Preface.1 Aspects of Nuclear Physics and Astrophysics.1.1 History.1.2 Nomenclature.1.3 Solar System Abundances.1.4 Astrophysical Aspects.1.4.1 General Considerations.1.4.2 Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram.1.4.3 Stellar Evolution of Single Stars.1.4.4 Binary Stars.1.5 Masses, Binding Energies, Nuclear Reactions, and Related Topics.1.5.1 Nuclear Mass and Binding Energy.1.5.2 Energetics of Nuclear Reactions.1.5.3 Atomic Mass and Mass Excess.1.5.4 Number Abundance, Mass Fraction, and Mole Fraction.1.5.5 Decay Constant, Mean Lifetime, and Half-Life.1.6 Nuclear Shell Model.1.6.1 Closed Shells and Magic Numbers.1.6.2 Nuclear Structure and Nucleon Configuration.1.7 Nuclear Excited States and Electromagnetic Transitions.1.7.1 Energy, Angular Momentum, and Parity.1.7.2 Transition Probabilities.1.7.3 Branching Ratio and Mixing Ratio.1.7.4 Gamma-Ray Transitions in a Stellar Plasma.1.7.5 Isomeric States and the Case of 26Al.1.8 Weak Interaction.1.8.1 Weak Interaction Processes.1.8.2 Energetics.1.8.3 Beta-Decay Probabilities.1.8.4 Beta-Decays in a Stellar Plasma.2 Nuclear Reactions.2.1 Cross Sections.2.2 Reciprocity Theorem.2.3 Elastic Scattering and Method of Partial Waves.2.3.1 General Aspects.2.3.2 Relationship Between Differential Cross Section and Scattering Amplitude.2.3.3 The Free Particle.2.3.4 Turning the Potential On.2.3.5 Scattering Amplitude and Elastic Scattering Cross Section.2.3.6 Reaction Cross Section.2.4 Scattering by Simple Potentials.2.4.1 Square-Well Potential.2.4.2 Square-Barrier Potential.2.4.3 Transmission Through the Coulomb Barrier.2.5 Theory of Resonances.2.5.1 General Aspects.2.5.2 Logarithmic Derivative, Phase Shift, and Cross Section.2.5.3 Breit-Wigner Formulas.2.5.4 Extension to Charged Particles and Arbitrary Values of Orbital Angular Momentum.2.5.5 R-Matrix Theory.2.5.6 Experimental Tests of the One-Level Breit-Wigner Formula.2.5.7 Partial and Reduced Widths.2.6 Continuum Theory.2.7 Hauser-Feshbach Theory.3 Thermonuclear Reactions.3.1 Cross Sections and Reaction Rates.3.1.1 Particle-Induced Reactions.3.1.2 Photon-Induced Reactions.3.1.3 Abundance Evolution.3.1.4 Forward and Reverse Reactions.3.1.5 Reaction Rates at Elevated Temperatures.3.1.6 Reaction Rate Equilibria.3.1.7 Nuclear Energy Generation.3.2 Nonresonant and Resonant Thermonuclear Reaction Rates.3.2.1 Nonresonant Reaction Rates for Charged-Particle-Induced Reactions.3.2.2 Nonresonant Reaction Rates for Neutron-Induced Reactions.3.2.3 Nonresonant Reaction Rates for Photon-Induced Reactions.3.2.4 Narrow-Resonance Reaction Rates.3.2.5 Broad-Resonance Reaction Rates.3.2.6 Electron Screening.3.2.7 Total Reaction Rates.4 Nuclear Physics Experiments.4.1 General Aspects.4.1.1 Charged-Particle Beams.4.1.2 Neutron Beams.4.2 Interaction of Radiation with Matter.4.2.1 Interactions of Heavy Charged Particles.4.2.2 Interactions of Photons.4.2.3 Interactions of Neutrons.4.3 Targets and Related Equipment.4.3.1 Backings.4.3.2 Target Preparation.4.3.3 Contaminants.4.3.4 Target Chamber and Holder.4.4 Radiation Detectors.4.4.1 General Aspects.4.4.2 Semiconductor Detectors.4.4.3 Scintillation Detectors.4.4.4 Proportional Counters.4.4.5 Microchannel Plate Detectors.4.5 Nuclear Spectroscopy.4.5.1 Charged-Particle Spectroscopy.4.5.2 Gamma-Ray Spectroscopy.4.5.3 Neutron Spectroscopy.4.6 Miscellaneous Experimental Techniques.4.6.1 Radioactive Ion Beams.4.6.2 Activation Method.4.6.3 Time-of-Flight Technique.4.7 Background Radiation.4.7.1 General Aspects.4.7.2 Background in Charged-Particle Detector Spectra.4.7.3 Background in alpha-Ray Detector Spectra.4.7.4 Background in Neutron Detector Spectra.4.8 Yields and Cross Sections for Charged-Particle-Induced Reactions.4.8.1 Nonresonant and Resonant Yields.4.8.2 General Treatment of Yield Curves.4.8.3 Measured Yield Curves and Excitation Functions.4.8.4 Determination of Absolute Resonance Strengths and Cross Sections.4.9 Transmissions, Yields, and Cross Sections for Neutron-Induced Reactions.4.9.1 Resonance Transmission.4.9.2 Resonant and Nonresonant Yields.4.9.3 Effective Cross Section.4.9.4 Measured Yields and Transmissions.4.9.5 Relative and Absolute Cross Sections.5 Nuclear Burning Stages and Processes.5.1 Hydrostatic Hydrogen Burning.5.1.1 pp Chains.5.1.2 CNO Cycles.5.1.3 Hydrostatic Hydrogen Burning Beyond the CNO Mass Region.5.2 Explosive Hydrogen Burning.5.2.1 Hot CNO Cycles.5.2.2 Explosive Hydrogen Burning Beyond the CNO Mass Region.5.3 Hydrostatic Helium Burning.5.3.1 Helium-Burning Reactions.5.3.2 Nucleosynthesis During Hydrostatic He Burning.5.3.3 Other Helium-Burning Reactions.5.4 Explosive Hydrogen-Helium Burning.5.4.1 Breakout from the HCNO Cycles.5.4.2 Network Calculations at Constant Temperature and Density.5.4.3 Nucleosynthesis for Temperature-Density Profiles.5.5 Advanced Burning Stages.5.5.1 Carbon Burning.5.5.2 Neon Burning.5.5.3 Oxygen Burning.5.5.4 Silicon Burning.5.5.5 Nuclear Statistical Equilibrium and Freeze-Out.5.6 Nucleosynthesis Beyond the Iron Peak.5.6.1 The s-Process.5.6.2 The r-Process.5.6.3 The p-Process.5.7 Origin of the Solar System Nuclides.Appendix.A Solutions of the Schrodinger Equation in Three Dimensions.A.1 Zero Orbital Angular Momentum and Constant Potential.A.2 Arbitrary Orbital Angular Momentum and Zero Potential.A.3 Arbitrary Orbital Angular Momentum and Coulomb Potential.B Quantum Mechanical Selection Rules.C Kinematics.C.1 Relationship of Kinematic Quantities in the Laboratory Coordinate System.C.2 Transformation Between Laboratory and Center-of-Mass Coordinate System.D Angular Correlations.D.1 General Aspects.D.2 Pure Radiations in a Two-Step Process.D.3 Mixed Radiations in a Two-Step Process.D.4 Three-Step Process with Unobserved Intermediate Radiation.D.5 Experimental Considerations.D.6 Concluding Remarks.E Constants, Data, Units, and Notation.E.1 Physical Constants and Data.E.2 Mathematical Expressions.E.3 Prefixes and Units.E.4 Physical Quantities.Color Plates.References.Index.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Thermonuclear reactions in stars is a major topic in the field of nuclear astrophysics, and deals with the topics of how precisely stars generate their energy through nuclear reactions, and how these nuclear reactions create the elements the stars, planets and - ultimately - we humans consist of. The present book treats these topics in detail. It also presents the nuclear reaction and structure theory, thermonuclear reaction rate formalism and stellar nucleosynthesis. The topics are discussed in a coherent way, enabling the reader to grasp their interconnections intuitively. The book serves both as a textbook, with many examples and end-of-chapter exercises, but also as a reference book for use by researchers working in the field of nuclear astrophysics. (source: Nielsen Book Data)