Advanced practical organic chemistry
- Leonard, J. (John), 1954-
- 3rd ed.
- Boca Raton, Fla. : CRC, c2013.
- Physical description
- xxv, 330 p. : ill. ; 23 cm.
- Includes bibliographical references and index.
- General introduction Safety Safety is your primary responsibility Safe working practice Safety risk assessments Common hazards Accident and emergency procedures Bibliography Keeping records of laboratory work Introduction The laboratory notebook Keeping records of data Some tips on report and thesis preparation References Equipping the laboratory and the bench Introduction Setting up the laboratory General laboratory equipment The individual bench Equipment for parallel experiments Equipment for controlled experimentation Purification and drying of solvents Introduction Purification of solvents Drying agents Drying of solvents References Reagents: Preparation, purification, and handling Introduction Classification of reagents for handling Techniques for obtaining pure and dry reagents Techniques for handling and measuring reagents Preparation and titration of simple organometallic reagents and lithium amide bases Preparation of diazomethane References Gases Introduction Use of gas cylinders Handling gases Measurement of gases Inert gases Reagent gases References Vacuum pumps Introduction House vacuum systems (low vacuum) Medium vacuum pumps High vacuum pumps Pressure measurement and regulation Carrying out the reaction Introduction Reactions with air-sensitive reagents Reaction monitoring Reactions at other than room temperature Driving equilibria Agitation Use of controlled reactor systems References Working up the reaction Introduction Quenching the reaction Isolation of the crude product Data that need to be collected on the crude product prior to purification Purification Introduction Crystallization Distillation Sublimation Flash chromatography Dry-column flash chromatography Preparative TLC Medium pressure and prepacked chromatography systems Preparative HPLC References Small-scale reactions Introduction Reactions at or below room temperature Reactions above room temperature Reactions in NMR tubes Purification of materials Large-scale reactions Introduction Carrying out the reaction Workup and product isolation Purification of the products Special procedures Introduction Catalytic hydrogenation Photolysis Ozonolysis Flash vacuum pyrolysis (FVP) Liquid ammonia reactions Microwave reactions References Characterization Introduction NMR spectra IR spectra UV spectroscopy Mass spectrometry Melting point (m.p.) and boiling point (b.p.) Optical rotation Microanalysis Keeping the data Troubleshooting: What to do when things don't work The chemical literature The structure of the chemical literature Some important paper-based sources of chemical information Some important electronic-based sources of chemical information How to find chemical information Current awareness References Appendices Properties of common solvents Properties of common gases Approximate pKa values for some common reagents versus common bases Common Bronsted acids Common Lewis acids Common reducing reagents Common oxidizing reagents Index.
- (source: Nielsen Book Data)
- Publisher's Summary
- Any research that uses new organic chemicals, or ones that are not commercially available, will at some time require the synthesis of such compounds. Therefore, organic synthesis is important in many areas of both applied and academic research, from chemistry to biology, biochemistry, and materials science. The third edition of a bestseller, Advanced Practical Organic Chemistry is a guide that explains the basic techniques of organic chemistry, presenting the necessary information for readers to carry out widely used modern organic synthesis reactions. This book is written for advanced undergraduate and graduate students as well as industrial organic chemists, particularly those involved in pharmaceutical, agrochemical, and other areas of fine chemical research. It provides the novice or nonspecialist with the often difficult-to-find information on reagent properties needed to perform general techniques. With over 80 years combined experience training and developing organic research chemists in industry and academia, the authors offer sufficient guidance for researchers to perform reactions under conditions that give the highest chance of success, including the appropriate precautions to take and proper experimental protocols. The text also covers the following topics: * Record keeping and equipment * Solvent purification and reagent preparation * Using gases and working with vacuum pumps * Purification, including crystallization and distillation * Small-scale and large-scale reactions * Characterization, including NMR spectra, melting point and boiling point, and microanalysis * Efficient ways to find information in the chemical literature With fully updated text and all newly drawn figures, the third edition provides a powerful tool for building the knowledge on the most up-to-date techniques commonly used in organic synthesis.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
- Publication date
- John Leonard, Barry Lygo, Garry Procter.