Nuclear physics of stars
 Author/Creator
 Iliadis, Christian.
 Language
 English.
 Imprint
 Weinheim : WileyVCH, c2007.
 Physical description
 xiii, 666 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
 Series
 Physics textbook.
Access
Available online
 dx.doi.org Wiley Online Library

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Available
QB464 .I55 2007

Available
QB464 .I55 2007
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Contents/Summary
 Bibliography
 Includes bibliographical references and index.
 Contents

 Preface.1 Aspects of Nuclear Physics and Astrophysics.1.1 History.1.2 Nomenclature.1.3 Solar System Abundances.1.4 Astrophysical Aspects.1.4.1 General Considerations.1.4.2 HertzsprungRussell Diagram.1.4.3 Stellar Evolution of Single Stars.1.4.4 Binary Stars.1.5 Masses, Binding Energies, Nuclear Reactions, and Related Topics.1.5.1 Nuclear Mass and Binding Energy.1.5.2 Energetics of Nuclear Reactions.1.5.3 Atomic Mass and Mass Excess.1.5.4 Number Abundance, Mass Fraction, and Mole Fraction.1.5.5 Decay Constant, Mean Lifetime, and HalfLife.1.6 Nuclear Shell Model.1.6.1 Closed Shells and Magic Numbers.1.6.2 Nuclear Structure and Nucleon Configuration.1.7 Nuclear Excited States and Electromagnetic Transitions.1.7.1 Energy, Angular Momentum, and Parity.1.7.2 Transition Probabilities.1.7.3 Branching Ratio and Mixing Ratio.1.7.4 GammaRay Transitions in a Stellar Plasma.1.7.5 Isomeric States and the Case of 26Al.1.8 Weak Interaction.1.8.1 Weak Interaction Processes.1.8.2 Energetics.1.8.3 BetaDecay Probabilities.1.8.4 BetaDecays in a Stellar Plasma.2 Nuclear Reactions.2.1 Cross Sections.2.2 Reciprocity Theorem.2.3 Elastic Scattering and Method of Partial Waves.2.3.1 General Aspects.2.3.2 Relationship Between Differential Cross Section and Scattering Amplitude.2.3.3 The Free Particle.2.3.4 Turning the Potential On.2.3.5 Scattering Amplitude and Elastic Scattering Cross Section.2.3.6 Reaction Cross Section.2.4 Scattering by Simple Potentials.2.4.1 SquareWell Potential.2.4.2 SquareBarrier Potential.2.4.3 Transmission Through the Coulomb Barrier.2.5 Theory of Resonances.2.5.1 General Aspects.2.5.2 Logarithmic Derivative, Phase Shift, and Cross Section.2.5.3 BreitWigner Formulas.2.5.4 Extension to Charged Particles and Arbitrary Values of Orbital Angular Momentum.2.5.5 RMatrix Theory.2.5.6 Experimental Tests of the OneLevel BreitWigner Formula.2.5.7 Partial and Reduced Widths.2.6 Continuum Theory.2.7 HauserFeshbach Theory.3 Thermonuclear Reactions.3.1 Cross Sections and Reaction Rates.3.1.1 ParticleInduced Reactions.3.1.2 PhotonInduced Reactions.3.1.3 Abundance Evolution.3.1.4 Forward and Reverse Reactions.3.1.5 Reaction Rates at Elevated Temperatures.3.1.6 Reaction Rate Equilibria.3.1.7 Nuclear Energy Generation.3.2 Nonresonant and Resonant Thermonuclear Reaction Rates.3.2.1 Nonresonant Reaction Rates for ChargedParticleInduced Reactions.3.2.2 Nonresonant Reaction Rates for NeutronInduced Reactions.3.2.3 Nonresonant Reaction Rates for PhotonInduced Reactions.3.2.4 NarrowResonance Reaction Rates.3.2.5 BroadResonance Reaction Rates.3.2.6 Electron Screening.3.2.7 Total Reaction Rates.4 Nuclear Physics Experiments.4.1 General Aspects.4.1.1 ChargedParticle Beams.4.1.2 Neutron Beams.4.2 Interaction of Radiation with Matter.4.2.1 Interactions of Heavy Charged Particles.4.2.2 Interactions of Photons.4.2.3 Interactions of Neutrons.4.3 Targets and Related Equipment.4.3.1 Backings.4.3.2 Target Preparation.4.3.3 Contaminants.4.3.4 Target Chamber and Holder.4.4 Radiation Detectors.4.4.1 General Aspects.4.4.2 Semiconductor Detectors.4.4.3 Scintillation Detectors.4.4.4 Proportional Counters.4.4.5 Microchannel Plate Detectors.4.5 Nuclear Spectroscopy.4.5.1 ChargedParticle Spectroscopy.4.5.2 GammaRay Spectroscopy.4.5.3 Neutron Spectroscopy.4.6 Miscellaneous Experimental Techniques.4.6.1 Radioactive Ion Beams.4.6.2 Activation Method.4.6.3 TimeofFlight Technique.4.7 Background Radiation.4.7.1 General Aspects.4.7.2 Background in ChargedParticle Detector Spectra.4.7.3 Background in alphaRay Detector Spectra.4.7.4 Background in Neutron Detector Spectra.4.8 Yields and Cross Sections for ChargedParticleInduced Reactions.4.8.1 Nonresonant and Resonant Yields.4.8.2 General Treatment of Yield Curves.4.8.3 Measured Yield Curves and Excitation Functions.4.8.4 Determination of Absolute Resonance Strengths and Cross Sections.4.9 Transmissions, Yields, and Cross Sections for NeutronInduced Reactions.4.9.1 Resonance Transmission.4.9.2 Resonant and Nonresonant Yields.4.9.3 Effective Cross Section.4.9.4 Measured Yields and Transmissions.4.9.5 Relative and Absolute Cross Sections.5 Nuclear Burning Stages and Processes.5.1 Hydrostatic Hydrogen Burning.5.1.1 pp Chains.5.1.2 CNO Cycles.5.1.3 Hydrostatic Hydrogen Burning Beyond the CNO Mass Region.5.2 Explosive Hydrogen Burning.5.2.1 Hot CNO Cycles.5.2.2 Explosive Hydrogen Burning Beyond the CNO Mass Region.5.3 Hydrostatic Helium Burning.5.3.1 HeliumBurning Reactions.5.3.2 Nucleosynthesis During Hydrostatic He Burning.5.3.3 Other HeliumBurning Reactions.5.4 Explosive HydrogenHelium Burning.5.4.1 Breakout from the HCNO Cycles.5.4.2 Network Calculations at Constant Temperature and Density.5.4.3 Nucleosynthesis for TemperatureDensity Profiles.5.5 Advanced Burning Stages.5.5.1 Carbon Burning.5.5.2 Neon Burning.5.5.3 Oxygen Burning.5.5.4 Silicon Burning.5.5.5 Nuclear Statistical Equilibrium and FreezeOut.5.6 Nucleosynthesis Beyond the Iron Peak.5.6.1 The sProcess.5.6.2 The rProcess.5.6.3 The pProcess.5.7 Origin of the Solar System Nuclides.Appendix.A Solutions of the Schrodinger Equation in Three Dimensions.A.1 Zero Orbital Angular Momentum and Constant Potential.A.2 Arbitrary Orbital Angular Momentum and Zero Potential.A.3 Arbitrary Orbital Angular Momentum and Coulomb Potential.B Quantum Mechanical Selection Rules.C Kinematics.C.1 Relationship of Kinematic Quantities in the Laboratory Coordinate System.C.2 Transformation Between Laboratory and CenterofMass Coordinate System.D Angular Correlations.D.1 General Aspects.D.2 Pure Radiations in a TwoStep Process.D.3 Mixed Radiations in a TwoStep Process.D.4 ThreeStep Process with Unobserved Intermediate Radiation.D.5 Experimental Considerations.D.6 Concluding Remarks.E Constants, Data, Units, and Notation.E.1 Physical Constants and Data.E.2 Mathematical Expressions.E.3 Prefixes and Units.E.4 Physical Quantities.Color Plates.References.Index.
 (source: Nielsen Book Data)
 Publisher's Summary
 Thermonuclear reactions in stars is a major topic in the field of nuclear astrophysics, and deals with the topics of how precisely stars generate their energy through nuclear reactions, and how these nuclear reactions create the elements the stars, planets and  ultimately  we humans consist of. The present book treats these topics in detail. It also presents the nuclear reaction and structure theory, thermonuclear reaction rate formalism and stellar nucleosynthesis. The topics are discussed in a coherent way, enabling the reader to grasp their interconnections intuitively. The book serves both as a textbook, with many examples and endofchapter exercises, but also as a reference book for use by researchers working in the field of nuclear astrophysics.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Subjects
 Subject
 Stars.
Bibliographic information
 Publication date
 2007
 Responsibility
 Christian Iliadis.
 Series
 Physics textbook
 ISBN
 9783527406029
 3527406026