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The biological chemistry of the elements : the inorganic chemistry of life / J.J.R Fraústo da Silva and R.J.P. Williams.


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Silva, J. J. R. Fraústo da.
Publication date:
2nd ed. - New York : Oxford University Press, 2001.
  • Book
  • xvii, 575 p. : ill. ; 26 cm.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
  • 1. THE CHEMICAL ELEMENTS IN BIOLOGY-- 2. The principles of the uptake and chemical speciation of the elements in biology-- 3. Physical separations of elements: compartments and zones in biology-- 4. Kinetic considerations of chemical reactions, catalysis, and control-- 5. Energy in biological systems and hydrogen biochemistry-- 6. The role of biological macromolecules and polymers-- 7. The functional value of the chemical elements in biological systems-- 8. SODIUM, POTASSIUM, AND CHLORINE: OSMOTIC CONTROL, ELECTROLYTIC EQUILIBRIA, AND CURRENTS-- 9. The biological chemistry of magnesium: phosphate metabolism-- 10. Calcium: controls and triggers-- 11. Zinc: Lewis acid catalysis and regulation-- 12. Non-haem iron: redox reactions and controls-- 13. Haen iron: coupled redox reactions-- 14. Manganese: dioxygen evolution and glycosylation-- 15. Copper: extracytoplasmic oxidases and matrix formation-- 16. Nickel and cobalt: remnants of early life-- 17. Molybdenum, tungsten, vanadium, and chromium-- 18. Phosphate, silica, and chloride: acid-base non-metals-- 19. Sulphur, selenium, and the halogens: redox non-metals-- 20. Integrated living systems of elements.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Publisher's Summary:
Twenty inorganic elements, mostly metal ions, are consistently found in living systems and are essential for living systems to function correctly. The aim of this text is to discuss, describe, and explain the functional relevance of those elements: the reasons for their selection; the processes of their uptake, transport and final localization in cells; the regulation of these processes; and the interactive network of their reactions that connects the in vivo inorganic elements to the environment and to the genome. The first seven chapters describe the physical, chemical, and biological principles of the involvement of the elements in cellular activity, stressing how inorganic and organic chemicals react differently together in different compartments. The next twelve chapters describe the uses of the individual essential inorganic elements and a section on the genetic control of each element is included. The final chapter discusses how the interaction of genes, proteins, small molecules, and inorganic elements plays an important role in evolution and the speciation of organisms. The second edition of 'The Biological Chemistry of The Elements' has been thoroughly revised in content and style. The main additions to the first edition concern the discussion of the links to the genome of the uptake and transfer of inorganic elements and the regulation of homeostasis, the functional co-operative activities of the elements, the interaction with the environment, and the evolution of usage. Recent structural and mechanistic knowledge of many biomolecules and organelles are also included. Like the higly praised first edition, this text will be the bible of bioinorganic chemistry.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Williams, R. J. P. (Robert Joseph Paton)

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