"Jehanne Henry ... and Samer Muscati ... authored this report ..."--P. 48.
Includes bibliographical references.
Summary and recommendations
Since June 2011, Sudanese forces have indiscriminately bombed populated areas of Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan states, which has killed and maimed scores of civilians and caused serious damage to homes, schools, clinics, crops, and livestock. Government forces, including Sudan Armed Forces and Popular Defense Forces, have also raided villages, burned and looted civilian property, arbitrarily detained people, and assaulted and raped women and girls. This report is based on 195 interviews of displaced persons conducted in part during five research trips to difficult-to-access rebel areas in Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan, suggests that Sudan's government has in effect adopted a strategy to treat all populations in rebel-held areas as enemies and legitimate targets, without distinguishing between civilian and combatant, as required by international law. The report documents both the impact of the armed conflict on civilians and of Sudan's continuing refusal to allow crucial humanitarian aid into the affected areas. Hundreds of thousands of civilians are displaced inside the two states, surviving on very little, while conflict and deprivation have pushed more than 200,000 to refugee camps in South Sudan and Ethiopia. The report calls on the United Nations, African Union, and the League of Arab States -- as well as a host of key nations involved in Sudan, including China, Qatar, the United States and South Africa -- to forcefully press Sudan to immediately end the indiscriminate bombing and stop blocking access to aid, and to call on UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon to establish a commission of inquiry into violations by both government and rebel forces. Individuals responsible for serious abuses, including the blocking of aid, should be held accountable, including through targeted sanctions.
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