Oxford : J. Currey ; Athens : Ohio University Press, 2000.
Book — xiii, 172 p. : ill., maps ; 23 cm.
Property rights & the state - a competitive model
imperial Ethiopia - background to the case studies
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
This study traces three different land tenure systems in Ethiopia and Eritrea over a 30-year period from the end of Italian occupation to the end of imperial rule. It examines existing theories of changing property rights in the context of the developing world, and should interest NGOs. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Addis Ababa : Centre Français d'Études Éthiopiennes, 2008.
Book — xxi, 301 p. : maps ; 24 cm.
Understanding customary dispute resolution in Ethiopia / Alula Pankhurst and Getachew Assefa
State law and local law in Sub-Saharan Africa / Dominik Kohlhagen
[Regional case studies]: Customary dispute resolution in Afar society / Getachew Talachew and Shimelis Habtewold. Customary dispute resolution in Amahara Region : the case of Wofa Legesse in North Shewa / Melaku Abate and Wubishet Shiferaw. Customary dispute resolution in Beni-Shangul Gumuz with emphasis on Shinasha society / Bayisa Besie and Lemessa Demie. Customary dispute resolution institutions : the case of the Nuer of the Gambella region / Dereje Feyissa. Customary dispute resolution in Harar / Biruk Haile and Jira Mekonnen. Customary dispute resolutions in Oromia Region : the case of Jaarsa Biyyaa / Areba Abdella and Berhanu Amenew. Customary dispute resolution in the Somali state of Ethiopia / Mohammed Mealin Seid and Zewdie Jotte. Customary dispute resolution in the SNNPRS : the case of Sidama / Ayke Asfaw and Mekonnen Feleke. Customary dispute resolution in Tigray Region : case studies from three districts / Shimelis Gizaw and Taddese Gessese. Customary dispute resolution in Addis Ababa, with reference to Yeka Kifle Ketema / Sebsib Belay. Alternative commercial dispute resolution mechanisms in Addis Ababa : the case of Merkato / Mintiwab Zelelew and Mellese Madda. Facing the challenges of customary dispute resolution : conclusion and recommendations / Getachew Assefa and Alula Pankhurst.
Woodbridge, Suffolk [England] ; Rochester, NY : James Currey, 2009.
Book — xv, 158 p. ; 22 cm.
How was an autocratic emperor replaced by a totalitarian dictator? An unexpected popular upsurge in February 1974 made the ancien regime of Emperor Haile Selassie buckle. The Derg, a group of army officers led by an obscure and ruthless major Mengistu Hailemariam, seized power by military coup in September 1974 and removed the Emperor. What was the 'red terror'? The callous executions of members of the old regime initiated a cult of violence. The Derg were united by the shedding of blood. Search and destroy campaigns against militants led on to the full-blown 'red terror' in which thousands of the regime's opponents were brutally murdered in the streets. In what way was 'transitional justice' administered? The main officials were found guilty of genocide and crimes against humanity by the Ethiopian Federal High Court and sentenced to life imprisonment. Some of the minor officials had already been sentenced to death, whilst President Mugabe has given Mengistu Hailemariam sanctuary in Zimbabwe. KJETIL TRONVOLL is Professor in Human Rights, Peace and Conflict Studies at the Norwegian Centre for Human Rights, University of Oslo; CHARLES SCHAEFER is Associate Professor of African History, Valparaiso University; GIRMACHEW ALEMU ANEME is a Research Fellow at the Norwegian Centre for Human Rights, University of Oslo. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Recommendations. To the Government of Ethiopia ; To Ethiopia's foreign donors in the Development Assistance Group (DAG) ; To agricultural investors
Background to villagization in Ethiopia. The history of villagization ; Past villagization and rights violations in Gambella ; Background to the current villagization program
Gambella's Villagization Process. The government villagization plan ; Affected communities
Human rights abuses in the villagization process. Forced displacement ; Forced displacement from urban centers ; Suppressing dissent ; Arbitrary arrest and detention ; Beatings and assaults ; Rape and sexual violence
Violations of economic, social, and cultural rights. Infrastructure commitments ; Right to food and food security ; Right to education ; Forced labor and the right to adequate housing ; Displacement, agricultural investment, and indigenous land rights
Role of International Donors. Donor efforts to encourage best practice ; Donors' involvement
Legal Framework. Land tenure under Ethiopian law ; International human rights law, forced evictions, and indigenous peoples' rights.
"The Ethiopian government has forcibly relocated to new villages some 70,000 mostly indigenous people during the first year of a three-year "villagization" program. Under the program, the Ethiopian government plans to move 200,000 people in Gambella region and 1.5 million in four other regions during the next three years. Human Rights Watch found that contrary to government claims that the transfers would improve access to infrastructure and basic services, the relocations were not voluntary, and that promised schools, hospitals, and agricultural support were not provided in the new villages. This report is based on interviews with over 100 transferred villagers, including refugees presently in Kenya. It details the inadequate consultation, the lack of compensation and intimidation, assaults and arbitrary arrests committed by state security forces against those who questioned the villagization program or refused to move. The food security situation in many new villages is dire because of disrupted harvests and insufficient food aid. Livelihoods have been disrupted, health care inadequate, and access to education and other services greatly limited. Villagization is happening in areas where the Ethiopian government is marketing and leasing land to investors for commercial agriculture. Villagers were told the reason for their displacement was because they were not farming the land productively and that commercial investors would make better use of it. Human Rights Watch calls upon the government of Ethiopia to halt ongoing human rights violations in the name of villagization and punish the perpetrators. Transfers to new villages should be voluntary, adequate compensation provided, and infrastructure should first be in place before people are relocated to these new villages. Ethiopia's foreign donors are concerned about the villagization program and have commissioned assessments of its effects but have not published their findings. The villagization program is indirectly funded in part by Western donors through the Protection of Basic Services (PBS) program. Human Rights Watch urges Western donors to ensure that no aid goes towards the villagization program"--P.  of cover.
"This report documents how government security forces are forcing communities to relocate from their traditional lands through violence and intimidation, threatening their entire way of life with no compensation or choice of alternative livelihoods. Government officials have carried out arbitrary arrests and detentions, beatings, and other violence against residents of the Lower Omo valley who questioned or resisted the development plans."--Publisher's website.