Handbook of research design and social measurement
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Preface Acknowledgements PART 1.UNDERSTANDING BASIC, APPLIED, AND EVALUATION RESEARCH 1.1 Defining the Characteristics of Basic, Applied, and Evaluation Research 1.2 The Orientation and Commitment of The Basic Researcher 1.3 The Orientation and Commitment of the Applied Researcher 1.4 The Orientation And Commitment Of The Evaluation Researcher 1.5 General Readings on Basic, Applied and Evaluation Research PART 2: BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN 2.1 Basic Guide For The Design Of A Social Research Proposal 2.2 Formulating A Research Problem 2.3 Evaluating Research Studies 2.4 Elements of Research Design 2.5 Choosing a Research Design 2.6 How Science Is Built Importance of Conceptual Definition and Theory Formulation - G. J. DiRenzo Assumptions Underlying the Application of the Scientific Method - G. Sjoberg, & R. Nett Dilemmas of the Researcher and the Distinctiveness of Behavioral Science - A. Kaplan 2.7 The Impact Of Sociological Theory On Empirical Research Empirical Generalizations in Sociology - R. K. Merton 2.8 Bridging The Gap Between The Languages Of Theory And Research Causal Inferences in Non-Experimental Research - H. M. Blalock, Jr. 2.9 Criteria for Judging the Usefulness of an Hypotheses Methods in Social Research - W. J. Goode, & P. K. Hatt 2.10 Science: Simultaneously Observational, Experimental, and Historical Science: Observational, Experimental, Historical - R. Siever 2.11 Guides for Design, Model Building, and Large-Scale Research Some Observations on Study Design - S. A. Stouffer 2.12 The Role Of Models In Research Design 2.13 General Considerations Of Research Design 2.14 Factors Jeopardizing Internal And External Validity Of Research Designs Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Designs for Research - D. T. Campbell, & J. C. Stanley 2.15 Sampling 2.16 A Selected Bibliography On Basic Research and Research Design Part 3. APPLIED AND EVALUATION RESEARCH 3.1 A Rationale for Applied Sociology as it Relates to Policy-Making 3.2 Applied Research Design 3.3 Fitting An Applied Research Design To A Problem 3.4 The Mood Of The Academic Researcher Engaged In Applied Research 3.5 The Application of Successful Applied Research through Policy Analysis Policy Analysis - R. Haskins 3.6 Bibliography On Applied Sociology, Knowledge Utilization, And Policy-Making 3.7 Evaluation Research As A Process 3.8 Ethical Practices in Research PART 4. QUALITATIVE RESEARCH - J. Cresswell, & R. C. Maiette 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Systematic Inquiry Approaches 4.3 A Conceptual Overview of Five Inquiry Approaches 4.4 Narrative Research 4.5 Phenomenology 4.6 Grounded Theory Research 4.7 An Ethnography 4.8 The Case Study 4.9 Qualitative Data Analysis Software 4.10 Conclusion 4.11 References 4.12 Qualitative Research Methodology: A New Perspective The New Frontier in Qualitative Research Methodology - E. W. Eisner 4.13 Further Resources for Qualitative Researchers PART V GUIDES TO METHODS AND TECHNIQUES OF COLLECTING DATA IN LIBRARY, FIELD, AND LABORATORY SETTINGS: SOCIAL SCIENCE DATA LIBRARIES AND RESEARCH CENTERS 5.1 Outline Guide To Situses, Principal Methods, And Techniques Of The Social Science Researcher 5.2 A Review of Print and Online Social Science Research Resources 5.3 United States Bureau of the Census and other Federal Sources of Information 5.4 FedStats 5.5 Data Mining through Federal Resources 5.6 General Databases of Bibliographic Material 5.7 Using Search Engines 5.8 Microfiche as an Archival Medium 5.9 Online Computer Library Center 5.10 Documentary Resources Available In The Library 5.11 Guides For Selection And Construction Of Questionnaires 5.12 Techniques For Increasing Response Rates 5.13 Guides For Selection And Use Of Personal Interviews As Utilized In Field Research 5.14 Description of And Instructions For Preparation Of A Telephone Interview Survey 5.15 A Comparison Of Telephone Surveys With Personal Interviews 5.16 Choosing Among The Mail Questionnaire, Personal Interview, And Telephone Survey 5.17 The Panel Technique As A Research Instrument 5.18 Guides For The Selection And Construction Of Social Scales And Indices 5.19 Guide To Databases Of Collected Data For The Social Science Researcher 5.20 Social Science Data Archives in the United States 5.21 Directories Of Social Research Centers 5.22 Important Research Associations And Institutes Affiliated With The International Sociological Association 5.23 A Bibliography Of Methods Guides 5.24 A Comment on the Internet PART 6 GUIDE TO STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF SOCIAL SCIENCE DATA 6.1 Questioning Science The Impertinent Questioner:The Scientist's Guide to the Statistician's Mind - W. Lurie 6.2 Four Levels Of Measurement And The Statistics Appropriate To Each Level 6.3 The Meaning and Use of Statistical Significance The Concept of Statistical Significance Testing - B. Thompson 6.4 Summary Of Common Measures Of Association and Group Differences 6.5 An Overview of Measures of Association 6.6 An Overview of Tests of the Difference Between Means 6.7 Causation And Multivariate Analysis: From Univariate And Bivariate Problems to Multivariate Analysis of Social Behavior 6.8 An Overview of Other Statistical Techniques and Examples of Their Application 6.9 Using The Computer In Social Science Research 6.10 Software Applications for the Computer 6.11 A Guide To Computer Periodicals And Other Publications 6.12 A Bibliography Of Statistical Methods 6.13 Contents Of Sociological Methodology 1994 Through 2000 PART 7 ASSESSING SOCIAL VARIABLES: SCALES AND INDEXES 7.1 General Assessment Sources 7.2 Scales Assessing Social Status 7.3 Scales Assessing Group Structure and Dynamics 7.4 Social Indicators 7.5 National Economic Indicators 7.6 Measures of Organizational Structure 7.7 Community 7.8 Social Participation 7.9 Leadership in the Work Organization 7.10 Morale and Job Satisfaction 7.11 Scales of Attitudes, Values, and Norms 7.12 Family and Marriage 7.13 Personality Measurements 7.14 Citations, Focus, and Purpose of Studies Reported in the Past Five Years in the American Journal of Sociology, The American Sociological Review, and Social Psychology Quarterly 7.15 Measures of Personality and Social Psychological Attitudes 7.16 The Buros Institute and the Buros Mental Measurements Yearbook 7.17 How Researchers Create Their Own Scales: An Activity of Last Resort PART 8 RESEARCH PROPOSAL, FUNDING, BUDGETING, REPORTING, AND CAREER PLANNING 8.1 The Research Grant Proposal 8.2 Research Funding 8.3 Major Sources of Funding Information 8.4 Common Reasons for Rejection of Grant Proposals 8.5 Further Readings on Grantsmanship and Proposal Writing Grantsmanship 8.6 The National Science Foundation (NSF) 8.7 National Institutes of Health (NIH) 8.8 Department of Health and Human Services 8.9 National Institute of Justice 8.10 Federal Government Agencies and Private Organizations Offering Fellowships and Grants 8.11 Sources of Information for Other Fellowships and Grant Opportunities 8.12 Estimating Research Costs 8.13 Research Reporting 8.14 A Guide to Publications 8.15 Where Prestigious Sociologists Publish and Why 8.16 Getting Published 8.17 Professional Memberships and Organizations 8.18 Planning for a Career in the Social Sciences Index About the Editors.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
In addition to hundreds of new references features new to this edition include: a comprehensive introduction to qualitative methods including a review of existing computer applications for collecting and analyzing data; the latest information about the use of computers and online research techniques, including the use of the Internet to locate actual research instruments and journal articles; updated coverage on new scales, internal and external validity, and new analytic techniques with extensive references on each; abstracts, citations and subject groupings by measurement tool of the last five years of the American Sociological Review, Social Psychology Quarterly, and the American Journal of Sociology; extensive coverage of how to prepare manuscripts for publication, including a list of all journals covered by Sociological Abstracts along with the editorial office address and URL for each entry; new coverage of ethical issues; expansion of social indicators to include international coverage; discussion of the importance of policy research with presentation and discussion of specific models as an adjunct to both applied and basic research techniques; and the addition of an index to facilitate the reader's ability to quickly locate a topic. (source: Nielsen Book Data)