Is it true that the German army, invading Belgium and France in August 1914, perpetrated brutal atrocities? Or are accounts of the deaths of thousands of unarmed civilians mere fabrications constructed by fanatically anti-German Allied propagandists? Based on research in the archives of Belgium, Britain, France, Germany, and Italy, this pathbreaking book uncovers the truth of the events of autumn 1914 and explains how the politics of propaganda and memory have shaped radically different versions of that truth. John Horne and Alan Kramer mine military reports, official and private records, witness evidence, and war diaries to document the crimes that scholars have long denied: a campaign of brutality that led to the deaths of some 6500 Belgian and French civilians. Contemporary German accounts insisted that the civilians were guerrillas, executed for illegal resistance. In reality this claim originated in a vast collective delusion on the part of German soldiers. The authors establish how this myth originated and operated, and how opposed Allied and German views of events were used in the propaganda war. They trace the memory and forgetting of the atrocities on both sides up to and beyond World War II. Meticulously researched and convincingly argued, this book reopens a painful chapter in European history while contributing to broader debates about myth, propaganda, memory, war crimes, and the nature of the First World War. Winner of the Fraenkel Prize for Contemporary History in 2000.
Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 2000.
Book — viii, 309 p. : maps ; 24 cm.
1. Coming to war land--
2. The military utopia--
3. The movement policy--
4. The Kultur program--
5. The mindscape of the East--
7. Freikorps madness--
8. The triumph of Raum-- Conclusion.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
War Land on the Eastern Front is a study of a hidden legacy of World War I: the experience of German soldiers on the Eastern front and the long-term effects of their encounter with Eastern Europe. It presents an 'anatomy of an occupation', charting the ambitions and realities of the new German military state there. Using hitherto neglected sources from both occupiers and occupied, official documents, propaganda, memoirs, and novels, it reveals how German views of the East changed during total war. New categories for viewing the East took root along with the idea of a German cultural mission in these supposed wastelands. After Germany's defeat, the Eastern front's 'lessons' were taken up by the Nazis, radicalized, and enacted when German armies returned to the East in World War II. Vejas Gabriel Liulevicius's persuasive and compelling study fills a yawning gap in the literature of the Great War. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard University Press, 1998.
Book — v, 269 p. : ill. ; 22 cm.
July 1914-- November 1918-- January 1933-- May 1933.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
This work organized around turning points in 1914, 1918 and 1933 explains why the Nazis were so popular and what was behind the political choice made by the German people. Rejecting the ideas that the Germans voted for Hitler because of their hatred for the Jews or humiliation of losing World War I, or had been ruined by the Great Depression, the author argues that Nazism was part of a larger process of democratization and political invigoration that began with the outbreak of war in 1914. The 20-year period following was characterized by the steady advance of a broad populist revolution that was animated by war, drew strength from the Revolution in 1918, menaced the Weimar Republic, and finally culminated in the Nazis. They twisted together the ideas of both Left and Right, crossing nationalism with social reform, anti-Semitism with democracy and fear of the future with the hope of a new beginning. This radical rebelliousness destroyed old authoritarian structures as much as it attacked liberal principles. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Cambridge [England] ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 1997.
Book — xvii, 622 p. : ill., maps ; 23 cm.
Acknowledgments-- Foreword: A note on authorship--
1. Introduction: the practice of metropolitan life Jay Winter-- Part I. Cityscapes:
2. Railway stations Adrian Gregory--
3. The street Emmanuelle Cronier--
4. Entertainments Jan Ruger-- Part II. Civic Culture:
5. Exhibitions Stefan Goebel--
6. Schools Stefan Goebel--
7. Universities Liz Fordham--
8. Public space, political space Jon Lawrence-- Part III. Sites of Passage/Rites of Passage:
9. The home and family life Catherine Rollet--
10. Hospitals Jay Winter--
11. Religious sites and practices Adrian Gregory and Annette Becker--
12. Cemeteries Carina Trevisan and Elise Julien--
13. Conclusions Jean-Louis Robert and Jay Winter-- Bibliography.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Part I. Premises:
1. Paris, London, Berlin, 1914-1919: capital cities at war Jay Winter--
2. Paris, London, Berlin on the eve of the war Jean-Louis Robert-- Part II. The Social Relations of Sacrifice:
3. Lost generations: the impact of military casualties on Paris, London and Berlin Adrian Gregory--
4. The image of the profiteer Jean-Louis Robert-- Part III. The Social Relations of Labour:
5. The transition to war in
1914 Jon Lawrence--
6. Labour market and industrial mobilization, 1915-1917 Thierry Bonzon--
7. The transition to peace, 1918-1919 Joshua Cole-- Part IV. The Social Relations of Incomes:
8. Material pressures on the middle classes 1914-1918 Jon Lawrence--
9. Wages and purchasing power Jonathan Manning--
10. Transfer payments and social policy Thierry Bonzon-- Part V. The Social Relations of Consumption:
11. Feeding the cities Thierry Bonzon--
12. Surviving the war: life expectation, illness, and mortality rates in Paris, London, and Berlin, 1914-1919: coal and the metropolis Armin Triebel--
13. Housing Susanna Magri-- Part VI. Urban Demography in Wartime:
14. The 'other war' I: protecting public health Catherine Rollet--
15. The 'other war' II: setbacks in public health Catherine Rollet--
16. Surviving the war Jay Winter--
17. Conclusion: towards a social history of capital cities at war Jay Winter and Jean-Louis Robert-- Statistical appendices-- Tables-- Bibliography.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Second volume of a two-volume pioneering comparative history of the capital cities of Britain, France, and Germany during the Great War. Leading historians explore these wartime cities, from the railway stations where newcomers took on new identities to the streets they surveyed and the pubs, cafes and theatres they frequented, and examine notions of identity, the sites and rituals of city life, and wartime civic and popular culture. The volume offers the first comparative cultural history of London, Paris and Berlin and reveals the great affinities and similarities between cities on both sides of the line. It shows the transnational character of metropolitan life and the different cultural resources which the men and women of these cities drew upon during 1500 days of war. The practices of metropolitan life go well beyond national histories and this volume suggests the outlines of a fully European history of the Great War. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
This ambitious volume marks a huge step in our understanding of the social history of the Great War. Jay Winter and Jean-Louis Robert have gathered a group of scholars of London, Paris and Berlin, who collectively have drawn a coherent and original study of cities at war. The contributors explore notions of well-being in wartime cities - relating to the economy and the question of whether the state of the capitals contributed to victory or defeat. Expert contributors in fields stretching from history, demography, anthropology, economics, and sociology to the history of medicine, bring an interdisciplinary approach to the book, as well as representing the best of recent research in their own fields. Capital Cities at War, one of the few truly comparative works on the Great War, will transform studies of the conflict, and is likely to become a paradigm for research on other wars. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
[Revised edition]. - Atglen, PA : Schiffer Military/Aviation History, 
Book — 410 pages : illustrations, portraits ; 29 cm
The standard reference now revised and expanded. Dr. Robinson has opened up his vast photo archives to enhance this new edition of his classic work. Much of the new photographic material is published here for the first time. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Boulder, Colo. : Social Science Monographs ; Highland Lakes, N.J. : Atlantic Research and Publications ; New York : Distributed by Columbia University Press, 1993.
Book — viii, 373 p. : maps ; 23 cm.
This study examines the presence and absence of the co-ordination of military planning between the Austro-Hungarian and German military command before 1914. It focuses on the short-comings of mobilization as well as the opening campaigns of World War I against Russia or Serbia. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
The first major work published in English that tells the story of World War I from the German point of view. Here, in gripping and vivid detail, are Germany's major battles, the initial execution of the Schlieffen Plan and the First Marne, and the great battle of Tannenburg. 32 pages of photographs; 40 maps. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
The historical and geographical significance of the Baltic Sea as a Russian gateway to the West has sometimes overshadowed its reciprocal significance as a German window on the East, but in the period after the First World War the Baltic was to become of critical importance to a German state then shorn of much international authority. This study shows in detail how the Weimar Republic sought to develop its economic influence in the newly independent Baltic states, to ensure the retention of a vital 'springboard' into Russia after 1918. At one level this book therefore presents a fresh chapter in the chronicle of Weimar-Soviet relations. In addition, however, Germany's highly successful trade policy involved competition with other Western powers, notably Britain, and necessarily had important implications for inter-war international politics: analysis of Polish and French diplomatic intentions in the region leads Dr Hiden to a wider evaluation of the whole relationship between trade and foreign policy in Weimar Ostpolitik. (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Arlington, Va. : University Publications of America, [c1975]
Book — 6 microfilm reels ; 35 mm.
"Documents dating from 1922-1930, including a statement of Germany's post-war obligations, records of various meetings, plans for reparations, military restrictions, and finances of the Reich. Also included are reports on the Reichsbank, German industries, and the Ruhr district"--The Library of Congress Guide to the Microform Collections in the Humanities and Social Sciences Division, online version.
1914 debate continues.--Hatton, P.H.S. Britain and Germany in 1914.--Geiss. I. Origins of the First World War.--Fischer, F. World policy, world power and German war aims.--Zechlin, E. Cabinet versus economic warfare in Germany.--Janssen, K.H. Gerhard Ritter.--Epstein, K. Gerhard Ritter and the First World War.--Joll, J.
1914: the unspoken assumptions.--Koch. H. W. Social Darwinism as a factor in the New Imperialism.