Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press, 2000.
Book — xvii, 716 p. : ill., maps ; 25 cm.
Preface xiii Introduction
3 PART ONE CONCEPTUAL SIGNPOSTS
141 PART TWO CRESCENDO OF VIOLENCE
7. The Return of Vengeance: Terror in France, 1789-95
8. In the Eye of a "Time of Troubles": Terror in Russia, 1917-21
227 PART THREE METROPOLITAN CONDESCENSION AND RURAL DISTRUST
9. Peasant War in France: The Vendee
10. Peasant War in Russia: Ukraine and Tambov
371 PART FOUR THE SACRED CONTESTED
11. Engaging the Gallican Church and the Vatican
12. Engaging the Russian Orthodox Church
13. Perils of Emancipation: Protestants and Jews in the Revolutionary Whirlwind
483 PART FIVE A WORLD UNHINGED
14. Externalization of the French Revolution: The Napoleonic Wars
15. Internalization of the Russian Revolution: Terror in One Country
607 Index 703.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
The great romance and fear of bloody revolution - a strange blend of idealism and terror - have been superseded by blind faith in the bloodless expansion of human rights and global capitalism. Flying in the face of history, violence is dismissed as rare, immoral and counterproductive. Arguing against this pervasive wishful thinking, Arno J. Mayer revisits the two most tumultuous and influential revolutions of modern times: the French Revolution of 1789 and the Russian Revolution of 1917. Although these two upheavals arose in different environments, they followed similar courses. The thought and language of Enlightenment France were the glories of western civilization; those of tsarist Russia's intelligentsia were on its margins. Both revolutions began as revolts vowed to fight unreason, injustice and inequality; both swept away old regimes and defied established religions in societies that were 85 per cent peasant and illiterate; both entailed the terrifying return of repressed vengeance. Contrary to prevalent belief, Mayer argues, ideologies and personalities did not control events. Rather, the tide of violence overwhelmed the political actors who assumed power and were rudderless. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
What causes revolution? What brought about the end of the last major monarchies of the modern period? Were Louis XVI, Nicholas II, and Mohammad Reza Pahlavi the unwitting victims of historical circumstance, or did their own actions help to bring about the revolutions that overthrew them? This powerful and original book is the first comparative study of the revolutions in Bourbon France, Romanov Russia and Pahlavi Iran. Zhand Shakibi analyses fully the timing and causes of these three revolutions and reveals the important similarities between them. "Revolutions and the Collapse of Monarchy" argues provocatively that it is often the monarch's own personality that provides the vital spark which produces revolution. This ambitious and important book challenges the Marxist interpretation of history and adds a compelling new perspective to theories of revolution. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Introduction: from revolutionary theory to revolutionary historiography: England, France, and Russia--
1. Anciens regimes--
2. Transitions: breakthroughs to revolution--
3. Revolutionary 'honeymoons'?--
4. The 'revolutionizing' of the revolutions--
5. Revolutionary climacterics--
6. Thermidor?-- Conclusion: 'revolutions from below' and 'revolutions from above'.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
This study aims to update a classic of comparative revolutionary analysis, Crane Brinton's 1938 study The Anatomy of Revolution. It invokes the latest research and theoretical writing in history, political science and political sociology to compare and contrast, in their successive phases, the English Revolution of 1640-60, the French Revolution of 1789-99 and the Russian Revolution of 1917-29. This book intends to do what no other comparative analysis of revolutionary change has yet adequately done. It not only progresses beyond Marxian socioeconomic 'class' analysis and early 'revisionist' stresses on short-term, accidental factors involved in revolutionary causation and process; it also finds ways to reconcile 'state-centered' structuralist accounts of the three major European revolutions with postmodernist explanations of those upheavals that play up the centrality of human agency, revolutionary discourse, mentalities, ideology and political culture. (source: Nielsen Book Data)