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100 questions (and answers) about research methods / Neil J. Salkind.


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Salkind, Neil J.
Publication date:
Los Angeles, Calif. : SAGE, c2012.
  • Book
  • xiv, 172 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 23 cm.
Title Variation:
One hundred questions (and answers) about research methods
Includes index.
  • Understanding the research process and getting started
  • Why is research necessary and what are some of its benefits?
  • Generally, what is the process through which a research topic is identified and do I have to be an experienced researcher to select a topic of interest to me?
  • What is the "scientific method" and how can I apply that to my own research?
  • There are different types of research models that one might use : can you give me a general overview and how they might compare?
  • What's the best research model for my purposes?
  • What's the difference between basic and applied research?
  • What is qualitative research and what are some examples?
  • What are hypotheses and how do they fit into the scientific method?
  • What do good research hypotheses do?
  • Besides looking at the reputation of a journal where a study is published as one criterion for a good study, are there other things that I can look to?
  • I hear so much about different studies' from the newspaper, from professional bulletins and even from my boss : what am I supposed to believe and how can I judge if the results of a study are useful?
  • What are some of the best ways to find information online and where are some of the best places?
  • What role might social media play in both my efforts as a researcher as well as a consumer?
  • Reviewing and writing about your research question
  • What is a review of the literature and why is it important?
  • How does a review of the literature have an impact on my research question and the hypothesis i propose?
  • How do I know when my literature review is finished? : couldn't it go on forever?
  • What are the three main types of sources of information and what part does each play in creating a literature review
  • What steps should I take in writing my review of literature?
  • What are some of the best electronic resources available and how do I learn to use them?
  • Introductory ideas about ethics
  • What are some of the more general and important principles of ethical research?
  • What is informed consent and what does it consist of?
  • What special attention should I give to the ethical concerns when children or special populations are involved and what should the parents or legal guardian know?
  • What are some examples of the most serious ethical lapses?
  • What is an institutional review board or IRB and how does it work?
  • What are the important elements of an IRB application?
  • Research methods : knowing the language, knowing the ideas
  • Why do all these questions and answers on research methods have any relevance for me?
  • I have so many ideas I want to study. how can I decide on which is best?
  • What is the scientific method and how does it work?
  • What is a null hypothesis and why is it important?
  • What is a research hypothesis and what are the different types?
  • What's similar, and what's different, about a null and research hypothesis?
  • How can I create a good research hypothesis?
  • What's the "gold standard" of research methods?
  • Can you help me understand which method best fits which type of question being asked?
  • What are the different types of variables and what are they used for?
  • What is an independent variable and how is it used in the research process?
  • What is a dependent variable and what does the researcher need to be careful about when selecting and using dependent variables?
  • What is the relationship between independent and dependent variables?
  • In an experiment, how does the notion of a control and experimental group fit into the scientific method?
  • Sampling ideas and issues
  • What's the difference between a sample and a population and why are samples important?
  • What is the purpose of sampling and what might go wrong during the process?
  • What is sampling error and why is it important?
  • What are some of the different types of sampling?
  • What is random sampling and why is it so useful?
  • How does stratified random sampling work and when should I use it?
  • How can I be sure that the sample of participants, who are part of a study, accurately represent a larger group of people for whom those results would be important?
  • I've heard quite a bit about the importance of sample size : what's that all about?
  • How big a sample is big enough?
  • How important is big?
  • Describing data using descriptive techniques
  • What are descriptive statistics and how are they are used?
  • What are measures of central tendency and how are they computed?
  • How do I decide whether to use the mean, mode or median as a measure of central tendency?
  • What are the most often used measures of variability and how are they computed?
  • How do i use the mean and the standard deviation to describe a set of data?
  • What is a normal curve and what are its characteristics?
  • If a distribution of scores is not normal (or not bell shaped) how can the ideas that inference is based on be applied?
  • What does it mean when a distribution is skewed?
  • I'm looking for a visual way to describe data : what are some of my choices?
  • What is a standard score and why is it important?
  • What are some of the more common standard scores and how are they used?
  • All about testing and measuring
  • There's a particular outcome that i want to measure but I have no idea where I can find out whether there are existing measures or not : where do I look to find suggestions as to what dependent variable I should use?
  • What are the different levels of measurement and how are they used?
  • What is reliability?
  • What are some of the different types of reliability and when are they used?
  • How are reliability coefficients interpreted?
  • What are some of the different types of validity and when are they used?
  • What is criterion validity and how do the two types of criterion validity, concurrent and predictive, differ?
  • What is the difference between a norm-referenced and a criterion-referenced test?
  • What is construct validity and why is the especially appropriate for establishing the validity of psychological tests?
  • How are different types of validity established?
  • How do reliability and validity work together?
  • How can I find out if a test is reliable and valid?
  • What are some of the different types of tests and how are they used?
  • When it comes to measuring attitude, what is the difference between a likert and a thurstone scale?
  • What is item analysis and how is it use.

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