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Book
1 online resource ( x, 342 pages) : illustrations (some color).
  • 1.Physico-chemical boundaries of life.- 2.Microbial diversity in deep hypersaline anoxic basins.- 3.Microbial speciation in the geothermal ecosystem.- 4.Bacterial adaptation to hot and dry deserts.- 5.Extremophiles in Antarctica: Life at low temperatures.- 6.Anhydrobiotic rock-inhabiting cyanobacteria: Potential for astrobiology and biotechnology.- 7.Psychrophilic microorganisms as important source for biotechnological processes.- 8.Halophilic microorganisms from man-made and natural hypersaline environments: Physiology, ecology, and biotechnological potential.- 9.Applications of extremophiles in astrobiology: Habitability and life detection strategies.- 10.Extremophiles in spacecraft assembly clean rooms.- 11.The Extreme Biology of Meteorites: Their Role in Understanding the Origin and Distribution of Life on Earth and in the Universe.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319483252 20170502
This entirely updated second edition provides an overview on the biology, ecology and biodiversity of extremophiles. Unusual and less explored ecosystems inhabited by extremophiles such as marine hypersaline deeps, extreme cold, desert sands, and man-made clean rooms for spacecraft assembly are presented. An additional focus is put on the role of these highly specialized microorganism in applied research fields, ranging from biotechnology and nanotechnology to astrobiology. Examples such as novel psychrophilic enzymes, compounds from halophiles, and detection strategies for potential extraterrestrial life forms are discussed in detail. The book addresses researchers and advanced students in the fields of microbiology, microbial ecology and biotechnology.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319483252 20170502
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1 online resource.
  • Preface; Contents; Part I: Air Pollution in East Asia; Chapter 1: Gaseous Species; 1.1 Introduction; 1.2 SO2; 1.2.1 Japan; 1.2.2 China; 1.2.3 Korea; 1.3 NOx; 1.3.1 Japan; 1.3.2 China; 1.3.3 Korea; 1.4 Tropospheric Ozone; 1.4.1 Japan; 1.4.2 China; 1.4.3 Korea; 1.4.4 Trends in Ozone Concentrations Above the East China Sea Based on Aerial Observations; References; Chapter 2: Aerosols; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Aerosols and PM2.5; 2.3 Kosa and Chemical Species Transported with kosa; 2.4 Elemental Carbon (EC) and Organic Carbon (OC); 2.5 PAHs; 2.6 Metallic Elements and Source Apportionment
  • 2.7 Sulfate, Nitrate, and Ammonium Aerosols2.8 Trends of Ionic Species in Aerosols Transported from East Asia Measured by Aircraft; References; Chapter 3: Acid Deposition; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Acid Deposition Monitored by a Regional Network in East Asia; 3.2.1 Wet Deposition; 3.2.2 Dry and Total Deposition; 3.2.3 Observational Data in Forested Areas Obtained by the EANET: Relevant Studies; 3.3 Soil Acidification in Asian Countries; 3.4 Summary; References; Part II: Effects of Gaseous Air Pollutants on Plants in Japan; Chapter 4: Effects of Ozone on Japanese Agricultural Crops
  • 4.1 Introduction4.2 Studies in the 1970s; 4.3 Studies from the 1980s to 1990s; 4.4 Studies in the early 2000s and Beyond; References; Chapter 5: Effects of Ozone on Japanese Trees; 5.1 Introduction; 5.2 Effects of O3 on Growth and Physiological Characteristics of Japanese Trees; 5.2.1 Effects of O3 on Growth; 5.2.1.1 Dry-Matter Growth; 5.2.1.2 Leaf Turnover; 5.2.1.3 Carbon Allocation; 5.2.1.4 Phenology; 5.2.2 O3 Effects on Physiology; 5.2.2.1 Stomatal Functions; 5.2.2.2 Photosynthesis; 5.2.2.3 Respiration; 5.3 Risk Assessment of Ozone Impact; 5.4 Free-Air Ozone Fumigation Experiment
  • 5.5 Biotic Relations5.5.1 Defense Capacity Against Biotic Stresses; 5.5.2 Symbiosis with Ectomycorrhizal Fungi; 5.6 Future Perspectives; References; Chapter 6: Combined Effects of Ozone and Other Environmental Factors on Japanese Trees; 6.1 Introduction; 6.2 Combined Effects of O3 and Elevated Atmospheric CO2; 6.3 Combined Effects of O3 and Soil Nitrogen Load; 6.4 Combined Effects of O3 and Soil Water Stress; 6.5 Future Perspectives; References; Chapter 7: Environmental Monitoring with Indicator Plants for Air Pollutants in Asia; 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Japanese Experience in the Application of Indicator Plants7.3 Bryophyte and Lichen Communities; 7.4 Chemical Analysis of Bryophytes and Lichens; 7.5 Use of Common Tree Species as Bio-indicators; 7.6 Summary and Future Perspectives; References; Part III: Case Studies in Japanese Forests; Chapter 8: Flux-Based O3 Risk Assessment for Japanese Temperate Forests; 8.1 Introduction; 8.2 Study Sites; 8.3 Estimation of Light-Saturated GPP; 8.4 Estimation of Cumulative O3 Uptake (COU); 8.5 Effects of Cumulative O3 Uptake (COU) on C Sequestering Capacity in the Beech and Oak Forests; 8.6 Conclusion
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1 online resource.
  • Contents Introduction to the Application of Palaeoecological Techniques in Estuaries
  • Part I. Estuaries and their Management.- Estuary Form and Function: Implications for Palaeoecological Studies
  • Geology and Sedimentary History of Modern Estuaries
  • Palaeoecological Evidence for Variability and Change in Estuaries: Insights for Management
  • Part II. Coring and Dating of Estuarine Sediments. Sediment Sampling in Estuaries ? Site Selection and Sampling Techniques
  • Some Practical Considerations Regarding the Application of 210Pb and 137Cs Dating to Estuarine Sediments
  • Radiocarbon Dating in Estuarine Environments
  • Part III. Techniques for Palaeoenvironmental Reconstructions in Estuaries. Lipid Biomarkers as Organic Geochemical Proxies for the Paleoenvironmental Reconstruction of Estuarine Environments
  • C/N ratios and Carbon Isotope Composition of Organic Matter in Estuarine Environments
  • Physical and Chemical Factors to Consider when Studying Historical Contamination and Pollution in Estuaries
  • Diatoms as Indicators of Environmental Change in Estuaries
  • Dinoflagellate Cysts as Proxies for Holocene Environmental Change in Estuaries: Diversity, Abundance and Morphology
  • Applications of Foraminifera, Testate Amoebae and Tintinnids in Estuarine Palaeoecology
  • Ostracods as Recorders of Palaeoenvironmental Change in Estuaries
  • Application of Molluscan Analyses to the Reconstruction of Past Environmental Conditions in Estuaries
  • Corals in Estuarine Environments: Their Response to Environmental Changes and Application in Reconstructing Past Environmental Variability
  • Inferring Environmental Change in Estuaries from Plant Macrofossils
  • Applications of Pollen Analysis in Estuarine Systems
  • Part IV. Case Studies. Palaeo-Environmental Approaches to Reconstructing Sea Level Changes in Estuaries
  • Paleoecology Studies in Chesapeake Bay: A Model System for Understanding Interactions between Climate, Anthropogenic Activities and the Environment
  • Paleosalinity Changes in the Rio de la Plata Estuary and on the Adjacent Uruguayan Continental Shelf over the Past 1,200 Years: An Approach Using Diatoms as a Proxy
  • Application of Paleoecology to Ecosystem Restoration: A Case Study from South Florida's Estuaries
  • Paleolimnological History of The Coorong: Identifying the Natural Ecological Character of a Ramsar Wetland in Crisis
  • Palaeoenvironmental History of the Baltic Sea : One of the Largest Brackish-water Ecosystems in the World .
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1 online resource.
  • Acknowledgments; Contents; About the Editors; Chapter 1: Introduction; 1.1 The Decline of Biodiversity in the Agro-ecosystems; 1.2 Differences Between Western and Eastern Europe Agriculture
  • The Role of History; 1.3 Conservation Tools: From the Protected Areas Approach and Nature2000 Network to the High Nature Value Areas in Europe; 1.3.1 A Concept of Protected Areas Application to Successful Conservation; 1.3.2 Theories for Fragmented Space; 1.3.3 Applying Ecological Terminology for Agricultural Landscapes of Whole Europe?; 1.4 HNV Farming Definition
  • 1.5 Approaches to Characterize HNV Farming1.5.1 Land Cover Approach; 1.5.2 Farm System Approach; 1.5.3 Species Approach; 1.6 The HNV as Support for Biodiversity and Public Goods; 1.7 This Book in Few Words; References; Chapter 2: Spread of the Concept of HNV Farmland in Europe: A Systematic Review; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Methods; 2.3 Results; 2.4 Discussion; Bibliography; Chapter 3: Identifying HNV Areas Using Geographic Information Systems and Landscape Metrics; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Simple Metrics for Identification of HNV Farmland; 3.3 Input Data for Calculation of Landscape Metrics
  • 3.4 Landscape Metrics Case Study: An Example of Using Landscape Metrics to Identify HNV FarmlandReferences; Chapter 4: Suitable Methods for Monitoring HNV Farmland Using Bird Species; 4.1 Bird Count Methods for Farmland Systems: Single-Habitat and Multi-habitat Species; 4.2 The Concept of Bioindicators or Environmental Surrogates and Common Measures of Diversity in Bird Communities; 4.2.1 The Concept of Bioindicators; 4.2.2 Common Diversity Metrics Useful for Bird Communities; 4.3 Species Distribution Models and Other Useful Statistical Tools; 4.3.1 SDMs in a Nutshell; 4.4 Other Useful Tools
  • 4.4.1 MRT-Multiregression Tree Analysis4.4.2 Indicator Species Analysis; References; Part I: Case Studies; Chapter 5: Case Study 1. Bird as Indicators of HNV: Case Study in Farmlands from Central Italy; 5.1 Methodology; 5.1.1 Study Area; 5.1.2 Species and Environmental Data; 5.1.3 Data Analysis; 5.2 Results; 5.2.1 Farmland Classification and Description; 5.2.2 Bird Indicators of HNV Farmland; 5.2.3 Relative Importance of HNV Farmland Characteristics for Bird Distribution; 5.3 Discussion; 5.3.1 Utility of the Proposed Methodology; References
  • Chapter 6: Case Study 2. Birds as Indicators of HNV: Case Study in Portuguese Cork Oak Montados6.1 Methodology; 6.1.1 Study Area; 6.1.2 Bird Census; 6.1.3 HNV Features and Explanatory Variables; 6.1.4 Data Analysis; 6.2 Results; 6.2.1 Environmental Variables; 6.2.2 Bird Guilds; 6.2.3 Modelling of Bird Guilds; 6.3 Discussion; 6.4 Conclusion; References; Chapter 7: Case Study 3. Using Indicator Species AnalysisIndVal to Identify Bird Indicators of HNV in Farmlands from Western P...; 7.1 Methodology; 7.1.1 Study Area; 7.1.2 Species and Environmental Data; 7.1.3 Data Analysis; 7.2 Results
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Book
48 p.
The purpose of this working paper is to review existing chemical risk assessment methods in the context of supporting socio-economic cost-benefit analysis, focusing on more “typical” risk assessments that may not have strong epidemiologic data and/or were not originally designed to support socio-economic analyses. A number of case studies of such “typical” chemical risk assessments were reviewed with respect to their suitability for supporting socio-economic analyses.
Book
1 online resource (Article No. 42999 ): digital, PDF file.
Acoustic telemetry is one of the primary technologies for studying the behavior and survival of fishes throughout the world. The size and performance of the transmitters is still the key limiting factor despite that considerable effort has been expended to understand the biological effects of implantation of acoustic transmitters in yearling and subyearling Chinook salmon. The newly developed injectable transmitter is the first active acoustic tag that can be implanted via injection instead of surgery. It also lasts more than four times longer than the commercially-available transmitters. A two-part field study was conducted to evaluate the performance of the injectable transmitter and its effect on the survival of implanted fish. The injectable transmitter performed well and similarly to the other commercially-available transmitters tested. Snake River subyearling Chinook salmon smolts implanted with the injectable tag had a higher survival probability from release to each of 11 downstream detection arrays than concurrent releases of fish surgically implanted with commercially-available tags. In addition, reach-specific survival estimates were significantly higher for the injectable group in three of the eleven reaches examined. Overall, the injectable group had a 0.263 (SE = 0.017) survival probability over the entire 500 km study area compared to 0.199 (0.012) for the surgically implanted group. The differences in survival may have been caused by warm water temperatures and higher rates of infection experienced by the surgically implanted group due to the presence of sutures acting as an attachment site for pathogens. The reduction in size and ability to implant the new transmitter via injection has further reduced the tag or tagging effect bias associated with studying small fishes. As a result, the information gathered with this new technology is helping minimize the impact of dams on fish, leading to more environmentally sustainable energy systems.
Book
1 online resource.
  • Part I. Concepts, Issues, and Policy Chapter 1. The Context and Scope of the Book Chapter 2. Introduction Part II. Methodologies for Evaluating Competitiveness Chapter 3. International Trade and Prices as Measures of Competitiveness Chapter 4. Price-Quality Tradeoffs and Multitrack Evaluations of Competitiveness Chapter 5. Track 1 Methodology: Cost-Price Measures of Competitiveness Chapter 6. Track 2 Methodology: Value Chains and Quality Criteria Part III. Case Studies in the Competitiveness of Tropical Agriculture Chapter 7. Colombia: A Strategic Assessment of National Crop Competitiveness Chapter 8. Rwanda: Competitiveness by Quality Criteria, Track 2 Chapter 9. El Salvador: Crop Competitiveness and Factor Intensities Chapter 10. Colombia: Crop Competitiveness by Region Evaluated via Tracks 1 and 2 Part IV. Concluding Remarks Chapter 11. Assessing Agricultural Competitiveness and Its Determinants Chapter 12. Competitiveness in a Development Perspective.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780128053126 20170313
The Competitiveness of Tropical Agriculture: A Guide to Competitive Potential with Case Studies describes and synthesizes existing methodologies for evaluating competitiveness in agriculture, introduces extensions and refinements, and provides a novel approach based on a combination of quantitative and qualitative methodologies. As exports of tropical fruit, nuts, and other high-value crops have been growing very rapidly from developing countries, but often encounter serious obstacles in their value chains, this book demonstrates how national agricultural policy is oftentimes not guided by considerations of inherent competitiveness. In addition, the book presents case studies that illustrate the application of these approaches using quantitative frameworks. A concluding chapter introduces policy considerations for competitiveness from work in Jordan, Colombia, Estonia, Peru, and elsewhere, also discussing the role of specific policies in raising competitiveness sustainably and its role in reducing rural poverty.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780128053126 20170313
Book
1 online resource (xvi, 191 pages) : color illustrations.
  • Part I: A Background to Design, 1. The Environment is Not a Human Construct, 2. Global Differences, Not Universals, 3. Shifting Adaptabilities, Not Static Concepts, Part II: Thinking about Design, 4. Multiple, Not Solo Voices, 5. Inquiries, Not Assumptions, 6. Thinking Backwards, Not as a Forward and Linear Narrative.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138890220 20170515
Today, designers are shifting the practice of landscape architecture towards the need for a more complex understanding of ecological science. Constructed Ecologies presents ecology as critical theory for design, and provides major ideas for design that are supported with solid and imaginative science. In the questioning narrative of Constructed Ecologies, the author discards many old and tired theories in landscape architecture. With detailed documentation, she casts off the savannah theory, critiques the search for universals, reveals the needed role of designers in large-scale agriculture, abandons the overlay technique of McHarg, and introduces the ecological and urban health urgency of public night lighting. Margaret Grose presents wide-ranging new approaches and shows the importance of learning from science for design, of going beyond assumptions, of working in multiple rather than single issues, of disrupting linear design thinking, and of dealing with data. This book is written with a clear voice by an ecologist and landscape architect who has led design students into loving ecological science for the support it gives design.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138890220 20170515
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Book
120 p. : ill. ; 21x28 cm.
  • Foreword and Acknowledgements
  • Acronyms and Abbreviations
  • Executive summary
  • The Water Quality Challenge
  • An overview of the main water pollutants in OECD countries
  • Economic costs and policy approaches to control diffuse source water pollution
  • Emerging policy instruments for the control of diffuse source water pollution
  • A policy framework for diffuse source water pollution management.
After decades of regulation and investment to reduce point source water pollution, OECD countries still face water quality challenges (e.g. eutrophication) from diffuse agricultural and urban sources of pollution, that is disperse pollution from surface runoff, soil filtration and atmospheric deposition. The relative lack of progress reflects the complexities of controlling multiple pollutants from multiple sources, their high spatial and temporal variability, associated transactions costs, and limited political acceptability of regulatory measures. This report outlines the water quality challenges facing OECD countries today, presents a range of policy instruments and innovative case studies of diffuse pollution control, and concludes with an integrated policy framework to tackle diffuse water pollution. An optimal approach will likely entail a mix of policy interventions reflecting the basic OECD principles of water quality management – pollution prevention, treatment at source, the polluter pays and beneficiary pays principles, equity, and policy coherence.
Book
1 online resource (Article No. 158 ): digital, PDF file.
Similar to mycorrhizal mutualists, the rhizospheric and endophytic fungi are also considered to act as active regulators of host fitness (e.g., nutrition and stress tolerance). Despite considerable work in selected model systems, it is generally poorly understood how plant-associated fungi are structured in habitats with extreme conditions and to what extent they contribute to improved plant performance. Here, we investigate the community composition of root and seed-associated fungi from six halophytes growing in saline areas of China, and found that the pleosporalean taxa (Ascomycota) were most frequently isolated across samples. A total of twenty-seven representative isolates were selected for construction of the phylogeny based on the multi-locus data (partial 18S rDNA, 28S rDNA, and transcription elongation factor 1-a), which classified them into seven families, one clade potentially representing a novel lineage. Fungal isolates were subjected to growth response assays by imposing temperature, pH, ionic and osmotic conditions. The fungi had a wide pH tolerance, while most isolates showed a variable degree of sensitivity to increasing concentration of either salt or sorbitol. Subsequent plant fungal co-culture assays indicated that most isolates had only neutral or even adverse effects on plant growth in the presence of inorganic nitrogen. Interestingly, when provided with organic nitrogen sources the majority of the isolates enhanced plant growth especially above ground biomass. Most of the fungi preferred organic nitrogen over its inorganic counterpart, suggesting that these fungi can readily mineralize organic nitrogen into inorganic nitrogen. Microscopy revealed that several isolates can successfully colonize roots and form melanized hyphae and/or microsclerotia-like structures within cortical cells suggesting a phylogenetic assignment as dark septate endophytes. Furthermore, this work provides a better understanding of the symbiotic relationship between plants and pleosporalean fungi, and initial evidence for the use of this fungal group in benefiting plant production.
Book
1 online resource.
  • Foreword; Preface; Acknowledgements; Contents; Part I: Introduction; Chapter 1: Urban Bird Research in a Global Perspective; References; Part II: General Patterns and Processes; Chapter 2: Global Patterns and Drivers of Urban Bird Diversity; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 The Types of Birds Found in Cities; 2.3 Patterns and Drivers of Urban Birds; 2.3.1 Global and Regional Drivers; 2.3.2 Seasonal Drivers; 2.3.3 Local Scale Drivers; 2.4 Next Steps in Urban Bird Ecology; 2.4.1 Questions in Basic Ecology; 2.4.2 Managing for Birds in Cities; 2.4.3 Cities and Climate Change; 2.4.4 Monitoring
  • 2.5 ConclusionsReferences; Chapter 3: Urbanization and Bird Communities: Spatial and Temporal Patterns Emerging from Southern South America; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Spatial Patterns of Diversity; 3.2.1 Latitudinal Patterns and Diversity-Environment Relationships; 3.2.2 Bird Community Responses to Urbanization Gradients; 3.2.2.1 Bird Responses to Urbanization in Temperate Agrosystems; 3.2.2.2 Influence of Town Size on Bird Community Responses; 3.2.2.3 Variation of Functional Groups Between Urban and Rural Areas; 3.3 Temporal Variability in Community Attributes
  • 3.3.1 Seasonal Variability in Community Attributes3.3.2 Year-to-Year Variability in Community Attributes; 3.4 Future Directions; References; Chapter 4: Bird Diversities and Their Responses to Urbanization in China; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Methods; 4.3 Results and Discussions; 4.3.1 Urban Bird Studies in China; 4.3.2 Urban Bird Diversities in China; 4.3.3 Birdś Responses to Urbanizations in China; 4.3.3.1 Community Patterns in Response to Urbanization; 4.3.3.2 Different Species in Response to Urbanization; 4.3.3.3 Individuals in Response to Urbanization; References
  • Chapter 5: Why Are Exotic Birds So Successful in Urbanized Environments?5.1 Introduction; 5.2 Why Are Exotic Birds Able to Succeed in Human-Altered Environments?; 5.2.1 Susceptibility of Urban Environments to Avian Invaders; 5.2.2 Adaptations to Find a Niche in Urbanized Environments; 5.2.3 Selective Filters Favouring Adaptations to Urbanized Environments; 5.3 Why Are Exotic Species Unable to Expand to More Natural Habitats?; 5.4 Conclusions; 5.5 Conservation Implications; References; Chapter 6: Becoming Citizens: Avian Adaptations to Urban Life; 6.1 There Was Once a Country Sparrow
  • 6.2 How Are Cities Different from Natural Areas?6.2.1 Habitat Structure and Seasonality; 6.2.2 Interspecific Interactions; 6.2.3 Pollution; 6.3 Which Avian Species Thrive in Cities?; 6.4 Recognising Adaptations; 6.5 Adapting to Life in the Cities; 6.5.1 Habitat Structure and Seasonality; 6.5.2 Food Availability; 6.5.3 Interspecific Interactions; 6.5.4 Pollution; 6.6 Conclusion; References; Chapter 7: Mechanisms of Behavioural Change in Urban Animals: The Role of Microevolution and Phenotypic Plasticity; 7.1 Introduction
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Book
48 p. : ill. ; 21x28 cm.
Les Examens environnementaux de l’OCDE sont des évaluations indépendantes des progrès accomplis par les pays pour tenir leurs objectifs environnementaux. Ces examens sont destinés à favoriser les échanges de bonnes pratiques, à aider les gouvernements à rendre compte de leurs politiques et à améliorer la performance environnementale, individuelle et collective, des pays. Les analyses s’appuient sur un large éventail de données économiques et environnementales. Au cours de chaque cycle d’examens environnementaux, l’OCDE passe en revue l’ensemble de ses pays membres ainsi que certains pays partenaires. Les derniers pays examinés sont le Brésil (2015), les Pays-Bas (2015) et la France (2016). Ce rapport est le deuxième examen environnemental du Chili. Il évalue ses progrès en matière de développement durable et de croissance verte, avec un accent particulier sur le changement climatique et sur la conservation et l’exploitation durable de la biodiversité. Cette version française est une version abrégée de la version originale de la publication, OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Chile 2016. Elle inclut notamment l'avant-propos, le résumé et les recommandations qui donne une vue d'ensemble du rapport.
Book
1 online resource (326 pages) : illustrations.
  • History of infectious diseases / Maria Ines Zanoli Sato
  • Global environmental change and emerging infectious diseases: macrolevel drivers and policy responses / Catherine Machalaba, Cristina Romanelli, Peter Stoett
  • Climate change-associated conflict and infectious disease / Devin C. Bowles
  • Waterborne diseases and climate change: impact and implications / Maha Bouzid
  • Environmental change and the emergence of infectious diseases: a regional perspective from South America / Ulisses Confalonieri, Júlia Alves Menezes, Carina Margonari
  • Infectious diseases and climate vulnerability in Morocco: governance and adaptation options / Mohamed Behnassi [and 4 others]
  • Emergence of the Ebola virus disease in West Africa / Samir Dervisevic
  • Rift Valley Fever and the changing environment: a case study in East Africa / Johanna Lindahl [and 3 others]
  • Climate change effects on human health with a particular focus on vector-borne diseases and malaria in Africa: a case study from Kano State, Nigeria investigating perceptions about links between malaria epidemics, weather variables, and climate change / Salisu Lawal Halliru
  • Are climate change adaptation policies a game changer?: a case study of perspectives from public health officials in Ontario, Canada / Chris G. Buse.
Climate change is one of the most widely debated and worrisome topics of our time. As environmental changes become more prevalent, there has been evidence to suggest that there is a correlation between the environment and a substantial increase of infectious diseases and viruses around the globe. Examining the Role of Environmental Change on Emerging Infectious Diseases and Pandemics investigates the impact of climate change in relation to the emergence and spread of global diseases. Highlighting epidemiological factors and policies to govern epidemics and pandemics, this publication is a critical reference source for medical professionals, students, environmental scientists, advocates, policy makers, academics, and researchers.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781522505532 20161213
Book
1 online resource.
  • Acknowledgments Introduction to General Ecology: the Ecologization of Thinking (Erich Horl, Professor of Media Culture, Leuphana University of Luneburg, Germany) 1. Computational Logic and Ecological Rationality (Luciana Parisi, Reader in Cultural Theory, Goldsmith's, University of London, UK) 2. Elements for an Ecology of Separation: Beyond Ecological Constructivism (Frederic Neyrat, a French philosopher and Assistant professor in Comparative Literature at University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA) 3. General Ecology, Economy, and Organology (Bernard Stiegler, a French philosopher. He is head of the Institut de recherche et d'innovation (IRI), which he founded in 2006 at the Centre Georges-Pompidou, France) 4. Critique of the Cosmology of the Moderns (Didier Debaise, Professor of Philosophy, ULB, Brussels, Belgium) 5. Deep Times and Media Mines: A Descent into Ecological Materiality of Technology (Jussi Parikka, media theorist, writer and Professor in Technological Culture & Aesthetics at Winchester School of Art, University of Southampton, UK) 6. Planetary Immunity: Biopolitics, Gaia Theory, the Holobiont, and the Systems Counterculture (Bruce Clarke, Paul Whitfield Horn Professor of Literature and Science, Texas Tech University, USA) 7. Ecologizing Biopolitics, or, What is the "Bio-" of Biopolitics and Bioart? (Cary Wolfe, Bruce and Elizabeth Dunlevie Professor of English and Director, 3CT: Center for Critical and Cultural Theory, Rice University, USA) 8. Ecologies of Communication, Contagion and Bataille (David Wills, Professor of French Studies, Brown University, USA) 8. Metafiction and General Ecology: Making Worlds with Worlds (James Burton, fellow of ICI, Berlin, Germany) 9. An Ecology of Differences: Communication, the Web, and the Question of Borders (Elena Esposito, Professor of Sociology at the University Modena/Reggio Emilia, Italy) 10. Specters of Ecology (Timothy Morton, Rita Shea Guffey Chair in English, Rice University, USA) 11. Devastation (Matthew Fuller, Professor of Cultural Studies and Director of the Centre for Cultural Studies, Goldsmiths, University of London, UK and Olga Goriunova, Senior Lecturer in Digital Culture, Royal Holloway, University of London, UK) 12. Virtual Ecology and the Question of Value (Brian Massumi, Professor in the Department of Communication Sciences at the University of Montreal, Canada) List of Contributors Bibliography Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781350014718 20170515
Ecology has become one of the most urgent and lively fields in both the humanities and sciences. In a dramatic widening of scope beyond its original concern with the coexistence of living organisms within a natural environment, it is now recognized that there are ecologies of mind, information, sensation, perception, power, participation, media, behavior, belonging, values, the social, the political... a thousand ecologies. This proliferation is not simply a metaphorical extension of the figurative potential of natural ecology: rather, it reflects the thoroughgoing imbrication of natural and technological elements in the constitution of the contemporary environments we inhabit, the rise of a cybernetic natural state, with its corresponding mode of power. Hence this ecology of ecologies initiates and demands that we go beyond the specificity of any particular ecology: a general thinking of ecology which may also constitute an ecological transformation of thought itself is required. In this ambitious and radical new volume of writings, some of the most exciting contemporary thinkers in the field take on the task of revealing and theorizing the extent of the ecologization of existence as the effect of our contemporary sociotechnological condition: together, they bring out the complexity and urgency of the challenge of ecological thought-one we cannot avoid if we want to ask and indeed have a chance of affecting what forms of life, agency, modes of existence, human or otherwise, will participate-and how-in this planet's future.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781350014718 20170515
Book
20 p.
This Policy Paper describes the relatively new phenomenon of publicly-capitalised green investment banks and examines why they are being created and how they are mobilising private investment. It draws on the OECD report “Green Investment Banks: Scaling up Private Investment in Low-carbon, Climate-resilient Infrastructure".
Book
1 online resource (330 pages) : illustrations.
  • Sustainable supply chains / Amulya Gurtu, Cory Searcy, Mohamad Y. Jaber
  • An introduction to sustainable supply chain management and business implications / Gowri Vijayan, Nitty Hirawaty Kamarulzaman
  • The development and analysis of environmentally responsible supply chain models / Ehab Bazan, Mohamad Y. Jaber
  • Assessing the green supply chain management for the United Arab Emirates construction industry / Sreejith Balasubramanian, Balan Sundarakani
  • A waste elimination process: an approach for lean and sustainable manufacturing systems / Sherif Mostafa, Jantanee Dumrak
  • Green supply chain management model for sustainable manufacturing practices / Surajit Bag, Neeraj Anand, Krishan Kumar Pandey
  • Recent developments in green supply chain management: sourcing and logistics / Jay R. Brown [and 3 others]
  • Integrated sustainable supply chain management: current practices and future direction / Geevaneswary Saththasivam, Yudi Fernando
  • Advocating sustainable supply chain management and sustainability in global supply chain / Kijpokin Kasemsap.
The issue of sustainability has become a vital discussion in many industries within the public and private sectors. In the business realm, incorporating such practices allows organizations to re-design their operations more effectively. Green Supply Chain Management for Sustainable Business Practice examines the challenges and benefits of implementing sustainability into the core functions of contemporary enterprises, focusing on how green approaches improve operations in an ecological way. Highlighting key concepts, emerging innovations, and future directions, this book is a pivotal reference source for professionals, managers, educators, and upper-level students.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781522506355 20161213
Book
72 p. : ill. ; 21x28 cm.
  • Foreword
  • Abbreviations
  • Executive summary
  • Increasing the longevity of wearing courses
  • Epoxy-asphalt road surfacing field trials
  • Field trials with high-performance cementitious materials
  • Working Group members.
This report is the third and final output of a ten-year international research project studying the costs and viability of long-life road pavement surfacings. It describes the results of tests conducted with epoxy asphalt and high performance cementitious materials (HPCM) on real road sections in France, New Zealand and the United Kingdom. The project was initiated to address a growing problem for road administrations and road users: frequent closures of roadways for repairs and repaving as a result of surface pavements that have improved but still barely kept up with increased loads and traffic density.
Book
70 p.
In this paper, the term multi-purpose water infrastructure (MPWI) encompasses all man-made water systems, including dams, dykes, reservoirs and associated irrigation canals and water supply networks, which may be used for more than one purpose (for economic, social and environmental activities). While MPWI plays a significant role in the socio-economic development and ensuring water, food and energy security of many countries (not least in water-stressed Central Asia), many MPWI projects face various challenges. These including unsustainability of business models for financing, operation and maintenance, lower-than-expected performance or the emergence of unforeseen risks and negative externalities. This paper explores the complexity in designing, financing, regulating and managing MPWI projects, with the objective to inform policy and decision-making. It attempts to identify key issues related to managing MPWI, lessons learned from international experience and possible solutions to the challenges. It examines several principles, approaches and instruments to enhance the sustainability of MPWI, drawing on international experience. Finally, the paper identifies knowledge and experience gaps, needs for further research and possible areas of future work.
Book
46 p.
This paper reviews and discusses the existing methods for placing a value on the effects of chemicals on human health and the environment. It surveys both methods and non-market methods, discussing their advantage and limitations. For example, when valuing non-fatal illnesses, the cost-of-illness approaches captures labour income lost to illness and medical expenditures undertaken to mitigate the illness, but fails to account for the value of the disutility of the illnesses. The paper also discusses mortality risk valuation, and the widely used metric termed the Value of a Statistical Life, the difficulties associated with estimating it, and the appropriateness of any adjustments for futurity, age, and the nature of the risk itself. Finally, the paper takes up the issue whether the source of the health risks (e.g., chemicals versus other forms of pollution versus others) affects how much the public values reducing those risks.
Book
1 online resource (pages ; cm.) :
  • The soil microbial biomass-birth of a new paradigm in soil biology
  • The role of the microbial biomass in cycling nutrients
  • Managing organic matter in agro-ecosystems
  • Microbial biomass and functions in paddy soil
  • Soil biodiversity and ecosystem functioning
  • Building new predictive models for diverse microbial communities
  • Stable isotope probing of the soil microbial biomass
  • New culture-independent tools to enhance our understanding of soil microbial ecology
  • Implications of microbial traits for wetland functioning under disturbance
  • Arctic soil microbial sensitivity and responses to temperature changes
  • Fresh perspectives on the soil nitrogen cycle under a changing climate.
Microbial Biomass informs readers of the ongoing global revolution in understanding soil and ecosystem processes. The first paper on the subject was written by David Jenkinson in 1966, and here new insights and expansions are given on the fascinating world of soil microbial processes. In terms of contemporary issues, it also serves to support urgent efforts to sustainably manage land to feed a growing world population without compromising the environment. It presents new methods of investigation which are leading to more sustainable management of ecosystems, and improved understanding of ecosystem changes in an increasingly warmer world.The book approaches the topic by looking at the emergence of our understanding of soil biological processes, and begins by tracing the conception and first measurement of soil microbial biomass. Following this, changes in ecosystems, and in natural ecosystem processes are discussed in relation to land management issues and global change. Microbial biomass and its diversity are recognized as key factors in finding solutions for more sustainable land and ecosystem management, aided by new molecular and other tools. Information from the use of these tools is now being incorporated into emerging microbial-explicit predictive models, to help us study changes in earth system processes.Perfect for use in research and practice, this book is written for undergraduate and graduate students, researchers and professionals of agronomy, chemistry, geology, physical geography, ecology, biology, microbiology, silviculture and soil science.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781786341303 20170410
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