Research ethics for scientists : a companion for students
- Stewart, C. Neal.
- West Sussex, UK ; Hoboken, NJ : Wiley, 2011.
- Physical description
- xiv, 210 p. ; 25 cm.
- Includes bibliographical references (p. 203-208) and index.
- Preface xi Acknowledgements and Dedication xiii Chapter 1 Research Ethics: The Best Ethical Practices Produce the Best Science 1 Judge yourself 4 Morality vs ethics 4 Inauspicious beginnings 6 How science works 7 Summary 9 Judge yourself redux 9 Chapter 2 How Corrupt is Science? 11 Judge yourself 12 "Scientists behaving badly" 12 Do scientists behave worse with experience? 14 Judge yourself 15 Crime and punishment 15 Judge yourself 17 Judge yourself redux 18 Judge yourself redux 19 Judge yourself redux 19 Summary 20 Chapter 3 Plagiarise and Perish 21 Ideas 23 Sentences 23 Phrases 23 A hoppy example 24 What is plagiarism, really? 24 Judge yourself 25 How many consecutive identical and uncited words constitute plagiarism? 25 Self-plagiarism and recycling 26 Judge yourself 27 Judge yourself 31 Tools to discover plagiarism 33 Self-plagiarism and ethics revisited 34 Judge yourself 34 Is plagiarism getting worse? 35 The case of the plagiarising graduate student 35 Judge yourself redux 36 v Judge yourself redux 37 Judge yourself redux 37 Summary 38 Chapter 4 Finding the Perfect Mentor 39 Caveat 40 Choosing a mentor 40 Judge yourself 43 Choosing a graduate project 46 Judge yourself 47 Mentors for assistant professors 47 How to train your mentor 52 Choosing the right research project: the new graduate student's dilemma 54 Judge yourself redux 56 Judge yourself redux 56 Summary 56 Chapter 5 Becoming the Perfect Mentor 57 Grants and contracts are a prerequisite to productive science 57 Judge yourself 58 Publications are the fruit of research 59 On a personal level 59 Judge yourself 60 Common and predictable mistakes scientist make at key stages in their training and careers and how being a good mentor can make improvements 60 Questions 70 Judge yourself redux 71 Judge yourself redux 71 Summary 72 Chapter 6 Research Misconduct: Fabricating Data 73 Why cheat? 74 Judge yourself 76 The case of Jan Hendrick Schon, "Plastic Fantastic" 76 The case of Woo-Suk Hwang: dog cloner, data fabricator 77 Judge yourself 78 Detection of image and data misrepresentation 78 Judge yourself 81 Neither here nor there - the curious case of Homme Hellinga 81 Judge yourself 83 Lessons learnt 83 Judge yourself redux 84 Judge yourself redux 84 Judge yourself redux 84 Summary 85 Chapter 7 Research Misconduct: Falsification and Whistleblowing 87 A "can of worms" indeed: the case of Elizabeth "Betsy" Goodwin 89 Judge yourself 91 Judge yourself 92 Judge yourself 94 Judge yourself 98 Deal with ethical quandaries informally if possible 99 Judge yourself 100 Cultivating a culture of openness, integrity, and accountability 100 Judge yourself redux 101 Judge yourself redux 102 Judge yourself redux 102 Judge yourself redux 102 Judge yourself redux 103 Summary 103 Chapter 8 Authorship: Who's an Author on a Scientific Paper and Why 105 The importance of the scientific publication 106 Judge yourself 107 Who should be listed as an author on a scientific paper? 107 Judge yourself 109 How to avoid author quandaries 110 Authorship for works other than research papers 111 The difference between authorship on scientific papers and inventorship on patents 112 Other thoughts on authorship and publications 113 Judge yourself 114 Judge yourself redux 118 Judge yourself redux 118 Judge yourself redux 119 Summary 119 Chapter 9 Grant Proposals: Ethics and Success Intertwined 121 Why funding is crucial 121 Judge yourself 125 Path to success in funding 125 Fair play and collaboration 126 Judge yourself 126 Judge yourself 128 Recordkeeping and fiscal responsibility 128 Pushing the limits on proposals 129 Judge yourself redux 133 Judge yourself redux 133 Judge yourself redux 134 Summary 134 Chapter 10 Peer Review and The Ethics of Privileged Information 135 The history of peer review 135 The nature of journals and the purpose of peer review 136 Which papers to review? 140 Anonymity 140 Judge yourself 141 Grant proposals 141 Confidentiality and privileged information 142 Reviewers 143 Judge yourself 143 Judge yourself redux 145 Judge yourself redux 145 Summary 146 Chapter 11 Data and Data Management: The Ethics of Data 147 Stewardship of data 148 Judge yourself 149 Judge yourself 153 Judge yourself 156 The land of in-between: ethics of data presented at professional meetings 156 Judge yourself 159 Future of data management 160 Judge yourself redux 160 Judge yourself redux 160 Judge yourself redux 161 Judge yourself redux 161 Summary 161 Chapter 12 Conflicts of Interest 163 The dynamic landscape of conflicts of interest 164 Potential conflicts of interest for university scientists 165 Judge yourself 169 Conflicts of interest within labs or universities 169 Judge yourself 170 Judge yourself redux 177 Judge yourself redux 177 Summary 177 Chapter 13 What Kind of Research Science World Do We Want? 179 "A culture of discipline and an ethic of entrepreneurship" 180 Judge yourself 181 Too much pressure? 181 Integrity awareness through ethics education 184 Accountability 185 We scientists 185 Judge yourself redux 186 Summary 187 Appendix 189 References 203 Index 209.
- (source: Nielsen Book Data)
- Publisher's Summary
- Research Ethics for Scientists is about best practices in all the major areas of research management and practice that are common to scientific researchers, especially those in academia. Aimed towards the younger scientist, the book critically examines the key areas that continue to plague even experienced and well-meaning science professionals. For ease of use, the book is arranged in functional themes and units that every scientist recognizes as crucial for sustained success in science; ideas, people, data, publications and funding. These key themes will help to highlight the elements of successful and ethical research as well as challenging the reader to develop their own ideas of how to conduct themselves within their work. Tackles the ethical issues of being a scientist rather than the ethical questions raised by science itself Case studies used for a practical approach Written by an experienced researcher and PhD mentor Accessible, user-friendly advice Indispensible companion for students and young scientists.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
- Publication date
- C. Neal Stewart Jr.