Assessment of student achievement
- Gronlund, Norman Edward, 1920-
- 9th ed.
- Upper Saddle River, N.J. : Pearson, c2009.
- Physical description
- vi, 234 p. ; 23 cm.
LB3060.65 .G766 2009
- Unknown LB3060.65 .G766 2009
- Includes bibliographical references and index.
- Preface CHAPTER 1: Achievement Assessment and Instruction Relation between Instruction and Assessment Assessment in the Instructional Process Other Ways Assessments Can Aid Learning Teachers' Standards for Student Assessment Summary of Points References and Additional Reading CHAPTER 2: Nature of Student Assessment Major Types of Assessment Methods Guidelines for Effective Student Assessment Validity and Reliability in Assessment Planning Norm-Referenced and Criterion-Referenced Assessment Summary of Points References and Additional Reading CHAPTER 3: Planning for Assessment Using the Revised Taxonomy of Educational Objectives as a Guide Role of Instructional Objectives Preparing for Assessment Types of Assessment Procedures Summary of Points References and Additional Reading CHAPTER 4: Validity and Reliability Validity Reliability Summary of Points References and Additional Reading CHAPTER 5: Preparing and Using Achievement Tests Specifying the Instructional Objectives Preparing the Test Specifications Considerations in Constructing Relevant Test Items General Guidelines for Item Writing Arranging the Items in the Test Preparing Directions Administering and Scoring the Test Analyzing the Effectiveness of Test Items Summary of Points References and Additional Reading CHAPTER 6: Writing Selection Items: Multiple Choice Nature of Multiple-Choice Items Rules for Writing Multiple-Choice Items Summary of Points References and Additional Reading CHAPTER 7: Writing Selection Items: True-False, Matching, and Interpretive Exercise True-False Items Matching Items The Interpretive Exercise Summary of Points References and Additional Reading CHAPTER 8: Writing Supply Items: Short Answer and Essay Short-Answer Items Essay Questions Summary of Points References and Additional Reading CHAPTER 9: Performance Assessments Components of Performance Skills Stating Objectives for Performance Assessment Restricted and Extended Performance Tasks Steps in Preparing Performance Assessments Specifying the Performance Outcomes Selecting the Focus of the Assessment Selecting an Appropriate Degree of Realism Selecting the Performance Situation Making Performance Assessment More Authentic Selecting the Method of Observing, Recording, and Scoring Improving Performance Assessments Summary of Points References and Additional Reading CHAPTER 10: Portfolio Assessment Advantages of Using Classroom Portfolios Planning for the Use of Portfolios Evaluating the Portfolio Summary of Points References and Additional Reading CHAPTER 11: Grading and Reporting Selecting the Basis for Grading Combining Data for Grading Electronic Grading Guidelines for Effective and Fair Grading Reporting to Students and Parents Summary of Points References and Additional Reading CHAPTER 12: Interpreting Standardized Achievement Test Scores Features of Standardized Achievement Tests Interpreting Norm-Referenced Scores Percentile Ranks Grade Equivalent Scores Standard Scores Criterion-Referenced Interpretation Summary of Points References and Additional Reading Glossary Appendix: Revised Edition of Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives Index.
- (source: Nielsen Book Data)
- Publisher's Summary
- Norman Gronlund gives teachers the tools they need to support the development of high-quality assessments in the classroom. He presents a balanced, concise, and practical guide for testing and performance assessment that is rooted in effective classroom instruction and learning. Emphasizing that assessment is a broad term that includes testing and performance assessment, each used where it is most appropriate, Norman declares that valid assessment is necessary for effective instruction in order to improve student learning. He devotes a portion of the book to preparing and using classroom tests and performance assessments, assigning grades, and interpreting standardized test scores to students and parents. Improve student learning with strategies that work! *Spotlightsexpanded discussion of the role assessment plays during the planning of instruction. *Discusses validity and simple item analysis procedures in greater detail. *Features more examples to help teachers understand the application of assessment principles. *Includes references for "Additional Reading" lists. *An Instructor's Manual with sample test items and activities is available to adopters online by contacting your local representative.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
- Publication date
- Norman E. Gronlund, C. Keith Waugh.
- Errata slip inserted.