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Book
1 online resource. Digital: text file; PDF.
  • Chapter 1. Introduction and Biogeography (Jessica Halofsky, David Peterson, and Karen Dante-Wood)
  • Chapter 2. Climatology (Linda Joyce and Marian Talbert)
  • Chapter 3. Water Resources (Chales Luce)
  • Chapter 4. Fisheries (Michael Young and Daniel Isaak).
  • Chapter 5. Forest Vegetation (Robert Keane)
  • Chapter 6
  • Non-Forest Vegetation (Matthew Reeves)
  • Chapter 7. Ecological Disturbance (Rachel Loehman)
  • Chapter 8.
  • Wildlife (Kevin McKelvey and Polly Buotte)
  • Chapter 9. Recreation (Michael Hand and Megan Lawson)
  • Chapter 10
  • Ecosystem Services (Travis Warziniack)
  • Chapter 11. Cultural Resources (Carl Davis)
  • Chapter 12. Applications in Resource Management and Planning (Karen Dante-Wood and Linh Hoang).
Book
1 online resource.
  • forthcomingâ .
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319524153 20171106
This book informs readers on the ecology, ecosystem services, and management of Sundaland wetland ecosystems, discussing the concepts and tools necessary to conserve these imperiled habitats. Sundaland is a biogeographically defined area of South East Asia characterised by an exceptional concentration of endemic species. The unprecedented loss of wetland habitats within Sundaland warrants urgency in implementing conservation actions. The authors are both researchers who have witnessed the ongoing losses of wetland habitats in Sundaland. The first chapter introduces fundamental concepts of ecosystems, ecological processes and ecosystem services of coastal and inland wetlands. The second chapter provides an overview of the global and regional conservation status of these ecosystems. The third chapter advances the importance of wetlands management at the landscape level (drainage basins), and proposes to adopt the concept of Ecotonal Networks (ENTs) as a sustainable management method, within the theoretical framework of Resilience Theory. The fourth chapter showcases potential flagship species that can aid in raising awareness on these endangered but poorly-known ecosystems. The fifth chapter discusses sustainable ecotourism as a viable and profitable industry to manage non-urban wetland areas of Sundaland, while providing specific suggestions for future developments. The book is written for ecosystem managers, conservation scientists, ecologists, and nature enthusiasts. It consists of a coherently arranged set of scientifically accurate tools that consider societal, cultural, and economic factors to succeed in the conservation of the Sundaland wetlands, as well as other wetland habitats in the world.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319524153 20171106
Book
1 online resource (viii, 327 pages.) :
  • Ancient vs. modern oceans : perspectives in a climate change scenario / Jorge E. Marcovecchio, Silvia G. De Marco and Walter D. Melo
  • South Atlantic circulation and variability from a data assimilating model / Elbio D. Palma and Ricardo P. Matano
  • The issue of fossil fuels at the ocean : emissions to the sea and contribution to global CO2 / A.V. Botello, G. Ponce-Velez, L.A. Soto and F.S. Villanueva
  • Continent derived metal pollution through time : challenges of the global ocean / Luiz Drude de Lacerda and Jorge Eduardo Marcovecchio
  • Emerging pollutants in the global change scenario / Bernd Markert, Stefan Fränzle, Simone Wünschmann and Peter Menke-Glückert
  • Marine debris : problems and solutions of the changing ocean / H.B. Jayasiri
  • Global shipping, ballast water and invasive species / Sami Souissi, Olivier Glippa and Hans-Uwe Dahms
  • High seas deep-sea fisheries under the global changing trends / Gui Manuel Machado Menezes and Eva Giacomello
  • Globalization of the Antarctic seas : pollution and climate change perspectives / Rosalinda Carmela Montone ... [et al.]
  • International regulatory responses to global challenges in marine pollution and climate change / Yubing Shi and Dazhen Zhang.
ProQuest Ebook Central Access limited to 3 simultaneous users
Book
1 online resource.
  • Chapter1. Introduction.- Chapter2. Rivers as Ecosystems.- Chapter3. Human Alterations of Rivers.- Chapter4. Toward Sustainable Rivers and Water Resources.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319651231 20171023
This work is designed to broaden the scope with which many people regard a river. Rivers are commonly regarded from a very simplistic perspective as conduits for downstream flows of water. In this context, it may be considered acceptable and necessary to engineer the channel to either facilitate such flows (e.g., channelization, levees) or limit flows and store water (e.g., water supply reservoirs, flood control). The book presents the concept of a river as a spatially and temporally complex ecosystem that is likely to be disrupted in unexpected and damaging ways by direct river engineering and by human activities throughout a drainage basin. Viewing a river as a complex ecosystem with nonlinear responses to human activities will help to promote a more nuanced and effective approach to managing river ecosystems and to sustaining the water resources that derive from rivers. In this context, water resources refers to ecosystem services including water supply, water quality, flood control, erosion control, and riverine biota (e.g., freshwater fisheries). Chapters in this book draw extensively on existing literature but integrate this literature from a fresh perspective. General principles are expanded upon and illustrated with photographs, line drawings, tables, and brief, site-specific case studies from rivers around the world.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319651231 20171023
Book
1 online resource (38 p.) : digital, PDF file.
This report describes conditions and information, as required by the state of Idaho, Department of Environmental Quality Reuse Permit I-161-02, for the Advanced Test Reactor Complex Cold Waste Ponds located at Idaho National Laboratory from November 1, 2015–October 31, 2016. The effective date of Reuse Permit I-161-02 is November 20, 2014 with an expiration date of November 19, 2019. This report contains the following information: • Facility and system description • Permit required effluent monitoring data and loading rates • Permit required groundwater monitoring data • Status of compliance activities • Issues • Discussion of the facility’s environmental impacts. During the 2016 permit year, 180.99 million gallons of wastewater were discharged to the Cold Waste Ponds. This is well below the maximum annual permit limit of 375 million gallons. As shown by the groundwater sampling data, sulfate and total dissolved solids concentrations are highest in well USGS-065, which is the closest downgradient well to the Cold Waste Ponds. Sulfate and total dissolved solids concentrations decrease rapidly as the distance downgradient from the Cold Waste Ponds increases. Although concentrations of sulfate and total dissolved solids are significantly higher in well USGS-065 than in the other monitoring wells, both parameters remained below the Ground Water Quality Rule Secondary Constituent Standards in well USGS-065. The facility was in compliance with the Reuse Permit during the 2016 permit year.
Book
1 online resource ( x, 342 pages) : illustrations (some color).
  • 1.Physico-chemical boundaries of life.- 2.Microbial diversity in deep hypersaline anoxic basins.- 3.Microbial speciation in the geothermal ecosystem.- 4.Bacterial adaptation to hot and dry deserts.- 5.Extremophiles in Antarctica: Life at low temperatures.- 6.Anhydrobiotic rock-inhabiting cyanobacteria: Potential for astrobiology and biotechnology.- 7.Psychrophilic microorganisms as important source for biotechnological processes.- 8.Halophilic microorganisms from man-made and natural hypersaline environments: Physiology, ecology, and biotechnological potential.- 9.Applications of extremophiles in astrobiology: Habitability and life detection strategies.- 10.Extremophiles in spacecraft assembly clean rooms.- 11.The Extreme Biology of Meteorites: Their Role in Understanding the Origin and Distribution of Life on Earth and in the Universe.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319483252 20170502
This entirely updated second edition provides an overview on the biology, ecology and biodiversity of extremophiles. Unusual and less explored ecosystems inhabited by extremophiles such as marine hypersaline deeps, extreme cold, desert sands, and man-made clean rooms for spacecraft assembly are presented. An additional focus is put on the role of these highly specialized microorganism in applied research fields, ranging from biotechnology and nanotechnology to astrobiology. Examples such as novel psychrophilic enzymes, compounds from halophiles, and detection strategies for potential extraterrestrial life forms are discussed in detail. The book addresses researchers and advanced students in the fields of microbiology, microbial ecology and biotechnology.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319483252 20170502
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Book
1 online resource.
  • Preface; Contents; Part I: Air Pollution in East Asia; Chapter 1: Gaseous Species; 1.1 Introduction; 1.2 SO2; 1.2.1 Japan; 1.2.2 China; 1.2.3 Korea; 1.3 NOx; 1.3.1 Japan; 1.3.2 China; 1.3.3 Korea; 1.4 Tropospheric Ozone; 1.4.1 Japan; 1.4.2 China; 1.4.3 Korea; 1.4.4 Trends in Ozone Concentrations Above the East China Sea Based on Aerial Observations; References; Chapter 2: Aerosols; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Aerosols and PM2.5; 2.3 Kosa and Chemical Species Transported with kosa; 2.4 Elemental Carbon (EC) and Organic Carbon (OC); 2.5 PAHs; 2.6 Metallic Elements and Source Apportionment
  • 2.7 Sulfate, Nitrate, and Ammonium Aerosols2.8 Trends of Ionic Species in Aerosols Transported from East Asia Measured by Aircraft; References; Chapter 3: Acid Deposition; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Acid Deposition Monitored by a Regional Network in East Asia; 3.2.1 Wet Deposition; 3.2.2 Dry and Total Deposition; 3.2.3 Observational Data in Forested Areas Obtained by the EANET: Relevant Studies; 3.3 Soil Acidification in Asian Countries; 3.4 Summary; References; Part II: Effects of Gaseous Air Pollutants on Plants in Japan; Chapter 4: Effects of Ozone on Japanese Agricultural Crops
  • 4.1 Introduction4.2 Studies in the 1970s; 4.3 Studies from the 1980s to 1990s; 4.4 Studies in the early 2000s and Beyond; References; Chapter 5: Effects of Ozone on Japanese Trees; 5.1 Introduction; 5.2 Effects of O3 on Growth and Physiological Characteristics of Japanese Trees; 5.2.1 Effects of O3 on Growth; 5.2.1.1 Dry-Matter Growth; 5.2.1.2 Leaf Turnover; 5.2.1.3 Carbon Allocation; 5.2.1.4 Phenology; 5.2.2 O3 Effects on Physiology; 5.2.2.1 Stomatal Functions; 5.2.2.2 Photosynthesis; 5.2.2.3 Respiration; 5.3 Risk Assessment of Ozone Impact; 5.4 Free-Air Ozone Fumigation Experiment
  • 5.5 Biotic Relations5.5.1 Defense Capacity Against Biotic Stresses; 5.5.2 Symbiosis with Ectomycorrhizal Fungi; 5.6 Future Perspectives; References; Chapter 6: Combined Effects of Ozone and Other Environmental Factors on Japanese Trees; 6.1 Introduction; 6.2 Combined Effects of O3 and Elevated Atmospheric CO2; 6.3 Combined Effects of O3 and Soil Nitrogen Load; 6.4 Combined Effects of O3 and Soil Water Stress; 6.5 Future Perspectives; References; Chapter 7: Environmental Monitoring with Indicator Plants for Air Pollutants in Asia; 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Japanese Experience in the Application of Indicator Plants7.3 Bryophyte and Lichen Communities; 7.4 Chemical Analysis of Bryophytes and Lichens; 7.5 Use of Common Tree Species as Bio-indicators; 7.6 Summary and Future Perspectives; References; Part III: Case Studies in Japanese Forests; Chapter 8: Flux-Based O3 Risk Assessment for Japanese Temperate Forests; 8.1 Introduction; 8.2 Study Sites; 8.3 Estimation of Light-Saturated GPP; 8.4 Estimation of Cumulative O3 Uptake (COU); 8.5 Effects of Cumulative O3 Uptake (COU) on C Sequestering Capacity in the Beech and Oak Forests; 8.6 Conclusion
EBSCOhost Access limited to 1 user
Book
1 online resource (xii, 367 pages, 18 unnumbered pages of plates) : illustrations.
  • Big trouble : a plague of ... giant snakes?
  • A postcard from Florida : introducing alien invasive species
  • The python's tale : establishment, spread, and detection
  • Invasional meltdown : impacts of alien invasive species
  • The Sisyphus files : eradication and control
  • Sunrise on Homogena : a new planetary paradigm.
A thoughtful, accessible look at the rapidly growing issue of invasive plants, animals, and microbes around the globe with a focus on the scientific issues and ecological, health, and other challenges From an award-winning adventure and science journalist comes an eye-opening exploration of a burgeoning environmental phenomenon and the science coalescing around it. Leslie Anthony leads readers on adventures physical and philosophical as he explores how and why invasive species are hijacking ecosystems around the globe. Weaving science, travel, history, and humor with diverse examples to chart and describe the phases of species invasion and human response, Anthony introduces field researchers and managers who seek to understand the biological, social, and economic aspects of this complex issue, and whose work collectively suggests the emergence of a global shadow economy centered on invasives. With tales of pythons in the Everglades, Asian carp and lamprey in the Great Lakes, Japanese knotweed seemingly everywhere, and the invasive organisms we don't see-pathogens and microbes such as the Zika virus-this book rivets attention on a new ecological reality.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780300208900 20171106
ProQuest Ebook Central Access limited to 1 user
Book
1 online resource ( xv, 314 pages) : illustrations (some color).
  • Section I: Evolution and adaptationsChapter 1. Evolution reshaped life for the water column: the skeleton of the Antarctic silverfish Pleuragramma antarctica (Boulenger 1902)Olga Voskoboinikova, H. William Detrich III, R. Craig Albertson, John H. Postlethwait, Laura Ghigliotti, Eva Pisano Chapter 2. Coping with ice: Freeze avoidance in the Antarctic silverfish (Pleuragramma antarctica) from egg to adultClive Evans, Art DeVries Chapter 3. The unique haemoglobin system of migratory Pleuragramma antarctica: correlation of haematological and biochemical adaptations with mode of lifeGuido di Prisco, Cinzia Verde Chapter 4. Pro-oxidant challenges and antioxidant adaptation of Pleuragramma antarctica in platelet iceMaura Benedetti, Maria Elisa Giuliani, Francesco Regoli Section II: Ecology and life historyChapter 5. Diet and trophic ecology of adult Antarctic silverfish (Pleuragramma antarctica)Matthew H. Pinkerton Chapter 6. Trophic ecology of early developmental stages of Antarctic silverfishEric Tavernier and Carolina Giraldo Chapter 7. The role of lipids in the life history of the Antarctic silverfish Pleuragramma antarcticaWilhelm Hagen and Gerhard Kattner Chapter 8. Energetics of the Antarctic silverfish, Pleuragramma antarctica, from the Western Antarctic PeninsulaEloy Martinez, Joseph J Torres Chapter 9. Reproductive strategies of the Antarctic silverfish: known knowns, known unknowns and unknown unknownsLaura Ghigliotti, Volodymyr Herasymchuk, Karl-Herman Kock, Marino Vacchi Chapter 10. Population structure and life history connectivity of Antarctic silverfish (Pleuragramma antarctica) in the Southern Ocean ecosystemJulian Ashford, Lorenzo Zane, Joseph Torres, Mario La Mesa, Alexander Simms Section III: Challenges and conservation perspectivesChapter 11. Acoustic methods of monitoring silverfish distribution and abundanceRichard L. O'Driscoll, Iole Leonori, Andrea De Felice, and Gavin J. Macaulay Chapter 12. Impact of climate change on the Antarctic silverfish and its consequences for the Antarctic ecosystemKatja Mintenbeck and Joseph J Torres Chapter 13. Conservation and management of the Antarctic silverfish Pleuragramma antarctica populations and habitatsPhilippe Koubbi, Grant Susie, David Ramm, Marino Vacchi, Laura Ghigliotti, Eva Pisano.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319558912 20170717
This book encompasses the body of available scientific information on the notothenioid fish Pleuragramma antarctica commonly known as Antarctic silverfish. This plankton-feeder of the intermediate trophic level is the most abundant fish in the coastal regions of high Antarctica, and plays a pivotal ecological role as the main prey of top predators like seals, penguins, whales and Antarctic toothfish. Broad circum-polar distribution, a key role in the Antarctic shelf pelagic ecosystem, and adaptations makes understanding the species' likely response to environmental change relevant to foresee the potential responses at the local ecosystem level. Additionally, a detailed understanding of the abundance and trophic interactions of such a dominant keystone species is a vital element of informing the development of marine spatial planning and marine protected areas in the Antarctic continental shelf region. Experts in the field provide here unique insights into the evolutionary adaptation, eco-physiology, trophic ecology, reproductive and population ecology of the Antarctic silverfish and provide new clues about its vulnerability in facing the challenges of the ongoing environmental changes.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319558912 20170717
EBSCOhost Access limited to 1 user
Book
1 online resource.
  • Contents Introduction to the Application of Palaeoecological Techniques in Estuaries
  • Part I. Estuaries and their Management.- Estuary Form and Function: Implications for Palaeoecological Studies
  • Geology and Sedimentary History of Modern Estuaries
  • Palaeoecological Evidence for Variability and Change in Estuaries: Insights for Management
  • Part II. Coring and Dating of Estuarine Sediments. Sediment Sampling in Estuaries ? Site Selection and Sampling Techniques
  • Some Practical Considerations Regarding the Application of 210Pb and 137Cs Dating to Estuarine Sediments
  • Radiocarbon Dating in Estuarine Environments
  • Part III. Techniques for Palaeoenvironmental Reconstructions in Estuaries. Lipid Biomarkers as Organic Geochemical Proxies for the Paleoenvironmental Reconstruction of Estuarine Environments
  • C/N ratios and Carbon Isotope Composition of Organic Matter in Estuarine Environments
  • Physical and Chemical Factors to Consider when Studying Historical Contamination and Pollution in Estuaries
  • Diatoms as Indicators of Environmental Change in Estuaries
  • Dinoflagellate Cysts as Proxies for Holocene Environmental Change in Estuaries: Diversity, Abundance and Morphology
  • Applications of Foraminifera, Testate Amoebae and Tintinnids in Estuarine Palaeoecology
  • Ostracods as Recorders of Palaeoenvironmental Change in Estuaries
  • Application of Molluscan Analyses to the Reconstruction of Past Environmental Conditions in Estuaries
  • Corals in Estuarine Environments: Their Response to Environmental Changes and Application in Reconstructing Past Environmental Variability
  • Inferring Environmental Change in Estuaries from Plant Macrofossils
  • Applications of Pollen Analysis in Estuarine Systems
  • Part IV. Case Studies. Palaeo-Environmental Approaches to Reconstructing Sea Level Changes in Estuaries
  • Paleoecology Studies in Chesapeake Bay: A Model System for Understanding Interactions between Climate, Anthropogenic Activities and the Environment
  • Paleosalinity Changes in the Rio de la Plata Estuary and on the Adjacent Uruguayan Continental Shelf over the Past 1,200 Years: An Approach Using Diatoms as a Proxy
  • Application of Paleoecology to Ecosystem Restoration: A Case Study from South Florida's Estuaries
  • Paleolimnological History of The Coorong: Identifying the Natural Ecological Character of a Ramsar Wetland in Crisis
  • Palaeoenvironmental History of the Baltic Sea : One of the Largest Brackish-water Ecosystems in the World .
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Book
1 online resource.
  • 1. Legacy of Beaver-Human Interaction2. Ecosystem Engineers: Beaver Ponds3. Altering the Water Cycle4. Beaver Loggers: Beaver Herbivory Alters Forest Structure5. Soils of Beaver Meadows6. Vegetation of Beaver Impoundments7. The Biogeochemistry of Boreal Beaver Ponds8. Beaver Ponds and the Carbon Cycle9. Fish Assemblages in a Beaver-Influenced Successional Landscape10. Beavers as Engineers of Wildlife Habitat.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319615325 20171017
Bridging the fields of ecosystem science and landscape ecology, this book integrates Dr. Carol Johnston's research on beaver ecosystem alteration at Voyageurs National Park. The findings about the vegetation, soils, and chemistry of beaver impoundments synthesized in the text provide a cohesive reference useful to wetland scientists, ecosystems and landscape ecologysts, wildlife managers, and students. The beaver, Castor canadensis, is an ecosystem engineer unequaled in its capacity to alter landscapes through browsing and dam building, whose population recovery has re-established environmental conditions that probably existed for millenia prior to its near extirpation by trapping in the 1800s and 1900s. Beavers continue to regain much of their natural range throughout North America, changing stream and forest ecosystems in ways that may be lauded or vilified. Interest in beavers by ecologists remains keen as new evidence emerges about the ecological, hydrological, and biogeochemical effects of beaver browsing and construction. There is a critical need for ecologists and land managers to understand the potential magnitude, persistence, and ecosystem services of beaver landscape transformation. The 88-year record of beaver landscape occupation and alteration documented by Dr. Carol Johnston and colleagues from aerial photography and field work provides a unique resource toward understanding the ecosystem effects and sustainability of beaver activity.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319615325 20171017
Book
1 online resource (Article No. 15538) : digital, PDF file.
Historically, it is believed that crystalline uraninite, produced via the abiotic reduction of hexavalent uranium (U<sup>(VI)</sup>) is the dominant reduced U species formed in low-temperature uranium roll-front ore deposits. Here we show that non-crystalline U<sup>(IV)</sup> generated through biologically mediated U<sup>(VI)</sup> reduction is the predominant U<sup>(IV)</sup> species in an undisturbed U roll-front ore deposit in Wyoming, USA. Characterization of U species revealed that the majority (~58-89%) of U is bound as U<sup>(IV)</sup> to C-containing organic functional groups or inorganic carbonate, while uraninite and U<sup>(VI)</sup> represent only minor components. The uranium deposit exhibited mostly 238U-enriched isotope signatures, consistent with largely biotic reduction of U<sup>(VI)</sup> to U<sup>(IV)</sup>. This finding implies that biogenic processes are more important to uranium ore genesis than previously understood. The predominance of a relatively labile form of U<sup>(IV)</sup> also provides an opportunity for a more economical and environmentally benign mining process, as well as the design of more effective post-mining restoration strategies and human health-risk assessment.
Book
1 online resource.
  • Acknowledgments; Contents; About the Editors; Chapter 1: Introduction; 1.1 The Decline of Biodiversity in the Agro-ecosystems; 1.2 Differences Between Western and Eastern Europe Agriculture
  • The Role of History; 1.3 Conservation Tools: From the Protected Areas Approach and Nature2000 Network to the High Nature Value Areas in Europe; 1.3.1 A Concept of Protected Areas Application to Successful Conservation; 1.3.2 Theories for Fragmented Space; 1.3.3 Applying Ecological Terminology for Agricultural Landscapes of Whole Europe?; 1.4 HNV Farming Definition
  • 1.5 Approaches to Characterize HNV Farming1.5.1 Land Cover Approach; 1.5.2 Farm System Approach; 1.5.3 Species Approach; 1.6 The HNV as Support for Biodiversity and Public Goods; 1.7 This Book in Few Words; References; Chapter 2: Spread of the Concept of HNV Farmland in Europe: A Systematic Review; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Methods; 2.3 Results; 2.4 Discussion; Bibliography; Chapter 3: Identifying HNV Areas Using Geographic Information Systems and Landscape Metrics; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Simple Metrics for Identification of HNV Farmland; 3.3 Input Data for Calculation of Landscape Metrics
  • 3.4 Landscape Metrics Case Study: An Example of Using Landscape Metrics to Identify HNV FarmlandReferences; Chapter 4: Suitable Methods for Monitoring HNV Farmland Using Bird Species; 4.1 Bird Count Methods for Farmland Systems: Single-Habitat and Multi-habitat Species; 4.2 The Concept of Bioindicators or Environmental Surrogates and Common Measures of Diversity in Bird Communities; 4.2.1 The Concept of Bioindicators; 4.2.2 Common Diversity Metrics Useful for Bird Communities; 4.3 Species Distribution Models and Other Useful Statistical Tools; 4.3.1 SDMs in a Nutshell; 4.4 Other Useful Tools
  • 4.4.1 MRT-Multiregression Tree Analysis4.4.2 Indicator Species Analysis; References; Part I: Case Studies; Chapter 5: Case Study 1. Bird as Indicators of HNV: Case Study in Farmlands from Central Italy; 5.1 Methodology; 5.1.1 Study Area; 5.1.2 Species and Environmental Data; 5.1.3 Data Analysis; 5.2 Results; 5.2.1 Farmland Classification and Description; 5.2.2 Bird Indicators of HNV Farmland; 5.2.3 Relative Importance of HNV Farmland Characteristics for Bird Distribution; 5.3 Discussion; 5.3.1 Utility of the Proposed Methodology; References
  • Chapter 6: Case Study 2. Birds as Indicators of HNV: Case Study in Portuguese Cork Oak Montados6.1 Methodology; 6.1.1 Study Area; 6.1.2 Bird Census; 6.1.3 HNV Features and Explanatory Variables; 6.1.4 Data Analysis; 6.2 Results; 6.2.1 Environmental Variables; 6.2.2 Bird Guilds; 6.2.3 Modelling of Bird Guilds; 6.3 Discussion; 6.4 Conclusion; References; Chapter 7: Case Study 3. Using Indicator Species AnalysisIndVal to Identify Bird Indicators of HNV in Farmlands from Western P...; 7.1 Methodology; 7.1.1 Study Area; 7.1.2 Species and Environmental Data; 7.1.3 Data Analysis; 7.2 Results
EBSCOhost Access limited to 1 user

15. Coastal wetlands [2017]

Book
1 online resource ( 878 p.) :.
  • Preface; Contents; Contributors; Part I: Impacts of Urbanization, Agricultural Occupation, Pollution, Climate Change, and Coastal Marine Influences; Chapter 1: The Florida Everglades: An Overview of Alteration and Restoration; 1.1 Introduction; 1.2 Florida Everglades: Before and After Anthropogenic Alteration; 1.2.1 Geology; 1.2.2 Nutrients; 1.2.3 Flora and Fauna; 1.3 Proposed Everglades Restoration Projects; 1.3.1 Central and South Florida Project for Flood Control; 1.3.2 Kissimmee River Restoration Project; 1.3.3 Everglades Construction Project; 1.3.4 Modified Water Deliveries Project
  • 1.3.5 Everglades Nutrient Removal Project1.3.6 Multi-species Recovery Plan; 1.3.7 Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan (CERP); 1.3.8 Florida Everglades Forever Act (FEFA); 1.4 Discussion; 1.4.1 Lapis Philosophorium; 1.4.2 The Everglades Restoration Project: An Opus Magnum or Mors Spiralis (Death Spiral)?; 1.4.3 The Cause of Wetland Degradation; 1.4.4 Common Sense Approach; 1.4.5 Need for a Change in Perception; 1.4.6 Degradation of Wetlands Versus Restoration Potentials; 1.5 Conclusions; References
  • Chapter 2: Recent Agricultural Occupation and Environmental Regeneration of Salt Marshes in Northern Spain2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Geomorphology of Northern Spain; 2.3 Collecting and Sampling Sedimentary Records; 2.4 Proxies to Identify Human Intervention; 2.4.1 Foraminifera; 2.4.2 Sand; 2.5 Proxies to Date Human Intervention; 2.5.1 Lead-210; 2.5.2 Cesium-137; 2.5.3 Pollution Fingerprints; 2.5.4 Aerial Photography; 2.6 Case Studies in Northern Spain; 2.6.1 Carasa Salt Marsh in the Santoña Estuary; 2.6.1.1 Paleoenvironmental Interpretation; 2.6.1.2 Dating the Sedimentary Record
  • 2.6.2 Isuskiza Salt Marsh in the Plentzia Estuary2.6.2.1 Paleoenvironmental Interpretation; 2.6.2.2 Dating the Sedimentary Record; 2.6.3 Isla Salt Marsh in the Urdaibai Estuary; 2.6.3.1 Paleoenvironmental Interpretation; 2.6.3.2 Dating the Sedimentary Record; 2.7 Regional Overview; 2.8 Conclusions; References; Microfaunal Reference List; Chapter 3: Impact of Urbanization on the Evolution of Mangrove Ecosystems in the Wouri River Estuary (Douala Cameroon); 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Mangrove Characteristics; 3.2.1 Mangrove Distribution; 3.2.2 Climate; 3.2.3 Substrate; 3.2.4 Hydrology
  • 3.3 Mangrove Composition3.3.1 Flora; 3.3.2 Fauna; 3.3.2.1 Invertebrates; Crabs; Molluscs; Other Invertebrates; 3.3.2.2 Mangrove Vertebrates; 3.4 Major Factors of Mangrove Degradation; 3.4.1 Logging; 3.4.2 Sand Quarries; 3.4.3 Landed Distribution; 3.4.4 Anarchic Urbanization; 3.4.5 Wastes; 3.4.6 Petroleum Activities; 3.5 Evolution of Douala City and Mangrove Degradation; 3.5.1 Effects of State Projects; 3.5.2 Effects of Demographic Pressure; 3.5.3 Effects of Poverty; 3.5.4 Effects of Land Uses; 3.5.4.1 Effects on Mangrove Forest; 3.5.4.2 Effects on Mangrove Fauna; 3.6 Conclusion; References
Book
1 online resource (Article No. 42999 ): digital, PDF file.
Acoustic telemetry is one of the primary technologies for studying the behavior and survival of fishes throughout the world. The size and performance of the transmitters is still the key limiting factor despite that considerable effort has been expended to understand the biological effects of implantation of acoustic transmitters in yearling and subyearling Chinook salmon. The newly developed injectable transmitter is the first active acoustic tag that can be implanted via injection instead of surgery. It also lasts more than four times longer than the commercially-available transmitters. A two-part field study was conducted to evaluate the performance of the injectable transmitter and its effect on the survival of implanted fish. The injectable transmitter performed well and similarly to the other commercially-available transmitters tested. Snake River subyearling Chinook salmon smolts implanted with the injectable tag had a higher survival probability from release to each of 11 downstream detection arrays than concurrent releases of fish surgically implanted with commercially-available tags. In addition, reach-specific survival estimates were significantly higher for the injectable group in three of the eleven reaches examined. Overall, the injectable group had a 0.263 (SE = 0.017) survival probability over the entire 500 km study area compared to 0.199 (0.012) for the surgically implanted group. The differences in survival may have been caused by warm water temperatures and higher rates of infection experienced by the surgically implanted group due to the presence of sutures acting as an attachment site for pathogens. The reduction in size and ability to implant the new transmitter via injection has further reduced the tag or tagging effect bias associated with studying small fishes. As a result, the information gathered with this new technology is helping minimize the impact of dams on fish, leading to more environmentally sustainable energy systems.
Book
1 online resource.
  • Part I. Concepts, Issues, and Policy Chapter 1. The Context and Scope of the Book Chapter 2. Introduction Part II. Methodologies for Evaluating Competitiveness Chapter 3. International Trade and Prices as Measures of Competitiveness Chapter 4. Price-Quality Tradeoffs and Multitrack Evaluations of Competitiveness Chapter 5. Track 1 Methodology: Cost-Price Measures of Competitiveness Chapter 6. Track 2 Methodology: Value Chains and Quality Criteria Part III. Case Studies in the Competitiveness of Tropical Agriculture Chapter 7. Colombia: A Strategic Assessment of National Crop Competitiveness Chapter 8. Rwanda: Competitiveness by Quality Criteria, Track 2 Chapter 9. El Salvador: Crop Competitiveness and Factor Intensities Chapter 10. Colombia: Crop Competitiveness by Region Evaluated via Tracks 1 and 2 Part IV. Concluding Remarks Chapter 11. Assessing Agricultural Competitiveness and Its Determinants Chapter 12. Competitiveness in a Development Perspective.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780128053126 20170313
The Competitiveness of Tropical Agriculture: A Guide to Competitive Potential with Case Studies describes and synthesizes existing methodologies for evaluating competitiveness in agriculture, introduces extensions and refinements, and provides a novel approach based on a combination of quantitative and qualitative methodologies. As exports of tropical fruit, nuts, and other high-value crops have been growing very rapidly from developing countries, but often encounter serious obstacles in their value chains, this book demonstrates how national agricultural policy is oftentimes not guided by considerations of inherent competitiveness. In addition, the book presents case studies that illustrate the application of these approaches using quantitative frameworks. A concluding chapter introduces policy considerations for competitiveness from work in Jordan, Colombia, Estonia, Peru, and elsewhere, also discussing the role of specific policies in raising competitiveness sustainably and its role in reducing rural poverty.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780128053126 20170313
Book
1 online resource (xii, 222 pages.) :.
The book covers the fundamentals and applications of computational bioacoustics in monitoring and control applications in healthcare. The work provides a thorough discussion of cross-disciplinary research, including new engineering technology with a discussion of codes and demos illustrating the application of various audio parameterization and machine learning techniques on the task of automated recognition and monitoring.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781614517290 20170814
Book
1 online resource ( x, 87 pages) : illustrations (some color).
  • Abbreviations; Introduction; 1 New Perspectives on Ecological Networks; Abstract; 1.1 The Impact of Urbanization Processes on the Consumption of the Soil and on the Fragmentation; 1.2 From Protected Natural Areas to Reticular System; 1.3 The Paradigm of the Ecological Networks; 1.4 European Policies About Ecological Networks; References; 2 Ecological Networks and Planning; Abstract; 2.1 The Issue of Regulation; 2.2 The Re-processing of Values: New Types of Planning?; 2.3 Ecological Networks in Planning Instruments; 2.4 The Case of Italy
  • 2.5 The Italian Census of Local Scale Planning Instruments According to the Ecological Network ModelReferences; 3 Ecological Network, Application of a Model in Sicily; Abstract; 3.1 Soil Consumption and Fragmentation of the Regional Natural System; 3.2 Urban-Planning Versus Environment-Planning; 3.3 A Reticular System for the Protected Areas; 3.4 The Application of the Ecological Network in Wide-Area Planning in Sicily: The Case of the Metropolitan City of Palermo and of the Libero Consorzio Di Siracusa; References; Conclusions; References
EBSCOhost Access limited to 1 user
Book
1 online resource (xvi, 191 pages) : color illustrations.
  • Part I: A Background to Design, 1. The Environment is Not a Human Construct, 2. Global Differences, Not Universals, 3. Shifting Adaptabilities, Not Static Concepts, Part II: Thinking about Design, 4. Multiple, Not Solo Voices, 5. Inquiries, Not Assumptions, 6. Thinking Backwards, Not as a Forward and Linear Narrative.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138890220 20170515
Today, designers are shifting the practice of landscape architecture towards the need for a more complex understanding of ecological science. Constructed Ecologies presents ecology as critical theory for design, and provides major ideas for design that are supported with solid and imaginative science. In the questioning narrative of Constructed Ecologies, the author discards many old and tired theories in landscape architecture. With detailed documentation, she casts off the savannah theory, critiques the search for universals, reveals the needed role of designers in large-scale agriculture, abandons the overlay technique of McHarg, and introduces the ecological and urban health urgency of public night lighting. Margaret Grose presents wide-ranging new approaches and shows the importance of learning from science for design, of going beyond assumptions, of working in multiple rather than single issues, of disrupting linear design thinking, and of dealing with data. This book is written with a clear voice by an ecologist and landscape architect who has led design students into loving ecological science for the support it gives design.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781138890220 20170515
EBSCOhost Access limited to 3 simultaneous users