1st ed. - Albuquerque : University of New Mexico Press, c2000.
xiii, 251 p.,  p. of plates : ill. ; 24 cm.
Includes bibliographical references (p. 223-242) and index.
The relocation program
Stereotypes and self-concepts
Retention of traditionalism
Economic conditions and housing
Alcoholism in the cities and border towns
Health care and illnesses
Pan-Indianism and sociopolitical organizations
Survival schools and higher education
Rise of the Indian middle class
The urban Indian identity crisis.
As the first ethnohistory of modern urban Indians, this perceptive study looks at Indians from many tribes living in cities throughout the United States. Fixico has had unparalleled access to Native Americans, particularly their contemporary oral tradition. Through first-hand observations, interviews, and conventional historical sources, he has been able to assess the major impact urbanisation has had on Indians and see how they have come to terms with both the negative and enriching aspects of living in cities. The result is an insightful and empathetic account of how Indian identity is sustained in cities. Fixico offers a new view of urban Indians, one centred on questions of how their modern identity emerges and perseveres. He shows how the corrosive effects of cultural alienation, alcoholism, poor health services, unemployment, and ghetto housing are slowly being overcome, particularly since the 1970s. After fifty years of urban experiences, Native Americans living in cities are better able today than at any other time to balance tradition and modernity. (source: Nielsen Book Data)