Patrons of women : literacy projects and gender development in rural Nepal
- Hertzog, Esther.
- New York : Berghahn Books, 2011.
- Physical description
- xvii, 259 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
LC157 .N35 H47 2011
- Unknown LC157 .N35 H47 2011
- Includes bibliographical references (p. -253) and index.
- List of illustrations Foreword Preface Map of Nepal Acknowledgments Introduction Development projects - Persistence despite evident failure "Development" and "Development Projects" - Neocolonialism behind Social change discourse Economic and gendered critique of development and the World Bank Do micro-finance schemes help the poor and women in developing countries? The comeback of "development" theories - Maiava's study as an example Development and women's empowerment projects The construction of Third World women's underdevelopment and subordinated femininity Postmodern feminist theory trapped in development discourse Ambivalence in discussing the futility of gender development projects Gender, Development and Literacy in Nepal The "Third World" image of Nepali women Nepali women's participation in the Maoist insurgency Power, poverty and women's illiteracy in Nepal Methodology Chapter 1. The vulnerable patron: Playing the role of a foreign gender consultant Patronage and power-dependence relations Deceitful hierarchy - privileged experts and low-ranked paraprofessionals The compelling power and appealing advantages of the consultant's position Manufacturing the image of a gender expert A tourist in disguise The professional care-taker In the name of women's good Confronting men's chauvinism Patronizing Anita Complying with expectations to patronize the village men Patronizing male officials Veiled vulnerability Reluctant patron, vulnerable foreigner Chapter 2. Instrumental patronage: Leon and Hanna Leon, as a bossy patron Complying with Hanna's dominance The betrayed patron Imposing discretion for the sake of dominance Serving tea and power gaps The jeep - symbolizing and contesting superiority A ridiculed patron Abusing the defenseless indoors Bribery, drunkenness and ethnocentrism - Cooperation and mutual dependence Chapter 3. The phantom of literacy classes for women villagers Literacy and economic resources - On paper Recommending literacy - Fenster's report Illiteracy as a case for foreign expertise - my report Successful negotiations for stalling time The Project's reports, the social order and developers' compliance Chapter 4. The role of economic activities in negotiating consent Development tourists and collaborating village-women Visiting Ekala, "literate developers" meet "illiterate villagers" Visiting Khumundihawa, intruders meet locals Visiting West Baharaulia - procedural rituals and cracking stereotypes Structured social distance and men's marginality in the village encounters The village women's assertiveness Visiting Bhawarabari, women leaders and economic issues Brindban and Sikatahan, encountering a field-bank and village women's enterprises Manipulative developers Ignoring the women's wishes and deluding them Foreign agencies take over responsibilities of State authorities The appeal of women's organized groups to financial agencies The appeal of the village women groups from the NGOs' perspective The village women - neither naive nor passively manipulated Illiteracy as a means for establishing the image of women's collective intellectual failure Chapter 5. The Seminar - the successful failure of the women's empowerment project Manufacturing a fictitious success - the Seminar and Thapa's class The collaboration of the World Bank with the Nepali and Israeli partners in faking progress The Seminar as a platform for exercising men's power - the use of cultural discourse Bossing women in the hierarchic setting of the Irrigation Project Men's supervision over the women in the Seminar No books for the Seminar - Men's stalling and women's anxiety The Seminar - degrading and disempowering women Chapter 6. Gender and the phantom Budget A women's budget in a male dominated context A flexible budget and feminine compliance Gender consultants accommodating to the power of men Stimulating hopes, providing vague promises Disillusioned hopes: gradual unfolding of the bluff Men's game: power, aggression, devaluating women's matters Becoming part of the system: a coopted feminist Manipulating facts and figures Feminine coping with confusing messages and stalling tactics Unveiling the truth: Women's "peanuts" money for men's bonuses No Budget for women's activities References Index.
- (source: Nielsen Book Data)
- Publisher's Summary
- Assuming that women's empowerment would accelerate the pace of social change in rural Nepal, the World Bank urged the Nepali government to undertake a "Gender Activities Project" within an ongoing long-term water-engineering scheme. The author, an anthropologist specializing in bureaucratic organizations and gender studies, was hired to monitor the project. Analyzing her own experience as a practicing "development expert, " she demonstrates that the professed goal of "women's empowerment" is a pretext for promoting economic organizational goals and the interests of local elites. She shows how a project intended to benefit women, through teaching them literary and agricultural skills, fails to provide them with any of the promised resources. Going beyond the conventional analysis that positions aid givers vis-a-vis powerless victimized recipients, she draws attention to the complexity of the process and the active role played by the Nepalese rural women who pursue their own interests and aspirations within this unequal world. The book makes an important contribution to the growing critique of "development" projects and of women's development projects in particular.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
- Publication date
- Esther Hertzog.