List of Tables - Acknowledgements - Abbreviations - Introduction -
PART 1 THE TRADITIONAL SOVIET SYSTEM - The Centralised System of Management -
PART 2 ECONOMIC REFORMS OF THE 1960s - Common and Contrasting Features of the Reforms of the 1960s - The Soviet Economic Reform of 1965 - The Economic Reform in Czechoslovakia in 1966-9 - The Hungarian Economic Reform of 1968 - The Polish Economic Reform of 1973 -
PART 3 ECONOMIC REFORMS OF THE 1980s - Common and Contrasting Features of the Reforms of the 1980s - The Hungarian Economic Reform in the 1980s - The Polish Economic Reform of 1982 - Gorgachev's Economic Reform - The Czechoslovak Attempts to Improve the System of Management in the 1980s - Appendix: Recent Changes in the System of Management in the German Democratic Republic - Conclusion - Notes - Bibliography - Index.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
This discussion of the traditional system of management of the early 1950s and its subsequent reforms shows that the focus of these reforms is on finding a proper combination of planning and market mechanism. In Hungary and Poland most reformers would like to see the central authorities reserve for planning only what cannot be carried out satisfactorily by market-forces. In the USSR and the CSSR the fight is on to convince the political leaders to leave to the market the tasks which planning cannot perform well. In Hungary, and to a lesser extent in Poland, which are at the forefront of the reforms, the market plays an important role in co-ordinating economic activities. In the 1980s the market environment has been extended by slowly developing capital markets and by a strengthening of fiscal and monetary policies. Still more changes are needed to bring about a transformation in the behaviour of enterprises. The management system and economic policy are closely intertwined. This book shows that the success of the reforms depends on the extent to which economic policy is able to solve acute economic problems, primarily the restructuring of the economy. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
This volume discusses the evolution of ideas about the desirable combination of planning and market in the former Soviet Union, Poland, Czechoslovakia and Hungary since the 1960s, when major economic reforms started, up to 1991 when the countries have been engaged in a transformation of the economies into market economies. It also discusses the common and contrasting features of the debates which evolved in the countries under review. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
This work provides an examination of US refugee policy since the 1960s, particularly as it has been applied to Cuba, Haiti and Central America. The authors also address world-wide refugee problems, proposing ideas for the 21st century.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
This work provides an examination of US refugee policy since the 1960s, particularly as it has been applied to Cuba, Haiti and Central America. The authors also address world-wide refugee problems, proposing ideas for the 21st century. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
New Brunswick, N.J. : Transaction Publishers, c2002.
Book — xi, 290 p. ; 24 cm.
Even before its dissolution in 1991, the Soviet Union was engaged in an ambivalent struggle to come to terms with its violent and repressive history. Following the death of Stalin in 1953, entrenched officials attempted to distance themselves from the late dictator without questioning the underlying legitimacy of the Soviet system. At the same time, the Gulag victims to society opened questions about the nature, reality, and mentality of the system that remain contentious to this day. The Gulag Survivor is the first book to examine at length and in-depth the post-camp experience of Stalin's victims and their fate in post-Soviet Russia. As such, it is an essential companion to the classic work of Alexander Solzhenitsyn. Based on extensive interviews, memoirs, official records, and recently opened archives. The Gulag Survivor describes what survivors experienced when they returned to society, how officials helped or hindered them, and how issues surrounding the existence of the returness evolved from the fifties up to the present. Adler establishes the social and historical context of the first wave of returnees who were "liberated" into exile in Stalin's time. She reviews diverse aspects of return including camp culture, family reunion, and the psychological consequences of the Gulag. Adler then focuses on the enduring belief in the Communist Party among some survivors and the association between returnees and the growing dissident movement. She concludes by examining how issues surrounding the survivors reemerged in the eighties and nineties and the impact they had on the failing Soviet system. Written and researched while Russian archives were most available and while there were still survivors to tell their stories, The Gulag Survivor is a groundbreaking and essential work in modern Russian history. It will be read by historians, political scientists, Slavic scholars, and sociologists. (source: Nielsen Book Data)