Book
256 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
"A truly welcome and refreshing study that puts earthquake impact on history into a proper perspective" --Amos Nur, Emeritus Professor of Geophysics, Stanford University, California, and author of Apocalypse: Earthquakes, Archaeology, and the Wrath of God. Since antiquity, on every continent, human beings in search of attractive landscapes and economic prosperity have made a Faustian bargain with the risk of devastation by an earthquake. Today, around half of the world's largest cities - as many as sixty - lie in areas of major seismic activity. Many, such as Lisbon, Naples, San Francisco, Tehran and Tokyo, have been severely damaged or destroyed by earthquakes in the past. But throughout history, starting with ancient Jericho, Rome and Sparta, cities have proved to be extraordinarily resilient: only one, Port Royal in the Caribbean, was abandoned after an earthquake. Earth-Shattering Events seeks to understand exactly how humans and earthquakes have interacted, not only in the short term but also in the long perspective of history. In some cases, physical devastation has been followed by decline. But in others, the political and economic reverberations of earthquake disasters have presented opportunities for renewal. After its wholesale destruction in 1906, San Francisco went on to flourish, eventually giving birth to the high-tech industrial area on the San Andreas fault known as Silicon Valley. An earthquake in Caracas in 1812 triggered the creation of new nations in the liberation of South America from Spanish rule. Another in Tangshan in 1976 catalysed the transformation of China into the world's second largest economy. The growth of the scientific study of earthquakes is woven into this far-reaching history. It began with a series of earthquakes in England in 1750. Today, seismologists can monitor the vibration of the planet second by second and the movement of tectonic plates millimetre by millimetre. Yet, even in the 21st century, great earthquakes are still essentially 'acts of God', striking with much less warning than volcanoes, floods, hurricanes and even tornadoes and tsunamis.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780500518595 20160718
SAL1&2 (on-campus shelving)
Book
1 online resource (XIII, 488 p. 205 ill., 167 illus. in color.) : online resource. Digital: text file; PDF.
  • This book aims to serve as an essential reference to facilitate civil engineers involved inthe design of new conventional (ordinary) reinforced concrete (R/C) buildings regulatedby the current European EC8 (EN 1998-1:2004) and EC2 (EN 1992-1-1:2004) codesof practice. The book provides unique step-by-step flowcharts which take the readerthrough all the required operations, calculations, and verification checks prescribed bythe EC8 provisions. These flowcharts are complemented by comprehensive discussionsand practical explanatory comments on critical aspects of the EC8 code-regulatedprocedure for the earthquake resistant design of R/C buildings. Further, detailedanalysis and design examples of typical multi-storey three-dimensional R/C buildingsare included to illustrate the required steps for achieving designs of real-life structureswhich comply with the current EC8 provisions. These examples can be readily used asverification tutorials to check the reliability of custom-made computer programs andof commercial Finite Element software developed/used for the design of earthquakeresistant R/C buildings complying with the EC8 (EN 1998-1:2004) code.This book will be of interest to practitioners working in consulting and designingengineering companies and to advanced undergraduate and postgraduate level civil<engineering students attending courses and curricula in the earthquake resistant designof structures and/or undertaking pertinent design projects.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319252698 20160619
This book aims to serve as an essential reference to facilitate civil engineers involved in the design of new conventional (ordinary) reinforced concrete (R/C) buildings regulatedby the current European EC8 (EN 1998-1:2004) and EC2 (EN 1992-1-1:2004) codesof practice. The book provides unique step-by-step flowcharts which take the readerthrough all the required operations, calculations, and verification checks prescribed bythe EC8 provisions. These flowcharts are complemented by comprehensive discussionsand practical explanatory comments on critical aspects of the EC8 code-regulatedprocedure for the earthquake resistant design of R/C buildings. Further, detailedanalysis and design examples of typical multi-storey three-dimensional R/C buildingsare included to illustrate the required steps for achieving designs of real-life structures which comply with the current EC8 provisions. These examples can be readily used as verification tutorials to check the reliability of custom-made computer programs and of commercial Finite Element software developed/used for the design of earthquakeresistant R/C buildings complying with the EC8 (EN 1998-1:2004) code.This book will be of interest to practitioners working in consulting and designingengineering companies and to advanced undergraduate and postgraduate level civilengineering students attending courses and curricula in the earthquake resistant designof structures and/or undertaking pertinent design projects.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319252698 20160619
Book
1 online resource.
The primary objectives of this research are to develop an isolation system geared towards light frame structures, and to demonstrate that seismic isolation can be both economical and highly effective for light-frame residential construction. Experience from past earthquakes has shown that light frame residential houses in the United States typically pose a low collapse risk, but they are susceptible to damage that can lead to significant financial loss and displacement of residents. This dissertation develops a low-cost seismic isolation system that balances the tradeoffs between isolator displacement demands and base shear force demands through a high-friction sliding system. The isolation system consists of high-density polyethylene (HDPE) sliders on a flat or an upward concave galvanized steel sliding surface, with a sliding coefficient of friction between 0.15 and 0.25 at the isolation interface. The inherent strength and low mass of light frame residential construction allows for a high-friction isolation system to effectively eliminate superstructure damage during even large earthquakes. Parametric studies show that high friction interfaces reduce isolation displacement demands. Isolator sliding material and component tests have been conducted to characterize velocity and pressure dependent interface friction properties of the sliding isolators. New data is provided on low-pressure (2 MPa to 7 MPa) friction coefficients for HDPE and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) sliding on different finished steel surfaces. Proof-of-concept shaking table tests of a full-scale light framed isolated two-story house have been conducted. Results of these tests have (a) confirmed that the isolation system can effectively eliminate damage to the light frame superstructure under repeated severe earthquake ground shaking (b) validated nonlinear computer models to determine sliding isolator demands and superstructure force demands, and (c) demonstrated the constructability and economic practicality of the proposed details for the foundation and wood-framed first floor isolation platform. Numerous findings regarding the behavior of isolated light frame structures are reported herein. The superstructure of an isolated house has a dynamic response during shaking causing higher normalized forces in the superstructure than at the isolation level. Superstructure seismic coefficients are recommended to be 1.8 times the coefficient of friction in the flat sliding system, and 1.2 times the normalized isolation force (assuming rigid body response) in the dish system, to achieve a 20% probability of the induced forces greater than design forces at MCE intensity shaking. The inclusion of the vertical component of the ground motion is shown to not significantly affect isolation response in high friction sliding systems, however, there can be large increases in superstructure and isolator force demands. While using velocity and pressure-dependent friction models can affect the sliding isolation response of systems subjected to individual ground motions, Coulomb friction is found to be sufficient for response prediction when looking at a suite of records. The controlling design variable for seismic isolation systems is the peak isolation displacement. Typically, traditional isolation systems with low yield force and high restoring stiffness are assumed to have an effective period, based on the secant stiffness at the expected displacement. This period is used to infer the seismic displacement demands on the isolator, using the spectral displacements at the assumed period. For a high-friction low-restoring sliding system, the effective period is sensitive to the expected displacement. Additionally, these isolation systems accumulate displacement through ratcheting-type behavior, controlled by the friction properties of the isolation system, rather than exhibiting harmonic-type response as would an equivalent linear system with an effective period. Risk-based methods for determining isolation displacements rely on an assumed period of the isolation system as well. Using the conditional spectrum when scaling records to have the same spectral acceleration at the assumed period and matching the expected median and dispersion of spectral acceleration away from the assumed period results in large dispersion in isolation displacements because spectral ordinates, which are based on linear analysis, do not correspond to nonlinear isolation response. Alternative intensity measures that account for the aspects of the ground motion and sliding system that lead to large isolation displacements are required to make robust predictions of isolation displacements. A new ground motion intensity measure for high friction sliding systems is derived herein from closed-form solutions for the peak sliding displacement of a rigid block subjected to simple pulses. The new intensity measure is analogous to the extra incremental ground velocity of the pulse beyond what it would take to yield the system times the duration of the pulse and is termed the Effective Incremental Ground Velocity (EIGV). EIGV is effective for predicting peak sliding displacements for high friction systems because the large sliding excursion in high friction systems is typically similar in magnitude to the overall peak isolation displacement, which can be captured by a pulse intensity measure. A first generation set of ground motion prediction equations are offered for conducting probabilistic seismic hazard analysis using EIGV, which in term can be used to generate isolation displacement demand curves, better informing design decisions.

4. Poroelasticity [2016]

Book
1 online resource (xxvi, 877 pages) : illustrations (some color).
  • Introduction
  • Constitutive Equation
  • Micromechanics
  • Variational Energy Formulation
  • Anisotropy
  • Governing Equation
  • Analytical Solution
  • Fundamental Solution and Integral Equation
  • Poroelastodynamics
  • Poroviscoelasticity
  • Porothermoelasticity
  • Porochemoelasticity
  • Appendices
  • Index.
This book treats the mechanics of porous materials infiltrated with a fluid (poromechanics), focussing on its linear theory (poroelasticity). Porous materials from inanimate bodies such as sand, soil and rock, living bodies such as plant tissue, animal flesh, or man-made materials can look very different due to their different origins, but as readers will see, the underlying physical principles governing their mechanical behaviors can be the same, making this work relevant not only to engineers but also to scientists across other scientific disciplines. Readers will find discussions of physical phenomena including soil consolidation, land subsidence, slope stability, borehole failure, hydraulic fracturing, water wave and seabed interaction, earthquake aftershock, fluid injection induced seismicity and heat induced pore pressure spalling as well as discussions of seismoelectric and seismoelectromagnetic effects. The work also explores the biomechanics of cartilage, bone and blood vessels. Chapters present theory using an intuitive, phenomenological approach at the bulk continuum level, and a thermodynamics-based variational energy approach at the micromechanical level. The physical mechanisms covered extend from the quasi-static theory of poroelasticity to poroelastodynamics, poroviscoelasticity, porothermoelasticity, and porochemoelasticity. Closed form analytical solutions are derived in details. This book provides an excellent introduction to linear poroelasticity and is especially relevant to those involved in civil engineering, petroleum and reservoir engineering, rock mechanics, hydrology, geophysics, and biomechanics.

5. Seismic loads [2016]

Book
vii, 377 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
  • Contents Preface vii 1 Statement of the Problem 1 1.1 General Scheme of Estimation of Seismic Stability 3 1.2 Seismic Hazard 11 1.3 Variation of Seismic Hazard 15 1.4 Seismic Loads 20 2 The Definition of Seismic Actions 29 2.1 The Probability of Loads During the Earthquake of a Given Intensity 32 2.2 Recognition of Earthquake Foci 53 2.3 The Calculation of Seism Caused by Movement in the Earthquake Focus 61 2.4 Physics of Focus and Control of Seismicity 82 2.5 Seismic Forces for a Fixed Position and Energy of the Earthquake Source 99 3 The Influence of Topography and Soil Conditions Secondary Processes 113 3.1 Influence of the Canyons 113 3.2 Dynamics of Water-Saturated Soil Equivalent Single-Phase Environment 117 3.3 Dynamics of Water-Saturated Soil as Multiphase Medium 121 3.4 The Real Estimates of the Property of Soils 145 3.4.1 Mathematical Formulation of the Problem 147 3.4.2 Examples of Calculations 152 3.5 Landslides and Mudflows 158 3.6 Waves on the Water 162 4 Example of Determination of Seismic Loads on the Object in an Area of High Seismicity 167 4.1 Assessment of Seismotectonics and Choice of Calculation of Seismicity 167 4.2 The Parameters of Impacts 171 4.3 Selection of Unique 179 4.4 Numerical Models of the Focus 183 4.5 The Influence of the Shape of the Canyon 189 5 Examples of Determination of Seismic Effects on Objects in Areas of Low Seismicity 195 5.1 Preliminary Analysis 195 5.2 Assessment of Seismic Risk on Seismological Data 201 5.3 Tectonic Structure of the Area 205 5.4 Recognition of Seismically Active Nodes Morphostructure 212 5.5 The Types of Computational Seismic Effects 225 5.6 Analog Modeling of Seismic Effects 233 5.7 Mathematical Modeling of Seismic Effects 237 6 Stability of Structures During Earthquakes 247 6.1 Stability of Concrete Dams 248 6.2 Vibration and Strength Reserves of the High Dams 278 6.2.1 Stability and Final Displacements of the Dam 282 6.2.2 Stress and Strain of the Dam 287 6.2.3 Character and Form of Dam Failure 292 6.3 The Reliability of Groundwater Dams 296 6.4 The Stability of Underground Structures 333 6.5 Seismic Effects Caused by Missing Floods Through the Waterworks 340 6.5.1 The Vibration of the Dam 345 6.5.2 Soil Vibration Outside of the Dam 352 6.5.3 Vibration Houses 356 6.5.4 Results and Recomendation 360 Conclusion 362 References 365 Index 375.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118946244 20160704
Earthquakes are a way of life on Earth, and, whether you live in an area that is often affected by earthquakes or not, every building, every road, every bridge, and, in fact, almost everything constructed by humans in which we walk, sleep, live, sit, or visit, has to be constructed to withstand an earthquake, by following local, regional, or national codes, laws, and regulations. Further to this, the science and engineering behind these constructions go further than what is mandated by government as a part of their practice. All construction, and, in general, all life on Earth, has some risk of seismic impacts. A comprehensive description of any seismic action may be given only on a probabilistic basis and, in general, is very bulky and quite uncertain. However, for a variety of structures or systems that meet fairly simple models of behavior during earthquakes, a general description of the seismic action is not required, for prediction of the status of such facilities or systems may be sufficient to define one or more common parameters of seismic impact. Thus, it makes sense to search for optimal parameters of influence in which optimality is understood with the greatest ease with sufficient information. This book contains a description of several models of seismic effects and examples of implementation of these models at specific sites. Using this information, scientists and engineers can design structures that are stronger, safer, and longer-lasting. It is a must-have for any scientist, engineer, or student working in or researching seismic loads and constructions with a view toward withstanding seismic activity.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118946244 20160704
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
xxi, 690 pages : illustrations, maps, charts ; 27 cm.
  • Introduction What is this book about? Why a critical-state view? Experience of liquefaction Outline of the development of ideas Dilatancy and the state parameter Framework for soil behaviour State parameter approach Evaluating soil behaviour with the state parameter Determining the critical state Uniqueness of the CSL Soil properties Plane strain tests for soil behaviour General soil behaviour from triaxial properties Constitutive modelling for liquefaction Introduction Historical background Representing the critical state Cambridge view State parameter view NorSand constitutive model Comparison of NorSand to experimental data Commentary on aspects of NorSand Determining state parameter in situ Introduction SPT versus CPT Inverse problem: A simple framework Calibration chambers Stress normalization Determining I from CPT Moving from calibration chambers to real sands Elasticity in situ Horizontal geostatic stress Alternative in situ tests to the CPT Commentary on state determination using the CPT Soil variability and characteristic states Introduction Effect of loose pockets on performance Effect of variability of in situ state on cyclic performance Nerlerk case history Assessing the characteristic state of sands Summary Static liquefaction and post-liquefaction strength Introduction Data from laboratory experiments Trends in laboratory data for su and sr Nature of static liquefaction Undrained NorSand Understanding from NorSand Plane strain versus triaxial conditions Steady-state approach to liquefaction Trends from full-scale experience Lower San Fernando Dam revisited How dense is dense enough? Post-liquefaction residual strength Liquefaction assessment for silts Summary Cyclic stress-induced liquefaction (cyclic mobility and softening) Introduction Experimental data Trends in cyclic simple shear behaviour Berkeley school approach State parameter view of the Berkeley approach Theoretical framework for cyclic loading Dealing with soil fabric in situ Summary Finite element modelling of soil liquefaction Introduction Open-source finite element software Software verification Slope liquefaction Commentary Practical implementation of critical state approach Overview Scope of field investigations and laboratory testing Deriving soil properties from laboratory tests Laboratory measurement of cyclic strength Determining soil state by CPT soundings Application to typical problems in sands and silts Concluding remarks Model uncertainty and soil variability State as a geological principle In situ state determination Laboratory strength tests on undisturbed samples Soil plasticity and fabric Relationship to current practice What next? Do download ! A: Stress and strain measures B: Laboratory testing to determine the critical state of sands C: NorSand derivations D: Numerical implementation of NorSand E: Calibration chamber test data F: Some case histories involving liquefaction flow failure G: Seismic liquefaction case histories H: CamClay as a special case of NorSand References.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781482213683 20160718
A Rigorous and Definitive Guide to Soil Liquefaction Soil liquefaction occurs when soil loses much of its strength or stiffness for a time-usually a few minutes or less-and which may then cause structural failure, financial loss, and even death. It can occur during earthquakes, from static loading, or even from traffic-induced vibration. It occurs worldwide and affects soils ranging from gravels to silts. From Basic Physical Principles to Engineering Practice Soil Liquefaction has become widely cited. It is built on the principle that liquefaction can, and must, be understood from mechanics. This second edition is developed from this premise in three respects: with the inclusion of silts and sandy silts commonly encountered as mine tailings, by an extensive treatment of cyclic mobility and the cyclic simple shear test, and through coverage from the "element" scale seen in laboratory testing to the evaluation of "boundary value problems" of civil and mining engineering. As a mechanics-based approach is necessarily numerical, detailed derivations are provided for downloadable open-code software (in both Excel/VBA and C++) including code verifications and validations. The "how-to-use" aspects have been expanded as a result of many conversations with other engineers, and these now cover the derivation of soil properties from laboratory testing through to assessing the in situ state by processing the results of cone penetration testing. Downloadable software is supplied on www.crcpress.com/product/isbn/9781482213683 * Includes derivations in detail so that the origin of the equations is apparent * Provides samples of source code so that the reader can see how complex-looking differentials actually have pretty simple form * Offers a computable constitutive model in accordance with established plasticity theory * Contains case histories of liquefaction * Makes available downloads and source data on the CRC Press website Soil Liquefaction: A Critical State Approach, Second Edition continues to cater to a wide range of readers, from graduate students through to engineering practice.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781482213683 20160718
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
Book
1 online resource (xx, 992 pages) : illustrations, figures, tables ; 24 cm
  • A. About the International Code Council
  • B. About the Authors
  • C. Online Bonus Resources
  • D. Foreword
  • E. Preface
  • F. Acknowledgments
  • 1. SCOPE AND ADMINISTRATION
  • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
  • General
  • Applicability
  • Department of Building Safety
  • Duties and Powers of Building Official
  • Permits
  • Submittal Documents
  • Temporary Structures and Uses
  • Fees
  • Inspections
  • Certificate of Occupancy
  • Service Utilities
  • Board of Appeals
  • Violations
  • Stop Work Order
  • Unsafe Structures and Equipment
  • KEY POINTS
  • 2. DEFINITIONS
  • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
  • General
  • Definitions
  • KEY POINTS
  • 3. USE AND OCCUPANCY CLASSIFICATION
  • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
  • Classification
  • Assembly Group A
  • Business Group B
  • Educational Group E
  • Factory Group F
  • High-Hazard Group H
  • Institutional Group I
  • Mercantile Group M
  • Residential Group R
  • Storage Group S
  • Utility and Miscellaneous Group U
  • KEY POINTS
  • 4. SPECIAL DETAILED REQUIREMENTS BASED ON USE AND OCCUPANCY
  • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
  • Covered Mall and Open Mall Buildings
  • High-Rise Buildings
  • Atriums
  • Underground Buildings
  • Motor-Vehicle-Related Occupancies
  • Group I-2
  • Group I-3
  • Motion-Picture Projection Rooms
  • Stages, Platforms, and Technical Production Areas
  • Special Amusement Buildings
  • Aircraft-Related Occupancies
  • Combustible Storage
  • Hazardous Materials
  • Groups H-1, H-2, H-3, H-4, and H-5
  • Application of Flammable Finishes
  • Drying Rooms
  • Organic Coatings
  • Live/Work Units
  • Groups I-1, R-1, R-2, R-3, and R-4
  • Ambulatory Care Facilities
  • Storm Shelters
  • Children's Play Structures
  • KEY POINTS
  • 5. GENERAL BUILDING HEIGHTS AND AREAS
  • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
  • General
  • General Building Height and Area Limitations
  • Building Height and Number of Stories
  • Mezzanines and Equipment Platforms
  • Building Area
  • Unlimited-Area Buildings
  • Mixed Use and Occupancy
  • Incidental Uses
  • Special Provisions
  • KEY POINTS
  • 6. TYPES OF CONSTRUCTION
  • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
  • Construction Classification
  • Combustible Material in Type I and II Construction
  • KEY POINTS
  • 7. FIRE AND SMOKE PROTECTION FEATURES
  • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
  • Fire-Resistance Ratings and Fire Tests
  • Fire-Resistance Rating of Structural Members
  • Exterior Walls
  • Fire Walls
  • Fire Barriers
  • Fire Partitions
  • Smoke Barriers
  • Smoke Partitions
  • Floor and Roof Assemblies
  • Vertical Openings
  • Shaft Enclosures
  • Penetrations
  • Joint Systems
  • Opening Protectives
  • Ducts and Air Transfer Openings
  • Concealed Spaces
  • Fire-Resistance Requirements for Plaster
  • Thermal- and Sound-Insulating Materials
  • Prescriptive Fire Resistance
  • Calculated Fire Resistance
  • KEY POINTS
  • 8. INTERIOR FINISHES
  • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
  • General
  • Wall and Ceiling Finishes
  • Interior Floor Finish
  • Combustible Materials in Types I and II Construction
  • KEY POINTS
  • 9. FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS
  • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
  • General
  • Automatic Sprinkler Systems
  • Alternative Automatic Fire-Extinguishing Systems
  • Standpipe Systems
  • Fire Alarm and Detection Systems
  • Smoke-Control Systems
  • Smoke and Heat Removal
  • Fire Command Center
  • Emergency Responder Safety Features
  • KEY POINTS
  • 10. MEANS OF EGRESS
  • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
  • Administration
  • Definitions
  • General Means of Egress
  • Occupant Load
  • Means of Egress Sizing
  • Number of Exits and Exit Access Doorways
  • Exit and Exit Access Doorway Configuration
  • Means of Egress Illumination
  • Accessible Means of Egress
  • Doors, Gates, and Turnstiles
  • Stairways
  • Ramps
  • Exit Signs
  • Handrails
  • Guards
  • Exit Access
  • Exit Access Travel Distance
  • Aisles
  • Exit Access Stairways and Ramps
  • Corridors
  • Egress Balconies
  • Exits
  • Interior Exit Stairways and Ramps
  • Exit Passageways
  • Luminous Egress Path Markings
  • Horizontal Exits
  • Exterior Exit Stairways and Ramps
  • Exit Discharge
  • Assembly
  • Emergency Escape and Rescue
  • KEY POINTS.
  • 11. ACCESSIBILITY
  • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
  • General
  • Definitions
  • Scoping Requirements
  • Accessible Route
  • Accessible Entrances
  • Parking and Passenger Loading Facilities
  • Dwelling Units and Sleeping Units
  • Special Occupancies
  • Other Features and Facilities
  • Recreational Facilities
  • Signage
  • KEY POINTS
  • 12. INTERIOR ENVIRONMENT
  • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
  • Ventilation
  • Temperature Control
  • Lighting
  • Yards or Courts
  • Sound Transmission
  • Interior Space Dimensions
  • Access to Unoccupied Spaces
  • Toilet and Bathroom Requirements
  • KEY POINTS
  • 13. ENERGY EFFICIENCY
  • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
  • 14. EXTERIOR WALLS
  • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
  • Definitions
  • Performance Requirements
  • Materials
  • Installation of Wall Coverings
  • Combustible Materials on the Exterior Side of Exterior Walls
  • Metal Composite Materials
  • Exterior Insulation and Finish Systems (EIFS)
  • KEY POINTS
  • 15. ROOF ASSEMBLIES AND ROOFTOP STRUCTURES
  • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
  • Definitions
  • Performance Requirements
  • Fire Classification
  • Materials
  • Rooftop Structures
  • KEY POINTS
  • A. INTRODUCTION TO THE STRUCTURAL PROVISIONS
  • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
  • Structural Design (Chapter 16): Nonseismic
  • Structural Design (Chapter 16): Seismic
  • Structural Design (Chapter 16): Load Combinations
  • 16. STRUCTURAL DESIGN
  • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
  • Introduction
  • General
  • Definitions and Notations
  • Construction Documents
  • General Design Requirements
  • Load Combinations
  • Dead Loads
  • Live Loads
  • Snow Loads
  • Wind Loads
  • Soil Lateral Loads
  • Rain Loads
  • Flood Loads
  • Earthquake Loads
  • Atmospheric Ice Loads
  • Structural Integrity
  • KEY POINTS
  • Example 16-1 Design Axial Force, Shear Force, and Bending Moment for Shear Wall Due to Lateral and Gravity Loads (Strength Design)
  • Example 16-2 Design Axial Force, Shear Force, and Bending Moment for Shear Wall Due to Lateral and Gravity Loads (Allowable Stress Design Using Basic Load Combinations)
  • Example 16-3 Design Axial Force, Shear Force, and Bending Moment for Shear Wall Due to Lateral and Gravity Loads (Allowable Stress Design Using Alternate Basic Load Combinations)
  • Example 16-4 Calculations of Live Load Reduction
  • 17. SPECIAL INSPECTIONS AND TESTS
  • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
  • Introduction
  • General
  • Definitions
  • Approvals
  • Special Inspections and Tests, Contractor Responsibility, and Structural Observations
  • Required Special Inspections and Tests
  • Design Strengths of Materials
  • Alternate Test Procedures
  • In Situ Load Tests
  • Preconstruction Load Tests
  • KEY POINTS
  • 18. SOILS AND FOUNDATIONS
  • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
  • Introduction
  • General
  • Definitions
  • Geotechnical Investigations
  • Excavation, Grading, and Fill
  • Dampproofing and Waterproofing
  • Presumptive Load-Bearing Values of Soils
  • Foundation Walls, Retaining Walls, and Embedded Posts and Poles
  • Foundations
  • Shallow Foundations
  • Deep Foundations
  • KEY POINTS
  • 19. CONCRETE
  • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
  • Introduction
  • General
  • Definitions
  • Specifications for Tests and Materials
  • Durability Requirements
  • Modifications to ACI 318
  • Structural Plain Concrete
  • Minimum Slab Provisions
  • Shotcrete
  • KEY POINTS
  • 20. ALUMINUM
  • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
  • Introduction
  • Materials
  • KEY POINTS
  • 21. MASONRY
  • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
  • Introduction
  • General
  • Definitions and Notations
  • Masonry Construction Materials
  • Construction
  • Quality Assurance
  • Seismic Design
  • Allowable Stress Design
  • Strength Design of Masonry
  • Empirical Design of Masonry
  • Glass Unit Masonry
  • Masonry Fireplaces
  • Masonry Heaters
  • Masonry Chimneys
  • KEY POINTS
  • 22. STEEL
  • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
  • Introduction
  • General
  • Definitions
  • Identification and Protection of Steel for Structural Purposes
  • Connections
  • Structural Steel
  • Composite Structural Steel and Concrete Structures
  • Steel Joists
  • Steel Cable Structures
  • Steel Storage Racks
  • Cold-Formed Steel
  • Cold-Formed Steel Light-Framed Construction
  • KEY POINTS.
  • 23. WOOD
  • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
  • Introduction
  • General
  • Definitions
  • Minimum Standards and Quality
  • General Construction Requirements
  • General Design Requirements for Lateral-Force-Resisting Systems
  • Allowable Stress Design
  • Load and Resistance Factor Design
  • Conventional Light-Frame Construction
  • Wood Frame Construction Manual
  • KEY POINTS
  • 24. GLASS AND GLAZING
  • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
  • General Requirements for Glass
  • Wind, Snow, Seismic, and Dead Loads on Glass
  • Sloped Glazing and Skylights
  • Safety Glazing
  • Glass in Handrails and Guards
  • Glazing in Athletic Facilities
  • KEY POINTS
  • 25. GYPSUM BOARD, GYPSUM PANEL PRODUCTS, AND PLASTER
  • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
  • Scope
  • Definitions
  • Gypsum Construction
  • Lathing and Furring for Cement Plaster (Stucco)
  • Interior Plaster
  • Exterior Plaster
  • KEY POINTS
  • 26. PLASTIC
  • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
  • Foam Plastic Insulation
  • Interior Finish and Trim
  • Plastic Veneer
  • Light-Transmitting Plastics
  • Light-Transmitting Plastic Wall Panels
  • Light-Transmitting Plastic Glazing
  • Light-Transmitting Plastic Roof Panels
  • Light-Transmitting Plastic Skylight Glazing
  • KEY POINTS
  • 27. ELECTRICAL
  • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
  • Emergency and Standby Power Systems
  • 28. MECHANICAL
  • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
  • 29. PLUMBING
  • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
  • Minimum Plumbing Facilities
  • KEY POINTS
  • 30. ELEVATORS AND CONVEYING SYSTEMS
  • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
  • Hoistway Enclosures
  • Emergency Operations
  • Elevator Lobbies and Hoistway Opening Protection
  • Fire Service Access Elevator
  • Occupant Evacuation Elevators
  • KEY POINTS
  • 31. SPECIAL CONSTRUCTION
  • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
  • Membrane Structures
  • Pedestrian Walkways and Tunnels
  • Marquees
  • KEY POINTS
  • 32. ENCROACHMENTS IN THE PUBLIC RIGHT-OF-WAY
  • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
  • General
  • Encroachments
  • 33. SAFEGUARDS DURING CONSTRUCTION
  • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
  • Construction Safeguards
  • Demolition
  • Site Work
  • Protection of Pedestrians
  • Protection of Adjoining Property
  • Temporary Use of Streets, Alleys, and Public Property
  • Fire Extinguishers
  • Means of Egress
  • Standpipes
  • KEY POINTS
  • 34. RESERVED
  • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
  • 35. REFERENCED STANDARDS
  • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
  • B. APPENDICES
  • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
  • Appendix A Employee Qualifications
  • Appendix B Board of Appeals
  • Appendix C Group U Agricultural Buildings
  • Appendix D Fire Districts
  • Appendix E Supplementary Accessibility Requirements
  • Appendix F Rodentproofing
  • Appendix G Flood-Resistant Construction
  • Appendix H Signs
  • Appendix I Patio Covers
  • Appendix J Grading
  • Appendix K Administrative Provisions
  • Appendix L Earthquake Recording Instrumentation
  • Appendix M Tsunami-Generated Flood Hazard
  • C. METRIC CONVERSION TABLE
  • CHAPTER PRELIMINARIES
  • Metric Units, System International (SI)
  • Soft Metrication
  • Hard Metrication.
An easy-to-use visual guide to the 2015 International Building Code(R) Thoroughly revised to reflect the International Code Council's 2015 International Building Code(R), this full-color guide makes it easy to understand and apply complex IBC(R) provisions and achieve compliance. With an emphasis on structural and fire- and life-safety requirements, this practical resource has been designed to save time and money. The 2015 International Building Code(R) Illustrated Handbook provides all the information you need to get construction jobs done right, on time, and up to the requirements of the 2015 IBC(R). Access to a suite of online bonus features is included with the book. Achieve Full Compliance with the 2015 IBC(R): Scope and Administration Definitions Use and Occupancy Classification Special Detailed Requirements Based on Use and Occupancy General Building Heights and Areas Types of Construction Fire and Smoke Protection Features Interior Finishes Fire Protection Systems Means of Egress Accessibility Interior Environment Exterior Walls Roof Assemblies and Rooftop Structures Structural Design Structural Tests and Special Inspections Soils and Foundations Concrete Masonry Steel Wood Glass and Glazing Gypsum Board and Plaster Plastic Plumbing Elevators and Conveying Systems Special Construction Encroachments in the Public Right-of-Way Safeguards During Construction Appendices.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781259586125 20160619
Book
1344 p. : ill., figs., tables.
  • About the author
  • B. Dedication
  • C. Preface to the third edition
  • D. Preface to the second edition
  • E. Preface to the first edition
  • F. Units and unit conversions
  • Angle
  • Length
  • Area
  • Volume
  • Velocity
  • Volumetric flow rate
  • Permeability
  • Mass
  • Density
  • Runoff or precipitation depth
  • Pressure/stress
  • Force
  • Energy
  • Power
  • Concentration
  • Earth parameters
  • Universal constants
  • 101. Strength of materials
  • Sign convention for stresses
  • Centroid of an area by integration
  • Centroid of a compound area—weighted average
  • Various section properties
  • Bending stress
  • Plastic collapse mechanisms
  • Combined axial and bending stress
  • Shear stress due to transverse load
  • Shear stress due to torsion—circular sections
  • Shear stress due to torsion—rectangular sections
  • Shear stress due to torsion—thin-walled sections
  • Stresses in pressure vessels
  • Mohr's circle: normal (σ) and shear stress (τ) combination
  • Indeterminate problems in strength of materials
  • Tensile test
  • Compression test
  • Split cylinder test
  • Third-point loading test of a beam (flexure)
  • 102. Statically determinate structures
  • Vector
  • Dot product
  • Cross product
  • Equivalent force system
  • Analysis of trusses
  • Truss member forces—method of joints
  • Truss member forces—method of sections
  • Identification of zero-force members
  • Truss deflection—method of virtual work
  • Cables under point loads
  • Cables under uniformly distributed load
  • Shear force and bending moment
  • Beam deflection—the elastic curve
  • Direct integration method
  • Moment-area method
  • Conjugate beam method
  • Unit load method
  • Beam deflection equations
  • Influence lines
  • Shear at midspan of uniformly loaded beams
  • Influence of a series of concentrated loads
  • Calculating effect of concentrated and distributed loads
  • 103. Introduction to indeterminate structures
  • Stability and determinacy
  • Determinate versus indeterminate structures
  • The general force method
  • Force method illustration
  • Castigliano's method
  • Castigliano's method applied to trusses
  • Castigliano's method applied to beams
  • Displacement methods
  • Moment-distribution method
  • The slope-deflection method
  • Using results from moment-distribution or slope-deflection methods
  • Fixed-end moments
  • Approximate methods for building frames
  • 104. Concrete fundamentals
  • Absolute volume method
  • Aci provisions
  • Reinforcement
  • Strength design approach
  • Load combinations (asce-7)
  • Significant changes from aci 318-08 to aci 318-11
  • 105. Reinforced concrete beams
  • General
  • Design moments at critical locations
  • Cracked section characteristics
  • Aci limits on flexural reinforcement
  • Spacing guidelines
  • Flexural capacity of singly reinforced concrete beams
  • Design problems
  • Doubly reinforced rectangular section
  • Singly reinforced t-beams
  • Design of reinforced concrete beams for shear
  • Shear at midspan of uniformly loaded beams
  • Development length of reinforcement
  • 106. Reinforced concrete slabs
  • General
  • One-way reinforced concrete slabs
  • Minimum slab thickness
  • Temperature and shrinkage reinforcement
  • Two-way reinforced concrete slabs
  • Slabs on grade
  • Expansive soils
  • Capacity of anchors in concrete
  • Tension
  • 107. Reinforced concrete columns
  • Guidelines on longitudinal reinforcement
  • Short versus long columns
  • Axial load capacity of short rc columns
  • Column interaction diagrams
  • Long columns
  • 108. Prestressed concrete
  • General
  • Combined stresses
  • Allowable stresses (pci)
  • Standard tables from pci design handbook
  • Prestress losses.
  • 109. Steel tension members
  • Allowable strength design (asd)
  • Load and resistance factor design (lrfd)
  • Analysis and design of tension members
  • Nominal strength
  • Net area in tension
  • Net area for staggered bolt lines
  • Effective net area
  • Aisc load tables
  • Block shear
  • Pin-connected tension members
  • 110. Steel compression members
  • Stability of axially loaded columns—euler buckling
  • Critical buckling stress for steel columns
  • Braced columns
  • Effective length for columns in a frame
  • Column with slender elements
  • Single-angle compression elements
  • Built-up compression members
  • Column base plates
  • 111. Steel beams
  • General flexure theory
  • Progressive increase of flexural stresses
  • Elastic section modulus
  • Plastic section modulus
  • Design of steel beams—aisc specifications
  • Bending coefficient cb
  • Beam design using zx tables
  • Beam design using charts
  • Compactness criteria
  • Flexural strength of noncompact sections
  • Design for shear
  • Floor framing systems
  • Composite construction
  • Use of composite beam design tables in aisc steel construction manual
  • Beam bearing plate design
  • Design of built-up beams (plate girders)
  • Flexural strength of built-up beams
  • Shear strength of built-up beams
  • Web plate buckling coefficient (kv)
  • Web shear coefficient (cv)
  • Tension field action
  • 112. Bolted and welded connections
  • General
  • Snug-tight versus slip-critical connections
  • Bearing type connections
  • Slip-critical connections
  • Bolt group subject to shear and torsion
  • Capacity of bolted connections—design tables in scm, 14th edition
  • Bolts subject to shear and tension
  • Basic weld symbols
  • Weld specifications
  • Fillet-welded joints
  • Fillet weld features
  • Strength of a fillet weld
  • Second moments of weld runs
  • Inspection criteria for welds and bolts
  • 113. Bridge design (aashto lrfd)
  • Design philosophy—lrfd
  • Lrfd load combinations
  • Deflection limits
  • Minimum depth of superstructure
  • Multiple presence of live load
  • Vehicular live load
  • Pedestrian loads
  • Dynamic load allowance
  • Wind on superstructure (w)
  • Wind on live load (wl)
  • Design of deck cantilever and railings
  • Deck design
  • Bending moment in slab
  • Concrete design
  • Distribution of wheel loads to girders
  • Effective width of flange
  • Shear connector design
  • Steps in shear connector design
  • Deflections
  • 114. Timber design
  • Bending stress
  • Shear stress
  • Modulus of elasticity
  • Stress modification factors
  • Design of timber columns
  • Section properties of beams and joists
  • Section properties of planks
  • Section properties of decking
  • 115. Masonry design
  • Strain compatibility
  • Modulus of elasticity of masonry
  • Transformed section
  • Allowable stresses in masonry
  • Modulus of rupture
  • Design coefficients (working stress design)
  • Design for flexure
  • Design of masonry lintels
  • Cracking moment
  • Design for axial compression
  • Design for shear
  • Reinforced masonry walls
  • 116. Design loads on buildings and other structures
  • Introduction
  • Risk category
  • Live loads
  • Snow loads
  • Lateral force resisting system (lfrs)
  • Wind loads
  • Wind loads on buildings—directional procedure
  • Seismic loads
  • Structural systems
  • Response modification factor (r)
  • Seismic spectra
  • Diaphragms
  • Shear wall system—center of rigidity
  • 201. Phase relationships for soils
  • Soil as a three-phase system
  • Fundamental definitions
  • Shrinkage and swell.
  • 202. Soil sampling and testing
  • Guidelines for subsurface sampling
  • Interpretation of boring logs
  • Soil sampling techniques
  • Rock quality designation
  • Unconfined compression strength of rock
  • Rock mass rating system
  • Effective stress
  • Soil consistency
  • Atterberg limit tests
  • Standard penetration test
  • Correlation between n value and bearing capacity
  • Relative density
  • Cone penetrometer test (cpt)
  • Vane shear test
  • Direct shear test
  • Unconfined compression test
  • Compaction
  • Standard proctor test
  • Compaction effort
  • Dynamic compaction techniques
  • Field monitoring of compaction
  • Triaxial test fundamentals
  • Relevance of various types of triaxial tests
  • Consolidation
  • Consolidation settlement (primary)
  • Consolidation rate
  • Settlement from secondary consolidation
  • Effect of sample disturbance
  • California bearing ratio test
  • Hveem stabilometer test
  • Shear strength by direct methods
  • Deformation moduli
  • Permeability tests
  • In-place density
  • 203. Soil classification
  • Sieve sizes
  • Usda textural classification of soils
  • Particle size distribution curves
  • Hydrometer analysis
  • Unified soil classification system (uscs)
  • Aashto soil classification
  • Group index (gi)
  • Burmister soil classification system
  • 204. Vertical stress increase at depth
  • Approximate methods
  • Boussinesq model for stress under uniformly loaded area
  • Newmark's chart for graphical solution of boussinesq's equation
  • Stress increase due to a point load
  • Stress increase due to a line load
  • Stress increase due to a strip load
  • Stress increase due to uniformly loaded circular footing
  • Load on buried pipes
  • 205. Flow through porous media
  • Groundwater distribution
  • Darcy's law for seepage
  • Hydraulic conductivity
  • Laboratory measurement of hydraulic conductivity
  • Equivalent hydraulic conductivity (layered soils)
  • Field measurement of hydraulic conductivity
  • Flow nets
  • Calculation of seepage flow from flow nets
  • Anisotropic soils
  • Uplift pressure under hydraulic structures
  • Expansive soils
  • Gravity dams
  • Aquifers
  • Karst
  • Unsteady well hydraulics—theis method
  • Groundwater dewatering
  • Wellpoint systems
  • Dewatering using a circular array of wellpoints
  • 206. Shallow foundations
  • Shallow foundations
  • General
  • Ultimate bearing capacity
  • Shape correction factors
  • Depth correction factors
  • Load inclination correction factors
  • Factor of safety for bearing capacity
  • Local shear failure
  • Dynamic loads
  • Allowable bearing pressure in sand based on settlement
  • Effect of water table on bearing capacity
  • Coefficient of subgrade reaction
  • Combined footing
  • Combined footing—design
  • Mat foundations
  • Differential settlement of mats
  • Compensated foundations
  • Strap footing—design
  • Eccentric load on a shallow footing
  • Shear in footings—one-way and two-way shear
  • Elastic settlement under shallow foundations
  • Settlement of granular soils—schmertmann and hartman
  • 207. Deep foundations
  • Deep foundations
  • Site conditions
  • Materials
  • Pile classification
  • Point bearing capacity
  • Side friction capacity
  • Skin friction coefficient
  • Capacity of pile groups
  • Special consideration for steel h-section piles
  • Pile groups subject to overturning moment
  • Caissons
  • Batter piles
  • Laterally loaded long piles
  • Pullout resistance
  • Negative skin friction
  • Settlement of piles
  • Elastic settlement of pile groups
  • Consolidation settlement of pile groups
  • Pile-driving formula.
  • 208. Retaining walls
  • General
  • Retaining wall types
  • Typical damage to retaining walls
  • Planning
  • Recommendations for design and construction
  • Lateral earth pressure
  • Wall movement necessary to develop lateral pressures
  • Stability and strength checks
  • Active earth pressure
  • Passive earth pressure
  • Rankine's theory for earth pressure
  • Suitability number
  • Steps for evaluating stability of a retaining wall
  • Retaining wall with key
  • Horizontal pressure on retaining walls due to surface loads
  • Mechanically stabilized earth (mse) walls
  • 209. Support of excavation
  • Types of excavation
  • Modes of failure
  • Stabilization
  • Bottom heave in a cut in clay
  • Typical plan and elevation of a braced excavation
  • Equivalent pressure diagrams for braced cuts
  • Design of sheet pile walls
  • Ultimate resistance of tiebacks
  • Secant piles
  • Tangent pile wall
  • Osha regulations for excavations
  • 1926 cfr subpart p appendix b—sloping and benching
  • 210. Slope stability
  • Modes of slope failure
  • Causes of slope failure
  • Total versus effective stress analysis
  • Stability of infinite slopes (no seepage)
  • Stability of infinite slopes (with seepage)
  • Stability of finite slopes
  • Stability of finite slope in clay (taylor)
  • Slope stabilization methods
  • Recommended safety factors
  • Slope protection
  • 211. Seismic topics in geotechnical engineering
  • Seismic stress waves
  • Vibration transmission through soils
  • Liquefaction
  • Liquefaction mitigation techniques
  • Bearing capacity under dynamic loading
  • Cyclic stress ratio
  • Glossary of earthquake-related terms
  • 212. Earthwork
  • General
  • Area by coordinates
  • Shrinkage and bulking
  • Using the mass diagram
  • Earthwork—borrow pit method (also known as grid method)
  • 301. Basic fluid mechanics
  • Conservation of mass
  • Conservation of energy
  • Conservation of momentum
  • Energy grade line and hydraulic grade line
  • Viscosity
  • Static pressure on submerged surfaces
  • Dynamic similarity
  • Laminar versus turbulent flow
  • 302. Closed conduit hydraulics
  • General
  • Darcy-weisbach equation
  • Hazen-williams equation
  • Minor losses
  • Pipe networks
  • Two-node network
  • Flow measurement devices
  • Pumps
  • Pump affinity laws
  • Improving pipeline efficiency
  • System curve
  • Pump curves
  • Pumps in series
  • Pumps in parallel
  • Cavitation
  • Cavitation index
  • Water hammer (surge)
  • Variation of atmospheric pressure with elevation
  • 303. Open channel hydraulics
  • Fundamentals
  • Velocity in open channels
  • Hydraulic parameters of straight-sided open channels
  • Hydraulic parameters of circular open channels
  • Friction loss in open channels
  • Rectangular open channels
  • Alternate depths
  • Effect of variations in the channel floor
  • Momentum in open channels
  • Most efficient channel section
  • Normal depth of flow in circular open channels
  • Normal depth of flow in channels with straight sides
  • Critical depth of flow in open channels
  • Critical depth in circular conduits
  • Critical depth in straight-sided channels
  • Occurrence of critical depth in open channels
  • Open channels having compound cross sections
  • Flow in gutters and swales
  • Flow measurement with weirs
  • Gradually varied flow in open channels
  • Classification of surface profiles
  • Hydraulic jump
  • Conservation of momentum—nonrectangular open channel
  • Shear stress on channel bed
  • Flow in culverts
  • 304. Hydrology
  • Hydrologic balance
  • Precipitation
  • Rainfall intensity
  • Recorded precipitation data
  • Intensity-duration-frequency curves
  • Time of concentration
  • Rainfall distribution by storm type
  • Hydrograph separation
  • Unit hydrograph
  • Nrcs synthetic unit hydrograph
  • Hydrograph synthesis
  • Runoff estimation by nrcs curve number
  • Peak discharge
  • Rational method for predicting runoff
  • Modified rational method
  • Reservoir sizing using the rippl diagram.
  • 305. Water supply quantity and quality
  • Determination of needed fire flow
  • Drinking water treatment and distribution
  • National primary drinking water standards (epa)
  • National secondary drinking water standards (epa)
  • Dissolved oxygen in water
  • Saturated dissolved oxygen
  • Biochemical oxygen demand
  • Temperature dependence of bod rate constant
  • Standard bod test
  • Seeded bod test
  • Carbonaceous versus nitrogenous oxygen demand
  • Limitations of the bod test
  • Chemical oxygen demand
  • Total organic carbon
  • Dilution purification of wastewater streams
  • Streeter-phelps equations
  • Hardness in water
  • Hardness removal
  • Ph and poh
  • Calculation of ph for weak and strong acids
  • Equilibrium constant, dissociation, and ph
  • Alkalinity
  • Analysis of solids data
  • Toxicity
  • 306. Water and wastewater treatment
  • Total maximum daily load (tmdl)
  • National pollutant discharge elimination system
  • Municipal separate storm sewer system (ms4)
  • Water quality–based effluent limits (wqbel)
  • Wastewater flow rates for various sources
  • Municipal wastewater treatment
  • Lift stations
  • Reactors used for wastewater treatment
  • Reaction kinetics and reactor hydraulics
  • Physical unit operations in wastewater treatment
  • Screening
  • Mixing and flocculation
  • Settling of particles
  • Settling column data—analysis
  • Grit removal
  • Primary sedimentation tanks
  • Absorption versus adsorption
  • Chemical processes for wastewater treatment
  • Chemical neutralization
  • Log inactivation
  • Biological wastewater treatment
  • Bacterial biochemistry
  • Aerobic versus anaerobic biological treatment
  • Population growth of bacteria
  • Hydraulic detention time
  • Indicator organisms
  • Identification, isolation, and enumeration of bacteria
  • Activated sludge process
  • Mass balance for a closed system boundary
  • Sludge bulking
  • Completely mixed aerated lagoons
  • Rotating biological contactors
  • Trickling filters
  • Nutrient removal from wastewater streams
  • Biological nitrification and denitrification
  • 401. Capacity analysis
  • Transportation planning
  • Trip generation
  • Gravity model for trip distribution
  • Modal split by the logit model
  • Travel speed
  • Design traffic volume
  • Speed-volume-density relationships
  • Time-mean speed versus space-mean speed
  • Speed-volume-density models
  • Shockwave in traffic stream
  • Queueing theory—m/m/1 queue
  • Constant acceleration and deceleration
  • Level of service for transit facilities
  • Choice to use public transit
  • Parking facilities
  • 402. Highway safety
  • Postimpact behavior of vehicles
  • Design of crash cushions
  • Accident rates
  • Accident countermeasures
  • Clear zone
  • 403. Sight distance
  • Aashto recommendations
  • Acceleration and deceleration
  • Sight distance on vertical curves
  • Horizontal curves
  • Decision sight distance
  • Passing sight distance
  • 404. Highway curves
  • Elements of surveying
  • Horizontal curves
  • Horizontal curve layout—by deflection angle
  • Horizontal curve layout—by chord offset
  • Horizontal curve layout—by tangent offset
  • Offtracking and pavement widening
  • Turning roadways at intersections
  • Compound curves
  • Vertical curves
  • Parabolic curve to pass through a given point
  • Unsymmetrical vertical curves
  • Spiral curves
  • 405. Superelevation
  • Forces acting on a turning vehicle
  • Maximum superelevation rates
  • Coefficient of side friction
  • Distribution of e and f over a range of curves
  • Transition to superelevation
  • Maximum gradient for superelevation runoff
  • Spiral curves
  • 406. Freeways
  • Level of service
  • Default values of parameters
  • Free-flow speed
  • Flow rate
  • Peak-hour factor
  • Heavy vehicle factor
  • Driver population factor
  • Determining level of service
  • Weaving.
  • 407. Multilane highways
  • Level of service
  • Default values of parameters
  • Free-flow speed
  • Flow rate
  • Peak-hour factor
  • Heavy vehicle factor
  • Driver population factor
  • Determining level of service
  • Urban streets
  • 408. Two-lane highways
  • General
  • Classification of two-lane highways
  • Level of service
  • Methodology for class i two-lane highways
  • Methodology for class ii two-lane highways
  • Methodology for class iii two-lane highways
  • 409. Signalization warrants
  • Warrant 1—eight-hour vehicular volume
  • Warrant 2—four-hour vehicular volume
  • Warrant 3—peak-hour volume
  • Warrant 4—pedestrian volume
  • Warrant 5—school crossing
  • Warrant 6—coordinated signal system
  • Warrant 7—crash experience
  • Warrant 8—roadway network
  • Warrant 9—signalization of an intersection near a grade crossing
  • 410. Intersections
  • General
  • Level of service
  • Sight distance at intersections
  • Critical gap
  • Criteria for installing multiway stop control (mutcd)
  • Geometric characteristics of intersections
  • Capacity and level of service at signalized intersections
  • Critical lane volumes at an intersection
  • Length of storage bay in a dedicated left turn lane
  • Storage length at unsignalized intersections
  • Auxiliary lanes
  • Change and clearance intervals at an intersection
  • Effective green time
  • Saturation flow rate
  • Capacity of a lane group
  • Optimal signal cycle length—webster's theory
  • Time-space diagram
  • Guidelines for pedestrian facilities
  • Level of service for pedestrians
  • Effective walkway width
  • Minimum green time for pedestrians
  • Highway interchanges
  • Roundabout design
  • Provisions of the aashto guide for the planning, design, and operation of pedestrian facilities
  • Provisions of the aashto policy on geometric design of highways and streets (green book)
  • 411. Design of highway pavements
  • Equivalent single axle load
  • Flexible pavements
  • Stress distribution within the pavement thickness
  • Structural number
  • Flexible pavement design
  • Purposes of compaction
  • Asphalt
  • Superpave
  • Aggregates in asphalt mix
  • Hot-mix asphalt-volumetric relationships
  • Rigid pavement design
  • Mechanistic-empirical pavement design guide (aashto) principles
  • Frost action
  • 501. Engineering economics
  • Types of cash flow
  • The year-end accounting convention
  • Nonannual compounding
  • Engineering economics factors
  • Present worth
  • Principal in a sinking fund
  • Nonannual compounding
  • Capitalized cost
  • Equivalent uniform annual cost
  • Depreciation
  • Tax issues
  • Bonds
  • Break-even analysis
  • Benefit-cost analysis
  • 502. Probability and statistics
  • Probabilistic basis for design
  • System reliability
  • Normal distribution
  • Student's t-distribution
  • Binomial distribution
  • Quality control
  • Lot size and inspection level
  • Linear regression
  • 503. Project scheduling
  • Gantt charts
  • Critical path analysis
  • Lag information
  • Time-cost tradeoff
  • Earned value management (evm)
  • Project crashing
  • Resource leveling
  • Machine production
  • Production cycle time
  • Equipment balancing
  • Pert
  • 504. Design loads during construction
  • Load combinations
  • Personnel and vehicle loads (cp)
  • Material loads
  • Horizontal construction load (ch)
  • Form pressure
  • Personnel and equipment load reduction (asce 37)
  • Operational class of working surfaces
  • Importance factor
  • Lifting and rigging
  • 505. Scaffolding
  • Definitions
  • Capacity of scaffold components
  • Required width of scaffold platforms
  • Allowable span and overhang specifications for platforms
  • Criteria for supported scaffolds
  • Criteria for suspension scaffolds
  • Access
  • Ramps and walkways
  • Clearance between scaffolds and power lines
  • Fall protection
  • Protection from falling objects
  • Specifications for guardrails
  • Examples of scaffolds.
  • 506. Formwork for concrete
  • Terminology
  • General
  • Materials
  • Causes of formwork failure
  • Shoring/reshoring of concrete multistory buildings
  • Design loads on concrete formwork
  • Lateral pressure from fresh concrete
  • Modifications to form pressure
  • Formwork components
  • Concrete maturity
  • Nurse-saul function
  • Mass concrete
  • Guidelines for form removal
  • Labor costs for forming
  • Falsework
  • Slipforming
  • 507. Excavations
  • Site layout and control
  • Terminology
  • Classification of soil and rock deposits
  • Maximum allowable slopes
  • Underpinning
  • 508. Erosion control
  • General
  • Storm water discharge permits
  • Pollution prevention plan
  • Storm water management
  • Energy dissipaters
  • Natural methods of erosion control
  • Structural methods of erosion control
  • 509. Occupational safety
  • Osha regulations for construction projects
  • Rules of construction
  • Personal protective equipment (ppe)
  • Emergency response
  • Toilets
  • Noise exposure
  • Light exposure
  • Signs, signals, and barricades
  • Fall protection
  • Bracing of masonry walls
  • Steel erection
  • 510. Quantity estimating
  • Quantity estimation for excavations
  • A. End-of-chapter practice problems
  • Chapter 101: strength of materials
  • Chapter 102: statically determinate structures
  • Chapter 103: introduction to indeterminate structures
  • Chapter 104: concrete fundamentals
  • Chapter 105: reinforced concrete beams
  • Chapter 106: reinforced concrete slabs
  • Chapter 107: reinforced concrete columns
  • Chapter 108: prestressed concrete
  • Chapter 109: steel tension members
  • Chapter 110: steel compression members
  • Chapter 111: steel beams
  • Chapter 112: bolted and welded connections
  • Chapter 113: bridge design (aashto lrfd)
  • Chapter 114: timber design
  • Chapter 115: masonry design
  • Chapter 201: phase relationships for soils
  • Chapter 202: soil sampling and testing
  • Chapter 203: soil classification
  • Chapter 204: vertical stress increase at depth
  • Chapter 205: flow through porous media
  • Chapter 206: shallow foundations
  • Chapter 207: deep foundations
  • Chapter 208: retaining walls
  • Chapter 209: support of excavation
  • Chapter 210: slope stability
  • Chapter 211: seismic topics in geotechnical engineering
  • Chapter 212: earthwork
  • Chapter 301: basic fluid mechanics
  • Chapter 302: closed conduit hydraulics
  • Chapter 303: open channel hydraulics
  • Chapter 304: hydrology
  • Chapter 305: water supply quantity and quality
  • Chapter 306: water and wastewater treatment
  • Chapter 401: capacity analysis
  • Chapter 402: highway safety
  • Chapter 403: sight distance
  • Chapter 404: highway curves
  • Chapter 405: superelevation
  • Chapter 406: freeways
  • Chapter 407: multilane highways
  • Chapter 408: two-lane highways
  • Chapter 409: signalization warrants
  • Chapter 410: intersections
  • Chapter 411: design of highway pavements
  • Chapter 501: engineering economics
  • Chapter 502: probability and statistics
  • Chapter 503: project scheduling
  • Chapter 504: design loads during construction
  • Chapter 505: scaffolding
  • Chapter 506: formwork for concrete
  • Chapter 507: excavations
  • Chapter 508: erosion control
  • Chapter 509: occupational safety
  • B. Solutions to end-of-chapter practice problems
  • Chapter 101: strength of materials
  • Chapter 102: statically determinate structures
  • Chapter 103: introduction to indeterminate structures
  • Chapter 104: concrete fundamentals.
  • Chapter 105: reinforced concrete beams
  • Chapter 106: reinforced concrete slabs
  • Chapter 107: reinforced concrete columns
  • Chapter 108: prestressed concrete
  • Chapter 109: steel tension members
  • Chapter 110: steel compression members
  • Chapter 111: steel beams
  • Chapter 112: bolted and welded connections
  • Chapter 113: bridge design (aashto lrfd)
  • Chapter 114: timber design
  • Chapter 115: masonry design
  • Chapter 201: phase relationships for soils
  • Chapter 202: soil sampling and testing
  • Chapter 203: soil classification
  • Chapter 204: vertical stress increase at depth
  • Chapter 205: flow through porous media
  • Chapter 206: shallow foundations
  • Chapter 207: deep foundations
  • Chapter 208: retaining walls
  • Chapter 209: support of excavation
  • Chapter 210: slope stability
  • Chapter 211: seismic topics in geotechnical engineering
  • Chapter 212: earthwork
  • Chapter 301: basic fluid mechanics
  • Chapter 302: closed conduit hydraulics
  • Chapter 303: open channel hydraulics
  • Chapter 304: hydrology
  • Chapter 305: water supply quantity and quality
  • Chapter 306: water and wastewater treatment
  • Chapter 401: capacity analysis
  • Chapter 402: highway safety
  • Chapter 403: sight distance
  • Chapter 404: highway curves
  • Chapter 405: superelevation
  • Chapter 406: freeways
  • Chapter 407: multilane highways
  • Chapter 408: two-lane highways
  • Chapter 409: signalization warrants
  • Chapter 410: intersections
  • Chapter 411: design of highway pavements
  • Chapter 501: engineering economics
  • Chapter 502: probability and statistics
  • Chapter 503: project scheduling
  • Chapter 504: design loads during construction
  • Chapter 505: scaffolding
  • Chapter 506: formwork for concrete
  • Chapter 507: excavations
  • Chapter 508: erosion control
  • Chapter 509: occupational safety
  • B. Solutions to end-of-chapter practice problems
  • Chapter 101: strength of materials
  • Chapter 102: statically determinate structures
  • Chapter 103: introduction to indeterminate structures
  • Chapter 104: concrete fundamentals
  • Chapter 105: reinforced concrete beams
  • Chapter 106: reinforced concrete slabs
  • Chapter 107: reinforced concrete columns
  • Chapter 108: prestressed concrete
  • Chapter 109: steel tension members
  • Chapter 110: steel compression members
  • Chapter 111: steel beams
  • Chapter 112: bolted and welded connections
  • Chapter 113: bridge design (aashto lrfd)
  • Chapter 114: timber design
  • Chapter 115: masonry design
  • Chapter 201: phase relationships for soils
  • Chapter 202: soil sampling and testing
  • Chapter 203: soil classification
  • Chapter 204: vertical stress increase at depth
  • Chapter 205: flow through porous media
  • Chapter 206: shallow foundations
  • Chapter 207: deep foundations
  • Chapter 208: retaining walls
  • Chapter 209: support of excavation
  • Chapter 210: slope stability
  • Chapter 211: seismic topics in geotechnical engineering
  • Chapter 212: earthwork
  • Chapter 301: basic fluid mechanics
  • Chapter 302: closed conduit hydraulics
  • Chapter 303: open channel hydraulics
  • Chapter 304: hydrology
  • Chapter 305: water supply quantity and quality
  • Chapter 306: water and wastewater treatment
  • Chapter 401: capacity analysis
  • Chapter 402: highway safety
  • Chapter 403: sight distance
  • Chapter 404: highway curves
  • Chapter 405: superelevation
  • Chapter 406: freeways
  • Chapter 407: multilane highways
  • Chapter 408: two-lane highways
  • Chapter 409: signalization warrants
  • Chapter 410: intersections
  • Chapter 411: design of highway pavements
  • Chapter 501: engineering economics
  • Chapter 502: probability and statistics
  • Chapter 503: project scheduling
  • Chapter 504: design loads during construction
  • Chapter 505: scaffolding
  • Chapter 506: formwork for concrete
  • Chapter 507: excavations
  • Chapter 508: erosion control
  • Chapter 509: occupational safety.
The most complete, current civil engineering PE exam guide Thoroughly revised to comply with the new PE Civil syllabus, effective April 2015, and the latest specifications and design standards, Civil Engineering PE All-in-One Exam Guide, Third Edition, covers all the topics on the Principles and Practice of Civil Engineering exam, given by the National Council of Examiners for Engineering and Surveying (NCEES). This edition features two new chapters on building analysis and design and quantity estimating as well as new and updated material throughout. Presented in the Breadth and Depth format of the actual exam, this authoritative volume provides equations, diagrams, exam preparation strategies, and more than 190 end-of-chapter practice questions with solutions. Designed to help you pass the exam with ease, this comprehensive resource also serves as an essential on-the-job reference. Covers all exam topics, including: Structural: loadings; analysis; mechanics of materials; materials; member design Geotechnical: site characterization; soil mechanics; laboratory and field testing; earthquake engineering; earth structures; groundwater and seepage; shallow and deep foundations; retaining structures Water resources and environmental: hydraulics; hydrology; water quality, treatment, and distribution; wastewater treatment Transportation: traffic analysis and planning; geometric design; intersection analysis; signalization and traffic control; traffic safety Construction: earthwork construction and layout; estimating quantities and costs; construction operations and methods; scheduling; material quality control and production; temporary structures; health and safety.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780071821957 20160618
Collection
Software and data produced by Baker Research Group
This page provides data and code to document the referenced paper, which examines four methods by which ground motions can be selected for dynamic seismic response analyses of engineered systems when the underlying seismic hazard is quantified via ground motion simulation rather than empirical ground motion prediction equations. Even with simulation-based seismic hazard, a ground motion selection process is still required in order to extract a small number of time series from the much larger set developed as part of the hazard calculation. Four specific methods are presented for ground motion selection from simulation-based seismic hazard analyses. One of the four methods provides a ‘benchmark’ result (i.e. using all simulated ground motions), enabling the consistency of the other three more efficient selection methods to be addressed.
Collection
John A. Blume Earthquake Engineering Center Technical Report Series
This document was developed to assist practicing engineers in the design of Composite Special Moment Frame (C-SMF) systems utilizing reinforced concrete columns and steel beams (known as Composite RCS frames). These systems utilize the intrinsic advantages of each material which are optimized in resisting the applied loads. Seismic design requirements for C-SMF systems are included in ASCE 7 (2010) and AISC 341 (2010). These system-level requirements are supported by research and other documents on the design and detailing of beam-column connections between the steel beams and concrete (or encased composite) columns. In 1994, the ASCE Task Committee on Design Criteria for Composite Structures in Steel and Concrete issued guidelines for the Design of Joints between Steel Beams and Reinforced Concrete Columns in 1994 (ASCE 1994). Based on research at the time, it was recommended to limit the use of Composite RCS systems to regions of low seismicity. Since then, further research has been performed which has demonstrated that Composite RCS systems can be designed to have reliable ductile performance, making them an attractive design alternative for high seismic areas. Based on this research, a draft Pre-Standard for the Design of Moment Connections between Steel Beams and Concrete Columns (ASCE 2015 draft) has been prepared as an update to the 1994 ASCE connection design guidelines. This draft is utilized for the design studies presented herein.
Book
1 online resource (10 p. ) : digital, PDF file.
Accurate seismo-acoustic source location is one of the fundamental aspects of nuclear explosion monitoring. Critical to improved location is the compilation of ground truth data sets for which origin time and location are accurately known. Substantial effort by the National Laboratories and other seismic monitoring groups have been undertaken to acquire and develop ground truth catalogs that form the basis of location efforts (e.g. Sweeney, 1998; Bergmann et al., 2009; Waldhauser and Richards, 2004). In particular, more GT1 (Ground Truth 1 km) events are required to improve three-dimensional velocity models that are currently under development. Mine seismicity can form the basis of accurate ground truth datasets. Although the location of mining explosions can often be accurately determined using array methods (e.g. Harris, 1991) and from overhead observations (e.g. MacCarthy et al., 2008), accurate origin time estimation can be difficult. Occasionally, mine operators will share shot time, location, explosion size and even shot configuration, but this is rarely done, especially in foreign countries. Additionally, shot times provided by mine operators are often inaccurate. An inexpensive, ground truth event detector that could be mailed to a contact, placed in close proximity (< 5 km) to mining regions or earthquake aftershock regions that automatically transmits back ground-truth parameters, would greatly aid in development of ground truth datasets that could be used to improve nuclear explosion monitoring capabilities. We are developing an inexpensive, compact, lightweight smart sensor unit (or units) that could be used in the development of ground truth datasets for the purpose of improving nuclear explosion monitoring capabilities. The units must be easy to deploy, be able to operate autonomously for a significant period of time (> 6 months) and inexpensive enough to be discarded after useful operations have expired (although this may not be part of our business plan). Key parameters to be automatically determined are event origin time (within 0.1 sec), location (within 1 km) and size (within 0.3 magnitude units) without any human intervention. The key parameter ground truth information from explosions greater than magnitude 2.5 will be transmitted to a recording and transmitting site. Because we have identified a limited bandwidth, inexpensive two-way satellite communication (ORBCOMM), we have devised the concept of an accompanying Ground-Truth Processing Center that would enable calibration and ground-truth accuracy to improve over the duration of a deployment.
Book
1 online resource (0:01:06 ) : digital, PDF file.
Using a novel device that simulates earthquakes in a laboratory setting, a Los Alamos researcher has found that seismic waves-the sounds radiated from earthquakes-can induce earthquake aftershocks, often long after a quake has subsided. The research provides insight into how earthquakes may be triggered and how they recur. Los Alamos researcher Paul Johnson and colleague Chris Marone at Penn State have discovered how wave energy can be stored in certain types of granular materials-like the type found along certain fault lines across the globe-and how this stored energy can suddenly be released as an earthquake when hit by relatively small seismic waves far beyond the traditional “aftershock zone” of a main quake. Perhaps most surprising, researchers have found that the release of energy can occur minutes, hours, or even days after the sound waves pass; the cause of the delay remains a tantalizing mystery.
Book
vi, 292 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
Film has always played a crucial role in the imagination of disaster. Earthquakes, especially, shift not only the ground beneath our feet but also herald a new way of thinking or being in the world. Following recent seismic events in countries as dissimilar as Chile and Haiti, Japan and New Zealand, national films have emerged that challenge ingrained political, economic, ethical, and ontological categories of modernity. Film on the Faultline explores the fractious relationship between cinema and seismic experience and addresses the important role that cinema can play in the wake of such events as forms of popular memory and personal testimony.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781783204335 20160618
Green Library
Book
1 online resource (xvi, 940 pages) : illustrations (some color).
  • ACI 562 The Concrete Repair Code
  • Using ACI 562 as the Standard to Assess Damages in Existing Concrete Structures
  • Structural Repair of a Concrete Parking Garage Structure Using ACI 562
  • Load Testing Techniques for the Strength Evaluation of Existing Reinforced Concrete Structures
  • Air Leakage, Moisture Migration, and Condensation in a Building Enclosure
  • Balcony View
  • Adhered Masonry Veneer Failures
  • Investigation and Repair of a Curtain Wall Damaged by a Blast
  • Forensic Façade Restoration of the Lost Gems of NYC
  • The Tale of Two Stones
  • Weeping Stucco Buckets
  • Interpreting Damage to Existing Structures Adjacent to Construction Sites
  • Determining Damage Contributions from the Loss or Instability of Soil within a Foundation's Influence Zone
  • A Case Study of Ground Vibrations Due to Pile Driving in Mobile, Alabama
  • Site Characterization and Evaluation of a Deep-Seated Slope Movement
  • Forensic Investigation of Concrete Masonry Wall Cracking
  • Lessons Learnt from the Partial Collapse of a Historical Masonry Building
  • Benefits of Helical Bar Reinforcing in Preserving Historic Masonry Facades
  • Failure of a Thin Limestone Facade
  • Thickness Swell in Particle Board : A Forensic Tool for the Duration of Loss
  • Wood Swelling : Pressures Exerted from Saturated Wood Materials
  • Needle in a Haystack : Identifying Failure Origin Pieces in Heat-Treated Glass
  • Electrical Resistivity Measurement to Study Alkali-Silica-Reaction Cracking in Mortar.
  • Hail Impact Testing of Masonite Shingles
  • Hail Evaluation of Bituminous Roofing Membranes : Understanding Interply Mopping Voids
  • Assessing Wind-Damaged Masonite Shingles
  • The Anatomy of the Failure of a Wood Panelized Roof Sub-Purlin Hanger
  • Richmond Hill Subdivision Explosion Case Study
  • Performance of Structures Subjected to the West Fertilizer Company Explosion
  • Investigation of the Fragment Impact and Blast Shock Wave on Window Breakage
  • Column-Reinforcing Cage Stability and Construction Safety
  • A Case Study on the Partial Collapse of a Building with a Light Gage Steel Framing System
  • Issues Facing Design Professionals through the Lens of Two Rain-Induced Roof Collapses
  • Prevention of Construction Failures : A Systematic Approach
  • Hurricane Wind-Generated Debris Impact Damage to the Glazing of a High-Rise Building
  • Hurricane Andrew : Whatever Happened to My Argument to Abolish Prescriptive Building Codes?
  • Building Code Changes Resulting from FEMA's Hurricane Sandy Mitigation Assessment Team Report
  • Evaluation and Repair of Tornado Damage to a Historic Church
  • The Benefit of Using Bayesian Structural Reliability Language and Theory in a Forensic Investigation of an Existing Building
  • Case Studies of Finite Element Analysis in Structural Investigations
  • 3D Documentation and Printing in Forensics
  • Evaluating the Validity and Reliability of Crack Dating Methods in the U.S. Legal System
  • Structural Damage Allocation from Sequential Earthquakes.
  • Residential 3D Model Wind Tunnel Pressure Testing
  • Numerical Investigation of the Failures Observed in Eccentrically-Braced Frames in the Aftermath of the Christchurch Earthquake Series (2010-2011)
  • Experimental and Numerical Investigation on the Resistance and Failure Behavior of Ductile Concrete-Filled Double-Skin Tube Columns Subjected to Post-Earthquake Fires
  • Walkway Collapse at the Botanical Gardens : A Study in Movement
  • Defining Where Progressive Collapse Protection Is Needed
  • Uncertainties in Structural Collapse Mitigation
  • Disproportionate Collapse How to Check the Computer Analysis
  • Investigation of a Tall Ordinary Reinforced Concrete Frame Building Utilizing Uncertainty in Limit State Capacity and Demand
  • A Case Study on the Construction Defects of Reinforced Concrete Walls with Insulated Concrete Forms
  • Performance of Industrial Concrete Floors for Wheeled Traffic
  • Evaluation and Repair of Insufficiently-Reinforced Precast Concrete Double Tee Members
  • Systems for Structural Failure Investigations in the United States
  • Survey of the Means of Egress Provisions in the Construction Codes of the City of New York
  • Incident Site Management Managing and Documenting an Incident Scene
  • Developing the RIght Protocol for Investigations.
  • Can a Single Flood Event Result in Fungal Growth beneath Tile?
  • Cross-Confidential Reporting on Structural Safety
  • Challenges with a Roof Collapse : Causation, Subrogation, and Structural Rehabilitation
  • Failure Histories of Three Masonry Structures : Liability of the Professional Figures Involved during the Design and Construction Phases
  • Forensic Engineering Analysis of the Standard of Care in Construction Claims
  • The Standard of Care and Ethics of Forensic Engineering Testimony
  • Forensic Engineering Issues of Transition
  • The Peer Review Process in Forensic Engineering
  • Evaluation of a Damaged Steel Commercial Structure, Long Island, NY
  • Metal Corrosion : A Qualitative Analysis
  • Coupon Testing : An Essential Tool for Understanding Historic Steel
  • Seismic Restoration Cost Curve of Curved Steel Bridges
  • Collapses of Single Column Pier Bridges in China
  • Finite Element Analysis of Cable-Stayed Strands' Failure Due to Fire
  • Early Age Cracking in a SHCC Bridge Deck Link Slab
  • Analysis of Design Standards and Recommended Practices for Agricultural Storage Bins
  • Partial Failure of a Bulk Storage Facility : Construction Defect vs. Design Error
  • Steel Bin Failure and Partial Collapse of a Coal Processing Plant
  • Load Testing as Part of the Evaluation of a Recently Constructed Precast Concrete Parking Structure
  • The Progressive Collapse of Single-Layer Dome Roof Structures.
  • Environmental Loading on Temporary Structures Based on the 2014 NYC Building Code
  • Buckling Analysis of Arched Structures Using Finite Element Analysis
  • Field Investigation of a Failed Concrete Cone Spreader inside of a Cement Mixing Silo
  • Establishing In-Place Structural Drying Goals : A Scientific Approach
  • Review of the Codes and Standards for Noise and Vibration Investigations in Buildings
  • Consideration of Wet Service Conditions on the Performance of Bowstring Trusses
  • Investigation of the Different Types of Seismic Base Isolators for a Continuous Box Girder Bridge
  • Ceiling Failures
  • Investigation of Sprayed Fire-Resistive Material and In Situ Bond Failure
  • Jacking Columns of Existing Structures under Existing Loads
  • Numerical Simulation of Cement-Treated Soil Reinforced with Coir Fiber Subjected to Flexural Loading.
Collection
John A. Blume Earthquake Engineering Center Technical Report Series
Engineers use earthquake ground motions for a variety of reasons, including seismic hazard assessment, calibration of ground motion prediction equations (GMPEs), and input to nonlinear response history analysis. These analyses require a significant number of ground motions and for some scenarios, such as earthquakes with large magnitudes and short distances, it may be difficult to obtain a sufficient number of ground motion recordings. When sufficient recordings do not exist, engineers modify available recordings using scaling or spectrum matching, or they use ground motion simulations. Ground motion simulations have existed for decades, but recent advances in simulation methods due to improved source characterization and wave propagation, coupled with increased computing power, have increased potential benefits for engineers. But before simulations can be used in engineering applications, simulations must be accessible and consistent with natural observations. This dissertation contributes to the latter issue, and it investigates the application of simulations to specific engineering problems. The Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC) Broadband Platform (BBP) is an open-source software distribution that enables third-party users to simulate ground motions using research code contributed by model developers. Because the BBP allows users to compute their own simulations with little knowledge of the underlying implementation and it ensures that all calculations are reproducible, it is extremely valuable for simulation validation and engineering applications. In this dissertation, the BBP is evaluated as a simulation generation tool from an engineering perspective. Ground motions are simulated to study parameters of engineering interest, such as high-frequency variability, near-fault ground motions, and local site response. Though some parameters need further development, such as site response (which is currently implemented using simple empirical amplification), the BBP proves to be an e↵ective tool for facilitating these types of engineering studies. This dissertation proposes a simulation validation framework based on simple and robust proxies for the response of more complicated structures. We compile a list of proxies with robust empirical models that are insensitive to changes in earthquake scenario and do not rely on extrapolation for rarely observed events. Because predictions of these proxies are reliable under a variety of earthquake events, we can confidently compare them with simulations. The proposed proxies include correlation of " across periods, ratio of maximum to median response across horizontal orientations, and ratio of inelastic to elastic displacement. The validation framework is applied to example simulations and successfully exposes some parameters that need work, such as variability and correlation of spectral acceleration. Finally, this dissertation investigates the application of simulations to response history analysis and fling-step characterization. A 3D nonlinear structural model is analyzed using recordings and simulations with similar elastic response spectra. The structural performance and resulting design decisions are similar, indicating that simulations are e↵ective for response history analysis subject to certain conditions. To investigate fling-step, we extract fling pulses from a large set of simulations. Extracted fling properties such as amplitude and period are then compared to specially-processed recordings and relevant empirical models for surface displacement and pulse period. Reasonably good agreement is found between simulations, recordings, and empirical models. In general, ground motion simulations are found to be an e↵ective alternative or supplement to recordings in several engineering applications. Because simulation methods are still developing, this work is not intended as an evaluation of existing methods, but rather as a development of procedures that can be used in ongoing work.
Book
1 online resource (xl, 3250 pages) : illustrations (some color)
  • Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation for the Implementation Effect of Credit Policy on Post-Disaster Reconstruction
  • Connection-Consider Decision-Making Model of Emergency Rescue Scheduling under an Earthquake
  • Analysis of Forbidden Policy's Impact on Motorcycles in Changzhou, China
  • Traffic Characteristics of Electric Bicycles and Application Management
  • Network Development of Modern Trams
  • Lightweight Design of Vehicles under Green Traffic
  • Design and Simulation of a Battery Swap Station for Electric Battery Buses
  • Pricing Model of Railway Cargo Protocol Transport Based on Option Theory
  • Analysis of Heavy Hual Railway Wear on Wheel/Rail Contact Geometry
  • Influence of Axle Loads on Rail Wear in Heavy Haul Railways under Different Gross Tonnage
  • Application of the ARMA Model in Railway Freight Volume Analysis
  • Evaluation on High-Speed Railway Product Adaptability
  • Effects of Curve Parameters on Wheel-Rail Dynamic Characteristics of Heavy Haul Railway
  • Analysis of Effect Parameters of Track Settlement in Heavy Haul Railways
  • Reconstruction and Modeling Method for Rail Head Checks in Heavy-Haul Railways Based on X-Ray Computed Tomography and the Extended Finite Element Method
  • Operation Scheme Optimization Model of Heavy-Haul Train Loading Area
  • Network Assignment Model of Passenger Train Scheme on a High-Speed Railway
  • Analysis of Local Vibration Characteristics and Influencing Factors of the High-Speed Railway Box Beam
  • Calculation Method for High-Speed Railway Running Cost under the Condition of Mixed Passenger and Cargo Marshalling
  • Exploration of Night Train Plans and Window Setting for High-Speed Railways.
  • Reasonable Matching Train Speed of Chinese High-Speed Railways
  • Operation Mode and Rational Travelling Distance of Overnight Trains in Chinese High Speed Railways
  • Prediction of High Speed Railway Passenger Demand Volume Based on Grey Relational Analysis
  • A Particular Waiting Mode for Overnight Operation of the Chinese Beijing-Guanghzou High-Speed Railway
  • Transport Organization Modes under a High-Speed Railway Network
  • Calculation Methods of Minimal Headway for High-Speed Railways
  • Method of Cross-Line Timetable Optimization Based on a Single Depot for Cluster Scheduling
  • Feasibility of Mixed Marshalling of Passenger and Cargo Transportation on a High-Speed Railway
  • 3D Model of Seaplane Domain during Takeoff and Landing Based on Ship Domain Theory
  • Benefits of the Tram System in Zhuhai, Guangdong Province, China
  • Optimization of Transport Capacity Combinatorial Procurement in Container Sea-Rail Intermodal Transport
  • Railway Passenger Dynamic E-Business Based on Web Services and RFID
  • Research of Complementary between Rail Transit and Conventional Bus
  • Multimodal Transportation Government Subsidies Strategy Based Stackelberg Game and DEA
  • Analysis of Combined Modes Choice Characteristic of Non-Motorized Modes and Motorized Modes
  • Quality Evaluation Indicator System for Rail Freight Service.
  • Multimodal Transport Path Optimization Modeling of a Single Variety of Goods
  • Preponderant Haul Distance of the Harbin-Dalian High-Speed Railway under Competition
  • CVaR Model and Algorithm for the Risk Assessment Problem of Hazmat Multi-Modal Transportation
  • Equilibrium Model under the Condition of Multi-Mode to Travel Choice and the Mixed Traffic
  • Service Demand Forecast for an Inland Waterway Service Area : A Case Study on the Grand Canal, China
  • Prediction of Taxi Passenger Volume Based on a Gray Linear Regression Combined Model
  • Exploring the Coupling Relationship between Urbanization and Regional Transportation
  • Traffic Flow Characteristics at Different Sites on an Urban Expressway from Loop Counts
  • Influence Analysis of the Railway Freight Transport Reformation on the Ningbo Road General Freight Transport Industry
  • Fuzzy Chance-Constrained Programming for Optimal Containership Slot Exchange and Allocation in Liner Alliances
  • Cohesion of Urban Rail Transit and Other Transportation
  • Optimization of the Structure of Comprehensive Transportation Systems Based on Energy Consumption
  • Key Problems of the Development of Piggyback Transport in China
  • Attraction Area Model for Urban Rail Transit Stations Compared with Different Traffic Tools
  • Research on a Freight Modal Split Model Based on Transportation Distance.
  • Personnel Psychological Metaphor System about Time-Space Conversion in Intelligent Transportation Processes
  • Design and Achievement of the Vehicle Information Terminal Based on the Internet of Vehicles
  • Distributed Hierarchical Control for an Urban Rail Transit Intelligent Transportation System Based on Multi-Agent
  • Intelligent Train Dispatching for Urban Rail Transit Based on Fuzzy Neural Network
  • Lane Changing Model Based on a Discrete Dynamic Game in an ICT Environment
  • Real-Time Traveling Information System Based on Wearable Technology
  • Analyzing Travel Time Variability on Transit Route Using GPS Data.
  • RITS-Based Intelligent Railway Dispatching System's Vision
  • Operation Effects of a Factory Rail Line on a Traffic Artery
  • Intelligent Decision-Making Optimization Model of a Traffic Emergency Based on Learning Bayesian Network
  • Railway Time Management System Base on Beidou Navigation System
  • Network Access Solution in a High-Speed Railway Carriage
  • New Challenges in Managing Staff Competency for a Driverless Urban Rail Transit System
  • Simulation of Optimal Allocation of Self-Service Check-in Kiosks at the Airport
  • Internet of Things Technologies for Urban Public Transport Systems : A Case Application in Chengdu, China
  • Signal Priority Control Methods of Modern Tram at Intersections
  • Intelligent Transport Systems in the Big Cities of China Based on Public Service
  • Detecting the Synergy between Talent Accumulation and the Effect of Intelligent Transportation Systems
  • Traffic Flow Parameter Detection Based on Epipolar Plane Image
  • Traffic Guidance Strategy of Urban Freeways Based on Model Predictive Control
  • Model and Algorithm of Urban Road Discrete Network Design Based on CO Emissions
  • A New Calculation Method of Bus Punctuality Based on AVL Data
  • Multiple-Depot Multiple-Type Vehicle Routing Problems Considering the Real Network
  • Maintenance Network Planning of RFID Facilities Considering the Validity of Communication Nodes.
  • Prediction of the Traffic Volume of Henan Province with a BP Neural Network
  • A Comparison Experiment of the Time Benefit between Bus Navigation and Car Navigation
  • Gray Markov Model in the Intersection of Short-Term Traffic Flow Prediction
  • Establishment and Application of a Grey Forecasting Model
  • Exploring Transit Use Regularity Using Smart Card Data of Students
  • Theory and Application Technology of Railway Intelligent Transportation Systems
  • Route Optimization of Multimodal Military Logistics Transportation
  • Analysis of Logistics Network Equilibrium Assignment Framework Based on User Equilibrium
  • Strategy of Constructing a Green Logistics System for the Pearl River Delta
  • A Location Method for a Distribution Center Based on the Gravity Model and the Bi-Level Programming Model
  • Selection of Enterprise Logistics Mode Based on Two-Tuple Linguistic and Grey Correlation Analysis
  • Buyback Contracts Considering Return Logistics Costs
  • Evaluation and Selection of a Third Party Logistics Supplier in a Chemical Company
  • Logistics Cost Control Performance Evaluation of Third Party Logistics Enterprises
  • The Nature and Value of Strategic Alliances in Global Logistics
  • Optimization of Distribution Centers Based on Flexsim
  • Synchronous Supply Model of the Automotive Components at an Assembly Plant.
  • Application of an Improved Genetic Algorithm to the Path Optimization of Urban Medical Waste Recovery
  • Disruption Risk Analysis and Management Strategies for Fresh Agricultural Produce Supply Chains in China
  • Trust Mechanisms for Food Cold Chains
  • Macroscopic Logistics Cost Accounting from an Environmental Perspective
  • Site Selection with TOPSIS and Entropy Weight for Network Nodes in a Closed-Loop Military Supply Chain
  • A Study on the Effects of Network Centrality and Efficiency on the Throughput of Korean and Chinese Container Ports
  • Spatial Model of City Logistics Nodes and Its Optimizing Algorithm
  • Reliability Analysis of a Cold Chain Logistics System Based on the Fault Bayesian Network
  • System Design for the Order Management System of a Pallet Pool System
  • The Identification and Prioritization of Optimal Logistics Nodes Planning of Yanting County
  • Supply Chain Inventory Control Strategy Based on Risk Attitude
  • Optimal Ordering Policy of Competitive Retailers with Different Risk Preferences
  • The Design of an Interests Allocation Mechanism in a Scraped Car Reverse Supply Chain
  • Diffusion Model Based on a Complex Network of Green Supply Chain Management
  • On the Market Access System of Logistics Enterprises From a View of Comparison between National Road Transport Regulation and Provincial Road Transport Regulation
  • Modelling a Construction Materials Supply Chain for a Construction Project under VMI
  • "Both Ends" Logistics Distribution Mode of Railway Express Freight Transportation
  • Price Decision in a Two Stage Supply Chain with Carbon Tax and Green Subsidies.
  • Definition of the Radiation Scope of the Logistics Park Based on Applying the Road Accessibility Analysis to a Potential Model
  • Location-Allocation Model of Maritime Emergency Supplies Repertory under Joint of Government and Enterprise
  • Selection of Express-Logistical Operation Mode in a High-Speed Railway Organization
  • Optimization Research of Sales and Delivery Processes Based on ExtendSim
  • The Re-Engineering of Iron and Steel Enterprise Procurement Processes Based on the ABC Method
  • Third-Party Cold Chain Logistics Cost Accounting Based on Activity-Based Costing
  • Contract Design of Income Distribution for Banks and Logistics Enterprises in Uniform Credit Financing Mode
  • Analysis of International Logistics Demand in Sichuan
  • Location Selection of a Great Sports Event Logistics Distribution Center Based on GIS and a Genetic Algorithm
  • An Analysis of the Co-Integration Relationship between Port Logistics and Economic Growth in the Ningbo Region
  • Management System Implementations and Application Research of Supply Chain Enterprise Based on Multi-Agent Technology
  • Mile Mismatch Correction Method of Track Geometry Data and Its Application
  • Turnout Geometry Linetype Design System Based on the Plane-Parameter Theory
  • Transient Analysis of Track Circuits
  • Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation of Risks in Subway Station Construction
  • Influence of Shield Tunnel Construction beneath a Railway on a Culvert-Embankment Transition Zone.
  • Random Vibration Analysis of the Underframe Structure on a High-Speed Train
  • Dynamic Response Analysis of CRTSII Bi-Block Ballastless Track on a Viaduct of a High-Speed Railway
  • Track Measuring Methods in Maglev Engineering
  • Research on Natural Ventilation Intelligent Control Technology of a Highway Tunnel
  • Mechanism Analysis of the Box-Type Anti-Slide Pile with Vertical End-Curve-Arrangement Prestressed Tendons in Landslide Control
  • Remaining Life Prediction for Composite Airport Pavement
  • An Evaluation of Characteristics of Efficiency and Flexibility of the Eurasian Continental Bridge
  • Durability Assessment of an RC Railway Bridge Pier under a Chloride-Induced Corrosion Environment
  • Numerical Analysis of a Geogrid-Reinforced High Embankment
  • Ambient Temperature and Vehicle Loading Effects on Asphalt Concrete Pavement Rutting Development
  • Urban Road Speed Humps Setting Technology
  • An Improved Method of Evaluating Technical Conditions of a Concrete Bridge
  • Development of Capacity Models for Twelve-Lane Freeways in China
  • Analysis of the Macro Factors Influencing Dalian Road Traffic Safety Based on the Gray Correlation Method
  • Impact Analysis of Concrete Shrinkage and Creep on a Prestressed Concrete Box Girder Bridge
  • Both the Highway Tunnel Secondary Lining Crack Damage Causes and the Renovation
  • Metrological Traceability Technology for the Pavement Frictional Coefficient Using the Law of Conservation of Energy
  • Properties of Natural Bitumen Gilsonite Modified Bitumen.
  • Analysis and Treatment of Mountain Roads' Dangerous Sections
  • Multiple Attribute Group Decision Making by Analytical Hierarchy Process in Pavement Preventive Maintenance
  • Microstructure of Modified Asphalt of PPA in Conjunction with SBS
  • Effect of Elongated and Flaky Particles Content on the Durability of Concrete
  • Calculation Method for the Cable Zone Beams of a Single Cable Plane Low-Pylon Cable-Stayed Bridge with a Wide Box Girder
  • A Theoretical Model of Rail Corrugation on a Slab Track
  • Development Regulation of Rutting Deformation Based on an Accelerate Pavement Test
  • Vertical Vibration Characteristics of a Concrete Sleeper with Cracks in a Heavy-Haul Railway
  • Influences of the Material Properties of Cement Asphalt Mortar on Box Bridge Structure Vibration-Born Noise
  • Seismic Isolation and Energy Absorption Properties Research for a Dry Joint Segment Fabricated Pier Viaduct in a Highly Seismic Region
  • Analysis of Visual Adaptability in the Threshold Zone of Tunnels
  • Design and Analysis on Rail Anti-Head Check Profile for a Curve Rail of a Heavy-Haul Railway
  • Effect of Crumb Rubber Powder on the Pavement Performance of Cement Concrete
  • Mechanical Properties of Concrete Containing Ceramsite Sand
  • Influence of Heavy Axles on the Dynamic Response of the Existing Railway Ballast Track under Freight Vehicle Running
  • Study of Mineral Powder Effects on the Performance of an Asphalt Rubber Mixture.
  • Influence of Geometry on the Capacity of the MIMO System in Transportation Tunnels
  • Safety Assessment Methods of a Rail Transit Signal System
  • Railway Information Sharing Platform Security Management Technologies Analysis
  • Evaluation of Travel Time Estimation Models with Different Inputs
  • A Method to Determine the Number of Parking Spaces in a Taxi Station Based on the Queuing Theory
  • Berthing Speed Control Law for Large Vessels Based on AIS Data
  • Design of Variable Message Signs for Real-Time Berth Guidance in Indoor Parking
  • BRT Signal Priority Control Strategy Model Based on Travel Social Benefits
  • Distribution Characteristics of Headway at Weaving Section of Signalized Intersection Upstream
  • Highway Application Service Framework Based on ETC Data
  • Assessment of Urban Bus Signal Priority Strategy
  • Calculation Model of Variable Parking Lots in Urban Synthesis
  • Appropriate Volume on the SHUMA Roundabout
  • Multi-Period Signal Control Methods at One Single Point
  • Summarization of Analytic Studies of Bus IC Cards and GPS Data Integration
  • The Design of a U-Turn Lane Right Set and Its Control Mode at an Intersection
  • Specification for the Construction of Traffic Information Backbone Network Interconnection
  • China Railway Special Line Information Management System Framework Design
  • Dynamic OD Matrix Estimation Algorithm Based on Information Extraction
  • Customized Shuttle Bus or Car? Analysis on Travel Mode Choice Behavior of Commuters
  • Field Test Research on Vehicles Crossing the Lane Lines and Lane-Changing Locations Traffic Behavior in Multi-Lane Freeway Diverging and Merging Areas.
  • Field Test of Vehicles' Speed Driving Behavior in Multi-Lane Freeway Interchange Diverging Areas
  • Urban Traveler Travel Mode Choice Equilibrium Model under the Condition of Bus Lanes
  • Forecast Model of Conventional Public Transit Passenger Volume in Small- and Medium-Sized Cities Based on the IHGA-LS-SVM with Grey Correlation Analysis
  • Technical Methods and Application Modes of Lancang River Waterway Modern Management
  • GIS, GPS, and BIM-Based Risk Control of Subway Station Construction
  • Site Optimization for Entrances and Exits of Underground Roads
  • Attribute Mathematical Recognition Model of the Congestion Level of Urban Traffic
  • Traffic Volume Prediction Algorithm Based on Traffic Flow Sequence Partition and a Neural Network
  • Dynamic Response of the Track Irregularity State in a Subway Turnout Zone
  • Data Model of 3D Geological Modeling and Realization
  • Simulation of Pedestrian Evacuation Flow Based on Crowd Space
  • Evaluation Methods of the Chengdu Expressway's Traffic Congestion
  • Community Bus Demand Characteristics Analysis Based on Smart Card Data and GPS Data
  • Key Problems of Urban Rail Transit CBTC Simulation Laboratory Construction
  • Full-Induction Control Method of Urban Arterial Highway Intersections
  • Potential Conflict Number Prediction of an Intersection's Mixed Traffic Flow
  • Improving Measures for Transition Sections of Barriers at Tunnel Entrances in Expressways.
  • Acceleration Length Model of an Eight-Lane Freeway with a Two-Lane Ramp Based on Driving Behavior
  • Hypermap Model for Geological Environment Recognition and Railway Location Technology
  • BRT Approach Capacity Calculation Method at an Intersection in an Elastic Route BRT System
  • Integrated Simulation Platform of VISSIM, VC ++, and MATLAB
  • Intersection Signal Priority Mode of Trams on Condition of Delays
  • Performance of Left-Turning Motor Vehicles from a Minor Road Approach at Non-Signalized At-Grade Intersections
  • Bicyclists' Running Red Lights at Signalized Intersections
  • A Parking Space Detection Algorithm Based on Magnetic Sensors
  • Detection and Compensation for Coded Odometer Errors Due to Train Wheel Slips and Slides
  • Evaluation of the Information Transfer Ability of a High-Speed Railway Dispatching System Based on the Structural Entropy Theory
  • Optimizing Traffic Organization in Urban Intersections : A Simulation Study
  • Prediction of Market Segmentation Based on Attitudes towards Bus Trips and Risk Preference in an Urban Transit System by Bayesian Network
  • Transfer Study of Public Transport Modes
  • Optimal Path Choice Based on Multi-Modal Public Transport A Case Study of the Chengdu Qinghua Road Area
  • Short-Time Traffic Flow Forecasting Based on the K-Nearest Neighbor Model
  • Impact Analysis of a Downstream Stretching Segment on Traffic Capacity at a Signalized Intersection
  • Correlation between Road Networks' Structural Characteristics and the Distribution of Traffic Volume Based on ArcGIS
  • Speed Guiding-Based Multi-Objective Coordinated Control Strategy for Tram Operation at an Intersection
  • A Method of Intersection Traffic Volume Statistics Using Aerial Video
  • Generalized Speed-Density Models for Urban Freeways under Rainy Weather.
  • Short-Term Travel Time Prediction for a Car Dynamic Navigation System
  • Travel Time Characteristics of Vehicles on Urban Arterial Roads Analysis Based on License Plate Data
  • Speed Guidance Model of Urban Expressways Based on a Meso-Traffic Simulation Model under Severe Weather
  • Research on the Method and Application for a Vehicle's Online Diagnosis Based on a Testability Model
  • A New Computational Method of the Friction Power Loss of Spiral Bevel Gears of a Helicopter Reducer
  • City Transit Ridership Forecasting Based on Weather Conditions Case Study of the Chicago Transit Authority (CTA)
  • Development of a Traffic Demand Prediction Model for a Transport Corridor Based on Multivariate Regression Analysis
  • Transport Priority and Economic Growth in China's Ethnic Area : A Case Study of Guizhou Province
  • Spatial Spillover Effects of Highway Transport Infrastructure on Economic Growth in Northwest China
  • Legislation of Chinese Urban Public Transport
  • Impact of a Freight Network from Railway Freight Organizational Reforms
  • Design and Development of Units of Rail Transport Products Based on the Internet of Things
  • A Systematic Evaluation Strategy of Car-Following Models
  • Rail Transit Impact on the Development of Commercial Space in Zhuhai
  • Economic Integration Development of Port Cluster and Port City
  • Evaluation of the Service Quality for an Urban Rail Transit Station Based on Characteristics of the Elderly.
  • Reform of a Public Transport Operating Model in Luotian County Based on Game Theory
  • An SMDP-Based Optimization Model for Railway Passenger Ticketing
  • Analysis of Social Risk Causes of Rail Transit Construction Projects Based on DEMATEL-ISM
  • Trade Credit Term Decisions under Centralized Decisions
  • Production Function of a Railway Transportation Economy Analysis Method of Transfer
  • Implications of Foreign Policy to the Development of Railway Freight
  • Particular Cultivation for Outstanding Talent in the Transportation Industry
  • Customer Satisfaction Evaluation of Rail Door-to-Door Transport Service
  • Impact of Rural Road Infrastructure on Poverty Reduction Based on the Analysis of Sichuan Province
  • Operation Cost Research of Railway Freight Transportation Enterprise Based on the Advanced Activity-Based Costing Theory
  • Railway Freight Transportation Economic Benefit Cost-Volume-Profit Analysis
  • Exploration of "Alliance of Agriculture and Community" Based on Third-Party Trading Enterprises
  • Analysis of Transportation and Economic Development in Jiangxi
  • Game Model of Taxi Service Pricing Based on Deregulation
  • Modeling and Application of an Early Warning System of China's Foreign Trade Container Shipping Market
  • Effect of Corporate Social Responsibility on Enterprises' Sustainability : Empirical Evidence from Listed Companies in the Transportation Industry.
  • Socioeconomic Determinant Analysis of Influencing the Urban Transit Share in China
  • Task Allocation Algorithm of Concurrent Engineering for Railways
  • Price Optimization of Express Rail Freight Transportation in a Competitive Context
  • Characteristics of Resident Trips and Countermeasures of Transport Development in Nanchang, China
  • Synergetic Analysis of the Public Transit System and Urban Form for Small- and Medium-Sized Cities
  • Revelation of America's VMT Charging Mode to Chinese Highway Financing
  • Analysis for Deciding Intercity Rail Fares
  • Trip Activity Chain Pattern Recognition and Travel Trajectory Data Mining
  • Analysis of Dynamic Passenger Flow in Urban Rail Transit Based on Data Mining
  • Abnormal Vessel Trajectories Detection in a Port Area Based on AIS Data
  • Study of EMU Process Data and Message Data Communication Technology in UIC Gateway and Simulation
  • Lateral Distribution Regularity of Ships' Sailing Positions within a Channel Based on AIS Data
  • IOT Big Data Process Based on Context Temporal-Spatial Characteristics in Petroleum Products Distribution
  • Railway Freight Demand Analysis Based on Multidimensional Association Rules Mining
  • Discussion about Rail Freight Market Reclassification Based on Freight Production Data
  • Analysis of a Freight Pallet Pooling System Based on Spatial Data Mining in GIS
  • Analysis of a Commercial Mode for the Pallet Pooling System
  • The Trend of Urban Freight Regulatory Path under the Cloud
  • Application of Data Mining Technology in an Integrative Intelligent Transportation System
  • A Method of Data Cleaning Based on IC Card and GPS Data in Chengdu.
  • IC Card-Based Data Mining Characteristics of Urban Public Bicycles
  • High-Speed Railway Train Diagram Planning Based on Big Data Analysis
  • Application and Influence of Big Data in the Logistics Industry Take Cainiao Network as an Example
  • Structure Sensitivity of the CRH3 EMU Based on FEM
  • Lectotype and Quantity Optimization of Handling Machines for Railway Freight Transport : The Case of Kunming Railway Bureau
  • Strength Analysis of Mounting Brackets and Connecting Bolts on an EMU Inner End Door
  • Subjective and Objective Evaluation of High-Speed EMU Interior Sound Quality Preference and Correlation Analysis
  • Analysis for the Harmonics of an Air-Gap Magnetic Field in Asynchronous Magnetic Coupling
  • Fine Modelling and Strength Analysis of Metro Car Body Structures
  • Vibration Characteristic Analysis of Elevated Maglev Transportation
  • Health Status Evaluation Approach of Critical Equipment in an Urban Rail Transit System
  • Fault Diagnosis for the Gearbox of a High-Speed Train on Generalized Congruence Neural Networks
  • Numerical Analysis on Welding Deformation and Residual Stress of an Aluminum Alloy Floor of EMU Bodywork
  • Solutions for Plane Strain Consolidation of a Saturated Medium
  • An Assessment of Two Methods for Fatigue Life Prediction of an Aluminum Alloy Car Body
  • Structural Optimization for Head Cars of High-Speed Trains in Light of Aerodynamics
  • Influence of Structure Parameters of Sonar Domes on Sailing Resistance
  • Numerical Analysis of the Internal Flow Field of a Marine Centrifugal Compressor and the Structural Optimization of a Vaned Diffuser
  • Characteristics of Passenger Car Side Pole Impacts.
  • Fault Diagnosis of the Rectifying Circuit of Electric Locomotives
  • Safety Evaluation of a Bridge-Tunnel Connecting Section of Mountainous Highways Based on Drivers' Heart Rate
  • Sensor Fault-Tolerant Control of Electric Power Steering for Electric Vehicles
  • Reliability Evaluation of a Freeway Guidance System
  • Press-Assembly Depth Analysis of the Sealed Cowling for Freight Car Bearings
  • Effect of Lubricating Material on the Slewing Performance of a Sliding Slewing Bearing
  • Reliability Prediction Method of an EMU Bogie
  • Safety Limit Study of the Gravity Center Height for a Loaded Wagon under Cross-Wind
  • Elastic-Plastic Analysis on the Contact of Wagon Wheels and Heavy Haul Frogs
  • Monitoring and Simulation Analysis of Composite Foundations on Bearing Characteristics for a High-Speed Railway
  • Widening Methods of Existing Cast-in-Situ Continuous Curved Beams
  • A Decision-Making Sequencing Model of a Mixed-Model Assembly Line Considering the Leveling of Material and Assembly Switch Cost
  • Nonparametric Approach to Analyze the Effects of Heterogeneity on Travel Duration
  • Simulation and Analysis of the Crowd Evacuation in Subway Station
  • Analysis on Cluster Dispatching Resources in a Marshalling Yard
  • Analysis of the Main Influence Factors of the Capacity Coordination Problem between Freight Stations and Marshalling Yards under the "Real-Freight System"
  • Optimizing System Design for Departure Time Domains of Passenger Trains.
  • Models and Heuristics for the Split Delivery Vehicle Routing Problem
  • Genetic Optimization of an Operation Scheme for the Flow Assignment Method Based on Level Classification
  • Effects of a Single Price Coefficient Change on the Test Number in a Transportation Problem
  • Optimal Algorithm of the M3 Scheduling Problem
  • Train Combination Model of a Passenger Train Plan for a High-Speed Railway
  • Passenger Transfer Volume Prediction Method of an Urban Comprehensive Passenger Transport Hub
  • System Design for Express Freight Train Diagraming Programming
  • Discussion about the Product Structure of Bulk and Direct Freight Based on Transport Benefits
  • Design for Cooperation between the Locomotive Scheduling System and the Train Scheduling System
  • Selection and Application of Organization Modes of Container Drop-and-Pull Transport Based on Different Service Objects
  • Research on Urban Rail Train Routing Optimization
  • Business Process Reengineering of Railway Freight Transport by Petri-Net Based on Supply Chains
  • Design for the Production Organization and Safety Management System of a Railway Passenger Transportation Depot
  • Schedule Design for Liner Shipping Based on Wave Optimization
  • Passenger Flow Organization of Large Passenger Stations during the Period of Spring Festival Transport
  • Security Analysis about a Train Control Center Based on a Bayesian Network
  • Train Timetable Buffer Time Setting Strategy and Affection
  • Optimization for a Direct Freight Train Plan in Loading Place Based on Logistics Cost
  • Analysis of the Demand and Supply of Regular Buses.
  • Method of Making Trains Diagram with Computers
  • Calculation Method of the Carrying Capacity of High-Speed Railways Considering the Characteristics of Time Using
  • Collaborative Optimization between a Passenger Train Operation Scheme and a Comprehensive Maintenance Gap in the Net of a Passenger-Dedicated Line
  • Port Rating Scale and the Structural Optimization of the Middle Reaches of the Yangtze River
  • An Optimization Model for Designing a Pedestrian-Oriented Signage System in a Large Passenger Hub
  • Critical Gap of a Roundabout Based on a Logit Model
  • The Present Situation, Problems, and Prospects of the Nanchang Bus Special Service Corporation
  • Energy-Efficient Train Control : Analysis of Local and Global Optimization
  • Reasonable Site Selection of Urban Rail Transit Park-and-Ride Facilities
  • Incorporating Social Interaction Effects into a Travel Mode Choice Behavior Model
  • Electric Vehicle Charging Station Location Problem Research
  • Prediction of a Reasonable Highway Network Scale in Wenzhou
  • Preliminary Exploration in Choice Behavior of a Parking Lot in a S/M City with a Logit Model
  • Rational Allocation of Passenger Transportation Structures in a Metropolitan Area
  • Non-Motorized Vehicle Parking Demand at a Suburban Railway Station
  • Comprehensive Development Scale of a High-Speed Railway Station Based on TOD
  • Ranking of Transit Network Optimization Schemes Based on Set Pair and Entropy Analysis
  • Construction Sequence of an Urban Rail Transit System Based on Multi-Objective Lattice Order Decision Making.
  • Urban Traffic Corridor System Configuration Optimization Research under the Background of Low Carbon
  • Freight Transportation Network Expansion Plan to Meet Urban Logistics
  • A Quantitative Method of Urban Road Hierarchy
  • Study on Macro Regularity and Control Strategies of Road Traffic Accidents Take Jiangxi Province as an Example
  • Reasonable Shoreline Length of a Fishing Port by Simulation Software Arena
  • Traffic Safety Evaluation Based on the Inherent Safety Principle
  • Combined Effects of Road Pricing and Rail Transit on Land Use, Transportation Systems, and Vehicle Emissions
  • Hazard and Operability Analysis on Risk Factors of Railway Dangerous Goods Transport
  • Bayesian Belief Net Model-Based Traffic Safety Analysis on the Freeway Environment
  • Impact of Speed Guidance on Vehicle Exhaust Emissions at Signalized Intersections Based on Microscopic Simulation
  • Impacts of Vehicle Information on Reaction Time Based on Driving Simulations
  • Analysis of Long-Distance Passenger Transportation Based on a Highway Network Using the SWOT-AHP Method
  • Highway Landscape Planning Based on "3S" Technologies Taking the Sichuan-Tibet Highway (Kanding Section) as an Example
  • Vessel Behavior Analysis on a Narrow Waterway
  • Ability Measurement of Urban Traffic Sustainable Development in China
  • Carbon Emissions of Chengdu Road Passenger Transport Based on LMDI
  • Green Inland Navigation Developing Path of Zhejiang Province
  • Method of Selecting the Fault Detection Point for the Onboard Power Controller of a Maglev Train
  • An Augmented [epsilon]-Constraint Algorithm to the Hazardous Waste LocationRouting Problem.
  • Estimation of the Carbon Emissions of Ningbo Port and Low-Carbon Emissions Solutions
  • Risk Assessment of Water Traffic Safety on the Wuhu Section of the Yangtze River
  • Lifeline Road Planning Method in Disaster-Prone Areas
  • Research Review of Rail Transit and Urban Space Integration Development
  • Problems and Improvement Measures of Highway Traffic Safety Facilities
  • Transportation Security Assessment Method for a Mountainous Freeway Using a Bayesian Network
  • Application of Fuzzy Set Pair Analysis in Poor Shunting Early Warning for a Track Circuit
  • Strategies for the Safety Management of Road Transportation Infrastructure under Severe Weather Conditions in China
  • Motor Vehicle Crashes on the Sutong Yangtze River Highway Bridge
  • Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation on the Risk of Fatigue for Air Traffic Controllers Based on Improved AHP
  • Humanized Transportation Design Research Based on the Sustainable Development of Urban Roads
  • Analysis of Roadside Traffic Accidents on Arterial Highways and Roadside Security Protect.
  • Safety Effectiveness and Safeguards of Electronic Traffic Enforcement
  • Analysis of the Risk of Air Traffic Controllers' Fatigue Based on the SHEL Model
  • Risk Assessment of Rail Transit Financing Mode Using Land Reserve Based on Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation Method
  • Study on the Influencing Factors of Recycling Household Electronic Waste Based on Consumer Participation under the EPR System
  • Frontal Structure Safety Analysis of Minibuses Based on Chinese In-Depth Accident Studies
  • Traffic Relief Based on the Construction Characteristics of Urban Roads
  • Analysis of the Safety of the Linchuan Section on Donglin Highway
  • Road Traffic Accident Forecasts Based on Cointegration Analysis
  • Hazardous Location Identification of Multi-Lane Expressways
  • Research of Chengdu's Sustainable Development Based on a DEA Model
  • Building and Simulation of a Modified Cell Transmission Model for an Urban Expressway
  • Relationship between Traffic Accidents and the Road Traffic Operation Index A Case Study of Beijing
  • How to Evaluate the Road Consistency and Driving Comfort of a Newly-Built Freeway A Case Study of the Wu-Liu Freeway in Guangxi
  • Car-Following Model Based on Ahead Acceleration and Velocity Differences
  • Effect of Break Time on an Evaluation Index of Driving Characteristics
  • Risk Assessment on the Effect of Weather Factors on Civil Engineering Facilities in a Metro System
  • Cabinets of Comprehensive Inspection Train Random Vibration Analysis
  • Risk-Sharing Rationalization of an Intercity Railway PPP Project.
  • Forecasting Method for Urban Rail Transit Ridership at the Station-Level Using a Weighted Population Variable and Genetic Algorithm Back Propagation Neural Network
  • Bus System Evaluation Based on a Structure Entropy Weight-Matter Element Analysis Method
  • Operation and Management of Urban Rail Transit Education Reform Based on CDIO
  • Urban Rail Transport Coordination Based on Travel Time Cost
  • New Cable Insulation Detection Approach and Design for a Subway Train
  • Analysis of the Coordination of the Chengdu Metro and the Intercity Railway Ticketing Organization
  • Optimization Analysis of the Energy-Absorbing Structures in a Subway Train
  • Urban Transit Systems' Efficiency Evaluation Model Based on DEA
  • Compiling Operative Plans of Rail Transit Turn-Back Stations
  • UML Modeling and Development of an Urban Rail Transit Network Passenger Travel Process
  • Optimization Method Study for Capacity Coordination between Urban Rail Transit Lines
  • Research on the Urban Rail Traffic ATS Simulation System
  • Suspended Monorail System : A New Development of an Urban Rail Transit System with Low Passenger Capacity
  • Application of Pedestrian Microscopic Simulation Technology in Researching the Influenced Realm around Urban Rail Transit Stations
  • Influence Law of Urban Rail Transit Delay Propagation under Network Operation
  • Urban Rail Simulation Platform Control System Design Based on Fault Detection
  • Motion Simulation of a Vessel Based on Standard Environmental Conditions and Dynamic Assessment
  • Reform of a Load Balancing Mechanism for a Railway Freight Vehicle
  • Application of an Optimal Control Algorithm on ABS for an Electric Vehicle
  • Physical Model Selection in Numerical Simulation and Structural Optimization of a Locomotive Traction Motor's Air Cooling Channel
  • Structural Improvement of a Lifting Platform for a MultiFunction Operation Car
  • Optimization Plan of Refrigerated Container Refueling Strategies in Transit.
Book
1 online resource (2845 pages) : illustrations (some color).
  • Allowable Bearing Capacity of Strip Footings on Jointed Rock Masses : A Reliability Based Approach
  • Numerical Simulation of Earthquake Induced Soil Liquefaction : Validation against Centrifuge Experimental Results
  • On Foundations over Salt Encrusted Desert Flats (Sabkha) : Properties, Challenges, and Guidelines
  • Settlement of a Shallow Foundation Resting on Piedmont Residual Soils of Northern Virginia
  • Soil, Foundation, and Superstructure Interaction (I) : Advanced Analyses of Shallow Foundations
  • Soil, Foundation, and Superstructure Interaction (II) : Superstructure and Foundations' Tie Beams Analyses
  • Soil-Structure Interaction Effects on Seismically Isolated Nuclear Power Plants
  • Tactile Pressure Sensors in Centrifuge Modeling of Rocking Foundations
  • A Novel Method to Estimate the Compression Index for Gulf Coast Clayey Soil
  • Aging in Sand : Fatigue at Grain Contacts and Modeling Using Discrete Element Method
  • Large Scale Simulation of Granular Materials via Impulse-Based Discrete Element Method
  • Model for Consolidation Analysis of Layered Soils under Depth-Dependent Loading
  • Modelling Ettringite Induced Heaving in Cement Stabilized Soils within a Chemo-Mechanical Constitutive Framework
  • Preliminary Study of Pore Water Chemistry Effect on the Physical and Mechanical Behaviour of Artificial Mixed Soil
  • Response of Soil-Foundation-Structure Systems to Multidirectional Seismic Motion : A Micromechanical Approach.
  • Settlement Estimations of Peat during Centrifuge Experiments
  • Settlement of Embankment Constructed with Geofoam
  • Strain Rate Dependency of Sand Response under Uniaxial Monotonic Loading
  • Undrained Behavior of Sand by DEM Study
  • Validation of a Numerical Model to Analyze Pile-Supported T-Walls
  • Enhanced UniCone Expressions for Axial Pile Capacity Evaluation from Piezocone Tests
  • Probabilistic Seismic Design of Soil-Pile Raft-Superstructure System
  • Service Limit State Design for Individual Drilled Shafts in Shale Using t-z Method
  • State of Practices in Databases for Deep Foundation Load Tests
  • The ICP Design Method and Application to a North Sea Offshore Wind Farm
  • Using Cone Penetration Testing to Predict the Capacity and Drivability of Tapered Piles in Sands
  • Finite Element Analysis for Spatially Stochastic Soil Anisotropic Studies
  • Numerical Investigation of Group Anchors
  • Response of Beams on Nonlinear Foundation
  • R-LRFD : Robust Load and Resistance Factor Design
  • Soil-Structure Interactions in a Skewed Integral Abutment Bridge
  • Streamlining of Bridge Pier as a Scour Countermeasure: A Feasibility Study
  • Visualizing the Shallow Failure Mechanism of the T-Bar Penetrometer
  • Evaluation of Moisture Susceptibility and Healing Properties of Nanoclay-Modified Asphalt Binders
  • In-Place Recycling Moisture-Density Relationships for High-Traffic Applications
  • Investigation of Rheological Properties of Asphalt Rubber toward Sustainable Use of Scrap Tires
  • Merits of Asphalt Concrete Durability and Performance Tests When Applied to Cold In-Place Recycling.
  • Pavement Repairs' Long-Term Performance over Expansive Soil
  • Recent Discussions of p-y Formulations for Lateral Load Transfer of Deep Foundations Based on Experimental Studies
  • Response of Resilient Modulus to Moisture Variation in Unsaturated Subgrade Soils
  • Sustainable Alternatives in Low Volume Road Base Course Applications Evaluated through Accelerated Pavement Testing
  • Use of Fluidized Bed Combustion Ash in Full Depth Reclamation
  • Vertical Pressures Produced by Controlled Low Strength Material (CLSM) Poured into Pipe Trenches
  • A Case Study and Lessons Learned : Retaining Wall Design and Construction of the Maid of the Mist Winter Storage Facility
  • A Synthesis of Pile Performance Monitoring Projects in Downdrag Environments in Minnesota
  • Assessment of Old Stone Walls
  • Case Histories of Full-Scale Comparative Load Testing of Base Grouted and Ungrouted Test Shaft Pairs
  • Current Limitations and Challenges of Driven Piles in Rock as Demonstrated Using Three Case Studies in Wyoming
  • Reconstruction of Route 33 Bridges at West Point, Virginia
  • Statnamic Load Test for 30-inch Precast Prestressed Square Concrete Pile : A Case History
  • Dry Soil Mix Column Shear Panels Constructed beneath Lost Lake Dredge Disposal Island Levee
  • First Known Application of Cutter Soil Mixing for Support of a Heritage Building
  • Lessons Learned from Ground Improvement on BART Fremont Central Park Subway Project in Fremont, California
  • Moisture Content and Relative Compaction Influences on Swell Potential and Strength of a Compacted Residual Soil.
  • Performance of Tanks Supported on DMM Columns in the Gulf Coast : Hydrotest Monitoring and Settlement Analysis
  • Stone Columns : Lessons Learned, Settlements, and Future Project Considerations
  • Design and Monitoring of a Sheet Pile Wall Installed in Soft Industrial Waste
  • Electronic Thickness Gauge Measurements on a 36-Year-Old Steel Bar Mat Reinforced MSE Wall
  • Geo-Characterization of Brownfield Site for Modernization of a Large Industrial Facility
  • Old Technology Enhanced by Dynamic Replacement
  • The Great Salt Lake Causeway A Calculated Risk 50 Years Later
  • Load Displacement Behavior of ACIP Piles in Mixed Soil Profile
  • Overburden Effect on the Axial Resistance of Instrumented CFA Piles
  • Region-Specific Load Transfer Model for Augered Cast-in-Place Piles in Granular Soils
  • Thermal Integrity Profiling of ACIP Piles
  • A Study of Plane Strain Pile Jacking and Driving in Granular Media
  • Development of Removable Load Distributive Compressive Anchor Technology
  • Development of Very Low Head Room Press-In Sheet Pile Driver
  • Enhancement of Pervious Concrete Pile Subjected to Uplift Load Using Microbial Induced Carbonate Precipitation
  • Experimental Study of Installation of Concrete Suction Caisson in Clay
  • Installation and Load Capacity of Torpedo Anchors in Offshore Applications
  • Model Tests of Laterally Loaded Piles under a Horizontally Scoured Condition
  • The Effects of Pile Installation on Vertical and Lateral Response
  • The Importance of Interfaces in Geotechnical Foundation Systems
  • Uplift Tests on Shallow Cast-in-Place Enlarged Base Pedestal Foundations in Clay
  • Axial Tension and Lateral Capacity of Step-Tapered Helical Piles for Transmission Pole Structures.
  • Bearing and Friction Design Capacity Softwar for Helical Anchors and Piles
  • Lateral Performance of Large-Capacity Helical Piles
  • Monitoring Micropile Foundations of Bridge during Construction
  • Numerical Modeling in Micropile Design for a Pusher Furnace
  • Axial Load Tests on Drilled Shafts Socketed in Hard Clays and Shales
  • Case History : Margaret McDermott Bridge over I-30
  • Elastic Analysis of Drilled Shaft Foundations in Soil Profiles with Intermediate Caliche Layers
  • Numerical Simulation of a Drilled Shaft in an MSE Wall under Cyclic Loading
  • Seismic Site Characterization in Support of Drilled Shaft Design in Southern Nevada
  • Separating Contributions from Pre-Mobilization and Ground Improvement for Post-Grouted Drilled Shafts
  • Corrosion Study of Existing Steel H-Pile Installed through Cinder-Ash Fill
  • Elastic Analysis of Rock-Socketed Piles
  • Evaluation of Pile Set-Up using iCAP Dynamic Restrike Software Analysis in the State of Alabama
  • Foundation Support Cost Applications to Driven-Pile Design
  • High-Strain Dynamic Pile Testing for the I-40/I-240 Interchange in Memphis, Tennessee
  • Kentucky Lake Pipe Pile Load Test Program
  • On Design and Installation of Driven Piles in Coral Deposits : A Case Study from the Red Sea Coast of Saudi Arabia
  • Pile Driving Formulas Revisited
  • Pile Setup and Axial Capacity Gain for Driven Piles Installed Using Impact Hammer versus Vibratory System
  • Soil Plugging Mechanism on Large Diameter Pipe Piles : Insight from Discrete Element Simulations
  • Tension Tests on Driven H-Piles in Sand and Clay
  • Uplift Resistance of Coated Driven Steel Piles
  • Effects of Demolishing the Deep Excavation Support System Used for Tall Building Construction on Adjacent Metro Line : Modeling and Field Comparison
  • Experimental p-y Curves for a Laterally Loaded Single Pile in Cement-Improved Soft Clay
  • Full Scale Crash Test on a Group of Piles in Clay.
  • Group Effects on Piles Behavior under Lateral Loading
  • Numerical Simulation of Pile Installation and Setup for Bayou Lacassine Site
  • A New Approach to Measure Water Film Due to Void Redistribution in Layered Soil
  • Analysis of Drilled Shaft Settlement Caused by Liquefaction
  • Assessing Liquefaction-Induced Lateral Spreads Using CPT Cases from the Christchurch, New Zealand, Earthquakes
  • Centrifuge Testing of Levees : Saturation Techniques during Model Construction
  • Comparison of Soil Response during Earthquake Excitation and Uniform Cyclic Loading
  • Experimental Modeling of Rainfall Induced Slope Failures in Compacted Clays
  • Liquefaction and Residential Foundations : Lessons Learned from Past Earthquakes
  • Liquefaction of Granular Soils at the Microscale
  • Magnitudes of Prehistoric Earthquakes at the Hollywood, South Carolina, Site
  • Multiscale Modeling of Fine Particles Migration in Granular Filters
  • Performance of Skewed Abutments from Large-Scale Testing
  • Regional Geology and Seismic Site Amplification in the Washington, DC, Metropolitan Area
  • Response of a Silty Sand Centrifuge Deposit to Repeated Earthquakes
  • Scour Characteristics of Saturated Levees Due to Floodwall Overtopping
  • Seismic Hazard Curves for the Probability of Liquefaction
  • Soil Compressibility in Transient Unsaturated Seepage Analyses
  • Design and Construction of a Permanent Earth Retention System in Stiff Fissured Clay and Landslide Rubble
  • Monitoring a Drilled Shaft Retaining Wall in Expansive Clay : Long-Term Performance in Response to Moisture Fluctuations
  • North American Trends and Developments of Complex Support of Excavation Systems
  • Numerical Investigation of Gravity Wall-Granular Soil Interaction
  • Robust Design Optimization Applied to Braced Excavations
  • Apparent Lateral Earth Pressures below the Lowest Support Level
  • Compressive Strength Variations of Lime-Treated Expansive Soils.
  • Durability of Lightly Stabilised Granular Material Subjected to Freeze-Thaw and Wet-Dry Cycles
  • Experimental Investigation of Applicability of Sand Tire Chip Mixtures as Retaining Wall Backfill
  • Interface Properties of Metal-Grid and Geogrid Reinforcements with Sand
  • Seismic Performance of Cantilever Retaining Walls with Clayey Backfills
  • Three Dimensional Effects of Vertical Stiffeners on Infinitely-Long Sheet-Piles in Cohesionless Soil
  • Analysis of Reinforced Soil Wall Considering Oblique Pullout of Reinforcement Resting on Two-Parameter Pasternak Subgrade
  • Effect of Single and Double Anchored Systems on the Behaviour of Cellular Reinforced Fly Ash Walls
  • Impact of Compaction Level and Depth of Fill on the Pullout Resistance of Ribbed Strip MSE Reinforcement
  • Numerical Simulation of a Geosynthetic Reinforced Soil Integrated Bridge System during Construction and Operation Using Parametric Studies
  • Numerical Study of Deformation Behavior for a Geosynthetic-Reinforced Soil Bridge Abutment under Static Loading
  • Seismic Thrust vs. Wall Inertia in Non-Yielding Retaining Walls under Earthquake Loading : Synchronous or Asynchronous Action?
  • Case Studies of New York City Projects with Varying Site Constraints
  • Design and Construction of a Sheet Pile Earth Retention System in Soft Clays
  • Foundation Design and Construction in Urban Environments
  • Foundation Features : Tall Buildings and Braced Excavations in Houston
  • Performance of Deep Excavations in Clay in the Boston Urban Environment
  • Reconstruction of Tsunami-Ravaged Levees by the Press-In Piling Method in Japan's Northeast
  • Removable Compressive Load Distributive Strand Anchors : Case History and Lessons Learned
  • Development of a Full-Scale Soil-Borehole Thermal Energy Storage System.
  • Effect of the Unsaturated Soil Condition on the Thermal Efficiency of Energy Piles
  • Experimental Investigation of Bridge Deck Deicing Using Energy Piles
  • Full-Scale Field Testing of Energy Piles
  • Investigation of Construction Specification Effects on Energy Pile Efficiency
  • Investigation of Thermo-Mechanical Load Transfer (t-z Curves) Behavior of Soil-Energy Pile Interface Using Modified Borehole Shear Tests
  • Numerical Modeling of Thermally Induced Pore Water Flow in Saturated Soil Surrounding Geothermal Piles
  • Preliminary Studies of the Use of Abandoned Mine Water for Geothermal Applications
  • Response of an Energy Foundation to Temperature Fluctuations
  • Sensitivity Study on Factors Affecting the Heat Exchange in Geothermal Heat Pump System
  • Temperature Effects on Sand-Steel Interface Shear and Quantification of Post-Shear Surface Texture Characteristics of Steel
  • Thermal Operation of Geothermal Piles Installed in Sand A Comparative Assessment Using Numerical and Physical Models
  • Thermal Stress and Displacement Response of Geothermal Energy Piles in Sand
  • Centrifuge Modeling of Offshore Wind Turbine with Bucket Foundation under Earthquake Loading
  • Cyclic Performance of Single and Group Micropiles on Loose Sand
  • Mass Soil Mixing for Wind Tower Turbine Foundations
  • Preliminary Design of Suction Pile for Mooring of Concrete Floating Structures
  • Simulation of Dynamic Response of Offshore Wind Turbine with Group-Pile Foundation Using Centrifuge Tests
  • A Methodology for Axially Loaded Drilled Shaft Performance Predictions Using DFSAP
  • Allowable Design Strength of Geosynthetic Reinforcement for Veneer Stability of MSW Landfills : A Reliability Based Approach
  • Alternative Method of Flow-Back Water Treatment in Shale Gas Development for Environmental Protection
  • Assessment of Shear Failure Parameters for Sand-Clay Liners.
  • Characterization of Collapsible Soils
  • Effect of Parameter Uncertainty on Factor of Safety Calculations in a Slope Stability Problem
  • Impact of Proof Load Test Programs on the Reliability of Foundations
  • Laboratory Determination of the Time-Dependent Interface Frictional Behavior between Cohesive Soil and Construction Materials
  • Large Diameter Triaxial Testing of AASHTO Open Graded Aggregates and the Effect of Relative Density on Strength
  • Predicting Immediate Settlement on Spread Footings for Highway Bridges
  • Probabilistic Methodology for Developing Regional and Site-Class Dependent Seismic Site Amplification Factors
  • Probabilistic Settlement Analysis of Shallow Foundations on Heterogeneous Soil Stratum with Anisotropic Correlation Structure
  • Quantitative Comparison of Direct Monte Carlo Simulation to Simplified Reliability Approaches for Evaluating the Stability of Unreinforced Slopes
  • Reliability-Based Robust Geotechnical Design of Rock Bolts for Slope Stabilization
  • Risk Analysis on Bridge Scour Failure
  • The Random Finite Element Method (RFEM) in Probabilistic Slope Stability Analysis with Consideration of Spatial Variability of Soil Properties
  • Unconfined Compressive Strength and Deformation Modulus Relationship for Two Carbonate Rock Formations
  • Updating Single Pile Capacity by Load Tests
  • A New Borehole Tool for Subsurface Seismic Imaging A Full Waveform Inversion Approach
  • An Appraisal of a New Generation of Surface Wave Techniques at a Test Site in Florida
  • Bender Element Testing and Discrete Element Modeling of Shear Wave in Granular Media
  • Centrifuge Modeling the Influence of Soil Anisotropy on Seismic Response of Foundations
  • Comparison of Image Analyses Algorithms for Video-Based Remote Structure Vibration Monitoring System.
  • Creep Behavior of Shale Formations in Shale Gas Development
  • Effect of Different Parameters on Steady State and Monotonic Liquefaction of Gravelly Soils
  • Geomechanical Properties of Coal Mine Roof Rocks in Illinois
  • Reliability of Coal Mine Roof Rating in Mining Applications
  • Settling Characteristics of Fine-Grained Dredged Sediments Used in Louisiana Coastal Restoration and Land Building Projects
  • Constitutive Modeling of Unsaturated Soils Using Results from Suction Controlled Odometer Tests
  • Deformation Non-Uniformity of an Unsaturated Soil during Triaxial Testing
  • Evolution of Interphase Contact Angle in Partially Saturated Granular Soils Using Digital Analysis of X-Ray Computed Tomography Images
  • Numerical Analysis of Vertical Moisture Barriers in Controlling Expansive Soils in Presence of Soil Cracks
  • Prediction of the Resilient Modulus of Unsaturated Base-Course Materials
  • Shrinkage Induced Pressure Measurement to Address Desiccation Cracking in Expansive Soils
  • Simplified Equivalent Linear and Nonlinear Site Response Analysis of Partially Saturated Soil Layers
  • Suitable Shearing Rate for Triaxial Testing of Intermediate Soils under Vapor Controlled Medium to High Suction Range
  • Are There Gender Differences in the Value That Civil and Environmental Engineering Students Place on Service Provided through Service-Learning Projects?
  • Disciplinary Diversity in the Development of Geotechnical Engineering Undergraduate Education Materials
  • Enhancing Students' Problem-Solving Skills through Progressive Integration of Project-Based Learning
  • Inclusionary Instructional Methods Addressing a Diversity of Learners in Geotechnical Engineering Education
  • Support of Women Geotechnical Engineering Faculty : History and Initiatives.
  • Views and Concerns with Regard to Teaching Geotechnical Engineering : Viable Strategies for the Classroom Environment
  • A Numerical Study of the Installation-Induced Stresses and Excess Pore-Water Pressures around Rigid Inclusions Using a Linear-Elastic Perfectly-Plastic Soil
  • Characterization of Smear Zone Caused by Mandrel Action
  • Contact Fatigue : A Key Mechanism in Time-Dependent Behavior of Sand after Dynamic Compaction
  • Drained Shear Strength of MICP Sand at Varying Cementation Levels
  • Enzyme Induced Carbonate Precipitation (EICP) Columns for Ground Improvement
  • Ground Improvement of Marine Clay for Highway Construction in Mumbai, India
  • Ground Improvement : Difficulties in Measuring Success
  • Mitigation of Earthquake-Induced Liquefaction via Microbial Denitrification : A Two-Phase Process
  • Post-Grouting Stability of Bentonite Suspensions within Sand Pores
  • Shear Wave Velocity Measurements of Stone Column Improved Ground and Effect on Site Response
  • Stability Analysis of Embankments Supported by Geosynthetic Encased Stone Columns
  • Stress-Strain Behavior of Cement-Improved Clays
  • Development of a Flexible Mold for Bio-Mediated Soil Materials
  • Dynamic Centrifuge Tests on Soft Clay Reinforced by Soil-Cement Grids
  • Field Investigation on Compaction and Strength Performance of Two Coal Wash-BOS Slag Mixtures
  • Ground Improvements for a Sloped Runway Expansion
  • Implementation of Optimized Ground Improvement Techniques for a Prime Real Estate Location in Southern California
  • Large-Scale Bending Tests on Soil Mix Elements
  • Seismic Soil-Pile-Structure Interaction in Improved Soft Clay : Centrifuge Tests.
  • Wet Grab Samples vs. Cored Samples as QC/QA Methods at the Rio Puerto Nuevo Project in San Juan, PR
  • Application and Accuracy of Structure from Motion Computer Vision Models with Full-Scale Geotechnical Field Tests
  • Effect of Container Wall Friction on the Consolidation of Clay Specimen
  • Failure Mechanism of Earthen Levee Strengthened by Vegetated HPTRM System and Design Guideline for Hurricane Overtopping Conditions
  • Full Scale Crash Test of a 36-Ton Truck against a Barrier on Top of an MSE Wall
  • Development of an Improved Calibration Procedure for the Electrical Density Gauge
  • The Measurement of Suction Stress Characteristic Curve for a Highly Collapsible Loessial Soil
  • A Framework for Premature Pavement Distress Evaluation
  • Construction Monitoring for the Transbay Transit Center Excavation in San Francisco, California
  • Dual Tip Penetrometer A New In Situ Approach to Identify Cemented Sand
  • Exposure of Deep Foundations for the Kentucky Lock Addition Project.
  • Field Calibration and Data Interpretation of a Settlement Cell System
  • Initial Steps toward Characterizing Particle Mobilization Using Pore-Scale Particle Mobilization Imaging Experiments
  • Intelligent Compaction of Stabilized Subgrade of Flexible Pavement
  • Strength and Stress Estimation in Soil Bentonite Slurry Trench Cutoff Walls Using Cone Penetration Test Data
  • The Subjective Element in Dynamic Load Testing Results
  • Theory on Measuring Orientation with MEMS Accelerometers in a Centrifuge
  • Thermal Activity of Geosynthetic Reinforced Soil Piers
  • Using Thermal Integrity Profiling to Confirm the Structural Integrity of Foundation Applications
  • Visualizing the Fundamental Physics of Rapid Earth Penetration Using Transparent Soils
  • Behaviour of Reinforced Stone Dust Model Walls under Uniformly Distributed Loading
  • Characterization and Surface Analysis of Commercially Available Biochars for Geoenvironmental Applications
  • Influence of Physico-Chemical Properties of Different Biochars on Landfill Methane Adsorption
  • Laboratory Study of Electromagnetically Induced Contaminant Removal
  • Macropore Flow Modeling Using the Root Zone Water Quality Model
  • Optimum Dimensions of Reinforced Soil Berm for Vertical Expansion of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Landfills
  • Phytoremediation of Mixed Contaminated Soils : Enhancement with Biochar and Compost Amendments
  • Structural Effects on Effective Conductivity of Compacted Clays.
  • An Overview of Sustainability Applied to Earth Structures
  • Beneficial Reuse of Fine Grained Soils for Port, River, and Shoreline Applications
  • Beneficial Reuse of Waste Insulation Material in Drilling Applications
  • Carbon Footprint of Tuttle Creek Dam Seismic Retrofit
  • Effect of Compost Soil Treatment on Surficial Slope Stability in Fully Softened Condition
  • Effect of pH on the Leaching of Elements from Highway Base Layers Built with Recycled Concrete Aggregates
  • Geotechnical Properties of Lightly Stabilized Recycled Demolition Materials in Base/Sub-Base Applications
  • Improving the Shear Strength of Soils by Adding Agricultural By-Products
  • Investigation on Clogging Potential of Recycled Concrete Aggregate in French Drain Systems
  • Recycling of Municipal Solid Waste Incineration (MSWI) Ash as Aggregate Replacement in Concrete
  • Soil Crust Development throughout a Two-Dimensional Profile by Discrete Element Method
  • Steel Slag : Chemistry, Mineralogy, and Morphology
  • Stormwater Sediment Filtration Using Sand versus Synthetic Fibers
  • Sustainability Assessment of Two Alternate Earth-Retaining Structures.
Book
1 online resource (78 p. ) : digital, PDF file.
During 2012, the Idaho National Laboratory Seismic Monitoring Program evaluated 17,329 independent triggers that included earthquakes from around the world, the western United States, and local region of the Snake River Plain. Seismologists located 1,460 earthquakes and man-made blasts within and near the 161-km (or 100-mile) radius of the Idaho National Laboratory. Of these earthquakes, 16 had small-to-moderate size magnitudes (M) from 3.0 to 3.6. Within the 161-km radius, the majority of 695 earthquakes (M < 3.6) occurred in the active regions of the Basin and Range Provinces adjacent to the eastern Snake River Plain. Only 11 microearthquakes occurred within the Snake River Plain, four of which occurred in Craters of the Moon National Monument. The earthquakes had magnitudes from 1.0 to 1.7 and occurred at deep depths (11-24 km). Two events with magnitudes less than 1.0 occurred within the Idaho National Laboratory boundaries and had depths less than 10 km.
Book
1 online resource.
Risk calculations should focus on providing best estimate results, and associated insights, for evaluation and decision-making. Specifically, seismic probabilistic risk assessments (SPRAs) are intended to provide best estimates of the various combinations of structural and equipment failures that can lead to a seismic induced core damage event. However, in some instances the current SPRA approach has large uncertainties, and potentially masks other important events (for instance, it was not the seismic motions that caused the Fukushima core melt events, but the tsunami ingress into the facility). SPRA’s are performed by convolving the seismic hazard (this is the estimate of all likely damaging earthquakes at the site of interest) with the seismic fragility (the conditional probability of failure of a structure, system, or component given the occurrence of earthquake ground motion). In this calculation, there are three main pieces to seismic risk quantification, 1) seismic hazard and nuclear power plants (NPPs) response to the hazard, fragility or capacity of structures, systems and components (SSC), and systems analysis. Two areas where NLSSI effects may be important in SPRA calculations are, 1) when calculating in-structure response at the area of interest, and 2) calculation of seismic fragilities (current fragility calculations assume a lognormal distribution for probability of failure of components). Some important effects when using NLSSI in the SPRA calculation process include, 1) gapping and sliding, 2) inclined seismic waves coupled with gapping and sliding of foundations atop soil, 3) inclined seismic waves coupled with gapping and sliding of deeply embedded structures, 4) soil dilatancy, 5) surface waves, 4) buoyancy, 5) concrete cracking and 6) seismic isolation The focus of the research task presented here-in is on implementation of NLSSI into the SPRA calculation process when calculating in-structure response at the area of interest. The specific nonlinear soil behavior included in the NLSSI calculation presented in this report is gapping and sliding. Other NLSSI effects are not included in the calculation. The results presented in this report document initial model runs in the linear and nonlinear analysis process. Final comparisons between traditional and advanced SPRA will be presented in the September 30th deliverable.
Book
1 online resource (40 p. ) : digital, PDF file.
In the aftermath of the March 2011 multi-unit accident at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant (Fukushima), the nuclear community has been reassessing certain safety assumptions about nuclear reactor plant design, operations and emergency actions, particularly with respect to extreme events that might occur and that are beyond each plant’s current design basis. Because of our significant domestic investment in nuclear reactor technology (99 operating reactors in the fleet of commercial LWRs with five under construction), the United States has been a major leader internationally in these activities. The U.S. nuclear industry is voluntarily pursuing a number of additional safety initiatives. The NRC continues to evaluate and, where deemed appropriate, establish new requirements for ensuring adequate protection of public health and safety in the occurrence of low probability events at nuclear plants; (e.g., mitigation strategies for beyond design basis events initiated by external events like seismic or flooding initiators). The DOE has also played a major role in the U.S. response to the Fukushima accident. Initially, DOE worked with the Japanese and the international community to help develop a more complete understanding of the Fukushima accident progression and its consequences, and to respond to various safety concerns emerging from uncertainties about the nature of and the effects from the accident. DOE R&D activities are focused on providing scientific and technical insights, data, analyses methods that ultimately support industry efforts to enhance safety. These activities are expected to further enhance the safety performance of currently operating U.S. nuclear power plants as well as better characterize the safety performance of future U.S. plants. In pursuing this area of R&D, DOE recognizes that the commercial nuclear industry is ultimately responsible for the safe operation of licensed nuclear facilities. As such, industry is considered the primary “end user” of the results from this DOE-sponsored work. The response to the Fukushima accident has been global, and there is a continuing multinational interest in collaborations to better quantify accident consequences and to incorporate lessons learned from the accident. DOE will continue to seek opportunities to facilitate collaborations that are of value to the U.S. industry, particularly where the collaboration provides access to vital data from the accident or otherwise supports or leverages other important R&D work. The purpose of the Reactor Safety Technology R&D is to improve understanding of beyond design basis events and reduce uncertainty in severe accident progression, phenomenology, and outcomes using existing analytical codes and information gleaned from severe accidents, in particular the Fukushima Daiichi events. This information will be used to aid in developing mitigating strategies and improving severe accident management guidelines for the current light water reactor fleet.