Plasma Engineering [electronic resource] : Applications from Aerospace to Bio and Nanotechnology
- Keidar, Michael.
- San Diego : Elsevier Science, 2013.
- Physical description
- 1 online resource (442 p.)
- Beilis, Isak.
- Includes bibliographical references.
- Front Cover; Plasma Engineering; Copyright Page; Contents; Preface; 1 Plasma Concepts; 1.1 Introduction; 1.1.1 Debye length; 1.1.2 Plasma oscillation; 1.1.3 Plasma types; 18.104.22.168 Thermonuclear fusion; 22.214.171.124 Vacuum arcs; 126.96.36.199 Cold plasma; 188.8.131.52 Plasma in nature; 1.2 Plasma particle phenomena; 1.2.1 Particle collisions; 184.108.40.206 Definitions; 220.127.116.11 Cross section: mean free path; 18.104.22.168 Charge-exchange cross section; 22.214.171.124 Coulomb collision cross section; 126.96.36.199 Ionization cross section; 188.8.131.52 Plasma equilibrium; 1.3 Waves and instabilities in plasmas.
- 1.3.1 Electromagnetic phenomena in plasma184.108.40.206 Conservation law for electric charge and current: electromagnetic waves; 220.127.116.11 Electromagnetic wave propagation; 18.104.22.168.1 Propagation in a media with high conductivity (i.e., metal); 22.214.171.124.2 Propagation in a media with low conductivity (i.e. dielectric); 1.3.2 Waves in plasma; 1.3.3 Plasma oscillations; 1.3.4 Electron plasma wave; 1.3.5 Sound waves in plasma; 1.3.6 Waves in plasma with magnetic field; 1.3.7 Plasma instabilities; 126.96.36.199 Two-stream instability; 188.8.131.52 Kinetic instabilities; 1.4 Plasma-wall interactions.
- 1.4.1 Plasma-wall transition: electrostatic phenomena184.108.40.206 Condition for stable sheath: Bohm criterion; 220.127.116.11 Monotonic solution for sheath-presheath region; 18.104.22.168 Mathematical formulation; 22.214.171.124.1 Presheath (quasi-neutral region, ne=ni); 126.96.36.199.2 Sheath; 188.8.131.52.3 Direct numerical solution of the sheath-presheath regions; 184.108.40.206 Monotonic potential distribution in the sheath; 220.127.116.11 Solutions in plasma and sheath regions: procedure of patching; 18.104.22.168 Typical electrostatic sheath; 22.214.171.124.1 Child-Langmuir sheath; 126.96.36.199.2 Sheath at floating wall.
- 188.8.131.52.3 Sheath with arbitrary ion distribution function: kinetic approach184.108.40.206.4 Sheath with secondary electron emission (SEE); 220.127.116.11 Sheath in a magnetic field; 1.5 Surface phenomena: electron emission and vaporization; 1.5.1 Electron emission; 18.104.22.168 Thermionic emission; 22.214.171.124 Field emission; 126.96.36.199 T-F emission; 188.8.131.52 Secondary electron emission; 1.5.2 Vaporization; 184.108.40.206 Langmuir model; 220.127.116.11 Kinetic models; 18.104.22.168 Model of the nonequilibrium layer; 22.214.171.124.1 DSMC particle approach; 126.96.36.199.2 Analytical approach; 188.8.131.52.3 Examples of Knudsen layer calculation.
- 184.108.40.206.4 Ablation of the Teflon into discharge plasma220.127.116.11.5 Outlook on evaporation analysis approached; Homework problems; Section 1; Section 2; Section 3; Section 4; Section 5; References; 2 Plasma Diagnostics; 2.1 Langmuir probes; 2.2 Orbital motion limit; 2.3 Langmuir probes in collisional-dominated regime; 2.4 Emissive probe; 2.5 Probe in magnetic field; 2.6 Ion energy measurements: electrostatic analyzer; 2.7 HF cutoff plasma diagnostics; 2.8 Interferometric technique; 2.9 Optical measurements and fast imaging; 2.10 Plasma spectroscopy; 2.11 Microwave scattering; Homework problems.
- Publisher's Summary
- Plasma engineering applies the unique properties of plasmas (ionized gases) to improve processes and performance over many fields, such as materials processing, spacecraft propulsion, and nanofabrication. Plasma Engineering considers this rapidly expanding discipline from a unified standpoint, addressing fundamentals of physics and modeling as well as new real-word applications in aerospace, nanotechnology, and bioengineering. The book starts by reviewing plasma particle collisions, waves, and instabilities, and proceeds to diagnostic tools, such as planar, spherical, and emissive probes, and the electrostatic analyzer, interferometric technique, and plasma spectroscopy. The physics of different types of electrical discharges are considered, including the classical Townsend mechanism of gas electrical breakdown and the Paschen law. Basic approaches and theoretical methodologies for plasma modeling are described, based on the fluid description of plasma solving numerically magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) equations and the kinetic model particle techniques that take into account kinetic interactions among particles and electromagnetic fields. Readers are then introduced to the widest variety of applications in any text on the market. Space propulsion applications such as the Hall thruster, pulsed plasma thrusters, and microthruster are explained. Application of low-temperature plasmas in nanoscience and nanotechnology, another frontier in plasma physics, is covered, including plasma-based techniques for carbon-based nanoparticle synthesis (e.g., fundamental building blocks like single-walled carbon nanotubes and graphene). Plasma medicine, an emerging field studying plasmas for therapeutic applications, is examined as well. The latest original results on cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) applications in medicine are presented, with a focus on the therapeutic potential of CAP with a in selective tumor cell eradication and signaling pathway deregulation. * The first textbook that addresses plasma engineering in the aerospace, nanotechnology, and bioengineering fields from a unified standpoint* Includes a large number of worked examples, end of chapter exercises, and historical perspectives* Accompanying plasma simulation software covering the Particle in Cell (PIC) approach, available at http://www.particleincell.com/blog/2011/particle-in-cell-example /.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
- Publication date
- Available in another form
- Print version: Keidar, Michael Plasma Engineering : Applications from Aerospace to Bio and Nanotechnology San Diego : Elsevier Science, c2013 9780123859778