QA481 .L44 2013
- Unknown QA481 .L44 2013
- Includes bibliographical references and index.
- Euclid Incidence geometry Axioms for plane geometry Angles Triangles Models of neutral geometry Perpendicular and parallel lines Polygons Quadrilaterals The Euclidean parallel postulate Area Similarity Right triangles Circles Circumference and circular area Compass and straightedge constructions The parallel postulate revisited Introduction to hyperbolic geometry Parallel lines in hyperbolic geometry Epilogue: Where do we go from here? Hilbert's axioms Birkhoff's postulates The SMSG postulates The postulates used in this book The language of mathematics Proofs Sets and functions Properties of the real numbers Rigid motions: Another approach References Index.
- (source: Nielsen Book Data)
- Publisher's Summary
- The story of geometry is the story of mathematics itself: Euclidean geometry was the first branch of mathematics to be systematically studied and placed on a firm logical foundation, and it is the prototype for the axiomatic method that lies at the foundation of modern mathematics. It has been taught to students for more than two millennia as a model of logical thought. This book tells the story of how the axiomatic method has progressed from Euclid's time to ours, as a way of understanding what mathematics is, how we read and evaluate mathematical arguments, and why mathematics has achieved the level of certainty it has. It is designed primarily for advanced undergraduates who plan to teach secondary school geometry, but it should also provide something of interest to anyone who wishes to understand geometry and the axiomatic method better. It introduces a modern, rigorous, axiomatic treatment of Euclidean and (to a lesser extent) non-Euclidean geometries, offering students ample opportunities to practice reading and writing proofs while at the same time developing most of the concrete geometric relationships that secondary teachers will need to know in the classroom.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
- Publication date
- John M. Lee.
- Pure and applied undergraduate texts ; volume 21