Genetic justice [electronic resource] : DNA data banks, criminal investigations, and civil liberties
- Krimsky, Sheldon.
- New York : Columbia University Press, 2010.
- Physical description
- xviii, 406 p.
- Includes bibliographical references and index.
- Foreword Acknowledgments Introduction Part I: DNA in Law Enforcement 1. Forensic DNA Analysis 2. The Network of U.S. DNA Data Banks 3. Community DNA Dragnets 4. Familial DNA Searches 5. Forensic DNA Phenotyping 6. Surreptitious Biological Sampling 7. Exonerations 8. The Illusory Appeal of a Universal DNA Data Bank Part II: Comparative Systems 9. The United Kingdom 10. Japan's Forensic DNA Data Bank 11. Australia 12: Germany 13. Italy Part III: Critical Perspectives 14. Privacy and Genetic Surveillance 15. Racial Disparities in DNA Data Banking 16. Fallibility in DNA Identification 17. The Efficacy of DNA Data Banks 18. Toward a Vision of Justice Appendix: A Comparison of DNA Databases in Six Nations Notes Selected Readings Index.
- (source: Nielsen Book Data)
- Publisher's Summary
- National DNA databanks were initially established to catalogue the identities of violent criminals and sex offenders. However, since the mid-1990s, forensic DNA databanks have in some cases expanded to include people merely arrested, regardless of whether they've been charged or convicted of a crime. The public is largely unaware of these changes and the advances that biotechnology and forensic DNA science have made possible. Yet many citizens are beginning to realize that the unfettered collection of DNA profiles might compromise our basic freedoms and rights. Two leading authors on medical ethics, science policy, and civil liberties take a hard look at how the United States has balanced the use of DNA technology, particularly the use of DNA databanks in criminal justice, with the privacy rights of its citizenry. Krimsky and Simoncelli analyze the constitutional, ethical, and sociopolitical implications of expanded DNA collection in the United States and compare these findings to trends in the United Kingdom, Japan, Australia, Germany, and Italy. They explore many controversial topics, including the legal precedent for taking DNA from juveniles, the search for possible family members of suspects in DNA databases, the launch of "DNA dragnets" among local populations, and the warrantless acquisition by police of so-called abandoned DNA in the search for suspects. Most intriguing, Krimsky and Simoncelli explode the myth that DNA profiling is infallible, which has profound implications for criminal justice.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
- Publication date
- Sheldon Krimsky and Tania Simoncelli.
- Electronic reproduction. Palo Alto, Calif. : ebrary, 2011. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ebrary affiliated libraries.