The ecology of college readiness
378.08 .E68 V.38 NO.5
- Unknown 378.08 .E68 V.38 NO.5
- Includes bibliographical references (p. 109-124) and indexs.
- Executive Summary vii Foreword xi Acknowledgments xiii The Case for a Comprehensive Model of College Readiness 1 The Complexity of College Readiness 4 Quasi-Ecological Approaches to College Readiness 6 The Next Generation of College Readiness Research 8 Method and Organization 8 The Human Ecology Framework 11 Principles of Development in Ecological Systems 11 Environmental Contexts 14 Environmental Interactions: A Fully Ecological Model 17 Individual: The Attributes of College Readiness 19 Resource Characteristics 21 Force Characteristics 25 Demand Characteristics 27 The Individual in an Ecological Context 29 Microsystem: The Direct Experience of Students 31 Academic Preparation in Schools 32 Out-of-School Microsystems 40 Direct Experience in an Ecological Context 46 Mesosystem: A Network of Overlapping Relationships 47 Cultural Capital and the Mesosystem 47 Social Capital and Mesosystem Connectors 49 College and High School Integration 53 Overlapping Relationships in the Ecological Context 56 Exosystem: The Site of Systemic and Structural Changes 59 Precollege Intervention Programs 62 School Reform 64 Role of States 68 Role of Federal Government 70 Role of Foundations and Nonprofi t Organizations 73 Systems and Structures in Ecological Context 74 Macrosystem: The Arena of Culture and Ideology 77 Foundational Beliefs 77 Language, Subculture, and Theory 79 Culture and Ideology in the Ecological Context 81 Chronosystem: The Role of Time in College Readiness 83 Cohort and Era 83 Sequence and Timing 84 Developmental Change 88 The Role of Time in Ecological Context 89 The Ecological View of College Readiness 91 The Ecology of College Readiness 94 Using an Ecological Approach in Research and Evaluation 98 Implications for Policy 101 Implications for Practice 103 Moving Toward an Ecological Approach to College Readiness 106 References 109 Name Index 125 Subject Index 130 About the Authors 137.
- (source: Nielsen Book Data)
- Publisher's Summary
- Despite extensive research, policies, and practical efforts toimprove college readiness in the United States, a large proportionof low-income students remain unprepared to enter and succeed inhigher education. This issue draws on the human ecology theory of UrieBronfenbrenner (1917 2005) to offer a fresh perspective thataccounts for the complexity of the interacting personal, organizational, and societal factors in play. Ecological principlesshift the focus to individual differences in the ways that studentsengage environments and to the connections across students immediate settings and relationships. Viewing college readiness within an ecological system alsoreveals how the settings where development occurs are in turnshaped by more distant environments. The aspirations and behaviorsthat affect students college preparation originate inopportunities, resources, and hazards beyond their immediateenvironments. The ecological lens illuminates the need forcoordinated, comprehensive efforts that affect students across thevarious levels of their environment and provides a framework foradvancing college readiness research, policy, and educationalpractice. This is the 5th issue of the 38th volume of the Jossey-Bassseries ASHE Higher Education Report. Each monographis the definitive analysis of a tough higher education issue, basedon thorough research of pertinent literature and institutionalexperiences. Topics are identified by a national survey. Notedpractitioners and scholars are then commissioned to write thereports, with experts providing critical reviews of each manuscriptbefore publication.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
- Publication date
- Karen D. Arnold, Elissa C. Lu, Kelli J, Armstrong.
- ASHE higher education report ; v. 38, no. 5