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Stellar spectral classification / Richard O. Gray, Christopher J. Corbally ; with Adam J. Burgasser ... [et al.].

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Author/Creator:
Gray, R. O. (Richard O.)
Language:
English.
Publication date:
2009
Imprint:
Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press, c2009.
Format:
  • Book
  • xvi, 592 p. : ill. ; 27 cm.
Bibliography:
Includes bibliographical references and indexes.
Contents:
  • Preface xi Important Note on Terminology and Units xv Chapter 1. The History and Philosophy of Stellar Spectral Classification 1 1.1 Early History 1 1.2 Later Developments 10 1.3 The MK Process 17 Chapter 2. An Overview of the Normal Stars 32 2.1 Introduction 32 2.2 The Spectral Sequence 32 2.3 Multicolor Photometry and Stellar Classification 44 2.4 Physical Principles Underlying the MK Sequence 50 Chapter 3. The OB Stars--Nolan R. Walborn 66 3.1 Introduction 66 3.2 The Optical 66 3.3 The Ultraviolet 75 3.4 The Infrared--Margaret M. Hanson 81 3.5 Peculiar Categories 89 3.6 X-Ray Line Spectra 102 3.7 Calibration and Astrophysical Modeling 105 Chapter 4. The B-type Stars 115 4.1 Introduction 115 4.2 Optical Classification 115 4.3 The Ultraviolet 120 4.4 Chemically Peculiar B-type Stars 123 4.5 Be Stars and B Shell Stars 135 4.6 Other B-type Emission-line Stars 143 4.7 B-type Stars in Advanced Evolutionary States 147 Chapter 5. The A-type Stars 160 5.1 Introduction 160 5.2 Optical Spectral-type Criteria 160 5.3 Ultraviolet and Infrared Classification Schemes 169 5.4 Chemically Peculiar Stars 176 5.5 Herbig Ae/Be Stars 200 5.6 A-type Stars in Advanced Evolutionary Stages 207 5.7 A-type Shell Stars 213 Chapter 6. The F-type Stars 221 6.1 Introduction 221 6.2 Optical Classification 221 6.3 Classification in the Ultraviolet and Infrared 227 6.4 Population II F-type Stars 236 6.5 Chemically Peculiar F-type Stars 244 6.6 F-type Stars in Advanced Evolutionary Stages 249 Chapter 7. The G- and K-type Stars 259 7.1 Introduction 259 7.2 Optical Classification 259 7.3 The Infrared 265 7.4 The Search for a Solar Twin-- Chromospheric Activity 270 7.5 T Tauri Stars 275 7.6 Chemically Peculiar G- and K-giants 278 7.7 Population II and III Stars 281 7.8 The High Luminosity, Yellow Variables 283 Chapter 8. The M-type, S-type, and Carbon Stars 293 8.1 Introduction 293 8.2 The M-type Stars 293 8.3 The Carbon Stars 306 8.4 The S-type Stars 321 8.5 Symbiotic and Algol Stars 331 Chapter 9. M Dwarfs and L Dwarfs--J. Davy Kirkpatrick 339 9.1 Introduction 339 9.2 The Discovery of M Dwarfs and L Dwarfs 339 9.3 Spectroscopic Classification 341 9.4 Physical Interpretation of Types 362 9.4 Peculiar Objects 372 Chapter 10. The T-type Dwarfs--Adam J. Burgasser 388 10.1 Introduction 388 10.2 Recognition of the T Dwarf Class and Early Discoveries 389 10.3 T Dwarf Spectral Characteristics 391 10.4 Near-Infrared Classification 396 10.5 Optical Classification 417 10.6 Mid-Infrared Classification 425 10.7 Additional Considerations for T-Dwarf Classification 428 10.8 Beyond the T Dwarfs 434 Chapter 11. Wolf-Rayet Stars and the Luminous Blue Variables 441 11.1 The Wolf-Rayet Stars 441 11.2 Luminous Blue Variables 465 11.3 Evolutionary Connections 468 Chapter 12. Endpoints of Stellar Evolution 472 12.1 Proto-Planetary Nebulae and Planetary Nebula Nucleus Stars 472 12.2 White Dwarf Stars 472 12.3 Novae 482 12.4 Supernovae 497 Chapter 13. Further Techniques 507 13.1 Introduction 507 13.2 Composite Spectra 507 13.3 Classification Systems in the Thermal Infrared 515 13.4 Other Classification Systems 522 13.5 Automated Methods of Spectral Classification 525 13.6 Low Dispersion Techniques and Natural Groups 529 Glossary 541 Appendix A: MK Standard Stars 555 Appendix B: Calibrations of the MK System 565 Appendix C: The Book Website 571 General Index 573 Object Index 585.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Publisher's Summary:
Written by leading experts in the field, "Stellar Spectral Classification" is the only book to comprehensively discuss both the foundations and most up-to-date techniques of MK and other spectral classification systems. Definitive and encyclopedic, the book introduces the astrophysics of spectroscopy, reviews the entire field of stellar astronomy, and shows how the well-tested methods of spectral classification are a powerful discovery tool for graduate students and researchers working in astronomy and astrophysics. The book begins with a historical survey, followed by chapters discussing the entire range of stellar phenomena, from brown dwarfs to supernovae. The authors account for advances in the field, including the addition of the L and T dwarf classes; the revision of the carbon star, Wolf-Rayet, and white dwarf classification schemes; and the application of neural nets to spectral classification. Copious figures illustrate the morphology of stellar spectra, and the book incorporates recent discoveries from earth-based and satellite data. Many examples of spectra are given in the red, ultraviolet, and infrared regions, as well as in the traditional blue-violet optical region, all of which are useful for researchers identifying stellar and galactic spectra. This essential reference includes a glossary, handy appendixes and tables, an index, and a Web-based resource of spectra. In addition to the authors, the contributors are Adam J. Burgasser, Margaret M. Hanson, J. Davy Kirkpatrick, and Nolan R. Walborn.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Contributor:
Corbally, C. J. (Christopher J.)
Burgasser, Adam J.
Series:
Princeton series in astrophysics.
Subjects:
ISBN:
9780691125107
0691125104
9780691125114
0691125112

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