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Guardians of science : fairness and reliability of peer review / H.-D. Daniel ; translated by William E. Russey.



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Daniel, Hans-Dieter, 1955-
Publication date:
Weinheim ; New York : VCH, c1993.
  • Book
  • xiv, 118 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
Includes bibliographical references (p. [99]-109) and index.
  • Peer review as an instrument for the self-regulation of science. Peer review as a target for criticism: the reliability of manuscript reviews-- fairness in manuscript review - subjective judgmental tendencies and publication bias-- the validity of manuscript evaluation-- summary and assessment of criticism levelled at the peer-review process. The journal angewandte Chemie: the category "Zuschriften" (communications)-- the refereeing of communications-- evaluation form and comment sheet. Communications received during the year 1984. Initial internal evaluation, external review and editorial decisions. The reviewers for angewandte Chemie. The reviews. Reliability of manuscript refereeing: statistical measures for chance-corrected agreement-- reviewer agreement-- low levels of reviewer agreement - statistical artifact or a result of the process by which reviewers are selected? Fairness in manuscript evaluation: lenient and strict reviewers-- judgmental tendencies of reviewers and publication bias-- academic title of the corresponding author - reviewer judgments and editorial decisions-- subject matter - reviewer judgments and editorial decisions-- nationality of the corresponding author - reviewer judgments and editorial decisions. The validity of manuscript review: the fate of the rejected manuscripts-- comparison of mean criterion rates for accepted manuscripts and rejected manuscripts published elsewhere - the predictive validity of editorial decisions-- the predictive validity of initial judgments and reviewer recommendations. Suggestions for reform of the peer-review process.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Publisher's Summary:
An analysis of one of the most controversial issues of modern scientific culture: peer review has been the subject matter of many articles in newspapers and general interest scientific and news magazines. This book considers the necessity of having a reliable method of separating the wheat from the chaff in science, in the light of the large number of recent cases of fraud in science.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
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