Solar journey : the significance of our galactic environment for the heliosphere and earth
- Dordrecht : Springer, c2006.
- Physical description
- xxv, 405 p. : ill. (some col.), tab. ; 25 cm.
- Astrophysics and space science library ; v. 338.
- Includes bibliographical references and index.
- Dedication List of Figures List of Tables Contributing Authors Preface Foreword Acknowledgments 1 Introduction: Paleoheliosphere versus PaleoLISM-- Priscilla C. Frisch 1.1. The Underlying Query 1.2. Addressing the Query: The Heliosphere for Different Interstellar Environments 1.3. Closing Comments References 2 HeliosphericVariation inResponse toChanging Interstellar Environments-- Gary P. Zank, Hans-R. Muller, Vladimir Florinski and Priscilla C. Frisch 2.1. Introduction 2.2. Basic physics of the multi-fluid model 2.3. Possible interstellar environments 2.4. Possible heliospheric configurations 2.5. Conclusions References 3 Influence of the Interstellar Magnetic Field on the Heliospheric Interface-- Nikolai V. Pogorelov and Gary P. Zank 3.1. SW--LISM Interaction Problem 3.2. Superfast SW--LISM Interaction 3.3. Subfast SW--LISM Interaction 3.4. Discussion References 4 Interplanetary Conditions and Planetary Magnetospheres-- Eugene N. Parker 4.1. Introduction 4.2. Future Interstellar Variations 4.3. Magnetospheric Activity 4.4. Magnetic Activity at Uranus and Neptune References 5 Long-term Variations in the Galactic Environment of the Sun-- Nir J. Shaviv 5.1. Introduction 5.2. Characterizing the Physical Environment 5.3. Variations in the Galactic Environment 5.4. Records of Long Term Variations 5.5. Crater Record 5.6. Summary References 6 Short-term Variations in the Galactic Environment of the Sun-- Priscilla C. Frisch and Jonathan Slavin 6.1. Overview 6.2. The Solar Journey in Space 6.3. Neighborhood Interstellar Medium 6.4. Radiative Transfer Models of Partially Ionized Gas 6.5. Passages through Nearby Clouds 6.6. The Solar Environment and Global ISM 6.7. Summary References 7 Variations of the Interstellar Dust Distribution in the Heliosphere-- Markus Landgraf 7.1. Contemporary Interstellar Dust Environment of Heliosphere 7.2. Consequences of a Changing Interstellar Environment References 8 Effects in the Inner Heliosphere Caused by Changing Conditions in the Galactic Environment-- Eberhard Mobius, Maciek Bzowski, Hans-Reinhard Muller and Peter Wurz 8.1. Introduction 8.2. Observations and Modeling of Neutrals in the Contemporary Heliosphere 8.3. Interstellar Neutral Gas and its Secondary Products under Varying Interstellar Conditions References 9 Variable Terrestrial Particle Environments During the Galactic Orbit of the Sun-- Hans J. Fahr, Horst Fichtner, Klaus Scherer and Olaf Stawicki 9.1. Introductory Remarks on Cosmic Rays and Climate 9.2. The Heliosphere in Different Interstellar Environments 9.3. Cosmic Ray Spectra 9.4. Consequences of Variable Particle Environments References 10 Galactic Cosmic Ray Intensities in Response to Interstellar Environments-- Vladimir Florinski and Gary P. Zank 10.1. Introduction 10.2. Transport Properties of the Heliospheric Interface 10.3. Cosmic Ray Transport Model 10.4. Modulation in the Local Interstellar Cloud 10.5. Cosmic Ray Response to Interface Variability 10.6. Cosmogenic Isotope Response 10.7. Conclusion References 11 Accretion of Interstellar Material into the Heliosphere and onto Earth-- Ararat Yeghikyan and Hans Fahr 11.1. How does an Interstellar Cloud Touch the Solar System and the Earth? 11.2. Change of the Ionization Degree and Chemical State in the Circumsolar Flow 11.3. Model of the Neutral Gas Flow 11.4. Amount of Neutral Gas, Accreted by the Earth 11.5. Atmospheric Effects 11.6. Ozone Concentration in the Mesosphere 11.7. Results and Discussion 11.8. Summary References 12 Variations of Galactic Cosmic Rays and the Earth's Climate-- Jasper Kirkby and Kenneth S. Carslaw 12.1. Introduction 12.2. Solar Irradiance 12.3. Galactic Cosmic Rays 12.4. Solar/GCR-climate Variability 12.5. GCR-cloud-climate Mechanisms 12.6. Conclusions and Future Prospects References Index.
- (source: Nielsen Book Data)
- Publisher's Summary
- "Solar Journey: The Significance of Our Galactic Environment for the Heliosphere and Earth" lays the foundation for an interdisciplinary study of the influence of interstellar material on the solar system and Earth as we travel through the Milky Way Galaxy. The solar wind bubble responds dynamically to interstellar material flowing past the Sun, regulating interstellar gas, dust, and cosmic particle fluxes in the interplanetary medium and the Earth. Cones of interstellar gas and dust focused by solar gravity, the magnetospheres of the outer planets, and cosmic rays at Earth all might yield the first hints of changes in our galactic environment. Twelve articles from leading experts in diverse fields discuss the physical changes expected as the heliosphere adjusts to its galactic environment. Topics include the interaction between the solar wind and interstellar dust and gas, cosmic ray modulation, magnetospheres, temporal variations in the solar environment, and the cosmic ray isotope record preserved in paleoclimate data.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
- Publication date
- edited by Priscilla C. Frisch.
- Astrophysics and space science library ; v. 338