Assembly-Based Vulnerability of Buildings and Its Uses in Seismic Performance Evaluation and Risk Management Decision-Making
This series includes technical reports prepared by faculty, students and staff who are associated with the John A. Blume Earthquake Engineering Center at Stanford University. While the primary focus of Blume Center is earthquake engineering, many of the reports in this series encompass broader topics in structural engineering and materials, computational mechanics, geomechanics, structural health monitoring, and engineering life-cycle risk assessment. Each report includes acknowledgments of the specific sponsors for the report and underlying research. In addition to providing research support, the Blume Center provides administrative support for maintaining and disseminating the technical reports. For more information about the Blume Center and its activities, see https://blume.stanford.edu.
A methodology is presented to evaluate the seismic vulnerability of buildings on a building-specific basis. The methodology, entitled assembly-based vulnerability, estimates repair cost, repair duration, and loss-of-use cost as functions of spectral acceleration. It treats the building as a unique collection of standard assemblies with probabilistic fragility, repair costs, and repair durations. The procedure applies Monte Carlo methods to simulate ground motion, structural response, assembly damage, repair costs, and repair duration. The methodology is illustrated using a realistic example office building. The dissertation also presents a decision-analysis approach to making seismic risk-management decisions for individual buildings, using the assembly-based vulnerability methodology. The decision analysis accounts for the decision-maker’s business practices and risk attitude, and produces a recommendation of the best alternative on an expected-utility basis. A detailed procedure for eliciting the decisionmaker’s risk attitude is presented. The methodology is illustrated using a realistic example decision situation. It is found that risk attitude can make a material difference in the selection of the optimal risk-management alternative, thus calling into question techniques that assume risk neutrality and rely on cost-effectiveness as the key measure of desirability. Various techniques are presented for developing empirical and theoretical assembly fragilities; these techniques are illustrated through the creation of fragility functions for a wide variety of structural, nonstructural, and content assemblies. The fragility functions can be reused in subsequent analyses. Fragilities are defined within the framework of a standardized, detailed, and highly adaptable assembly taxonomy that can facilitate unambiguous communication of assembly types, fragilities, and costs.
- Preferred Citation
- Porter, KA and Kiremidjian, AS. (2001). Assembly-Based Vulnerability of Buildings and Its Uses in Seismic Performance Evaluation and Risk Management Decision-Making. John A Blume Earthquake Engineering Center Technical Report 139. Stanford Digital Repository. Available at: http://purl.stanford.edu/qf102hx9901
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- John A. Blume Earthquake Engineering Center
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