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Book
xviii, 763 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
  • The first law and other basic concepts-- volumetric properties of fluids-- heat effects-- the second law of thermodynamics-- thermodynamic properties of fluids-- thermodynamics of flow process-- production of power from heat-- refrigeration and liquefaction-- systems of variable compostion-- VLE at low to mederate pressure-- thermodynamic properties and VLE from equations of state-- topics in phase equilibria-- chemical-reaction equilibria-- thermodynamic analysis of processes.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
This text provides coverage and worked examples for first courses in chemical engineering thermodynamics. It includes an exposition of the principles of thermodynamics and details their application to chemical processes.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
  • The first law and other basic concepts-- volumetric properties of fluids-- heat effects-- the second law of thermodynamics-- thermodynamic properties of fluids-- thermodynamics of flow process-- production of power from heat-- refrigeration and liquefaction-- systems of variable compostion-- VLE at low to mederate pressure-- thermodynamic properties and VLE from equations of state-- topics in phase equilibria-- chemical-reaction equilibria-- thermodynamic analysis of processes.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
This text provides coverage and worked examples for first courses in chemical engineering thermodynamics. It includes an exposition of the principles of thermodynamics and details their application to chemical processes.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Status of items at Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain) Status
Stacks
TP149 .S582 1996 Unknown
TP149 .S582 1996 Unknown
TP149 .S582 1996 Unknown
TP149 .S582 1996 Unknown
Book
xxvii, 876 p. : ill ; 26 cm.
A Practical, Up-to-Date Introduction to Applied Thermodynamics, Including Coverage of Process Simulation Models and an Introduction to Biological Systems Introductory Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, Second Edition, helps readers master the fundamentals of applied thermodynamics as practiced today: with extensive development of molecular perspectives that enables adaptation to fields including biological systems, environmental applications, and nanotechnology. This text is distinctive in making molecular perspectives accessible at the introductory level and connecting properties with practical implications. Features of the second edition include * Hierarchical instruction with increasing levels of detail: Content requiring deeper levels of theory is clearly delineated in separate sections and chapters * Early introduction to the overall perspective of composite systems like distillation columns, reactive processes, and biological systems * Learning objectives, problem-solving strategies for energy balances and phase equilibria, chapter summaries, and "important equations" for every chapter * Extensive practical examples, especially coverage of non-ideal mixtures, which include water contamination via hydrocarbons, polymer blending/recycling, oxygenated fuels, hydrogen bonding, osmotic pressure, electrolyte solutions, zwitterions and biological molecules, and other contemporary issues * Supporting software in formats for both MATLAB(R) and spreadsheets * Online supplemental sections and resources including instructor slides, ConcepTests, coursecast videos, and other useful resources.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
A Practical, Up-to-Date Introduction to Applied Thermodynamics, Including Coverage of Process Simulation Models and an Introduction to Biological Systems Introductory Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, Second Edition, helps readers master the fundamentals of applied thermodynamics as practiced today: with extensive development of molecular perspectives that enables adaptation to fields including biological systems, environmental applications, and nanotechnology. This text is distinctive in making molecular perspectives accessible at the introductory level and connecting properties with practical implications. Features of the second edition include * Hierarchical instruction with increasing levels of detail: Content requiring deeper levels of theory is clearly delineated in separate sections and chapters * Early introduction to the overall perspective of composite systems like distillation columns, reactive processes, and biological systems * Learning objectives, problem-solving strategies for energy balances and phase equilibria, chapter summaries, and "important equations" for every chapter * Extensive practical examples, especially coverage of non-ideal mixtures, which include water contamination via hydrocarbons, polymer blending/recycling, oxygenated fuels, hydrogen bonding, osmotic pressure, electrolyte solutions, zwitterions and biological molecules, and other contemporary issues * Supporting software in formats for both MATLAB(R) and spreadsheets * Online supplemental sections and resources including instructor slides, ConcepTests, coursecast videos, and other useful resources.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Status of items at Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain) Status
Stacks
TP149 .E45 2012 Unknown
Book
xviii, 817 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
  • Preface 1 Introduction 2 The First Law and Other Basic Concepts 3 Volumetric Properties of Pure Fluids 4 Heat Effects 5 The Second Law of Thermodynamics 6 Thermodynamic Properties of Fluids 7 Applications of Thermodynamics to Flow Processes 8 Production of Power from Heat 9 Refrigeration and Liquefaction 10 Vapor/Liquid Equilbrium: Introduction 11 Solution Thermodynamics: Theory 12 Solution Thermodynamics: Applications 13 Chemical-Reaction Equilibria 14 Topics in Phase Equilibria 15 Thermodynamic Analysis of Processes 16 Introduction to Molecular Thermodynamics Appendixes A Conversion Factors and Values of the Gas Constant B Properties of Pure Species C Heat Capacities and Property Changes of Formation D Representative Computer Programs E The Lee/Kesler Generalized-Correlation Tables F Steam Tables G Thermodynamic Diagrams H UNIFAC Method I Newton's Method Author Index Subject Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
"Introduction to Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, 7/e", presents comprehensive coverage of the subject of thermodynamics from a chemical engineering viewpoint. This text provides a thorough exposition of the principles of thermodynamics and details their application to chemical processes. The chapters are written in a clear, logically organized manner, and contain an abundance of realistic problems, examples, and illustrations to help students understand complex concepts. New ideas, terms, and symbols constantly challenge the readers to think and encourage them to apply this fundamental body of knowledge to the solution of practical problems. The comprehensive nature of this book makes it a useful reference both in graduate courses and for professional practice. The seventh edition continues to be an excellent tool for teaching the subject of chemical engineering thermodynamics to undergraduate students.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
  • Preface 1 Introduction 2 The First Law and Other Basic Concepts 3 Volumetric Properties of Pure Fluids 4 Heat Effects 5 The Second Law of Thermodynamics 6 Thermodynamic Properties of Fluids 7 Applications of Thermodynamics to Flow Processes 8 Production of Power from Heat 9 Refrigeration and Liquefaction 10 Vapor/Liquid Equilbrium: Introduction 11 Solution Thermodynamics: Theory 12 Solution Thermodynamics: Applications 13 Chemical-Reaction Equilibria 14 Topics in Phase Equilibria 15 Thermodynamic Analysis of Processes 16 Introduction to Molecular Thermodynamics Appendixes A Conversion Factors and Values of the Gas Constant B Properties of Pure Species C Heat Capacities and Property Changes of Formation D Representative Computer Programs E The Lee/Kesler Generalized-Correlation Tables F Steam Tables G Thermodynamic Diagrams H UNIFAC Method I Newton's Method Author Index Subject Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
"Introduction to Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, 7/e", presents comprehensive coverage of the subject of thermodynamics from a chemical engineering viewpoint. This text provides a thorough exposition of the principles of thermodynamics and details their application to chemical processes. The chapters are written in a clear, logically organized manner, and contain an abundance of realistic problems, examples, and illustrations to help students understand complex concepts. New ideas, terms, and symbols constantly challenge the readers to think and encourage them to apply this fundamental body of knowledge to the solution of practical problems. The comprehensive nature of this book makes it a useful reference both in graduate courses and for professional practice. The seventh edition continues to be an excellent tool for teaching the subject of chemical engineering thermodynamics to undergraduate students.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Status of items at Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain) Status
Stacks
TP155.2 .T45 S58 2005 Unknown
TP155.2 .T45 S58 2005 Unknown
Book
xviii, 789 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
  • Preface 1 Introduction 2 The First Law and Other Basic Concepts 3 Volumetric Properties of Pure Fluids 4 Heat Effects 5 The Second Law of Thermodynamics 6 Thermodynamic Properties of Fluids 7 Applications of Thermodynamics to Flow Processes 8 Production of Power from Heat 9 Refrigeration and Liquefaction 10 Vapor/Liquid Equilbrium: Introduction 11 Solution Thermodynamics: Theory 12 Solution Thermodynamics: Applications 13 Chemical-Reaction Equilibria 14 Topics in Phase Equilibria 15 Thermodynamic Analysis of Processes 16 Introduciton to Molecular Thermodynamics Appendixes A Conversion Factors and Values of the Gas Constant B Properties of Pure Species C Heat Capacities and Property Changes of Formation D Representative Computer Programs E The Lee/Kesler Generalized-Correlation Tables F Steam Tables G Thermodynamic Diagrams H UNIFAC Method I Newton's Method Author Index Subject Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
"Introduction to Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, 6/e", presents comprehensive coverage of the subject of thermodynamics from a chemical engineering viewpoint. The text provides a thorough exposition of the principles of thermodynamics and details their application to chemical processes. The chapters are written in a clear, logically organized manner, and contain an abundance of realistic problems, examples, and illustrations to help students understand complex concepts. New ideas, terms, and symbols constantly challenge the readers to think and encourage them to apply this fundamental body of knowledge to the solution of practical problems. The comprehensive nature of this book makes it a useful reference both in graduate courses and for professional practice. The sixth edition continues to be an excellent tool for teaching the subject of chemical engineering thermodynamics to undergraduate students.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
  • Preface 1 Introduction 2 The First Law and Other Basic Concepts 3 Volumetric Properties of Pure Fluids 4 Heat Effects 5 The Second Law of Thermodynamics 6 Thermodynamic Properties of Fluids 7 Applications of Thermodynamics to Flow Processes 8 Production of Power from Heat 9 Refrigeration and Liquefaction 10 Vapor/Liquid Equilbrium: Introduction 11 Solution Thermodynamics: Theory 12 Solution Thermodynamics: Applications 13 Chemical-Reaction Equilibria 14 Topics in Phase Equilibria 15 Thermodynamic Analysis of Processes 16 Introduciton to Molecular Thermodynamics Appendixes A Conversion Factors and Values of the Gas Constant B Properties of Pure Species C Heat Capacities and Property Changes of Formation D Representative Computer Programs E The Lee/Kesler Generalized-Correlation Tables F Steam Tables G Thermodynamic Diagrams H UNIFAC Method I Newton's Method Author Index Subject Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
"Introduction to Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, 6/e", presents comprehensive coverage of the subject of thermodynamics from a chemical engineering viewpoint. The text provides a thorough exposition of the principles of thermodynamics and details their application to chemical processes. The chapters are written in a clear, logically organized manner, and contain an abundance of realistic problems, examples, and illustrations to help students understand complex concepts. New ideas, terms, and symbols constantly challenge the readers to think and encourage them to apply this fundamental body of knowledge to the solution of practical problems. The comprehensive nature of this book makes it a useful reference both in graduate courses and for professional practice. The sixth edition continues to be an excellent tool for teaching the subject of chemical engineering thermodynamics to undergraduate students.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Status of items at Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain) Status
Stacks
TP155.2 .T45 S58 2001 Unknown
Book
xx, 772 p. : ill. ; 26 cm.
  • Introduction. 1. Conservation of Mass and Energy. 2. Entropy: An Additional Balance Equation. 3. The Thermodynamic Properties of Real Substances. 4. Equilibrium and Stability in One-Component Systems. 5. The Thermodynamics of Multicomponent Mixtures. 6. The Estimation of the Gibbs Free Energy and Fugacity of a Component in a Mixture. 7. Phase Equilibrium in Mixtures. 8. Chemical Equilibrium and the Balance Equations for Chemically Reacting Systems. Appendices. I. Conversion Factors for SI Units. II. The Molar Heat Capacities of Gases in the Ideal Gas. III. The Thermodynamic Properties of Water and Steam. IV. Heat and Free Energies of Formation. V. Heats of Combustion. Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
A More Accessible Approach to Thermodynamics In this third edition, you'll find a modern approach to applied thermodynamics. The material is presented in sufficient detail to provide a solid understanding of the principles of thermodynamics and its classical applications. Also included are the applications of chemical engineering thermodynamics to issues such as the distribution of chemicals in the environment, safety, polymers, and solid-state-processing. To make thermodynamics more accessible, several helpful features are included. Important concepts are emphasized in marginal notes throughout each chapter. Illustrations have also been added to demonstrate the use of these concepts and to provide a better understanding of the material. Boxes are used to highlight equations so that students can easily identify the end results of analyses. You can also visit the text's web site to download additional problem sets, computer programs to solve thermodynamic and phase behavior problems, and Mathcad worksheets used for problem solving.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
  • Introduction. 1. Conservation of Mass and Energy. 2. Entropy: An Additional Balance Equation. 3. The Thermodynamic Properties of Real Substances. 4. Equilibrium and Stability in One-Component Systems. 5. The Thermodynamics of Multicomponent Mixtures. 6. The Estimation of the Gibbs Free Energy and Fugacity of a Component in a Mixture. 7. Phase Equilibrium in Mixtures. 8. Chemical Equilibrium and the Balance Equations for Chemically Reacting Systems. Appendices. I. Conversion Factors for SI Units. II. The Molar Heat Capacities of Gases in the Ideal Gas. III. The Thermodynamic Properties of Water and Steam. IV. Heat and Free Energies of Formation. V. Heats of Combustion. Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
A More Accessible Approach to Thermodynamics In this third edition, you'll find a modern approach to applied thermodynamics. The material is presented in sufficient detail to provide a solid understanding of the principles of thermodynamics and its classical applications. Also included are the applications of chemical engineering thermodynamics to issues such as the distribution of chemicals in the environment, safety, polymers, and solid-state-processing. To make thermodynamics more accessible, several helpful features are included. Important concepts are emphasized in marginal notes throughout each chapter. Illustrations have also been added to demonstrate the use of these concepts and to provide a better understanding of the material. Boxes are used to highlight equations so that students can easily identify the end results of analyses. You can also visit the text's web site to download additional problem sets, computer programs to solve thermodynamic and phase behavior problems, and Mathcad worksheets used for problem solving.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Status of items at Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain) Status
Stacks
QD504 .S25 1999 Unknown
QD504 .S25 1999 Unknown
Book
xix, 760 p. : ill. ; 25 cm. + 1 computer laser optical disc (4 3/4 in.)
  • 1. Introduction. The Anatomy of Thermodynamics. The Terminology of Thermodynamics. The Variables and Quantities of Thermodynamics. Equilibrium and the Equilibrium State. The Phase Rule. The Reversible Process. 2. The First Law of Thermodynamics. The First Law and Internal Energy. The Enthalpy. The Heat Capacity. The First Law for Open Systems. Problems. 3. The Behavior of Fluids. The PVT Behavior of Fluids. Equations of State. The Ideal Gas. The Compressibility Factor. Generalized Equations of State. 4. The Second Law of Thermodynamics. Heat Engines and the Carnot Cycle. The Ideal-Gas Carnot Cycle. The Absolute Temperature Scale. The Entropy Function. Entropy and the Spontaneity of Natural Processes. Calculation of Entropy Changes. Open Systems. Applications of the Second Law. The Microscopic View of Entropy. The Third Law of Thermodynamics. 5. The Thermodynamic Network. The Free Energy Functions. The Clausius Inequality and the Fundamental Equation. The Thermodynamic Network. Measurable Quantities. Calculation of H and S as Functions of P and T. Property Estimation from Corresponding States. Property Estimation Via Generalized Equations of State. The Method of Jacobians. The Generality of the Thermodynamic Method. Problems. 6. Heat Effects. The Computational Path. Heat Effects Due to Change of Temperature. Heat Effects Due to Change of Pressure. Heat Effects Due to Change of Phase. Mixing Heat Effects. Enthalpy-Concentration Diagrams. Chemical Heat Effects. Heats of Formation in Solution. Applied Thermochemistry. Problems. 7. Equilibrium and Stability. Criteria of Equilibrium. The Chemical Potential. Application of the Equilibrium Criteria. The Essence of Thermodynamics. Stability. Constraints, Equilibrium, and Virtual Variations. Problems. 8. Thermodynamics of Pure Substances. The Phase Diagram. The Clapeyron Equation. Solid-Liquid Equilibrium. Solid-Vapor and Liquid-Vapor Equilibrium. Presentation of Thermodynamic Property Data. Problems. 9. Principles of Phase Equilibrium. Presentation of Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium Data. Determination of Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium Data. The Thermodynamic Basis for the Phase Rule. The Fugacity. Determination of Fugacities of Pure Substances. Determination of Fugacities in Mixtures. Ideal Systems. The Activity Coefficient. Experimental Determination of Activity Coefficients. Henry's Law. Activity Coefficient Equations. Phase Equilibrium via an Equation of State. The Thermodynamic Approach to Phase Equilibrium. Problems. 10. Applied Phase Equilibrium. The Consummate Thermodynamic Correlation of Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium. Constant-Pressure VLE Data. Total Pressure Data. Azeotropes. Thermodynamic Consistency Tests. Multicomponent Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium. Phase Behavior in Partially Miscible Systems. Liquid-Liquid Equilibrium. Ternary Liquid-Liquid Equilibrium. Estimates from Fragmentary Data. Recapitulation. Problems. 11. Additional Topics in Phase Equilibrium. Partial Molar Properties. Experimental Determination of Mixture and Partial Molar Properties. Mixture Properties for Ideal Solutions. Activity Coefficients Based on Henry's Law. The Solubility of Gases in Liquids. Solid-Liquid Equilibria. Solid-Supercritical Fluid Equilibrium. Prediction of Solution Behavior. Problems. 12. Chemical Equilibrium. Generalized Stoichemtry. The Condition of Equilibrium for a Chemical Reaction. Standard States and AG0. Temperature Dependence of the Equilibrium Constant. Experimental Determination of Thermochemical Data. Other Free Energy Functions. Homogeneous Gas-Phase Reactions. Heterogeneous Chemical Equilibrium. Reactions in Solution. Reactions in Aqueous Solution. Electrolyte Solutions. Coupled Reactions. Problems. 13. Complex Chemical Equilibrium. The Phase Rule for Reacting Systems. Analyzing Complex Chemical Equilibrium Problems. Formulating Complex Chemical Equilibrium Problems. The CHO System and Carbon Deposition Boundaries. The Si-Cl-H System and Silicon Deposition Boundaries. Problems. 14. Thermodynamic Analysis of Processes. Work and Free Energy Functions. The Availability. Mixing and Separation Processes. Heat Exchange. Systems Involving Chemical Transformations. Problems. 15. Physicomechanical Processes. Compression and Expansion of Gases. The Joule-Thomson Expansion. Liquefaction of Gases. Refrigeration. Heat Pumps. Power Generation. Cogeneration of Steam and Power. Problems. 16. Compressible Fluid Flow. The Basic Equations of Fluid Mechanics. Sonic Velocity. Isentropic Flow. Isentropic Flow Through Nozzles. Nonisentropic Flow. Problems. 17. Thermodynamics and Models. Standard Models. Ad Hoc Models. Evaluation of Models. Appendixes. Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Designed for undergraduate and graduate chemical engineering students.This book/disk package explains the rationale of thermodynamics from an experimental perspective. The Third Edition offers a thorough update and is unique in its recognition of the ever-expanding role of the personal computer in engineering practice. Focuses on learning the "Why" as well as the "How" of thermodynamics and integrates software to reinforce course concepts.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
  • 1. Introduction. The Anatomy of Thermodynamics. The Terminology of Thermodynamics. The Variables and Quantities of Thermodynamics. Equilibrium and the Equilibrium State. The Phase Rule. The Reversible Process. 2. The First Law of Thermodynamics. The First Law and Internal Energy. The Enthalpy. The Heat Capacity. The First Law for Open Systems. Problems. 3. The Behavior of Fluids. The PVT Behavior of Fluids. Equations of State. The Ideal Gas. The Compressibility Factor. Generalized Equations of State. 4. The Second Law of Thermodynamics. Heat Engines and the Carnot Cycle. The Ideal-Gas Carnot Cycle. The Absolute Temperature Scale. The Entropy Function. Entropy and the Spontaneity of Natural Processes. Calculation of Entropy Changes. Open Systems. Applications of the Second Law. The Microscopic View of Entropy. The Third Law of Thermodynamics. 5. The Thermodynamic Network. The Free Energy Functions. The Clausius Inequality and the Fundamental Equation. The Thermodynamic Network. Measurable Quantities. Calculation of H and S as Functions of P and T. Property Estimation from Corresponding States. Property Estimation Via Generalized Equations of State. The Method of Jacobians. The Generality of the Thermodynamic Method. Problems. 6. Heat Effects. The Computational Path. Heat Effects Due to Change of Temperature. Heat Effects Due to Change of Pressure. Heat Effects Due to Change of Phase. Mixing Heat Effects. Enthalpy-Concentration Diagrams. Chemical Heat Effects. Heats of Formation in Solution. Applied Thermochemistry. Problems. 7. Equilibrium and Stability. Criteria of Equilibrium. The Chemical Potential. Application of the Equilibrium Criteria. The Essence of Thermodynamics. Stability. Constraints, Equilibrium, and Virtual Variations. Problems. 8. Thermodynamics of Pure Substances. The Phase Diagram. The Clapeyron Equation. Solid-Liquid Equilibrium. Solid-Vapor and Liquid-Vapor Equilibrium. Presentation of Thermodynamic Property Data. Problems. 9. Principles of Phase Equilibrium. Presentation of Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium Data. Determination of Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium Data. The Thermodynamic Basis for the Phase Rule. The Fugacity. Determination of Fugacities of Pure Substances. Determination of Fugacities in Mixtures. Ideal Systems. The Activity Coefficient. Experimental Determination of Activity Coefficients. Henry's Law. Activity Coefficient Equations. Phase Equilibrium via an Equation of State. The Thermodynamic Approach to Phase Equilibrium. Problems. 10. Applied Phase Equilibrium. The Consummate Thermodynamic Correlation of Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium. Constant-Pressure VLE Data. Total Pressure Data. Azeotropes. Thermodynamic Consistency Tests. Multicomponent Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium. Phase Behavior in Partially Miscible Systems. Liquid-Liquid Equilibrium. Ternary Liquid-Liquid Equilibrium. Estimates from Fragmentary Data. Recapitulation. Problems. 11. Additional Topics in Phase Equilibrium. Partial Molar Properties. Experimental Determination of Mixture and Partial Molar Properties. Mixture Properties for Ideal Solutions. Activity Coefficients Based on Henry's Law. The Solubility of Gases in Liquids. Solid-Liquid Equilibria. Solid-Supercritical Fluid Equilibrium. Prediction of Solution Behavior. Problems. 12. Chemical Equilibrium. Generalized Stoichemtry. The Condition of Equilibrium for a Chemical Reaction. Standard States and AG0. Temperature Dependence of the Equilibrium Constant. Experimental Determination of Thermochemical Data. Other Free Energy Functions. Homogeneous Gas-Phase Reactions. Heterogeneous Chemical Equilibrium. Reactions in Solution. Reactions in Aqueous Solution. Electrolyte Solutions. Coupled Reactions. Problems. 13. Complex Chemical Equilibrium. The Phase Rule for Reacting Systems. Analyzing Complex Chemical Equilibrium Problems. Formulating Complex Chemical Equilibrium Problems. The CHO System and Carbon Deposition Boundaries. The Si-Cl-H System and Silicon Deposition Boundaries. Problems. 14. Thermodynamic Analysis of Processes. Work and Free Energy Functions. The Availability. Mixing and Separation Processes. Heat Exchange. Systems Involving Chemical Transformations. Problems. 15. Physicomechanical Processes. Compression and Expansion of Gases. The Joule-Thomson Expansion. Liquefaction of Gases. Refrigeration. Heat Pumps. Power Generation. Cogeneration of Steam and Power. Problems. 16. Compressible Fluid Flow. The Basic Equations of Fluid Mechanics. Sonic Velocity. Isentropic Flow. Isentropic Flow Through Nozzles. Nonisentropic Flow. Problems. 17. Thermodynamics and Models. Standard Models. Ad Hoc Models. Evaluation of Models. Appendixes. Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Designed for undergraduate and graduate chemical engineering students.This book/disk package explains the rationale of thermodynamics from an experimental perspective. The Third Edition offers a thorough update and is unique in its recognition of the ever-expanding role of the personal computer in engineering practice. Focuses on learning the "Why" as well as the "How" of thermodynamics and integrates software to reinforce course concepts.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Status of items at Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain) Status
Stacks
QD504 .K94 1999 Unknown
Book
xxi, 660 p. : ill. ; 26 cm.
  • I. FIRST AND SECOND LAWS. 1. Introduction. 2. The Energy Balance. 3. Entropy. 4. Thermodynamics of Processes. II. GENERALIZED ANALYSIS OF FLUID PROPERTIES. 5. Classical Thermodynamics -- Generalization to Any Fluid. 6. Engineering Equations of State for PVT Properties. 7. Departure Functions. 8. Phase Equilibrium in a Pure Fluid. III. FLUID PHASE EQUILIBRIA IN MIXTURES. 9. Introduction to Multicomponent Systems. 10. Phase Equilibria in Mixtures by an Equation of State. 11. Activity Models. 12. Liquid-Liquid Phase Equilibria. 13. Special Topics. - Phase Behavior. - Solid-Liquid Equilibrium. - Residue Curves. IV. REACTING SYSTEMS. 14. Reacting Systems. 15. Molecular Association and Solvation. Appendix A. Glossary. Appendix B. Summary of Computer Programs. Appendix C. Mathematics. Appendix D. Strategy for Solving VLE Problems. Appendix E. Models for Process Simulators. Appendix F. Pure Component Properties.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
For undergraduate courses in Applied Thermodynamics. Written in a style and at a level that is accessible to undergraduates, this introduction to applied thermodynamics covers the first and second law for process applications, molecular concepts, equations of state, activity models, and reaction equilibria--all in a tightly integrated, pedagogical progression of topics. It addresses the on-going evolution in applied thermodynamics and computer technology, and integrates several widely-accessible computational tools to allow exploration of model behavior-- e.g., programs for HP and TI calculators, Microsoft Excel spreadsheets, and PC's. Includes background and comparison on many of the popular thermodynamic models.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
  • I. FIRST AND SECOND LAWS. 1. Introduction. 2. The Energy Balance. 3. Entropy. 4. Thermodynamics of Processes. II. GENERALIZED ANALYSIS OF FLUID PROPERTIES. 5. Classical Thermodynamics -- Generalization to Any Fluid. 6. Engineering Equations of State for PVT Properties. 7. Departure Functions. 8. Phase Equilibrium in a Pure Fluid. III. FLUID PHASE EQUILIBRIA IN MIXTURES. 9. Introduction to Multicomponent Systems. 10. Phase Equilibria in Mixtures by an Equation of State. 11. Activity Models. 12. Liquid-Liquid Phase Equilibria. 13. Special Topics. - Phase Behavior. - Solid-Liquid Equilibrium. - Residue Curves. IV. REACTING SYSTEMS. 14. Reacting Systems. 15. Molecular Association and Solvation. Appendix A. Glossary. Appendix B. Summary of Computer Programs. Appendix C. Mathematics. Appendix D. Strategy for Solving VLE Problems. Appendix E. Models for Process Simulators. Appendix F. Pure Component Properties.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
For undergraduate courses in Applied Thermodynamics. Written in a style and at a level that is accessible to undergraduates, this introduction to applied thermodynamics covers the first and second law for process applications, molecular concepts, equations of state, activity models, and reaction equilibria--all in a tightly integrated, pedagogical progression of topics. It addresses the on-going evolution in applied thermodynamics and computer technology, and integrates several widely-accessible computational tools to allow exploration of model behavior-- e.g., programs for HP and TI calculators, Microsoft Excel spreadsheets, and PC's. Includes background and comparison on many of the popular thermodynamic models.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Status of items at Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain) Status
Stacks
TP149 .E45 1999 Unknown
Book
xv, 702 p. : ill. ; 26 cm. + 1 computer disk (3 1/2 in.)
  • Basic Principles. The Energy Balance. The Entropy Balance. Thermodynamic Properties. Property Interrelations. Flow of Fluids. Power Production. Compression Machinery. Motive Power. Refrigeration. Phase Equilibrium--Fundamentals. Nonideal Gas Mixtures. Real Liquid Mixtures. Phase Equilibrium--Nonideal. Chemical Reaction Equilibria. Appendices. Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
The aim of this contemporary textbook is to show students that thermodynamics is a useful tool, not just a series of theoretical exercises. Written in a conversational style, the text presents the second law in a totally new manner--there is no reliance on statistical arguments; instead it is developed as a natural consequence of physical experience. Students are not required to write complex, iterative computer programs to solve phase equilibrium problems--techniques are presented which enable use of readily available math packages. The book also explores electrochemical systems such as batteries and fuel cells. Included in the extensive amount of examples are those which demonstrate the use of thermodynamics in practical design situations.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
  • Basic Principles. The Energy Balance. The Entropy Balance. Thermodynamic Properties. Property Interrelations. Flow of Fluids. Power Production. Compression Machinery. Motive Power. Refrigeration. Phase Equilibrium--Fundamentals. Nonideal Gas Mixtures. Real Liquid Mixtures. Phase Equilibrium--Nonideal. Chemical Reaction Equilibria. Appendices. Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
The aim of this contemporary textbook is to show students that thermodynamics is a useful tool, not just a series of theoretical exercises. Written in a conversational style, the text presents the second law in a totally new manner--there is no reliance on statistical arguments; instead it is developed as a natural consequence of physical experience. Students are not required to write complex, iterative computer programs to solve phase equilibrium problems--techniques are presented which enable use of readily available math packages. The book also explores electrochemical systems such as batteries and fuel cells. Included in the extensive amount of examples are those which demonstrate the use of thermodynamics in practical design situations.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Status of items at SAL3 (off-campus storage)
SAL3 (off-campus storage) Status
Stacks
Request
TP149 .W526 1996 Available
Book
1 online resource (xii, 322 pages 245 illustrations)
  • 1. Structure of Turbulent Diffusion Flames.- 1.1 Introduction of Turbulent Diffusion Flame Structures.- 1.1.1 Importance of turbulent diffusion flames.- 1.1.2 History of measuring methods.- 1.1.3 Laser diagnostics.- 1.1.4 Two-dimensional or sheet-cut imaging of turbulent diffusion flames.- 1.1.5 Turbulent diffusion flame structure and how to attain high combustion efficiency and control pollutants formation.- 1.2 Optical Measurement of Flame Structure Analysis.- 1.2.1 Introduction.- 1.2.2 Experimental Apparatus and Procedures.- 1.2.3 Results and Discussions.- 1.3 Effect of Surrounding Gas Motion on Turbulent Diffusion Flames.- 1.3.1 Introduction.- 1.3.2 Experimental apparatus and procedures.- 1.3.3 Numerical analysis.- 1.3.4 Results and discussions.- 1.4 Visualization of Turbulent Diffusion Flame Surface.- 1.4.1 Introduction.- 1.4.2 Experimental apparatus and procedures.- 1.4.3 Numerical calculation.- 1.4.4 Visualization of turbulent diffusion flame surface.- 1.5 Colorimetric Analysis of Turbulent Flames.- 1.5.1 Introduction.- 1.5.2 Principle of flame color utilization.- 1.5.3 Factors affecting the flame color.- 1.5.4 Application to practical flames.- 2. Modeling of Turbulent Diffusion Flames.- 2.1 Introduction.- 2.2 Modelling of Turbulent Diffusion Flames.- 2.2.1 The mixture fraction variable.- 2.2.2 The flamelet concept of diffusion flames.- 2.2.3 Comparison of time scales.- 2.2.4 Applications of the flamelet concept.- 2.2.5 Conclusions.- 2.3 A Lagrangian Stochastic Model for Non-Premixed Reacting Flows.- 2.3.1 A Lagrangian stochastic model.- 2.3.2 Model computations.- 2.4 Estimation of Combustion Models.- 2.4.1 Local reaction rate.- 2.4.2 Modeling.- 2.4.3 Results and discussion.- 2.5 Simulation of the Vortex Generation and Mixing Process in Gas Jets.- 2.5.1 Method of numerical analysis.- 2.5.2 Numerical simulation.- 2.5.3 Conclusions.- 2.6 Laminarization Due to Combustion and Its Modeling.- 2.6.1 Laminarization due to combustion.- 2.6.2 A triple jet diffusion flames[42].- 2.6.3 Modeling of the laminarization.- 2.7 Simulation of Mixing and Combustion in Swirling Flames.- 2.7.1 Formulation.- 2.7.2 Analysis and discussions.- 2.7.3 Conclusions.- 2.8 Modeling of Spray Combustion of Slurry Fuels.- 2.8.1 Numerical analysis.- 2.8.2 Experimental apparatus and conditions.- 2.8.3 Simulation of combustion characteristics for PWM and CWM.- 2.8.4 Conclusions.- 3. Spray Formation and Combustion.- 3.1 Diagnostics.- 3.1.1 Reviews.- 3.1.2 Phase-doppler anemometry and spray measurements.- 3.1.3 The polarization properties of the scattered light to study the condensed phases in combustion systems.- 3.1.4 2-D soot imaging.- 3.2 Spray and Ignition.- 3.2.1 Reviews.- 3.2.2 Atomization and spray formation.- 3.2.3 Evaporation and impingement.- 3.2.4 Turbulent mixing process in unsteady gas jets.- 3.2.5 Application of the Stochastic Ignition Theory.- 3.3 Spray Combustion.- 3.3.1 Review.- 3.3.2 Combustion with high injection pressure.- 3.3.3 Numerical Simulation of Transient Spray Combustion.- 3.3.4 Flame Structure of Steady Spray Flames.- 4. Kinetics.- 4.1 Chemical Kinetics and Modeling of Combustion.- 4.1.1 Recent development of reaction kinetics and modeling study.- 4.1.2 Kinetic models of individual fuels.- 4.2 The Rate Constants of Elementary Combustion Reactions and Empirical Rate Laws.- 4.2.1 Measurement of rate constant.- 4.2.2 Empirical rate laws.- 4.3 Combustion and Oxidation Mechanism of Aromatic Compounds.- 4.3.1 Kinetic study of benzene oxidation and some problems.- 4.3.2 A Study of reaction mechanism of benzene oxidation at high temperature by means of shock tube method.- 4.4 Applications of Simulation Work to Some Combustion Problems.- 4.4.1 Introduction.- 4.4.2 Zero-dimensional modeling with kinetics.- 4.4.3 Spatially-dependent models with kinetics.- 4.5 Applications of Modeling Study to Combustible Gas Flow.- 4.5.1 Introduction.- 4.5.2 Numerical algorithm of chemically reactive flows.- 4.5.3 Numerical calculation of flame ignition.- 5. Soot Formation Fundamentals.- 5.1 Overview and Characterization of Soot.- 5.1.1 Introduction.- 5.1.2 Overview.- 5.1.3 Outline of nucleation theories.- 5.1.4 Characterization of soot particle.- 5.2 Detailed Mechanism and Modeling of Soot Formation.- 5.2.1 PAH formation and growth.- 5.2.2 Soot particle inception in flames.- 5.3 Nucleation and Carbon Clustering.- 5.3.1 Chemical inception.- 5.3.2 Species in flames.- 5.3.3 Mechanistic study of carbon clusters.- 5.4 Prediction of Soot and Soot Precursors.- 5.4.1 Predictions based on PAH model.- 5.4.2 Soot prediction based on homogeneous nucleation.- 5.5 Growth and Destruction of Soot Particles.- 5.5.1 Growth of soot particles.- 5.5.2 Soot oxidation.- 5.5.3 The Effect of Oxygen Addition on Sooting in Diffusion Flames.- 6. Emissions and Heat Transfer in Combustion Systems.- 6.1 General.- 6.1.1 Emissions in Combustion Systems.- 6.1.2 The role of heat transfer in combustion systems.- 6.2 Fuel Pyrolysis and Fuel-Air Mixing in the Diesel Combustion Process..- 6.2.1 Introduction.- 6.2.2 Fuel pyrolysis.- 6.2.3 Diesel combustion process.- 6.2.4 Conclusions.- 6.3 Particulate Formation in Compression-Ignited Mixtures.- 6.3.1 Introduction.- 6.3.2 Experimental apparatus.- 6.3.3 Results and discussion.- 6.3.4 Conclusions.- 6.4 Surrounding Gas Effects on Soot Formation and Oxidation Process in Spray Combustion.- 6.4.1 Introduction.- 6.4.2 Experimental procedures and results.- 6.4.3 Summary.- 6.5 Characteristics of Opposed Spray Combustion.- 6.5.1 Introduction.- 6.5.2 Experimental apparatus and procedure.- 6.5.3 Experimental results and discussion.- 6.5.4 Concluding remarks.- 6.6 Heat Transfer in Exothermic Turbulent Thermal Boundary Layers.- 6.6.1 Introduction.- 6.6.2 Wall temperature dependance of heat transfer in a steady turbulent diffusion flame - Experimental study.- 6.6.3 Wall temperature dependance of heat transfer in an unsteady turbulent flame in a piston-cylinder apparatus - Computational study in one dimension.- 6.7 Heat Transfer Measurements in Combustion Systems.- 6.7.1 Thin-film thermocouple for measuring the instantaneous temperature on surface of combustion chamber wall.- 6.7.2 Heat transfer in a cycle to the combustion chamber wall surface...- 6.7.3 Real rate of heat release under high-temperature combustion.- 6.8 Simulation of Radiative Heat Transfer in Flames.- 6.8.1 Introduction.- 6.8.2 Heat ray tracing method.- 6.8.3 Results.- 7. Effects of Fuel Properties in Combustion Systems...- 7.1 Introduction.- 7.2 Basic Studies of Fuel Effects on Combustion.- 7.2.1 Fuel effects on the turbulent diffusion flame structure.- 7.2.2 Liquid fuel properties and combustion characteristics.- 7.3 Application of Extremely Light and Heavy Fuels for Engines.- 7.3.1 Hydrogen-injected engines.- 7.3.2 Spray combustion of heavy oil fuels.- 8. New Approaches to Controlling Combustion.- 8.1 Combustion Control Based on Electrical Aspects.- 8.1.1 Introduction.- 8.1.2 Plasma jet ignition fundamentals.- 8.1.3 Plasma jet effect on steady diffusion flames.- 8.1.4 Plasma jet effects on unsteady diffusion flames.- 8.1.5 Effect of electric fields on diffusion flames.- 8.2 Magnetic Field Effect on Combustion Reactions.- 8.2.1 Introduction.- 8.2.2 Review of MFEs on the gas phase reactions.- 8.2.3 MFEs in low pressure diffusion flames.- 8.2.4 SO2 afterglow and LIF intensity of SO2 C state.- 8.2.5 Concluding remarks.- 8.3 Catalytic Combustion - Roles of Catalyst.- 8.3.1 Introduction.- 8.3.2 Mechanism of catalytic combustion.- 8.3.3 Catalytic combustion of methane.- List of Authors.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Non-uniform combustion, as encountered in diesel and gas turbine engines, furnaces, and boilers, is responsible for the conversion of fossil fuel to energy and also for the corresponding formation of pollutants. In spite of great research efforts in the past, the mechanism of non-uniform combustion has remained less explored than that of other combustion types, since it consists of many, mostly transient processes which influence each other. In view of this background, a group research project, "Exploration of Combustion Mechanism", was established to explore the mechanism of combustion, especially that of diffusive combustion, and also to find efficient ways to control the combustion process for better utilization of fuel and the reduction of pollutant emission. The group research was started, after preparatory activity of 2 years, in April 1988, for a period of 3 years, as a project with a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research of Priority Area subsidized by the Ministry of Education, Science and Culture of Japan. The entire group of 43 members was set up as an organizing committee of 13 members, and five research groups, consisting of 36 members. The research groups were: (1) Steady combustion, (2) Unsteady spray combustion, (3) Control of combustion, (4) Chemistry of combustion, and (5) Effects of fuels. At the beginning of the project it was agreed that we should pursue the mechanism of combustion from a scientific viewpoint, namely, the target of the project was to obtain the fundamentals, or "know why", rather than "know how" of combustion.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
  • 1. Structure of Turbulent Diffusion Flames.- 1.1 Introduction of Turbulent Diffusion Flame Structures.- 1.1.1 Importance of turbulent diffusion flames.- 1.1.2 History of measuring methods.- 1.1.3 Laser diagnostics.- 1.1.4 Two-dimensional or sheet-cut imaging of turbulent diffusion flames.- 1.1.5 Turbulent diffusion flame structure and how to attain high combustion efficiency and control pollutants formation.- 1.2 Optical Measurement of Flame Structure Analysis.- 1.2.1 Introduction.- 1.2.2 Experimental Apparatus and Procedures.- 1.2.3 Results and Discussions.- 1.3 Effect of Surrounding Gas Motion on Turbulent Diffusion Flames.- 1.3.1 Introduction.- 1.3.2 Experimental apparatus and procedures.- 1.3.3 Numerical analysis.- 1.3.4 Results and discussions.- 1.4 Visualization of Turbulent Diffusion Flame Surface.- 1.4.1 Introduction.- 1.4.2 Experimental apparatus and procedures.- 1.4.3 Numerical calculation.- 1.4.4 Visualization of turbulent diffusion flame surface.- 1.5 Colorimetric Analysis of Turbulent Flames.- 1.5.1 Introduction.- 1.5.2 Principle of flame color utilization.- 1.5.3 Factors affecting the flame color.- 1.5.4 Application to practical flames.- 2. Modeling of Turbulent Diffusion Flames.- 2.1 Introduction.- 2.2 Modelling of Turbulent Diffusion Flames.- 2.2.1 The mixture fraction variable.- 2.2.2 The flamelet concept of diffusion flames.- 2.2.3 Comparison of time scales.- 2.2.4 Applications of the flamelet concept.- 2.2.5 Conclusions.- 2.3 A Lagrangian Stochastic Model for Non-Premixed Reacting Flows.- 2.3.1 A Lagrangian stochastic model.- 2.3.2 Model computations.- 2.4 Estimation of Combustion Models.- 2.4.1 Local reaction rate.- 2.4.2 Modeling.- 2.4.3 Results and discussion.- 2.5 Simulation of the Vortex Generation and Mixing Process in Gas Jets.- 2.5.1 Method of numerical analysis.- 2.5.2 Numerical simulation.- 2.5.3 Conclusions.- 2.6 Laminarization Due to Combustion and Its Modeling.- 2.6.1 Laminarization due to combustion.- 2.6.2 A triple jet diffusion flames[42].- 2.6.3 Modeling of the laminarization.- 2.7 Simulation of Mixing and Combustion in Swirling Flames.- 2.7.1 Formulation.- 2.7.2 Analysis and discussions.- 2.7.3 Conclusions.- 2.8 Modeling of Spray Combustion of Slurry Fuels.- 2.8.1 Numerical analysis.- 2.8.2 Experimental apparatus and conditions.- 2.8.3 Simulation of combustion characteristics for PWM and CWM.- 2.8.4 Conclusions.- 3. Spray Formation and Combustion.- 3.1 Diagnostics.- 3.1.1 Reviews.- 3.1.2 Phase-doppler anemometry and spray measurements.- 3.1.3 The polarization properties of the scattered light to study the condensed phases in combustion systems.- 3.1.4 2-D soot imaging.- 3.2 Spray and Ignition.- 3.2.1 Reviews.- 3.2.2 Atomization and spray formation.- 3.2.3 Evaporation and impingement.- 3.2.4 Turbulent mixing process in unsteady gas jets.- 3.2.5 Application of the Stochastic Ignition Theory.- 3.3 Spray Combustion.- 3.3.1 Review.- 3.3.2 Combustion with high injection pressure.- 3.3.3 Numerical Simulation of Transient Spray Combustion.- 3.3.4 Flame Structure of Steady Spray Flames.- 4. Kinetics.- 4.1 Chemical Kinetics and Modeling of Combustion.- 4.1.1 Recent development of reaction kinetics and modeling study.- 4.1.2 Kinetic models of individual fuels.- 4.2 The Rate Constants of Elementary Combustion Reactions and Empirical Rate Laws.- 4.2.1 Measurement of rate constant.- 4.2.2 Empirical rate laws.- 4.3 Combustion and Oxidation Mechanism of Aromatic Compounds.- 4.3.1 Kinetic study of benzene oxidation and some problems.- 4.3.2 A Study of reaction mechanism of benzene oxidation at high temperature by means of shock tube method.- 4.4 Applications of Simulation Work to Some Combustion Problems.- 4.4.1 Introduction.- 4.4.2 Zero-dimensional modeling with kinetics.- 4.4.3 Spatially-dependent models with kinetics.- 4.5 Applications of Modeling Study to Combustible Gas Flow.- 4.5.1 Introduction.- 4.5.2 Numerical algorithm of chemically reactive flows.- 4.5.3 Numerical calculation of flame ignition.- 5. Soot Formation Fundamentals.- 5.1 Overview and Characterization of Soot.- 5.1.1 Introduction.- 5.1.2 Overview.- 5.1.3 Outline of nucleation theories.- 5.1.4 Characterization of soot particle.- 5.2 Detailed Mechanism and Modeling of Soot Formation.- 5.2.1 PAH formation and growth.- 5.2.2 Soot particle inception in flames.- 5.3 Nucleation and Carbon Clustering.- 5.3.1 Chemical inception.- 5.3.2 Species in flames.- 5.3.3 Mechanistic study of carbon clusters.- 5.4 Prediction of Soot and Soot Precursors.- 5.4.1 Predictions based on PAH model.- 5.4.2 Soot prediction based on homogeneous nucleation.- 5.5 Growth and Destruction of Soot Particles.- 5.5.1 Growth of soot particles.- 5.5.2 Soot oxidation.- 5.5.3 The Effect of Oxygen Addition on Sooting in Diffusion Flames.- 6. Emissions and Heat Transfer in Combustion Systems.- 6.1 General.- 6.1.1 Emissions in Combustion Systems.- 6.1.2 The role of heat transfer in combustion systems.- 6.2 Fuel Pyrolysis and Fuel-Air Mixing in the Diesel Combustion Process..- 6.2.1 Introduction.- 6.2.2 Fuel pyrolysis.- 6.2.3 Diesel combustion process.- 6.2.4 Conclusions.- 6.3 Particulate Formation in Compression-Ignited Mixtures.- 6.3.1 Introduction.- 6.3.2 Experimental apparatus.- 6.3.3 Results and discussion.- 6.3.4 Conclusions.- 6.4 Surrounding Gas Effects on Soot Formation and Oxidation Process in Spray Combustion.- 6.4.1 Introduction.- 6.4.2 Experimental procedures and results.- 6.4.3 Summary.- 6.5 Characteristics of Opposed Spray Combustion.- 6.5.1 Introduction.- 6.5.2 Experimental apparatus and procedure.- 6.5.3 Experimental results and discussion.- 6.5.4 Concluding remarks.- 6.6 Heat Transfer in Exothermic Turbulent Thermal Boundary Layers.- 6.6.1 Introduction.- 6.6.2 Wall temperature dependance of heat transfer in a steady turbulent diffusion flame - Experimental study.- 6.6.3 Wall temperature dependance of heat transfer in an unsteady turbulent flame in a piston-cylinder apparatus - Computational study in one dimension.- 6.7 Heat Transfer Measurements in Combustion Systems.- 6.7.1 Thin-film thermocouple for measuring the instantaneous temperature on surface of combustion chamber wall.- 6.7.2 Heat transfer in a cycle to the combustion chamber wall surface...- 6.7.3 Real rate of heat release under high-temperature combustion.- 6.8 Simulation of Radiative Heat Transfer in Flames.- 6.8.1 Introduction.- 6.8.2 Heat ray tracing method.- 6.8.3 Results.- 7. Effects of Fuel Properties in Combustion Systems...- 7.1 Introduction.- 7.2 Basic Studies of Fuel Effects on Combustion.- 7.2.1 Fuel effects on the turbulent diffusion flame structure.- 7.2.2 Liquid fuel properties and combustion characteristics.- 7.3 Application of Extremely Light and Heavy Fuels for Engines.- 7.3.1 Hydrogen-injected engines.- 7.3.2 Spray combustion of heavy oil fuels.- 8. New Approaches to Controlling Combustion.- 8.1 Combustion Control Based on Electrical Aspects.- 8.1.1 Introduction.- 8.1.2 Plasma jet ignition fundamentals.- 8.1.3 Plasma jet effect on steady diffusion flames.- 8.1.4 Plasma jet effects on unsteady diffusion flames.- 8.1.5 Effect of electric fields on diffusion flames.- 8.2 Magnetic Field Effect on Combustion Reactions.- 8.2.1 Introduction.- 8.2.2 Review of MFEs on the gas phase reactions.- 8.2.3 MFEs in low pressure diffusion flames.- 8.2.4 SO2 afterglow and LIF intensity of SO2 C state.- 8.2.5 Concluding remarks.- 8.3 Catalytic Combustion - Roles of Catalyst.- 8.3.1 Introduction.- 8.3.2 Mechanism of catalytic combustion.- 8.3.3 Catalytic combustion of methane.- List of Authors.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Non-uniform combustion, as encountered in diesel and gas turbine engines, furnaces, and boilers, is responsible for the conversion of fossil fuel to energy and also for the corresponding formation of pollutants. In spite of great research efforts in the past, the mechanism of non-uniform combustion has remained less explored than that of other combustion types, since it consists of many, mostly transient processes which influence each other. In view of this background, a group research project, "Exploration of Combustion Mechanism", was established to explore the mechanism of combustion, especially that of diffusive combustion, and also to find efficient ways to control the combustion process for better utilization of fuel and the reduction of pollutant emission. The group research was started, after preparatory activity of 2 years, in April 1988, for a period of 3 years, as a project with a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research of Priority Area subsidized by the Ministry of Education, Science and Culture of Japan. The entire group of 43 members was set up as an organizing committee of 13 members, and five research groups, consisting of 36 members. The research groups were: (1) Steady combustion, (2) Unsteady spray combustion, (3) Control of combustion, (4) Chemistry of combustion, and (5) Effects of fuels. At the beginning of the project it was agreed that we should pursue the mechanism of combustion from a scientific viewpoint, namely, the target of the project was to obtain the fundamentals, or "know why", rather than "know how" of combustion.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Book
1 online resource (ix, 439 pages 236 illustrations).
  • General Problems.- Selected problems in heat exchanger design.- Compact new formulae for mean temperature difference and efficiency of heat exchangers.- The multi-dimensional thermalhydraulics code TRIO applications to heat exchangers.- Heat exchanger control by stream(s) by-pass.- Shell and Tube Heat Exchangers.- Effects of unequal transfer area in multi-pass heat exchangers.- Variable pitch tube layout concept for shell and tube heat exchanger.- Design improvements of a shell and tube heat exchanger based on practical experience and numerical analysis.- Simple algorithms for optimization of shell and tube heat exchangers.- Dispersion model for divided-flow heat exchanger.- Heat exchanger in transient conditions.- Cross-Flow Heat Exchangers.- Approximate equations for the design of cross-flow heat exchangers.- Numerical analysis of cross-flow heat exchangers in order to establish a new design method.- Improvement of fin-tube heat exchangers by longitudinal vortex generators.- Numerical studies of a compact fin-tube heat exchanger.- Heat transfer and pressure drop in single rows.- Pressure losses in tube bundles of close spacings.- Improvement of existing fuel-air heat exchangers of modern air-breathing engines.- A model for predicting the performance of domestic gas-fired water heaters.- Plastic heat exchangers.- Condition monitoring of air cooled heat exchangers.- Plate Heat Exchangers.- Approximate theory of spiral heat exchanger.- Thermal hydraulic performances of plate and frame heat exchangers - The CEPAJ software.- Flow distribution in plate heat exchangers and consequences on thermal and hydraulic performances.- Welded plate heat exchangers as refrigerants dry-ex evaporators.- Development of a compact heat exchanger for gas turbine heat recovery.- High performance titanium plate fin heat exchanger using a novel manufacturing process.- Regenerators.- Optimal thermal control of regenerative heat exchangers.- A simplified model for a helical heat exchanger for long-term energy storage in soil.- Multiphase Systems.- Pressure drop during condensation in vertical tubes.- Intensification of heat transfer in horizontal-tube vapour condensers.- Measurements and modelling: a 350 MWe power plant condenser.- The computer aided design of steam surface condensers.- Some comments on the use of mixed bundles of smooth and enhanced tubes in reboilers.- The heat pipe heat exchangers: design, technology and applications.- Performance analysis and test of a two-phase closed thermosyphon heat exchanger.- An application of semi-empirical turbulence theory to the hydrodynamics and heat exchange in gas-liquid foam.- Prediction of heat transfer rates in a liquid-liquid direct-contact heat exchanger.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
The Eurotherm Committee was created in 1986 from member countries of the European Community. It has the purpose of organising and coordinating scientific events such as seminars and conferences in the thermal sciences. The series of Eurotherm Seminars established by the Committee has become a popular forum for high-level scientific and technical interchange of ideas in a wide range of specialist topics. While the presentation and publication of papers at the Seminars are encouraged, the primary aim is to stimulate discussion and liaison between specialist groups. The present Chairman of Eurotherm is Professor C.J. Hoogendoorn of the Technical University, Delft (Fax [NL] 15, 783251). Information on Mure Seminars is available from the Secretary, Keith Cornwell, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh (Fax [UK] 31, 451, 3129). This particular Seminar No. 18 on the Design and Operation of Heat Exchangers was the first one on this topic and was held at the Universitat der Bundeswehr Hamburg (University of the Federal Armed Forces Hamburg) from February 27 to March 1 in 1991. The seminar was an international event and was attended by more than 60 scientists not only from countries of the European Community such as Belgium, France, Germany, Great Britain, and the Netherlands but also from other countries such as Canada, China, India, Israel, Romania, Soviet Union, Sweden and the United States of America.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
  • General Problems.- Selected problems in heat exchanger design.- Compact new formulae for mean temperature difference and efficiency of heat exchangers.- The multi-dimensional thermalhydraulics code TRIO applications to heat exchangers.- Heat exchanger control by stream(s) by-pass.- Shell and Tube Heat Exchangers.- Effects of unequal transfer area in multi-pass heat exchangers.- Variable pitch tube layout concept for shell and tube heat exchanger.- Design improvements of a shell and tube heat exchanger based on practical experience and numerical analysis.- Simple algorithms for optimization of shell and tube heat exchangers.- Dispersion model for divided-flow heat exchanger.- Heat exchanger in transient conditions.- Cross-Flow Heat Exchangers.- Approximate equations for the design of cross-flow heat exchangers.- Numerical analysis of cross-flow heat exchangers in order to establish a new design method.- Improvement of fin-tube heat exchangers by longitudinal vortex generators.- Numerical studies of a compact fin-tube heat exchanger.- Heat transfer and pressure drop in single rows.- Pressure losses in tube bundles of close spacings.- Improvement of existing fuel-air heat exchangers of modern air-breathing engines.- A model for predicting the performance of domestic gas-fired water heaters.- Plastic heat exchangers.- Condition monitoring of air cooled heat exchangers.- Plate Heat Exchangers.- Approximate theory of spiral heat exchanger.- Thermal hydraulic performances of plate and frame heat exchangers - The CEPAJ software.- Flow distribution in plate heat exchangers and consequences on thermal and hydraulic performances.- Welded plate heat exchangers as refrigerants dry-ex evaporators.- Development of a compact heat exchanger for gas turbine heat recovery.- High performance titanium plate fin heat exchanger using a novel manufacturing process.- Regenerators.- Optimal thermal control of regenerative heat exchangers.- A simplified model for a helical heat exchanger for long-term energy storage in soil.- Multiphase Systems.- Pressure drop during condensation in vertical tubes.- Intensification of heat transfer in horizontal-tube vapour condensers.- Measurements and modelling: a 350 MWe power plant condenser.- The computer aided design of steam surface condensers.- Some comments on the use of mixed bundles of smooth and enhanced tubes in reboilers.- The heat pipe heat exchangers: design, technology and applications.- Performance analysis and test of a two-phase closed thermosyphon heat exchanger.- An application of semi-empirical turbulence theory to the hydrodynamics and heat exchange in gas-liquid foam.- Prediction of heat transfer rates in a liquid-liquid direct-contact heat exchanger.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
The Eurotherm Committee was created in 1986 from member countries of the European Community. It has the purpose of organising and coordinating scientific events such as seminars and conferences in the thermal sciences. The series of Eurotherm Seminars established by the Committee has become a popular forum for high-level scientific and technical interchange of ideas in a wide range of specialist topics. While the presentation and publication of papers at the Seminars are encouraged, the primary aim is to stimulate discussion and liaison between specialist groups. The present Chairman of Eurotherm is Professor C.J. Hoogendoorn of the Technical University, Delft (Fax [NL] 15, 783251). Information on Mure Seminars is available from the Secretary, Keith Cornwell, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh (Fax [UK] 31, 451, 3129). This particular Seminar No. 18 on the Design and Operation of Heat Exchangers was the first one on this topic and was held at the Universitat der Bundeswehr Hamburg (University of the Federal Armed Forces Hamburg) from February 27 to March 1 in 1991. The seminar was an international event and was attended by more than 60 scientists not only from countries of the European Community such as Belgium, France, Germany, Great Britain, and the Netherlands but also from other countries such as Canada, China, India, Israel, Romania, Soviet Union, Sweden and the United States of America.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Book
xxiii, 622 p., [1] p. of plates ; 26 cm. + l diskette (5 in.)
  • Conservation of mass energy-- entropy: an additional balance equation-- the thermodynamic properties of real substances-- equilibrium and stability in one-component systems-- the thermodynamics of multicomponent mixtures-- the estimation of the gibbs free energy and fugacity of a component in a mixture-- phase equilibrium in mixtures-- chemical equilibrium and the balance equations for chemically reacting systems.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Provided here is a revised edition of this well-received thermodynamics text, retaining the thorough coverage and organization that made the first edition so popular - now incorporating industrially relevant microcomputer programs, with which readers can perform sophisticated thermodynamic calculations, including calculations of the type they will encounter in industry. It provides a unified treatment of phase equilibria. The emphasis is on analysis and prediction of liquid-liquid and vapour-liquid equilibria, solubility of gases and solids in liquids, solubility of liquids and solids in gases and supercritical fluids, freezing point depressions and osmotic equilibria, as well as traditional vapour-liquid and chemical reaction equilibria. This edition contains many new illustrations and exercises.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
  • Conservation of mass energy-- entropy: an additional balance equation-- the thermodynamic properties of real substances-- equilibrium and stability in one-component systems-- the thermodynamics of multicomponent mixtures-- the estimation of the gibbs free energy and fugacity of a component in a mixture-- phase equilibrium in mixtures-- chemical equilibrium and the balance equations for chemically reacting systems.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Provided here is a revised edition of this well-received thermodynamics text, retaining the thorough coverage and organization that made the first edition so popular - now incorporating industrially relevant microcomputer programs, with which readers can perform sophisticated thermodynamic calculations, including calculations of the type they will encounter in industry. It provides a unified treatment of phase equilibria. The emphasis is on analysis and prediction of liquid-liquid and vapour-liquid equilibria, solubility of gases and solids in liquids, solubility of liquids and solids in gases and supercritical fluids, freezing point depressions and osmotic equilibria, as well as traditional vapour-liquid and chemical reaction equilibria. This edition contains many new illustrations and exercises.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
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QD504 .S25 1989 Available
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xii, 698 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
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TP149 .S582 1987 Unavailable Missing Request
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TP149 .S582 1987 Available
TP149 .S582 1987 Available
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xi, 544 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
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xviii, 587 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
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xv, 632 p. illus. 25cm.
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xv, 696 p. illus. 25 cm.
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507 p. illus. 24 cm.
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1 online resource (1 v.) : ill.
  • Preface xiii Acknowledgments xvii About the Author xix Nomenclature xxi Part I: Pure Fluids 1 Chapter 1: Scope and Language of Thermodynamics 3 1.1 Molecular Basis of Thermodynamics 5 1.2 Statistical versus Classical Thermodynamics 11 1.3 Definitions 13 1.4 Units 22 1.5 Summary 26 1.6 Problems 26 Chapter 2: Phase Diagrams of Pure Fluids 29 2.1 The PVT Behavior of Pure Fluid 29 2.2 Tabulation of Properties 40 2.3 Compressibility Factor and the ZP Graph 43 2.4 Corresponding States 45 2.5 Virial Equation 53 2.6 Cubic Equations of State 57 2.7 PVT Behavior of Cubic Equations of State 61 2.8 Working with Cubic Equations 64 2.9 Other Equations of State 67 2.10 Thermal Expansion and Isothermal Compression 71 2.11 Empirical Equations for Density 72 2.12 Summary 77 2.13 Problems 78 Chapter 3: Energy and the First Law 87 3.1 Energy and Mechanical Work 88 3.2 Shaft Work and PV Work 90 3.3 Internal Energy and Heat 96 3.4 First Law for a Closed System 98 3.5 Elementary Paths 101 3.6 Sensible Heat-Heat Capacities 109 3.7 Heat of Vaporization 119 3.8 Ideal-Gas State 124 3.9 Energy Balances and Irreversible Processes 133 3.10 Summary 139 3.11 Problems 140 Chapter 4: Entropy and the Second Law 149 4.1 The Second Law in a Closed System 150 4.2 Calculation of Entropy 153 4.3 Energy Balances Using Entropy 163 4.4 Entropy Generation 167 4.5 Carnot Cycle 168 4.6 Alternative Statements of the Second Law 177 4.7 Ideal and Lost Work 183 4.8 Ambient Surroundings as a Default Bath-Exergy 189 4.9 Equilibrium and Stability 191 4.10 Molecular View of Entropy 195 4.11 Summary 199 4.12 Problems 201 Chapter 5: Calculation of Properties 205 5.1 Calculus of Thermodynamics 205 5.2 Integration of Differentials 213 5.3 Fundamental Relationships 214 5.4 Equations for Enthalpy and Entropy 217 5.5 Ideal-Gas State 219 5.6 Incompressible Phases 220 5.7 Residual Properties 222 5.8 Pressure-Explicit Relations 228 5.9 Application to Cubic Equations 230 5.10 Generalized Correlations 235 5.11 Reference States 236 5.12 Thermodynamic Charts 242 5.13 Summary 245 5.14 Problems 246 Chapter 6: Balances in Open Systems 251 6.1 Flow Streams 252 6.2 Mass Balance 253 6.3 Energy Balance in Open System 255 6.4 Entropy Balance 258 6.5 Ideal and Lost Work 266 6.6 Thermodynamics of Steady-State Processes 272 6.7 Power Generation 295 6.8 Refrigeration 301 6.9 Liquefaction 309 6.10 Unsteady-State Balances 315 6.11 Summary 323 6.12 Problems 324 Chapter 7: VLE of Pure Fluid 337 7.1 Two-Phase Systems 337 7.2 Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium 340 7.3 Fugacity 343 7.4 Calculation of Fugacity 345 7.5 Saturation Pressure from Equations of State 353 7.6 Phase Diagrams from Equations of State 356 7.7 Summary 358 7.8 Problems 360 Part II: Mixtures 367 Chapter 8: Phase Behavior of Mixtures 369 8.1 The Txy Graph 370 8.2 The Pxy Graph 373 8.3 Azeotropes 380 8.4 The xy Graph 381 8.5 VLE at Elevated Pressures and Temperatures 383 8.6 Partially Miscible Liquids 384 8.7 Ternary Systems 390 8.8 Summary 393 8.9 Problems 394 Chapter 9: Properties of Mixtures 401 9.1 Composition 402 9.2 Mathematical Treatment of Mixtures 404 9.3 Properties of Mixing 409 9.4 Mixing and Separation 411 9.5 Mixtures in the Ideal-Gas State 413 9.6 Equations of State for Mixtures 419 9.7 Mixture Properties from Equations of State 421 9.8 Summary 428 9.9 Problems 428 Chapter 10: Theory of Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium 435 10.1 Gibbs Free Energy of Mixture 435 10.2 Chemical Potential 439 10.3 Fugacity in a Mixture 443 10.4 Fugacity from Equations of State 446 10.5 VLE of Mixture Using Equations of State 448 10.6 Summary 453 10.7 Problems 454 Chapter 11: Ideal Solution 461 11.1 Ideality in Solution 461 11.2 Fugacity in Ideal Solution 464 11.3 VLE in Ideal Solution-Raoult's Law 466 11.4 Energy Balances 475 11.5 Noncondensable Gases 480 11.6 Summary 484 11.7 Problems 484 Chapter 12: Nonideal Solutions 489 12.1 Excess Properties 489 12.2 Heat Effects of Mixing 496 12.3 Activity Coefficient 504 12.4 Activity Coefficient and Phase Equilibrium 507 12.5 Data Reduction: Fitting Experimental Activity Coefficients 512 12.6 Models for the Activity Coefficient 515 12.7 Summary 531 12.8 Problems 533 Chapter 13: Miscibility, Solubility, and Other Phase Equilibria 545 13.1 Equilibrium between Partially Miscible Liquids 545 13.2 Gibbs Free Energy and Phase Splitting 548 13.3 Liquid Miscibility and Temperature 556 13.4 Completely Immiscible Liquids 558 13.5 Solubility of Gases in Liquids 563 13.6 Solubility of Solids in Liquids 575 13.7 Osmotic Equilibrium 580 13.8 Summary 586 13.9 Problems 586 Chapter 14: Reactions 593 14.1 Stoichiometry 593 14.2 Standard Enthalpy of Reaction 596 14.3 Energy Balances in Reacting Systems 601 14.4 Activity 606 14.5 Equilibrium Constant 614 14.6 Composition at Equilibrium 622 14.7 Reaction and Phase Equilibrium 624 14.8 Reaction Equilibrium Involving Solids 629 14.9 Multiple Reactions 632 14.10 Summary 636 14.11 Problems 637 Bibliography 647 Appendix A: Critical Properties of Selected Compounds 649 Appendix B: Ideal-Gas Heat Capacities 653 Appendix C: Standard Enthalpy and Gibbs Free Energy of Reaction 655 Appendix D: UNIFAC Tables 659 Appendix E: Steam Tables 663 Index 677.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
The Clear, Well-Organized Introduction to Thermodynamics Theory and Calculations for All Chemical Engineering Undergraduate Students This text is designed to make thermodynamics far easier for undergraduate chemical engineering students to learn, and to help them perform thermodynamic calculations with confidence. Drawing on his award-winning courses at Penn State, Dr. Themis Matsoukas focuses on "why" as well as "how." He offers extensive imagery to help students conceptualize the equations, illuminating thermodynamics with more than 100 figures, as well as 190 examples from within and beyond chemical engineering. Part I clearly introduces the laws of thermodynamics with applications to pure fluids. Part II extends thermodynamics to mixtures, emphasizing phase and chemical equilibrium. Throughout, Matsoukas focuses on topics that link tightly to other key areas of undergraduate chemical engineering, including separations, reactions, and capstone design. More than 300 end-of-chapter problems range from basic calculations to realistic environmental applications; these can be solved with any leading mathematical software. Coverage includes * Pure fluids, PVT behavior, and basic calculations of enthalpy and entropy * Fundamental relationships and the calculation of properties from equations of state * Thermodynamic analysis of chemical processes * Phase diagrams of binary and simple ternary systems * Thermodynamics of mixtures using equations of state * Ideal and nonideal solutions * Partial miscibility, solubility of gases and solids, osmotic processes * Reaction equilibrium with applications to single and multiphase reactions.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
  • Preface xiii Acknowledgments xvii About the Author xix Nomenclature xxi Part I: Pure Fluids 1 Chapter 1: Scope and Language of Thermodynamics 3 1.1 Molecular Basis of Thermodynamics 5 1.2 Statistical versus Classical Thermodynamics 11 1.3 Definitions 13 1.4 Units 22 1.5 Summary 26 1.6 Problems 26 Chapter 2: Phase Diagrams of Pure Fluids 29 2.1 The PVT Behavior of Pure Fluid 29 2.2 Tabulation of Properties 40 2.3 Compressibility Factor and the ZP Graph 43 2.4 Corresponding States 45 2.5 Virial Equation 53 2.6 Cubic Equations of State 57 2.7 PVT Behavior of Cubic Equations of State 61 2.8 Working with Cubic Equations 64 2.9 Other Equations of State 67 2.10 Thermal Expansion and Isothermal Compression 71 2.11 Empirical Equations for Density 72 2.12 Summary 77 2.13 Problems 78 Chapter 3: Energy and the First Law 87 3.1 Energy and Mechanical Work 88 3.2 Shaft Work and PV Work 90 3.3 Internal Energy and Heat 96 3.4 First Law for a Closed System 98 3.5 Elementary Paths 101 3.6 Sensible Heat-Heat Capacities 109 3.7 Heat of Vaporization 119 3.8 Ideal-Gas State 124 3.9 Energy Balances and Irreversible Processes 133 3.10 Summary 139 3.11 Problems 140 Chapter 4: Entropy and the Second Law 149 4.1 The Second Law in a Closed System 150 4.2 Calculation of Entropy 153 4.3 Energy Balances Using Entropy 163 4.4 Entropy Generation 167 4.5 Carnot Cycle 168 4.6 Alternative Statements of the Second Law 177 4.7 Ideal and Lost Work 183 4.8 Ambient Surroundings as a Default Bath-Exergy 189 4.9 Equilibrium and Stability 191 4.10 Molecular View of Entropy 195 4.11 Summary 199 4.12 Problems 201 Chapter 5: Calculation of Properties 205 5.1 Calculus of Thermodynamics 205 5.2 Integration of Differentials 213 5.3 Fundamental Relationships 214 5.4 Equations for Enthalpy and Entropy 217 5.5 Ideal-Gas State 219 5.6 Incompressible Phases 220 5.7 Residual Properties 222 5.8 Pressure-Explicit Relations 228 5.9 Application to Cubic Equations 230 5.10 Generalized Correlations 235 5.11 Reference States 236 5.12 Thermodynamic Charts 242 5.13 Summary 245 5.14 Problems 246 Chapter 6: Balances in Open Systems 251 6.1 Flow Streams 252 6.2 Mass Balance 253 6.3 Energy Balance in Open System 255 6.4 Entropy Balance 258 6.5 Ideal and Lost Work 266 6.6 Thermodynamics of Steady-State Processes 272 6.7 Power Generation 295 6.8 Refrigeration 301 6.9 Liquefaction 309 6.10 Unsteady-State Balances 315 6.11 Summary 323 6.12 Problems 324 Chapter 7: VLE of Pure Fluid 337 7.1 Two-Phase Systems 337 7.2 Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium 340 7.3 Fugacity 343 7.4 Calculation of Fugacity 345 7.5 Saturation Pressure from Equations of State 353 7.6 Phase Diagrams from Equations of State 356 7.7 Summary 358 7.8 Problems 360 Part II: Mixtures 367 Chapter 8: Phase Behavior of Mixtures 369 8.1 The Txy Graph 370 8.2 The Pxy Graph 373 8.3 Azeotropes 380 8.4 The xy Graph 381 8.5 VLE at Elevated Pressures and Temperatures 383 8.6 Partially Miscible Liquids 384 8.7 Ternary Systems 390 8.8 Summary 393 8.9 Problems 394 Chapter 9: Properties of Mixtures 401 9.1 Composition 402 9.2 Mathematical Treatment of Mixtures 404 9.3 Properties of Mixing 409 9.4 Mixing and Separation 411 9.5 Mixtures in the Ideal-Gas State 413 9.6 Equations of State for Mixtures 419 9.7 Mixture Properties from Equations of State 421 9.8 Summary 428 9.9 Problems 428 Chapter 10: Theory of Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium 435 10.1 Gibbs Free Energy of Mixture 435 10.2 Chemical Potential 439 10.3 Fugacity in a Mixture 443 10.4 Fugacity from Equations of State 446 10.5 VLE of Mixture Using Equations of State 448 10.6 Summary 453 10.7 Problems 454 Chapter 11: Ideal Solution 461 11.1 Ideality in Solution 461 11.2 Fugacity in Ideal Solution 464 11.3 VLE in Ideal Solution-Raoult's Law 466 11.4 Energy Balances 475 11.5 Noncondensable Gases 480 11.6 Summary 484 11.7 Problems 484 Chapter 12: Nonideal Solutions 489 12.1 Excess Properties 489 12.2 Heat Effects of Mixing 496 12.3 Activity Coefficient 504 12.4 Activity Coefficient and Phase Equilibrium 507 12.5 Data Reduction: Fitting Experimental Activity Coefficients 512 12.6 Models for the Activity Coefficient 515 12.7 Summary 531 12.8 Problems 533 Chapter 13: Miscibility, Solubility, and Other Phase Equilibria 545 13.1 Equilibrium between Partially Miscible Liquids 545 13.2 Gibbs Free Energy and Phase Splitting 548 13.3 Liquid Miscibility and Temperature 556 13.4 Completely Immiscible Liquids 558 13.5 Solubility of Gases in Liquids 563 13.6 Solubility of Solids in Liquids 575 13.7 Osmotic Equilibrium 580 13.8 Summary 586 13.9 Problems 586 Chapter 14: Reactions 593 14.1 Stoichiometry 593 14.2 Standard Enthalpy of Reaction 596 14.3 Energy Balances in Reacting Systems 601 14.4 Activity 606 14.5 Equilibrium Constant 614 14.6 Composition at Equilibrium 622 14.7 Reaction and Phase Equilibrium 624 14.8 Reaction Equilibrium Involving Solids 629 14.9 Multiple Reactions 632 14.10 Summary 636 14.11 Problems 637 Bibliography 647 Appendix A: Critical Properties of Selected Compounds 649 Appendix B: Ideal-Gas Heat Capacities 653 Appendix C: Standard Enthalpy and Gibbs Free Energy of Reaction 655 Appendix D: UNIFAC Tables 659 Appendix E: Steam Tables 663 Index 677.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
The Clear, Well-Organized Introduction to Thermodynamics Theory and Calculations for All Chemical Engineering Undergraduate Students This text is designed to make thermodynamics far easier for undergraduate chemical engineering students to learn, and to help them perform thermodynamic calculations with confidence. Drawing on his award-winning courses at Penn State, Dr. Themis Matsoukas focuses on "why" as well as "how." He offers extensive imagery to help students conceptualize the equations, illuminating thermodynamics with more than 100 figures, as well as 190 examples from within and beyond chemical engineering. Part I clearly introduces the laws of thermodynamics with applications to pure fluids. Part II extends thermodynamics to mixtures, emphasizing phase and chemical equilibrium. Throughout, Matsoukas focuses on topics that link tightly to other key areas of undergraduate chemical engineering, including separations, reactions, and capstone design. More than 300 end-of-chapter problems range from basic calculations to realistic environmental applications; these can be solved with any leading mathematical software. Coverage includes * Pure fluids, PVT behavior, and basic calculations of enthalpy and entropy * Fundamental relationships and the calculation of properties from equations of state * Thermodynamic analysis of chemical processes * Phase diagrams of binary and simple ternary systems * Thermodynamics of mixtures using equations of state * Ideal and nonideal solutions * Partial miscibility, solubility of gases and solids, osmotic processes * Reaction equilibrium with applications to single and multiphase reactions.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Book
1 online resource )xxxi, 692 p.) : ǂb ill.
  • Preface. About the Authors. Acknowledgments. List of Abbreviations. List of Symbols. PART A INTRODUCTION. 1 Thermodynamics for Process and Product Design. Appendix. References. 2 Intermolecular Forces and Thermodynamic Models. 2.1 General. 2.2 Coulombic and van der Waals forces. 2.3 Quasi-chemical forces with emphasis on hydrogen bonding. 2.4 Some applications of intermolecular forces in model development. 2.5 Concluding remarks. References. PART B THE CLASSICAL MODELS. 3 Cubic equations of state: the classical mixing rules. 3.1 General. 3.2 On the parameter estimation. 3.3 Analysis of the advantages and shortcomings of cubic EoS. 3.4 Some recent developments with cubic EoS. 3.5 Concluding remarks. Appendix. References. 4 Activity coefficient models Part 1: random-mixing based models 4.1 Introduction to the random-mixing models. 4.2 Experimental activity coefficients. 4.3 The Margules equation. 4.4 From the van der Waals and van Laar equation to the regular solution theory. 4.5 Applications of the Regular Solution Theory. 4.6 SLE with emphasis on wax formation. 4.7 Asphaltene precipitation. 4.8 Concluding remarks about the random-mixing-based models. Appendix. References. 5 Activity coefficient models Part 2: local composition models, from Wilson and NRTL to UNIQUAC and UNIFAC. 5.1 General. 5.2 Overview of the local composition models. 5.3 The theoretical limitations. 5.4 Range of applicability of the LC models. 5.5 On the theoretical significance of the interaction parameters. 5.6 LC models: some unifying concepts. 5.7 The group contribution principle and UNIFAC. 5.8 Local-composition-free-volume models for polymers. 5.9 Conclusions: is UNIQUAC the best local composition model available today? Appendix. References. 6 The EoS/ G E mixing rules for cubic equations of state. 6.1 General. 6.2 The infinite pressure limit (the Huron-Vidal mixing rule). 6.3 The zero-reference pressure limit (The Michelsen approach). 6.4 Successes and limitations of zero reference pressure models. 6.5 The Wong-Sandler (WS) mixing rule. 6.6 EoS/ G E approaches suitable for asymmetric mixtures. 6.7 Applications of the LCVM, MHV2, PSRK and WS mixing rules. 6.8 Cubic EoS for polymers. 6.9 Conclusions: achievements and limitations of the EoS/ G E models. 6.10 Recommended models - so far. Appendix. References. PART C ADVANCED MODELS AND THEIR APPLICATIONS. 7 Association theories and models: the role of spectroscopy. 7.1 Introduction. 7.2 Three different association theories. 7.3 The chemical and perturbation theories. 7.4 Spectroscopy and association theories. 7.5 Concluding remarks. Appendix. References. 8 The Statistical Associating Fluid Theory (SAFT). 8.1 The SAFT EoS: a brief look at the history and major developments. 8.2 The SAFT equations. 8.3 Parameterization of SAFT. 8.4 Applications of SAFT to non-polar molecules. 8.5 GC SAFT approaches. 8.6 Concluding remarks. Appendix. References. 9 The Cubic-Plus-Association equation of state. 9.1 Introduction. 9.2 The CPA EoS. 9.3 Parameter estimation: pure compounds. 9.4 The First applications. 9.5 Conclusions. Appendix. References. 10 Applications of CPA to the oil and gas industry. 10.1 General. 10.2 Glycol-water-hydrocarbon phase equilibria. 10.3 Gas hydrates. 10.4 Gas phase water content calculations. 10.5 Mixtures with acid gases (CO 2 and H 2 S). 10.6 Reservoir fluids. 10.7 Conclusions. References. 11 Applications of CPA to chemical industries. 11.1 Introduction. 11.2 Aqueous mixtures with heavy alcohols. 11.3 Amines and ketones. 11.4 Mixtures with organic acids. 11.5 Mixtures with ethers and esters. 11.6 Multifunctional chemicals: glycolethers and alkanolamines. 11.7 Complex aqueous mixtures. 11.8 Concluding remarks. Appendix. References. 12 Extension of CPA and SAFT to new systems: worked examples and guidelines. 12.1 Introduction. 12.2 The case of sulfolane: CPA application. 12.3 Application of sPC-SAFT to sulfolane-related systems. 12.4 Applicability of association theories and cubic EoS with advanced mixing rules (EoS/ G E models) to polar chemicals. 12.5 Phenols. 12.6 Conclusions. References. 13 Applications of SAFT to polar and associating mixtures. 13.1 Introduction. 13.2 Water-hydrocarbons. 13.3 Alcohols, amines and alkanolamines. 13.4 Glycols. 13.5 Organic Acids. 13.6 Polar non-associating compounds. 13.7 Flow assurance (asphaltenes and gas hydrate inhibitors). 13.8 Concluding Remarks. References. 14 Applications of SAFT to polymers. 14.1 Overview. 14.2 Estimation of parameters for polymers for SAFT-type EoS. 14.3 Low-pressure phase equilibria (VLE and LLE) using simplified PC-SAFT. 14.4 High-pressure phase equilibria. 14.5 Co-polymers. 14.6 Concluding remarks. Appendix. References. PART D THERMODYNAMICS AND OTHER DISCIPLINES. 15 Models for electrolyte systems. 15.1 Introduction: importance of electrolyte systems and modeling challenges. 15.2 Theories of ionic (long-range) interactions. 15.3 Electrolyte models: activity coefficients. 15.4 Electrolyte models: Equation of State. 15.5 Comparison of electrolyte EoS: capabilities and limitations. 15.6 Thermodynamic models for CO 2 -water-alkanolamines. 15.7 Concluding remarks. References. 16 Quantum chemistry in engineering thermodynamics. 16.1 Introduction. 16.2 The COSMO-RS method. 16.3 Estimation of association model parameters using QC. 16.4 Estimation of size parameters of SFT-type models from QC. 16.5 Conclusions. References. 17 Environmental thermodynamics. 17.1 Introduction. 17.2 Distribution of chemicals in environmental ecosystems. 17.3 Environmentally friendly solvents: supercritical fluids. 17.4 Conclusions. References. 18 Thermodynamics and colloid and surface chemistry. 18.1 General. 18.2 Intermolecular vs. interparticle forces. 18.3 Interparticle forces in colloids and interfaces. 18.4 Acid-base concepts in adhesion studies. 18.5 Surface and interfacial tensions from thermodynamic models. 18.6 Hydrophilicity. 18.7 Micellization and surfactant solutions. 18.8 Adsorption. 18.9 Conclusions. References. 19 Thermodynamics for biotechnology. 19.1 Introduction. 19.2 Models for Pharmaceuticals. 19.3 Models for amino acids and polypeptides. 19.4 Adsorption of proteins and chromatography. 19.5 Semi-productive models for protein systems. 19.6 Concluding Remarks. Appendix. References. 20 Epilogue: thermodynamic challenges in the twenty-first century. 20.1 In brief. 20.2 Petroleum and chemical industries. 20.3 Chemicals including polymers and complex product design. 20.4 Biotechnology including pharmaceuticals. 20.5 How future needs will be addressed. References. Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
This text gives a critical presentation of the most common thermodynamic models and highlights the practical advantages, giving recommendations for different applications. It includes worked examples of how the models can be extended to new systems, and provides review tables with the parameters of advanced association models. This resource provides an easy-to-use guide for process engineers without expertise in thermodynamics.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
  • Preface. About the Authors. Acknowledgments. List of Abbreviations. List of Symbols. PART A INTRODUCTION. 1 Thermodynamics for Process and Product Design. Appendix. References. 2 Intermolecular Forces and Thermodynamic Models. 2.1 General. 2.2 Coulombic and van der Waals forces. 2.3 Quasi-chemical forces with emphasis on hydrogen bonding. 2.4 Some applications of intermolecular forces in model development. 2.5 Concluding remarks. References. PART B THE CLASSICAL MODELS. 3 Cubic equations of state: the classical mixing rules. 3.1 General. 3.2 On the parameter estimation. 3.3 Analysis of the advantages and shortcomings of cubic EoS. 3.4 Some recent developments with cubic EoS. 3.5 Concluding remarks. Appendix. References. 4 Activity coefficient models Part 1: random-mixing based models 4.1 Introduction to the random-mixing models. 4.2 Experimental activity coefficients. 4.3 The Margules equation. 4.4 From the van der Waals and van Laar equation to the regular solution theory. 4.5 Applications of the Regular Solution Theory. 4.6 SLE with emphasis on wax formation. 4.7 Asphaltene precipitation. 4.8 Concluding remarks about the random-mixing-based models. Appendix. References. 5 Activity coefficient models Part 2: local composition models, from Wilson and NRTL to UNIQUAC and UNIFAC. 5.1 General. 5.2 Overview of the local composition models. 5.3 The theoretical limitations. 5.4 Range of applicability of the LC models. 5.5 On the theoretical significance of the interaction parameters. 5.6 LC models: some unifying concepts. 5.7 The group contribution principle and UNIFAC. 5.8 Local-composition-free-volume models for polymers. 5.9 Conclusions: is UNIQUAC the best local composition model available today? Appendix. References. 6 The EoS/ G E mixing rules for cubic equations of state. 6.1 General. 6.2 The infinite pressure limit (the Huron-Vidal mixing rule). 6.3 The zero-reference pressure limit (The Michelsen approach). 6.4 Successes and limitations of zero reference pressure models. 6.5 The Wong-Sandler (WS) mixing rule. 6.6 EoS/ G E approaches suitable for asymmetric mixtures. 6.7 Applications of the LCVM, MHV2, PSRK and WS mixing rules. 6.8 Cubic EoS for polymers. 6.9 Conclusions: achievements and limitations of the EoS/ G E models. 6.10 Recommended models - so far. Appendix. References. PART C ADVANCED MODELS AND THEIR APPLICATIONS. 7 Association theories and models: the role of spectroscopy. 7.1 Introduction. 7.2 Three different association theories. 7.3 The chemical and perturbation theories. 7.4 Spectroscopy and association theories. 7.5 Concluding remarks. Appendix. References. 8 The Statistical Associating Fluid Theory (SAFT). 8.1 The SAFT EoS: a brief look at the history and major developments. 8.2 The SAFT equations. 8.3 Parameterization of SAFT. 8.4 Applications of SAFT to non-polar molecules. 8.5 GC SAFT approaches. 8.6 Concluding remarks. Appendix. References. 9 The Cubic-Plus-Association equation of state. 9.1 Introduction. 9.2 The CPA EoS. 9.3 Parameter estimation: pure compounds. 9.4 The First applications. 9.5 Conclusions. Appendix. References. 10 Applications of CPA to the oil and gas industry. 10.1 General. 10.2 Glycol-water-hydrocarbon phase equilibria. 10.3 Gas hydrates. 10.4 Gas phase water content calculations. 10.5 Mixtures with acid gases (CO 2 and H 2 S). 10.6 Reservoir fluids. 10.7 Conclusions. References. 11 Applications of CPA to chemical industries. 11.1 Introduction. 11.2 Aqueous mixtures with heavy alcohols. 11.3 Amines and ketones. 11.4 Mixtures with organic acids. 11.5 Mixtures with ethers and esters. 11.6 Multifunctional chemicals: glycolethers and alkanolamines. 11.7 Complex aqueous mixtures. 11.8 Concluding remarks. Appendix. References. 12 Extension of CPA and SAFT to new systems: worked examples and guidelines. 12.1 Introduction. 12.2 The case of sulfolane: CPA application. 12.3 Application of sPC-SAFT to sulfolane-related systems. 12.4 Applicability of association theories and cubic EoS with advanced mixing rules (EoS/ G E models) to polar chemicals. 12.5 Phenols. 12.6 Conclusions. References. 13 Applications of SAFT to polar and associating mixtures. 13.1 Introduction. 13.2 Water-hydrocarbons. 13.3 Alcohols, amines and alkanolamines. 13.4 Glycols. 13.5 Organic Acids. 13.6 Polar non-associating compounds. 13.7 Flow assurance (asphaltenes and gas hydrate inhibitors). 13.8 Concluding Remarks. References. 14 Applications of SAFT to polymers. 14.1 Overview. 14.2 Estimation of parameters for polymers for SAFT-type EoS. 14.3 Low-pressure phase equilibria (VLE and LLE) using simplified PC-SAFT. 14.4 High-pressure phase equilibria. 14.5 Co-polymers. 14.6 Concluding remarks. Appendix. References. PART D THERMODYNAMICS AND OTHER DISCIPLINES. 15 Models for electrolyte systems. 15.1 Introduction: importance of electrolyte systems and modeling challenges. 15.2 Theories of ionic (long-range) interactions. 15.3 Electrolyte models: activity coefficients. 15.4 Electrolyte models: Equation of State. 15.5 Comparison of electrolyte EoS: capabilities and limitations. 15.6 Thermodynamic models for CO 2 -water-alkanolamines. 15.7 Concluding remarks. References. 16 Quantum chemistry in engineering thermodynamics. 16.1 Introduction. 16.2 The COSMO-RS method. 16.3 Estimation of association model parameters using QC. 16.4 Estimation of size parameters of SFT-type models from QC. 16.5 Conclusions. References. 17 Environmental thermodynamics. 17.1 Introduction. 17.2 Distribution of chemicals in environmental ecosystems. 17.3 Environmentally friendly solvents: supercritical fluids. 17.4 Conclusions. References. 18 Thermodynamics and colloid and surface chemistry. 18.1 General. 18.2 Intermolecular vs. interparticle forces. 18.3 Interparticle forces in colloids and interfaces. 18.4 Acid-base concepts in adhesion studies. 18.5 Surface and interfacial tensions from thermodynamic models. 18.6 Hydrophilicity. 18.7 Micellization and surfactant solutions. 18.8 Adsorption. 18.9 Conclusions. References. 19 Thermodynamics for biotechnology. 19.1 Introduction. 19.2 Models for Pharmaceuticals. 19.3 Models for amino acids and polypeptides. 19.4 Adsorption of proteins and chromatography. 19.5 Semi-productive models for protein systems. 19.6 Concluding Remarks. Appendix. References. 20 Epilogue: thermodynamic challenges in the twenty-first century. 20.1 In brief. 20.2 Petroleum and chemical industries. 20.3 Chemicals including polymers and complex product design. 20.4 Biotechnology including pharmaceuticals. 20.5 How future needs will be addressed. References. Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
This text gives a critical presentation of the most common thermodynamic models and highlights the practical advantages, giving recommendations for different applications. It includes worked examples of how the models can be extended to new systems, and provides review tables with the parameters of advanced association models. This resource provides an easy-to-use guide for process engineers without expertise in thermodynamics.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Book
xviii, 276 p. : ill.
  • Front matter-- Forword-- Preface-- Contents-- Contributors-- None-equilibrium thermodynamics for industry-- A modelling technique for non-equilibrium metallurgical processes applied to the LD converter-- Multiphase thermodynamics of pulp suspensions-- Reactive distillation-- Theromodynamic properties from quantum chemistry-- Thermodynamics of natural gas clathrate hydrates-- Ionic liquids in separation processes-- Spectrocalorimetric screening for complex process optimization-- Microcalorimetry for the pharmaceutical industry-- Isothermal flow-microcalorimetry: Principles and application for industry-- Transport properties and industry-- Micro- and nano-particles production using supercritical fluids-- Calorimetric measurements of thermophysical properties for industry-- Plastic recycling-- Industry perspective on the economic value of applied thermodynamics and the unmet needs of AspenTech clients-- Thermodynamics of new materials-- Thermodynamic prediction of the formation and composition ranges of metastable coating structures in PVD processes-- Thermodynamics of the nano-sized particles-- Theromodynamics of electrolyte systems of industry-- Thermodynamics of crystallization-- Thermodynamics of adsorption-- Mesoscopic non-equilibrium thermodynamics of polymer crystallization-- Applied thermodynamics for petroleum fluids in the refining industry-- Subject Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Chemical Thermodynamics for Industry presents the latest developments in applied thermodynamics and highlights the role of thermodynamics in the chemical industry. Written by leading experts in the field, Chemical Thermodynamics for Industry covers the latest developments in traditional areas such as calorimetry, microcalorimetry, transport properties, crystallization, adsorption, electrolyte systems and transport fuels, It highlights newly established areas such as multiphase modeling, reactive distillation, non-equilibrium thermodynamics and spectro-calorimetry. It also explores new ways of treating old technologies as well as new and potentially important areas such as ionic liquids, new materials, ab-initia quantum chemistry, nano-particles, polymer recycling, clathrates and the economic value of applied thermodynamics. This book is aimed not only at those working in a specific area of chemical thermodynamics but also at the general chemist, the prospective researcher and those involved in funding chemical research.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
  • Front matter-- Forword-- Preface-- Contents-- Contributors-- None-equilibrium thermodynamics for industry-- A modelling technique for non-equilibrium metallurgical processes applied to the LD converter-- Multiphase thermodynamics of pulp suspensions-- Reactive distillation-- Theromodynamic properties from quantum chemistry-- Thermodynamics of natural gas clathrate hydrates-- Ionic liquids in separation processes-- Spectrocalorimetric screening for complex process optimization-- Microcalorimetry for the pharmaceutical industry-- Isothermal flow-microcalorimetry: Principles and application for industry-- Transport properties and industry-- Micro- and nano-particles production using supercritical fluids-- Calorimetric measurements of thermophysical properties for industry-- Plastic recycling-- Industry perspective on the economic value of applied thermodynamics and the unmet needs of AspenTech clients-- Thermodynamics of new materials-- Thermodynamic prediction of the formation and composition ranges of metastable coating structures in PVD processes-- Thermodynamics of the nano-sized particles-- Theromodynamics of electrolyte systems of industry-- Thermodynamics of crystallization-- Thermodynamics of adsorption-- Mesoscopic non-equilibrium thermodynamics of polymer crystallization-- Applied thermodynamics for petroleum fluids in the refining industry-- Subject Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Chemical Thermodynamics for Industry presents the latest developments in applied thermodynamics and highlights the role of thermodynamics in the chemical industry. Written by leading experts in the field, Chemical Thermodynamics for Industry covers the latest developments in traditional areas such as calorimetry, microcalorimetry, transport properties, crystallization, adsorption, electrolyte systems and transport fuels, It highlights newly established areas such as multiphase modeling, reactive distillation, non-equilibrium thermodynamics and spectro-calorimetry. It also explores new ways of treating old technologies as well as new and potentially important areas such as ionic liquids, new materials, ab-initia quantum chemistry, nano-particles, polymer recycling, clathrates and the economic value of applied thermodynamics. This book is aimed not only at those working in a specific area of chemical thermodynamics but also at the general chemist, the prospective researcher and those involved in funding chemical research.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)

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