanized Skidding and Forwarding.- 7 Cable and Helicopter Yarding Systems.- 8 Loading.-9 Transport.- 10 Appropriate Harvesting Technology.- 11 Concluding Comments.- References.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783540463900 20160528
The book brings together information on harvest methods, system productivity, and methods for conducting safe, efficient, and environmentally acceptable operations in tropical forests. It highlights the challenges of harvest operations in the tropics, includes techniques that have been shown to be successful, and discusses newer technologies. The book is a reference for those interested in planning and management of tropical forests. Numerical examples are provided to provide clarity for interpreting graphs, procedures, and formulas. The book covers harvest systems from planning for felling to log transport from the forest, and concludes with considerations in selecting the appropriate harvesting technology.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783540463900 20160528
Book
xv, 513 p. : ill.
  • The Stability of Tropical Rainforest Margins, Linking Ecological, Economic and Social Constraints of Land Use and Conservation - Introduction.- Part I: Ecological and socio-economic impacts of different forest use intensities.- Part II: Sustainable Management of Agroforestry Systems.- Part III: Integrated Concepts of Land Use in Tropical Forest Margins.- Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783540302896 20160528
Tropical rainforests disappear at an alarming rate causing unprecedented losses in biodiversity and ecosystem services. The stability of rainforest margins has an ecological and socio-economic dimension, and understanding the multidisciplinary nature of land-use changes in tropical rainforest margins is the key to identifying development objectives such as mitigation of biodiversity loss and poverty reduction. The chapters in this book cover a broad range of topical research areas, from impacts of different forest-use intensities, sustainable management of agroforestry to integrated land-use concepts.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783540302896 20160528
Book
xv, 515 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
  • The Stability of Tropical Rainforest Margins, Linking Ecological, Economic and Social Constraints of Land Use and Conservation - Introduction.- Part I: Ecological and socio-economic impacts of different forest use intensities.- Part II: Sustainable Management of Agroforestry Systems.- Part III: Integrated Concepts of Land Use in Tropical Forest Margins.- Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783540302896 20160528
Tropical rainforests disappear at an alarming rate causing unprecedented losses in biodiversity and ecosystem services. The stability of rainforest margins has an ecological and socio-economic dimension, and understanding the multidisciplinary nature of land-use changes in tropical rainforest margins is the key to identifying development objectives such as mitigation of biodiversity loss and poverty reduction. The chapters in this book cover a broad range of topical research areas, from impacts of different forest-use intensities, sustainable management of agroforestry to integrated land-use concepts.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783540302896 20160528
Book
172 p.
  • 1. Introduction 2. Urbanization and Climate 3. Energetic Processes in an Urban System 4. Thermal Comfort in Urban Tropics 5. Climate-Conscious Urban Design in the Tropics: Basic Principles 6. Applications: Urban Design SDtrategies 7. Climate-sensitiver Urban Transportation for the Tropics.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780415334105 20160527
  • I. Introduction 1. Climate sensitive design in the tropics - an overview 2. Environmental consequences of tropical urbanization 2.1 Urban impacts on air quality 2.2 Urban impacts on water quality 2.3 Urban impacts on climate 2.4 Critical issues facing climate-sensitive designers in the tropics References II. Urbanization and climate 1. Historical background 2. Urban heat island - the phenomenon 2.1 Causes of UHI 2.2 Urban geometry and heat island effects 2.3 Other causes of UHI 2.4 Classification of urban heat island literature 2.5 The energetic processes of urban heat island 3. Tropical UHI studies 4. Urban design variables and microclimate mitigation 4.1 Increase vegetation cover 4.2 Increase thermal reflectivity 4.3 Manipulate urban geometry 4.4 Sky View Factor as an important tool in urban geometry manipulation 4.5 UHI mitigation strategies - a critique 4.6 Directions for further research on UHI References III. Thermal comfort in the urban tropics 1. Bio-climatic needs of humans 2. Thermal comfort in the tropics 2.1 Thermal comfort indices for the tropics 2.2 Problems with using rational thermal comfort indices in the tropics 2.3 Adaptation, acclimatization and thermal expectation - a tropical perspective 3. Thermal comfort in tropical urban outdoors 3.1 Outdoor comfort indices 4. Bio-climatic implications of urban climate changes 4.1 Bio-climatic influences of trees and buildings References IV. Climate-conscious urban design in the tropics: Basic principles 1. Design of the ^D<"Commons^D>" 2. Solar radiation prevention - the ^D<"shadow umbrella^D>" 2.1 Development of a ^D<"Shadow Umbrella^D>" 2.2 Use of natural elements as 'tempering agents' 3. Promotion of urban wind flow 3.1 Urban wind flow 3.2 Designing for urban wind movement in the tropics References V. Applications: Urban design strategies 1. Fundamentals of environment-conscious design in the tropics 1.1 energy-efficient urban layout 1.2 Reduce need for fossil-fuel transport 1.3 Minimize input quantity and maximize output quality of urban water 2. Tools for enhancing urban environmental quality 3. Design strategies for the urban tropics 3.1 Building form 3.2 Activity pattern controls 3.3 Relationship to natural features - landscape controls 4. Conclusions References VI. Climate-sensitive urban transportation for the tropics 1. Urban form and transport 2. Character of cities and their transport 2.1 land-use and transport 3. Transport ills of contemporary cities 3.1 Public costs of motorized urban transportation 3.2 Inequity in urban transport 4. Transportation alternatives for environment-conscious urban development 4.1 Essential considerations for equitable and sustainable urban transportation 4.1.1 Ceiling on per-capita energy use 4.1.2 Energy-efficient traffic vs. energy-efficient cities 4.1.3 Climate and urban transportation 4.1.4 Environmentally conducive urban transportation goals 4.1.5 Recovery of the ^D<"urban commons^D>" 5. Design guidelines 6. Conclusions References.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780415334099 20160528
Rapid urbanization in the tropics has brought in its wake many hitherto unknown changes to humans, animals and plants and the physical environment. Many of these changes are well studied by researchers in diverse fields such as medicine, agriculture and engineering. However, the climatic effect of urbanization has not been understood nor the knowledge base applied by urban designers, planners, architects and engineers. In particular, the energy and bio-climatic implications of changes induced by urbanization have received very little attention in urban design and planning. This book lays out the problem of tropical urban climate anomaly and points to possibilities of mitigating these changes through design and planning options. An Urban Approach To Climate Sensitive Design brings together the emerging literature on climate-sensitive urban design and places it in a tropical context. The physical processes behind changing urban climate are clearly illustrated. The book presents a general background to the environmental issues facing tropical building designers - energy consumption and comfort implication of buildings and an overview of microclimate changes brought about by urbanization. New ways of looking at urban design are presented from a climatic design perspective. The focus of the book is design strategies that can mitigate the negative impacts of tropical urban climate. Three such design goals are: radiant cooling, ventilation and evaporative cooling. Simple design strategies further develop the conceptual ideas, including discussion of a D hadow umbrella D " or sun avoidance scheme and demonstrates its applicability to the equatorial tropics. In order to make the discussions on urban energy use and energy efficiency complete, the book closes the discussions with a series of strategies that facilitate movement between inter-connected urban activity patterns in a climatically suitable manner. Urbanization in tropical regions is beginning to gather momentum and is likely to intensify in the near future. This book fills a crucial gap in the knowledge of climate-sensitive urban design in a tropical context. This comprehensive reference will be welcomed by student and practising architects as well as other built environment professionals engaged with the environmental effects of building in worldwide warm and humid climates.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780415334105 20160527
The need to respond to the rapidly changing city climate is particularly urgent in the tropics where the urban transition is currently at its peak. While the need is clearly felt by the tropical urban dwellers, texts that provide an overview of the problem and indicate possible design solutions are rare. This comprehensive reference will be welcomed by student and practising architects as well as other built environment professionals engaged with the environmental effects of building in worldwide warm and humid climates.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780415334099 20160528
Art & Architecture Library (Bowes)
Book
xiii, 175 p. : ill., maps ; 31 cm.
  • Preface-- List of acronyms-- List of authors-- Introduction-- Part I. Overview: 1. Climate variation, vulnerability and sustainable development in the semi-arid tropics-- Part II. Climate Variation, Climate Change and Society: 2. Climate change and variability in Mexico-- 3. The impact of climate variation and sustainable development in the Sudano-Sahelian region-- 4. Impacts of climate change upon semi-arid regions in China and sustainable development in China-- Part III. Climate Variability and Vulnerability: Causality and Response: 5. Drought follows the plow: cultivating marginal areas-- 6. Settlement advance and retreat: a century of experience on the Eyre peninsula of South Australia-- 7. Reducing the impacts of drought: progress towards risk management-- 8. Amazonia and the northeast: the Brazilian tropics and sustainable development-- Part IV. The International Conference on the Impacts of Climate Variations and Sustainable Development in the Semi-Arid Regions - ICID: 9. The declaration of Fortaleza-- 10. Working group highlights.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780521480741 20160528
Climate fluctuations can trigger events that lead to mass migration, hunger and famine. Rather than attributing the blame to nature, the contributors look at the underlying causes of social vulnerability, such as the processes and organisation of society in the semi-arid tropics. Past and present susceptibility to destitution, hunger, and famine in the face of climate variability can teach us about the potential future consequences of climate change. By understanding why individuals, households, nations, and regions are vulnerable, and how they have buffered themselves against climatic and environmental fluctuations, present and future vulnerability can be redressed. Through case studies from across the globe, the authors explore past experiences with climate variability, and the likely effects of, and the possible policy responses to, the types of climatic events that global warming might bring.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780521480741 20160528
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)

14. ICRISAT annual report [2000 - ]

Journal/Periodical
volumes : illustrations ; 28-30 cm
Book
xv, 702 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
Rain forests are rapidly being cleared in the humid tropics to keep pace with food demands, economic needs, and population growth. Without proper management, these forests and other natural resources will be seriously depleted within the next 50 years. "Sustainable Agriculture and the Environment in the Humid Tropics" provides critically needed direction for developing strategies that both mitigate land degradation, deforestation, and biological resource losses and help the economic status of tropical countries through promotion of sustainable agricultural practices. The book includes: a practical discussion of 12 major land use options for boosting food production and enhancing local economies, while protecting the natural resource base; recommendations for developing technologies needed for sustainable agriculture; a strategy for changing policies that discourage conserving and managing natural resources and biodiversity; and detailed reports on agriculture and deforestation in seven tropical countries.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780309047494 20160527
Green Library
Book
1 online resource (xxiv, 435 p.) Digital: text file; PDF.
  • Foreword; Preface; Prelude; Arthropod Diversity and Conservation in the Tropics and Subtropics; Acknowledgements; Contents; Contributors; About the Editors; 1: Impact of Climate Change on Arthropod Diversity; 1.1 Introduction; 1.1.1 Impact of Climate Change on Arthropod Diversity; 1.2 Effect on Trophic Level; 1.2.1 Effect of Rainfall on Arthropod Diversity; 1.3 Impact of Temperature on Arthropods; 1.4 Impact of Elevated CO2 on Arthropod Pests; 1.5 Effect of Climate Change on Species Interactions; 1.5.1 Effects on Farmers; 1.5.1.1 What Farmers Can Do?; 1.6 The Paris Agreement
  • 1.7 ConclusionsReferences; 2: Prospecting Arthropod Biomolecules for Medicinal and Therapeutic Use: Recent Breakthroughs; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Entomotherapy and Ethnoentomology; 2.3 Venom and Neurotoxins; 2.4 Honey; 2.5 Medical Entomology/Pharmaceutical Entomology; 2.6 Cytotoxins and Anticancer Compounds; 2.7 Antibiotics; 2.8 Antiviral; References; 3: Conservation of Arthropod Parasites: Restoring Crucial Ecological Linkages; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Why Study Parasites?; 3.2.1 Major Ecological and Evolutionary Effects of Parasites
  • 3.2.2 Coexistence and Evolution of Parasites and Humans3.2.3 Taxonomic Revision; 3.2.4 Parasites in Biological Control; 3.2.5 In Agri-Horticultural Ecosystems; 3.2.6 In Animal Husbandry; 3.2.6.1 Transmission via Vectors; 3.3 Concerns and Threats: Parasite Paradox; 3.3.1 Ticks; 3.3.2 Mites; 3.3.3 Mosquitoes; 3.3.4 Mosquito-Borne Encephalitis; 3.4 Conservation Initiatives; 3.4.1 Co-extinction of Species; 3.4.2 Regulation of Host Populations; 3.4.3 Modulators of Competitive Interactions; 3.4.4 Conservation vs Control; References
  • 4: Diversity and Ecology of Scorpions: Evolutionary Success Through Venom4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Scorpion Classification; 4.2.1 Superfamily: Bothriuroidea Simon, 1880 (With One Family); 4.2.2 Superfamily: Buthoidea C.L. Koch, 1837 (With Two Families); 4.2.3 Superfamily: Chaeriloidea Pocock, 1893 (With Two Families); 4.2.4 Superfamily: Chactoidea Pocock, 1893 (With Five Families); 4.2.5 Superfamily: Vaejovoidea Thorell, 1876 (With Two Families); 4.2.6 Superfamily: Scorpionoidea Latreille, 1802 (With Eight Families); 4.3 Ecology and Behaviour; 4.4 Life Cycle
  • 4.5 Metabolism and Physiology4.6 Antipredator Behaviour; 4.7 Social Life; 4.7.1 Survival Strategies; 4.7.1.1 Parthenogenesis; 4.7.1.2 Polymorphism; 4.7.1.3 Natural Threats; 4.7.1.4 Scorpion Venom; 4.7.1.5 Epidemiology of Scorpion Bites; 4.7.1.6 Clinical Manifestations; 4.8 Venom Protein as Fingerprinting Tool for Taxonomy; 4.9 Scorpion Diversity and Distribution; 4.9.1 Algeria; 4.9.2 Australia; 4.9.3 Brazil; 4.9.4 China; 4.9.5 India; 4.9.5.1 Species Diversity Studies; 4.9.5.2 Social Behaviour; 4.9.5.3 Breeding and Reproduction; 4.9.5.4 Laboratory Studies; 4.9.6 Iran
Arthropods are invertebrates that constitute over 90% of the animal kingdom, and their bio-ecology is closely linked with global functioning and survival. Arthropods play an important role in maintaining the health of ecosystems, provide livelihoods and nutrition to human communities, and are important indicators of environmental change. Yet the population trends of several arthropods species show them to be in decline. Arthropods constitute a dominant group with 1.2 million species influencing earth’s biodiversity. Among arthropods, insects are predominant, with ca. 1 million species and having evolved some 350 million years ago. Arthropods are closely associated with living and non-living entities alike, making the ecosystem services they provide crucially important. In order to be effective, plans for the conservation of arthropods and ecosystems should include a mixture of strategies like protecting key habitats and genomic studies to formulate relevant policies for in situ and ex situ conservation. This two-volume book focuses on capturing the essentials of arthropod inventories, biology, and conservation. Further, it seeks to identify the mechanisms by which arthropod populations can be sustained in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, and by means of which certain problematic species be managed without producing harmful environmental side-effects. This edited compilation includes chapters contributed by over 80 biologists on a wide range of topics embracing the diversity, distribution, utility and conservation of arthropods and select groups of insect taxa. More importantly, it describes in detail the mechanisms of sustaining arthropod ecosystems, services and populations. It addresses the contribution of modern biological tools such as molecular and genetic techniques regulating gene expression, as well as conventional, indigenous practices in arthropod conservation. The contributors reiterate the importance of documenting and understanding the biology of arthropods from a holistic perspective before addressing conservation issues at large. This book offers a valuable resource for all zoologists, entomologists, ecologists, conservation biologists, policy makers, teachers and students interested in the conservation of biological resources.
Book
1 online resource (xxiv, 461 p.) : ill. (some col.), col. maps.
dx.doi.org SpringerLink

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