Search results

333 results

View results as:
Number of results to display per page
Book
xii, 194 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
This book is based on full scale experience, and allows to understand the functioning of the slurry loop reactor, and to operate it. All necessary aspects of the reactor are treated, and then combined in a simple off-line model, valid for all commercial types of catalysts. A detailed method to scale-up products from the laboratory directly to the full scale loop reactor is given.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
This book is based on full scale experience, and allows to understand the functioning of the slurry loop reactor, and to operate it. All necessary aspects of the reactor are treated, and then combined in a simple off-line model, valid for all commercial types of catalysts. A detailed method to scale-up products from the laboratory directly to the full scale loop reactor is given.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Status of items at Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain) Status
Stacks
TP1180 .P65 A45 2015 Unknown
Book
xix, 798 pages : illustrations ; 27 cm
  • Introduction to Polymers History of Polymers Why Polymers? Today's Marketplace Environmental Assessment Polymer Structure (Morphology) Stereochemistry of Polymers Molecular Interactions Polymer Crystals Amorphous Bulk State Polymer Structure-Property Relationships Cross-Linking Crystalline and Amorphous Combinations Molecular Weight of Polymers Introduction Solubility Average Molecular Weight Values Fractionation of Polydisperse Systems Chromatography Colligative Molecular Weights Light-Scattering Photometry Other Techniques Viscometry Polycondensation Polymers (Step-Reaction Polymerization) Comparison between Polymer Type and Kinetics of Polymerization Introduction Stepwise Kinetics Polycondensation Mechanisms Polyesters Polycarbonates Synthetic Polyamides Polyimides Polyamide-Imide Polybenzimidazoles and Related Polymers Polyurethanes and Polyureas Polysulfides Polyethers and Epoxies Polysulfones Poly(Ether Ether Ketone) and Polyketones Phenolic and Amino Plastics Furan Resins Synthetic Routes Liquid Crystals Microfibers General Stepwise Polymerization Ionic Chain-Reaction and Complex Coordination Polymerization (Addition Polymerization) Cationic Polymerization Anionic Polymerization Stereoregularity Polymerization with Complex Coordination Catalysts Soluble Stereoregulating Catalysis Polyethylenes Polypropylene Polymers from 1,4-Dienes Polyisobutylene Metathesis Reactions Zwitterionic Polymerization Isomerization Polymerization Precipitation Polymerization Free-Radical Chain Polymerization (Addition Polymerization) Initiators for Free-Radical Chain Polymerization Mechanism for Free-Radical Chain Polymerization Chain Transfer Polymerization Techniques Fluorine-Containing Polymers Polystyrene Poly(Vinyl Chloride) Poly(Methyl Methacrylate) Poly(Vinyl Alcohol) and Poly(Vinyl Acetals) Polyacrylonitrile Solid-State Irradiation Polymerization Plasma Polymerizations Copolymerization Kinetics of Copolymerization Q-e Scheme Commercial Copolymers Block Copolymers Graft Copolymers Elastomers Thermoplastic Elastomers Blends Fluoroelastomers Nitrile Rubber Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene Terpolymers EPDM Rubber Networks: General Polymer Mixtures Dendrites Ionomers Viscosity Modifiers Composites and Fillers Fillers Types of Composites Long-Fiber Composites: Theory Fibers and Resins Long-Fiber Composites: Applications Nanocomposites Fabrication Metal-Matrix Composites Naturally Occurring Polymers: Plants Polysaccharides Cellulose Paper Cellulose-Regenerating Processes Esters and Ethers of Cellulose Starch Homopolysaccharides Heteropolysaccharides Synthetic Rubbers Naturally Occurring Polyisoprenes Resins Balloons Lignin Melanins Asphalt Naturally Occurring Polymers: Animals Proteins Levels of Protein Structure Nucleic Acids Flow of Biological Information RNA Interference Polymer Structure Protein Folding Genetic Engineering DNA Profiling Human Genome: General Chromosomes Spliceosomes Proteomics Protein Site Activity Identification Organometallic and Inorganic-Organic Polymers Introduction Inorganic Reaction Mechanisms Condensation Organometallic Polymers Coordination Polymers Addition Polymers Ion-Exchange Resins Inorganic Polymers Introduction Portland Cement Other Cements Silicates Silicon Dioxide (Amorphous) Kinds of Amorphous Glass Safety Glass Lenses Solgel Aerogels Silicon Dioxide (Crystalline Forms): Quartz Forms Silicon Dioxide in Electronic Chips Silicon Dioxide in Optical Fibers Asbestos Fly Ash and Aluminosilicates Polymeric Carbon: Diamond Polymeric Carbon: Graphite Internal Cyclization: Carbon Fibers and Related Materials Carbon Nanotubes Bitumens Carbon Black Polysulfur Ceramics High-Temperature Superconductors Zeolites Testing and Spectrometric Characterization of Polymers Spectronic Characterization of Polymers Surface Characterization Amorphous Region Determinations Mass Spectrometry Thermal Analysis Thermal Property Tests Flammability Electric Properties: Theory Electric Measurements Optical Property Tests Weatherability Chemical Resistance Measurement of Particle Size Measurement of Adhesion Permeability and Diffusion Rheology and Physical Tests Rheology Typical Stress-Strain Behavior Stress-Strain Relationships Specific Physical Tests Additives Plasticizers Antioxidants Heat Stabilizers Ultraviolet Stabilizers Flame Retardants Colorants Curing Agents Antistatic Agents: Antistats Chemical Blowing Agents Compatibilizers Impact Modifiers Processing Aids Lubricants Microorganism Inhibitors Reactions on Polymers Reactions with Polyolefins and Polyenes Reactions of Aromatic and Aliphatic Pendant Groups Degradation Cross-Linking Reactivities of End Groups Supramolecules and Self-Assembly Transfer and Retention of Oxygen Nature's Macromolecular Catalysts Photosynthesis Mechanisms of Physical Energy Absorption Breakage of Polymeric Materials Synthesis of Reactants and Intermediates for Polymers Monomer Synthesis from Basic Feedstocks Reactants for Step-Reaction Polymerization Synthesis of Vinyl Monomers Synthesis of Free-Radical Initiators Polymer Technology Fibers Elastomers Films and Sheets Polymeric Foams Reinforced Plastics (Composites) and Laminates Molding Casting Extrusion Coatings Adhesives Selected Topics Conductive Polymeric Materials Nonlinear Optical Behavior Photophysics and Photochemistry: Basics Drug Design and Activity Synthetic Biomedical Polymers Sutures Geotextiles Smart Materials High-Performance Thermoplastics Construction and Building Flame-Resistant Textiles Water-Soluble Polymers Anaerobic Adhesives Hydrogels Emerging Polymers Green Materials New Materials: Additional Aspects Solutions Appendix A: Symbols Appendix B: Trade Names Appendix C: Syllabus Appendix D: Polymer Core Course Committees Appendix E: Structures of Common Polymers Appendix F: Mathematical Values and Units Appendix G: Comments on Health Appendix H: ISO 9000 and 14000 Appendix I: Electronic Education Websites Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Most of the advancements in communication, computers, medicine, and air and water purity are linked to macromolecules and a fundamental understanding of the principles that govern their behavior. These fundamentals are explored in Carraher's Polymer Chemistry, Ninth Edition. Continuing the tradition of previous volumes, the latest edition provides a well-rounded presentation of the principles and applications of polymers. With an emphasis on the environment and green chemistry and materials, this edition offers detailed coverage of natural and synthetic giant molecules, inorganic and organic polymers, biomacromolecules, elastomers, adhesives, coatings, fibers, plastics, blends, caulks, composites, and ceramics. Using simple fundamentals, this book demonstrates how the basic principles of one polymer group can be applied to all of the other groups. It covers reactivities, synthesis and polymerization reactions, techniques for characterization and analysis, energy absorption and thermal conductivity, physical and optical properties, and practical applications. This edition includes updated techniques, new sections on a number of copolymers, expanded emphasis on nanotechnology and nanomaterials, and increased coverage of topics including carbon nanotubes, tapes and glues, photochemistry, and more. With topics presented so students can understand polymer science even if certain parts of the text are skipped, this book is suitable as an undergraduate as well as an introductory graduate-level text. The author begins most chapters with theory followed by application, and generally addresses the most critical topics first. He provides all of the elements of an introductory text, covering synthesis, properties, applications, and characterization. This user-friendly book also contains definitions, learning objectives, questions, and additional reading in each chapter.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
  • Introduction to Polymers History of Polymers Why Polymers? Today's Marketplace Environmental Assessment Polymer Structure (Morphology) Stereochemistry of Polymers Molecular Interactions Polymer Crystals Amorphous Bulk State Polymer Structure-Property Relationships Cross-Linking Crystalline and Amorphous Combinations Molecular Weight of Polymers Introduction Solubility Average Molecular Weight Values Fractionation of Polydisperse Systems Chromatography Colligative Molecular Weights Light-Scattering Photometry Other Techniques Viscometry Polycondensation Polymers (Step-Reaction Polymerization) Comparison between Polymer Type and Kinetics of Polymerization Introduction Stepwise Kinetics Polycondensation Mechanisms Polyesters Polycarbonates Synthetic Polyamides Polyimides Polyamide-Imide Polybenzimidazoles and Related Polymers Polyurethanes and Polyureas Polysulfides Polyethers and Epoxies Polysulfones Poly(Ether Ether Ketone) and Polyketones Phenolic and Amino Plastics Furan Resins Synthetic Routes Liquid Crystals Microfibers General Stepwise Polymerization Ionic Chain-Reaction and Complex Coordination Polymerization (Addition Polymerization) Cationic Polymerization Anionic Polymerization Stereoregularity Polymerization with Complex Coordination Catalysts Soluble Stereoregulating Catalysis Polyethylenes Polypropylene Polymers from 1,4-Dienes Polyisobutylene Metathesis Reactions Zwitterionic Polymerization Isomerization Polymerization Precipitation Polymerization Free-Radical Chain Polymerization (Addition Polymerization) Initiators for Free-Radical Chain Polymerization Mechanism for Free-Radical Chain Polymerization Chain Transfer Polymerization Techniques Fluorine-Containing Polymers Polystyrene Poly(Vinyl Chloride) Poly(Methyl Methacrylate) Poly(Vinyl Alcohol) and Poly(Vinyl Acetals) Polyacrylonitrile Solid-State Irradiation Polymerization Plasma Polymerizations Copolymerization Kinetics of Copolymerization Q-e Scheme Commercial Copolymers Block Copolymers Graft Copolymers Elastomers Thermoplastic Elastomers Blends Fluoroelastomers Nitrile Rubber Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene Terpolymers EPDM Rubber Networks: General Polymer Mixtures Dendrites Ionomers Viscosity Modifiers Composites and Fillers Fillers Types of Composites Long-Fiber Composites: Theory Fibers and Resins Long-Fiber Composites: Applications Nanocomposites Fabrication Metal-Matrix Composites Naturally Occurring Polymers: Plants Polysaccharides Cellulose Paper Cellulose-Regenerating Processes Esters and Ethers of Cellulose Starch Homopolysaccharides Heteropolysaccharides Synthetic Rubbers Naturally Occurring Polyisoprenes Resins Balloons Lignin Melanins Asphalt Naturally Occurring Polymers: Animals Proteins Levels of Protein Structure Nucleic Acids Flow of Biological Information RNA Interference Polymer Structure Protein Folding Genetic Engineering DNA Profiling Human Genome: General Chromosomes Spliceosomes Proteomics Protein Site Activity Identification Organometallic and Inorganic-Organic Polymers Introduction Inorganic Reaction Mechanisms Condensation Organometallic Polymers Coordination Polymers Addition Polymers Ion-Exchange Resins Inorganic Polymers Introduction Portland Cement Other Cements Silicates Silicon Dioxide (Amorphous) Kinds of Amorphous Glass Safety Glass Lenses Solgel Aerogels Silicon Dioxide (Crystalline Forms): Quartz Forms Silicon Dioxide in Electronic Chips Silicon Dioxide in Optical Fibers Asbestos Fly Ash and Aluminosilicates Polymeric Carbon: Diamond Polymeric Carbon: Graphite Internal Cyclization: Carbon Fibers and Related Materials Carbon Nanotubes Bitumens Carbon Black Polysulfur Ceramics High-Temperature Superconductors Zeolites Testing and Spectrometric Characterization of Polymers Spectronic Characterization of Polymers Surface Characterization Amorphous Region Determinations Mass Spectrometry Thermal Analysis Thermal Property Tests Flammability Electric Properties: Theory Electric Measurements Optical Property Tests Weatherability Chemical Resistance Measurement of Particle Size Measurement of Adhesion Permeability and Diffusion Rheology and Physical Tests Rheology Typical Stress-Strain Behavior Stress-Strain Relationships Specific Physical Tests Additives Plasticizers Antioxidants Heat Stabilizers Ultraviolet Stabilizers Flame Retardants Colorants Curing Agents Antistatic Agents: Antistats Chemical Blowing Agents Compatibilizers Impact Modifiers Processing Aids Lubricants Microorganism Inhibitors Reactions on Polymers Reactions with Polyolefins and Polyenes Reactions of Aromatic and Aliphatic Pendant Groups Degradation Cross-Linking Reactivities of End Groups Supramolecules and Self-Assembly Transfer and Retention of Oxygen Nature's Macromolecular Catalysts Photosynthesis Mechanisms of Physical Energy Absorption Breakage of Polymeric Materials Synthesis of Reactants and Intermediates for Polymers Monomer Synthesis from Basic Feedstocks Reactants for Step-Reaction Polymerization Synthesis of Vinyl Monomers Synthesis of Free-Radical Initiators Polymer Technology Fibers Elastomers Films and Sheets Polymeric Foams Reinforced Plastics (Composites) and Laminates Molding Casting Extrusion Coatings Adhesives Selected Topics Conductive Polymeric Materials Nonlinear Optical Behavior Photophysics and Photochemistry: Basics Drug Design and Activity Synthetic Biomedical Polymers Sutures Geotextiles Smart Materials High-Performance Thermoplastics Construction and Building Flame-Resistant Textiles Water-Soluble Polymers Anaerobic Adhesives Hydrogels Emerging Polymers Green Materials New Materials: Additional Aspects Solutions Appendix A: Symbols Appendix B: Trade Names Appendix C: Syllabus Appendix D: Polymer Core Course Committees Appendix E: Structures of Common Polymers Appendix F: Mathematical Values and Units Appendix G: Comments on Health Appendix H: ISO 9000 and 14000 Appendix I: Electronic Education Websites Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Most of the advancements in communication, computers, medicine, and air and water purity are linked to macromolecules and a fundamental understanding of the principles that govern their behavior. These fundamentals are explored in Carraher's Polymer Chemistry, Ninth Edition. Continuing the tradition of previous volumes, the latest edition provides a well-rounded presentation of the principles and applications of polymers. With an emphasis on the environment and green chemistry and materials, this edition offers detailed coverage of natural and synthetic giant molecules, inorganic and organic polymers, biomacromolecules, elastomers, adhesives, coatings, fibers, plastics, blends, caulks, composites, and ceramics. Using simple fundamentals, this book demonstrates how the basic principles of one polymer group can be applied to all of the other groups. It covers reactivities, synthesis and polymerization reactions, techniques for characterization and analysis, energy absorption and thermal conductivity, physical and optical properties, and practical applications. This edition includes updated techniques, new sections on a number of copolymers, expanded emphasis on nanotechnology and nanomaterials, and increased coverage of topics including carbon nanotubes, tapes and glues, photochemistry, and more. With topics presented so students can understand polymer science even if certain parts of the text are skipped, this book is suitable as an undergraduate as well as an introductory graduate-level text. The author begins most chapters with theory followed by application, and generally addresses the most critical topics first. He provides all of the elements of an introductory text, covering synthesis, properties, applications, and characterization. This user-friendly book also contains definitions, learning objectives, questions, and additional reading in each chapter.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Status of items at Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain) Status
Stacks
QD381 .S483 2014 Unknown
Book
xxiii, 663 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
  • Preface xv Preface to Second Edition xvii Preface to First Edition xix Acknowledgments xxi About the Author xxiii Chapter 1: Introduction to Polymer Science 1 1.1 Classification of Polymers 3 1.2 Polymer Structure 8 1.3 Molecular Weight 15 1.4 Chemical Structure and Thermal Transitions 20 Suggested Reading 22 Problems 22 References 24 Chapter 2: Polymer Synthesis 25 2.1 Step-Growth Polymerization 26 2.2 Chain-Growth Polymerization 31 2.3 Polymerization Techniques 64 2.4 Polymer Reactivity 74 2.5 Special Topics in Polymer Synthesis 81 2.6 Chemical Structure Determination 86 Suggested Reading 92 Problems 95 References 98 Chapter 3: Conformation, Solutions, and Molecular Weight 101 3.1 Polymer Conformation and Chain Dimensions 102 3.2 Thermodynamics of Polymer Solutions 109 3.3 Measurement of Molecular Weight 129 Suggested Reading 146 Problems 146 References 150 Chapter 4: Solid-State Properties 153 4.1 The Amorphous State 154 4.2 The Crystalline State 159 4.3 Thermal Transitions and Properties 167 4.4 Mechanical Properties 183 Suggested Reading 202 Problems 203 References 204 Chapter 5: Viscoelasticity and Rubber Elasticity 207 5.1 Introduction to Viscoelasticity 208 5.2 Introduction to Rubber Elasticity 248 Suggested Reading 255 Problems 256 References 259 Chapter 6: Polymer Degradation and the Environment 261 6.1 Polymer Degradation and Stability 262 6.2 Management of Plastics in the Environment 272 Suggested Reading 279 References 279 Chapter 7: Additives, Blends, Block Copolymers, and Composites 281 7.1 Additives 282 7.2 Polymer Blends and Interpenetrating Networks 293 7.3 Block Copolymers 306 7.4 Composites 310 7.5 Nanocomposites 318 Suggested Reading 326 Problems 328 References 329 Chapter 8: Biopolymers, Natural Polymers, and Fibers 331 8.1 Biopolymers and Other Naturally Occuring Polymers 332 8.2 Fibers 346 Suggested Reading 358 Problems 359 References 359 Chapter 9: Thermoplastics, Elastomers, and Thermosets 361 9.1 Commodity Thermoplastics 362 9.2 Elastomers 374 9.3 Thermosets 386 Suggested Reading 393 Problems 394 References 395 Chapter 10: Engineering and Specialty Polymers 397 10.1 Engineering Plastics 399 10.2 Specialty Polymers 412 Suggested Reading 431 Problems 433 References 433 Chapter 11: Polymer Processing and Rheology 435 11.1 Basic Processing Operations 436 11.2 Introduction to Polymer Rheology 446 11.3 Analysis of Simple Flows 461 11.4 Rheometry 468 11.5 Modeling of Polymer-Processing Operations 476 Appendices 485 Suggested Reading 487 Problems 488 References 491 Chapter 12: Polymers for Advanced Technologies 493 12.1 Membrane Science and Technology 494 12.2 Biomedical Engineering and Drug Delivery 526 12.3 Applications in Electronics and Energy 533 12.4 Photonic Polymers 541 12.5 Sensor Applications 544 Suggested Reading 547 Problems 550 References 550 Chapter 13: Correlations and Simulations in Polymer Science 553 13.1 Group-Contribution Methods 554 13.2 Topological Indices 574 13.3 Artificial Neural Network 578 13.4 Molecular Simulations 581 13.5 Applications of Molecular Simulations 591 Suggested Reading 611 Problems 612 References 612 Appendix A: Polymer Abbreviations 617 Appendix B Representative Properties of Some Important Commercial Polymers 621 Appendix C ASTM Standards for Plastics and Rubber 623 Appendix D SI Units and Physical Constants 627 Appendix E Mathematical Relationships 629 Appendix F The Major Elements 635 Index 637.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
The Definitive Guide to Polymer Principles, Properties, Synthesis, Applications, and Simulations Now fully revised, Polymer Science and Technology, Third Edition, systematically reviews the field's current state and emerging advances. Leading polymer specialist Joel R. Fried offers modern coverage of both processing principles and applications in multiple industries, including medicine, biotechnology, chemicals, and electronics. This edition's new and expanded coverage ranges from advanced synthesis to the latest drug delivery applications. New topics include controlled radical polymerization, click chemistry, green chemistry, block copolymers, nanofillers, electrospinning, and more. A brand-new chapter offers extensive guidance for predicting polymer properties, including additional coverage of group correlations, and new discussions of the use of topological indices and neural networks. This is also the first introductory polymer text to fully explain computational polymer science, including molecular dynamics and Monte Carlo methods. Simulation concepts are supported with many application examples, ranging from prediction of PVT values to permeability and free volume. Fried thoroughly covers synthetic polymer chemistry; polymer properties in solution and in melt, rubber, and solid states; and all important categories of plastics. This revised edition also adds many new calculations, end-of-chapter problems, and references. In-depth coverage includes * Polymer synthesis: step- and chain-growth; bulk, solution, suspension, emulsion, solid-state, and plasma; ionic liquids, and macromers; and genetic engineering * Amorphous and crystalline states, transitions, mechanical properties, and solid-state characterization * Polymers and the environment: degradation, stability, and more * Additives, blends, block copolymers, and composites-including interpenetrating networks, nanocomposites, buckyballs, carbon nanotubes, graphene, and POSS * Biopolymers, natural polymers, fibers, thermoplastics, elastomers, and thermosets * Engineering and specialty polymers, from polycarbonates to ionic polymers and high-performance fibers * Polymer rheology, processing, and modeling * Correlations and simulations: group contribution, topological indices, artificial neural networks, molecular dynamics, and Monte Carlo simulations.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
  • Preface xv Preface to Second Edition xvii Preface to First Edition xix Acknowledgments xxi About the Author xxiii Chapter 1: Introduction to Polymer Science 1 1.1 Classification of Polymers 3 1.2 Polymer Structure 8 1.3 Molecular Weight 15 1.4 Chemical Structure and Thermal Transitions 20 Suggested Reading 22 Problems 22 References 24 Chapter 2: Polymer Synthesis 25 2.1 Step-Growth Polymerization 26 2.2 Chain-Growth Polymerization 31 2.3 Polymerization Techniques 64 2.4 Polymer Reactivity 74 2.5 Special Topics in Polymer Synthesis 81 2.6 Chemical Structure Determination 86 Suggested Reading 92 Problems 95 References 98 Chapter 3: Conformation, Solutions, and Molecular Weight 101 3.1 Polymer Conformation and Chain Dimensions 102 3.2 Thermodynamics of Polymer Solutions 109 3.3 Measurement of Molecular Weight 129 Suggested Reading 146 Problems 146 References 150 Chapter 4: Solid-State Properties 153 4.1 The Amorphous State 154 4.2 The Crystalline State 159 4.3 Thermal Transitions and Properties 167 4.4 Mechanical Properties 183 Suggested Reading 202 Problems 203 References 204 Chapter 5: Viscoelasticity and Rubber Elasticity 207 5.1 Introduction to Viscoelasticity 208 5.2 Introduction to Rubber Elasticity 248 Suggested Reading 255 Problems 256 References 259 Chapter 6: Polymer Degradation and the Environment 261 6.1 Polymer Degradation and Stability 262 6.2 Management of Plastics in the Environment 272 Suggested Reading 279 References 279 Chapter 7: Additives, Blends, Block Copolymers, and Composites 281 7.1 Additives 282 7.2 Polymer Blends and Interpenetrating Networks 293 7.3 Block Copolymers 306 7.4 Composites 310 7.5 Nanocomposites 318 Suggested Reading 326 Problems 328 References 329 Chapter 8: Biopolymers, Natural Polymers, and Fibers 331 8.1 Biopolymers and Other Naturally Occuring Polymers 332 8.2 Fibers 346 Suggested Reading 358 Problems 359 References 359 Chapter 9: Thermoplastics, Elastomers, and Thermosets 361 9.1 Commodity Thermoplastics 362 9.2 Elastomers 374 9.3 Thermosets 386 Suggested Reading 393 Problems 394 References 395 Chapter 10: Engineering and Specialty Polymers 397 10.1 Engineering Plastics 399 10.2 Specialty Polymers 412 Suggested Reading 431 Problems 433 References 433 Chapter 11: Polymer Processing and Rheology 435 11.1 Basic Processing Operations 436 11.2 Introduction to Polymer Rheology 446 11.3 Analysis of Simple Flows 461 11.4 Rheometry 468 11.5 Modeling of Polymer-Processing Operations 476 Appendices 485 Suggested Reading 487 Problems 488 References 491 Chapter 12: Polymers for Advanced Technologies 493 12.1 Membrane Science and Technology 494 12.2 Biomedical Engineering and Drug Delivery 526 12.3 Applications in Electronics and Energy 533 12.4 Photonic Polymers 541 12.5 Sensor Applications 544 Suggested Reading 547 Problems 550 References 550 Chapter 13: Correlations and Simulations in Polymer Science 553 13.1 Group-Contribution Methods 554 13.2 Topological Indices 574 13.3 Artificial Neural Network 578 13.4 Molecular Simulations 581 13.5 Applications of Molecular Simulations 591 Suggested Reading 611 Problems 612 References 612 Appendix A: Polymer Abbreviations 617 Appendix B Representative Properties of Some Important Commercial Polymers 621 Appendix C ASTM Standards for Plastics and Rubber 623 Appendix D SI Units and Physical Constants 627 Appendix E Mathematical Relationships 629 Appendix F The Major Elements 635 Index 637.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
The Definitive Guide to Polymer Principles, Properties, Synthesis, Applications, and Simulations Now fully revised, Polymer Science and Technology, Third Edition, systematically reviews the field's current state and emerging advances. Leading polymer specialist Joel R. Fried offers modern coverage of both processing principles and applications in multiple industries, including medicine, biotechnology, chemicals, and electronics. This edition's new and expanded coverage ranges from advanced synthesis to the latest drug delivery applications. New topics include controlled radical polymerization, click chemistry, green chemistry, block copolymers, nanofillers, electrospinning, and more. A brand-new chapter offers extensive guidance for predicting polymer properties, including additional coverage of group correlations, and new discussions of the use of topological indices and neural networks. This is also the first introductory polymer text to fully explain computational polymer science, including molecular dynamics and Monte Carlo methods. Simulation concepts are supported with many application examples, ranging from prediction of PVT values to permeability and free volume. Fried thoroughly covers synthetic polymer chemistry; polymer properties in solution and in melt, rubber, and solid states; and all important categories of plastics. This revised edition also adds many new calculations, end-of-chapter problems, and references. In-depth coverage includes * Polymer synthesis: step- and chain-growth; bulk, solution, suspension, emulsion, solid-state, and plasma; ionic liquids, and macromers; and genetic engineering * Amorphous and crystalline states, transitions, mechanical properties, and solid-state characterization * Polymers and the environment: degradation, stability, and more * Additives, blends, block copolymers, and composites-including interpenetrating networks, nanocomposites, buckyballs, carbon nanotubes, graphene, and POSS * Biopolymers, natural polymers, fibers, thermoplastics, elastomers, and thermosets * Engineering and specialty polymers, from polycarbonates to ionic polymers and high-performance fibers * Polymer rheology, processing, and modeling * Correlations and simulations: group contribution, topological indices, artificial neural networks, molecular dynamics, and Monte Carlo simulations.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Status of items at Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain) Status
Stacks
QD381 .F73 2014 Unknown
Book
xiv, 292 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 24 cm.
This book provides a comprehensive approach to the surface analysis of polymers of technological interest by means of modern analytical techniques. Case studies are critically discussed by experts in the field. This book is aimed at graduate students but also at newcomers to the field of surface characterization and chemical analysis but also generally interested in polymeric materials.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
This book provides a comprehensive approach to the surface analysis of polymers of technological interest by means of modern analytical techniques. Case studies are critically discussed by experts in the field. This book is aimed at graduate students but also at newcomers to the field of surface characterization and chemical analysis but also generally interested in polymeric materials.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Status of items at Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain) Status
Stacks
QD381.9 .S97 P63 2014 Unknown
Book
xiv, 305 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
  • 1. Introduction to conjugated polymers -- 2. PI-electron theories of conjugated polymers -- 3. Noninteracting electrons -- 4. Electron-nuclear coupling I: Noninteracting electrons -- 5. Interacting electrons -- 6. Excitons in conjugated polymers -- 7. Electron-nuclear coupling II: Interacting electrons -- 8. Linear polyenes and trans-polyacetylene -- 9. Light emitting polymers -- 10. Exciton localization in disordered polymers -- 11. Optical processes in conjugated polymers -- 12. Excitonic processes in conjugated polymers -- 13. Epilogue -- Appendix A: Dirac bra-ket operator representation of one-particle Hamiltonians -- Appendix B: Electron-hole symmetry and average occupation number -- Appendix C: Single-particle eigensolutions of a periodic polymer chain -- Appendix D: The Holstein model -- Appendix E: Derivation of the effective-particle Schrodinger equation -- Appendix F: Hydrogenic solutions of the effective-particle exciton models -- Appendix G: Valence-bond description of benzene -- Appendix H: Derivation of the Frenkel exciton Hamiltonian -- Appendix I: Evaluation of the electronic transition dipole moments -- Appendix J: Spin-orbit coupling in PI-conjugated polymers -- Appendix K: Derivation of the line dipole approximation -- Appendix L: Direct configuration interaction-singles calculations -- Appendix M: Density matrix renormalization group method.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Conjugated polymers have important technological applications, including solar cells and light emitting devices. They are also active components in many important biological processes. In recent years there have been significant advances in our understanding of these systems, owing to both improved experimental measurements and the development of advanced computational techniques. The aim of this book is to describe and explain the electronic and optical properties of conjugated polymers. It focuses on the three key roles of electron-electron interactions, electron-nuclear coupling, and disorder in determining the character of the electronic states, and it relates these properties to experimental observations in real systems. A number of important optical and electronic processes in conjugated polymers are also described. The second edition has a more extended discussion of excitons in conjugated polymers. There is also a new chapter on the static and dynamical localization of excitons.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
  • 1. Introduction to conjugated polymers -- 2. PI-electron theories of conjugated polymers -- 3. Noninteracting electrons -- 4. Electron-nuclear coupling I: Noninteracting electrons -- 5. Interacting electrons -- 6. Excitons in conjugated polymers -- 7. Electron-nuclear coupling II: Interacting electrons -- 8. Linear polyenes and trans-polyacetylene -- 9. Light emitting polymers -- 10. Exciton localization in disordered polymers -- 11. Optical processes in conjugated polymers -- 12. Excitonic processes in conjugated polymers -- 13. Epilogue -- Appendix A: Dirac bra-ket operator representation of one-particle Hamiltonians -- Appendix B: Electron-hole symmetry and average occupation number -- Appendix C: Single-particle eigensolutions of a periodic polymer chain -- Appendix D: The Holstein model -- Appendix E: Derivation of the effective-particle Schrodinger equation -- Appendix F: Hydrogenic solutions of the effective-particle exciton models -- Appendix G: Valence-bond description of benzene -- Appendix H: Derivation of the Frenkel exciton Hamiltonian -- Appendix I: Evaluation of the electronic transition dipole moments -- Appendix J: Spin-orbit coupling in PI-conjugated polymers -- Appendix K: Derivation of the line dipole approximation -- Appendix L: Direct configuration interaction-singles calculations -- Appendix M: Density matrix renormalization group method.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Conjugated polymers have important technological applications, including solar cells and light emitting devices. They are also active components in many important biological processes. In recent years there have been significant advances in our understanding of these systems, owing to both improved experimental measurements and the development of advanced computational techniques. The aim of this book is to describe and explain the electronic and optical properties of conjugated polymers. It focuses on the three key roles of electron-electron interactions, electron-nuclear coupling, and disorder in determining the character of the electronic states, and it relates these properties to experimental observations in real systems. A number of important optical and electronic processes in conjugated polymers are also described. The second edition has a more extended discussion of excitons in conjugated polymers. There is also a new chapter on the static and dynamical localization of excitons.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
dx.doi.org Oxford Scholarship Online
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Status of items at Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain) Status
Stacks
QD381.9 .E38 B37 2013 Unknown
Book
xvi, 383 p. : ill. ; 27 cm
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Status of items at Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain) Status
Stacks
QD382 .I43 H36 2013 Unknown
Book
xxiv, 530 p. : ill. ; 26 cm.
  • Introduction to Polymers History of Polymers Why Polymers? Today's Marketplace Environmental Assessment Managing Sustainability General Encyclopedias and Dictionaries Polymer Structure (Morphology) Stereochemistry of Polymers Molecular Interactions Polymer Crystals Amorphous Bulk State Polymer Structure-Property Relationships Crystalline and Amorphous Combinations Crosslinking Molecular Weight of Polymers Introduction Solubility Average Molecular Weight Values Fractionation of Polydisperse Systems Chromatography Colligative Molecular Weights Light-Scattering Photometry Other Techniques Viscometry Naturally Occurring Polymers Polysaccharides Cellulose Cellulose-Regenerating Processes Esters and Ethers of Cellulose Starch Other Polysaccharides Proteins Nucleic Acids Naturally Occurring Polyisoprenes and Other Synthetic Elastomers Lignin Melanins Polymer Structure Genetic Engineering DNA Profiling Asphalt Step-Reaction Polymerization (Polycondensation Reactions) Comparison between Polymer Type and Kinetics of Polymerization Introduction Stepwise Kinetics Polycondensation Mechanisms Polyesters and Polycarbonates Synthetic Polyamides Polyimides Polybenzimidazoles and Related Polymers Polyurethanes and Polyureas Polysulfides Polyethers Polysulfones Poly(Ether Ether Ketone) and Polyketones Phenolic and Amino Plastics Synthetic Routes Liquid Crystals Microfibers Ionic Chain-Reaction and Complex Coordination Polymerization (Addition Polymerization) Cationic Polymerization Anionic Polymerization Stereoregularity and Stereogeometry Polymerization with Complex Coordination Catalysts Soluble Stereoregulating Catalysis Polyethylenes Polypropylene Polymers from 1,4-Dienes Polyisobutylene Metathesis Reactions Zwitterionic Polymerization Isomerization Polymerization Precipitation Polymerization Free Radical Chain Polymerization (Addition Polymerization) Initiators for Free Radical Chain Polymerization Mechanism for Free Radical Chain Polymerization Chain Transfer Polymerization Techniques Fluorine-Containing Polymers Polystyrene Poly(Vinyl Chloride) Poly(Methyl Methacrylate) Polyacrylonitrile Solid-State Irradiation Polymerization Plasma Polymerizations Copolymerization Kinetics of Copolymerization The Q-e Scheme Commercial Copolymers Block Copolymers Graft Copolymers Elastomers Blends Polymer Mixtures: IPNS and Alloys Dendrites Ionomers Fluoroelastomers Nitrile Rubber Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene Terpolymers EPDM Rubber Organometallic and Metalloid Polymers Introduction Inorganic Reaction Mechanisms Condensation Organometallic Polymers Coordination Polymers Addition Polymers Inorganic Polymers Introduction Portland Cement Other Cements Silicates Silicon Dioxide (Amorphous) Sol-Gel Silicon Dioxide (Crystalline Forms): Quartz Forms Silicon Dioxide in Electronic Chips Asbestos Fly Ash and Aluminosilicates Polymeric Carbon: Diamond Polymeric Carbon: Graphite Internal Cyclization: Carbon Fibers and Related Materials Carbon Nanotubes Bitumens Carbon Black Polysulfur Ceramics High-Temperature Superconductors Zeolites Reactions of Polymers Reactions with Polyolefins and Polyenes Reactions of Aromatic and Aliphatic Pendant Groups Degradation Cross-Linking Reactivities of End Groups Supramolecules and Self-Assembly Transfer and Retention of Oxygen Nature's Macromolecular Catalysts Photosynthesis Mechanisms of Energy Physical Absorption Breakage of Polymeric Materials Testing and Spectrometric Characterization of Polymers Spectronic Characterization of Polymers Surface Characterization Amorphous Region Determinations Thermal Analysis Thermal Property Tests Flammability Electrical Properties: Theory Electric Measurements Weatherability Optical Properties Tests Chemical Resistance Rheology and Physical Tests Rheology Typical Stress-Strain Behavior Stress-Strain Relationships Specific Physical Tests Additives Fillers Reinforcements Nanocomposites Plasticizers Antioxidants Heat Stabilizers Ultraviolet Stabilizers Flame Retardants Colorants Curing Agents Antistatic Agents: Antistats Chemical Blowing Agents Compatibilizers Impact Modifiers Processing Aids Lubricants Microorganism Inhibitors Synthesis of Reactants and Intermediates for Polymers Monomer Synthesis from Basic Feedstocks Reactants for Step-Reaction Polymerization Synthesis of Vinyl Monomers Polymer Technology Polymer Processing Secondary Structures: Mesophases Fibers Elastomers Films and Sheets Polymeric Foams Reinforced Plastics (Composites) and Laminates Molding Casting Extrusion Coatings Adhesives Conductive Polymeric Materials Drug Design and Activity Synthetic Biomedical Polymers Dental Materials Emerging Polymers Green Materials Appendices Structures of Common Polymers Symbols Comments on Health and Toxicological Aspects of Polymers ISO 9000 and 14000 Web Resources.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Continuing the tradition of its previous editions, the third edition of Introduction to Polymer Chemistry provides a well-rounded presentation of the principles and applications of natural, synthetic, inorganic, and organic polymers. With an emphasis on the environment and green chemistry and materials, this third edition offers detailed coverage of natural and synthetic giant molecules, inorganic and organic polymers, biomacromolecules, elastomers, adhesives, coatings, fibers, plastics, blends, caulks, composites, and ceramics. Using simple fundamentals, the book demonstrates how the basic principles of one polymer group can be applied to all of the other groups. It covers reactivities, synthesis and polymerization reactions, techniques for characterization and analysis, energy absorption and thermal conductivity, physical and optical properties, and practical applications. This edition addresses environmental concerns and green polymeric materials, including biodegradable polymers and microorganisms for synthesizing materials. Case studies woven within the text illustrate various developments and the societal and scientific contexts in which these changes occurred. Now including new material on environmental science, Introduction to Polymer Chemistry, Third Edition remains the premier book for understanding the behavior of polymers. Building on undergraduate work in foundational courses, the text fulfills the American Chemical Society Committee on Professional Training (ACS CPT) in-depth course requirement.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
  • Introduction to Polymers History of Polymers Why Polymers? Today's Marketplace Environmental Assessment Managing Sustainability General Encyclopedias and Dictionaries Polymer Structure (Morphology) Stereochemistry of Polymers Molecular Interactions Polymer Crystals Amorphous Bulk State Polymer Structure-Property Relationships Crystalline and Amorphous Combinations Crosslinking Molecular Weight of Polymers Introduction Solubility Average Molecular Weight Values Fractionation of Polydisperse Systems Chromatography Colligative Molecular Weights Light-Scattering Photometry Other Techniques Viscometry Naturally Occurring Polymers Polysaccharides Cellulose Cellulose-Regenerating Processes Esters and Ethers of Cellulose Starch Other Polysaccharides Proteins Nucleic Acids Naturally Occurring Polyisoprenes and Other Synthetic Elastomers Lignin Melanins Polymer Structure Genetic Engineering DNA Profiling Asphalt Step-Reaction Polymerization (Polycondensation Reactions) Comparison between Polymer Type and Kinetics of Polymerization Introduction Stepwise Kinetics Polycondensation Mechanisms Polyesters and Polycarbonates Synthetic Polyamides Polyimides Polybenzimidazoles and Related Polymers Polyurethanes and Polyureas Polysulfides Polyethers Polysulfones Poly(Ether Ether Ketone) and Polyketones Phenolic and Amino Plastics Synthetic Routes Liquid Crystals Microfibers Ionic Chain-Reaction and Complex Coordination Polymerization (Addition Polymerization) Cationic Polymerization Anionic Polymerization Stereoregularity and Stereogeometry Polymerization with Complex Coordination Catalysts Soluble Stereoregulating Catalysis Polyethylenes Polypropylene Polymers from 1,4-Dienes Polyisobutylene Metathesis Reactions Zwitterionic Polymerization Isomerization Polymerization Precipitation Polymerization Free Radical Chain Polymerization (Addition Polymerization) Initiators for Free Radical Chain Polymerization Mechanism for Free Radical Chain Polymerization Chain Transfer Polymerization Techniques Fluorine-Containing Polymers Polystyrene Poly(Vinyl Chloride) Poly(Methyl Methacrylate) Polyacrylonitrile Solid-State Irradiation Polymerization Plasma Polymerizations Copolymerization Kinetics of Copolymerization The Q-e Scheme Commercial Copolymers Block Copolymers Graft Copolymers Elastomers Blends Polymer Mixtures: IPNS and Alloys Dendrites Ionomers Fluoroelastomers Nitrile Rubber Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene Terpolymers EPDM Rubber Organometallic and Metalloid Polymers Introduction Inorganic Reaction Mechanisms Condensation Organometallic Polymers Coordination Polymers Addition Polymers Inorganic Polymers Introduction Portland Cement Other Cements Silicates Silicon Dioxide (Amorphous) Sol-Gel Silicon Dioxide (Crystalline Forms): Quartz Forms Silicon Dioxide in Electronic Chips Asbestos Fly Ash and Aluminosilicates Polymeric Carbon: Diamond Polymeric Carbon: Graphite Internal Cyclization: Carbon Fibers and Related Materials Carbon Nanotubes Bitumens Carbon Black Polysulfur Ceramics High-Temperature Superconductors Zeolites Reactions of Polymers Reactions with Polyolefins and Polyenes Reactions of Aromatic and Aliphatic Pendant Groups Degradation Cross-Linking Reactivities of End Groups Supramolecules and Self-Assembly Transfer and Retention of Oxygen Nature's Macromolecular Catalysts Photosynthesis Mechanisms of Energy Physical Absorption Breakage of Polymeric Materials Testing and Spectrometric Characterization of Polymers Spectronic Characterization of Polymers Surface Characterization Amorphous Region Determinations Thermal Analysis Thermal Property Tests Flammability Electrical Properties: Theory Electric Measurements Weatherability Optical Properties Tests Chemical Resistance Rheology and Physical Tests Rheology Typical Stress-Strain Behavior Stress-Strain Relationships Specific Physical Tests Additives Fillers Reinforcements Nanocomposites Plasticizers Antioxidants Heat Stabilizers Ultraviolet Stabilizers Flame Retardants Colorants Curing Agents Antistatic Agents: Antistats Chemical Blowing Agents Compatibilizers Impact Modifiers Processing Aids Lubricants Microorganism Inhibitors Synthesis of Reactants and Intermediates for Polymers Monomer Synthesis from Basic Feedstocks Reactants for Step-Reaction Polymerization Synthesis of Vinyl Monomers Polymer Technology Polymer Processing Secondary Structures: Mesophases Fibers Elastomers Films and Sheets Polymeric Foams Reinforced Plastics (Composites) and Laminates Molding Casting Extrusion Coatings Adhesives Conductive Polymeric Materials Drug Design and Activity Synthetic Biomedical Polymers Dental Materials Emerging Polymers Green Materials Appendices Structures of Common Polymers Symbols Comments on Health and Toxicological Aspects of Polymers ISO 9000 and 14000 Web Resources.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Continuing the tradition of its previous editions, the third edition of Introduction to Polymer Chemistry provides a well-rounded presentation of the principles and applications of natural, synthetic, inorganic, and organic polymers. With an emphasis on the environment and green chemistry and materials, this third edition offers detailed coverage of natural and synthetic giant molecules, inorganic and organic polymers, biomacromolecules, elastomers, adhesives, coatings, fibers, plastics, blends, caulks, composites, and ceramics. Using simple fundamentals, the book demonstrates how the basic principles of one polymer group can be applied to all of the other groups. It covers reactivities, synthesis and polymerization reactions, techniques for characterization and analysis, energy absorption and thermal conductivity, physical and optical properties, and practical applications. This edition addresses environmental concerns and green polymeric materials, including biodegradable polymers and microorganisms for synthesizing materials. Case studies woven within the text illustrate various developments and the societal and scientific contexts in which these changes occurred. Now including new material on environmental science, Introduction to Polymer Chemistry, Third Edition remains the premier book for understanding the behavior of polymers. Building on undergraduate work in foundational courses, the text fulfills the American Chemical Society Committee on Professional Training (ACS CPT) in-depth course requirement.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Status of items at Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain) Status
Stacks
QD381 .C37 2013 Unknown
Book
xxi, 748 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm.
  • Introductory Concepts Basic Definitions Polymerization and Functionality Polymerization Processes Molecular Architecture Classification of Polymers Plastics, Fibers, and Elastomers Polymer Nomenclature References Exercises Chain Dimensions, Structures, and Transitional Phenomena Introduction PolymerChains: Structures and Dimensions Constitutional and Configurational Isomerism Crystallinity in Polymers Thermal Transitions in Polymers Regions of Viscoelastic Behavior Factors Affecting Tg Factors Affecting Tm Relation Between Tm and Tg Theoretical Treatment of Glass Transition Chain Movements in Amorphous State Thermodynamics of Rubber Elasticity References Exercises Polymers in Solution Introduction Phase Equilibria in Poor Solvents Solubility Behavior of Polymers Swelling of Crosslinked Polymers Frictional Properties of Polymer Molecules in Dilute Solution References Exercises Polymer Molecular Weights Introduction Molecular Weight Averages Molecular Weights in Terms of Moments Molecular Weight Determination References Exercises Condensation (Step-Growth) Polymerization Introduction Rates of Polycondensation Reactions Number-Average Degree of Polymerization Control of Molecular Weight Molecular Weight Distribution (MWD) Nonlinear Step Polymerization Recursive Approach for Average Properties Polycondensation of AxB Monomers References Exercises Free Radical Polymerization Introduction Scheme of Radical Chain Polymerization Experimental Determination of Rp : Dilatometry Methods of Initiation Dead-End Polymerization Determination of Absolute Rate Constants Chain Length and Degree of Polymerization Chain Transfer Deviations from Ideal Kinetics Inhibition/Retardation of Polymerization Effects of Temperature Molecular Weight Distribution Polymerization Processes Living Radical Polymerization References Exercises Chain Copolymerization Introduction Binary Copolymer Composition - Terminal Model Multicomponent Copolymerization: Terpolymerization Deviations from Terminal Model Copolymerization and Crosslinking Block and Graft Copolymerization Reference Exercises Ionic Chain Polymerization Introduction Ionic Polymerizability of Monomers Anionic Polymerization Anionic Copolymerization Cationic Polymerization References Exercises Coordination Addition Polymerization Introduction Ziegler-Natta Catalysts Mechanism of Ziegler-Natta Polymerization Kinetics of Ziegler-Natta Polymerization Supported Metal Oxide Catalysts Ziegler-Natta Copolymerization Metallocene-Based Ziegler-Natta Catalysts Immobilized Metallocene Catalysts Oscillating Metallocene Catalysts References Exercises Ring-Opening Polymerization Introduction Polymerization Mechanism and Kinetics References Exercises Living/Controlled Radical Polymerization Introduction Stable Free Radical Polymerization Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization (ATRP) Degenerative Chain Transfer Reversible Addition-Fragmentation Chain Transfer References Exercises Polymer Synthesis by Click Chemistry Introduction Copper-Catalyzed Azide-Alkyne Cycloaddition Strain-Promoted Azide-Alkyne Coupling Diels-Alder Click Reactions Thiol-Ene Reactions References Exercises Appendix A Conversion of Units Appendix B Fundamental Constants Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Industry and academia remain fascinated with the diverse properties and applications of polymers. However, most introductory books on this enormous and important field do not stress practical problem solving or include recent advances, which are critical for the modern polymer scientist-to-be. Updating the popular first edition of "the polymer book for the new millennium, " Introduction to Polymer Science and Chemistry: A Problem-Solving Approach, Second Edition seamlessly integrates exploration of the fundamentals of polymer science and polymer chemistry. See What's New in the Second Edition: * Chapter on living/controlled radical polymerization, using a unique problem-solving approach * Chapter on polymer synthesis by "click" chemistry, using a unique problem-solving approach * Relevant and practical work-out problems and case studies * Examples of novel methods of synthesis of complex polymer molecules by exciting new techniques * Figures and schematics of the novel synthetic pathways described in the new examples Author Manas Chanda takes an innovative problem-solving approach in which the text presents worked-out problems or questions with answers at every step of the development of a new theory or concept, ensuring a better grasp of the subject and scope for self study. Containing 286 text-embedded solved problems and 277 end-of-chapter home-study problems (fully answered separately in a Solutions Manual), the book provides a comprehensive understanding of the subject. These features and more set this book apart from other currently available polymer chemistry texts.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
  • Introductory Concepts Basic Definitions Polymerization and Functionality Polymerization Processes Molecular Architecture Classification of Polymers Plastics, Fibers, and Elastomers Polymer Nomenclature References Exercises Chain Dimensions, Structures, and Transitional Phenomena Introduction PolymerChains: Structures and Dimensions Constitutional and Configurational Isomerism Crystallinity in Polymers Thermal Transitions in Polymers Regions of Viscoelastic Behavior Factors Affecting Tg Factors Affecting Tm Relation Between Tm and Tg Theoretical Treatment of Glass Transition Chain Movements in Amorphous State Thermodynamics of Rubber Elasticity References Exercises Polymers in Solution Introduction Phase Equilibria in Poor Solvents Solubility Behavior of Polymers Swelling of Crosslinked Polymers Frictional Properties of Polymer Molecules in Dilute Solution References Exercises Polymer Molecular Weights Introduction Molecular Weight Averages Molecular Weights in Terms of Moments Molecular Weight Determination References Exercises Condensation (Step-Growth) Polymerization Introduction Rates of Polycondensation Reactions Number-Average Degree of Polymerization Control of Molecular Weight Molecular Weight Distribution (MWD) Nonlinear Step Polymerization Recursive Approach for Average Properties Polycondensation of AxB Monomers References Exercises Free Radical Polymerization Introduction Scheme of Radical Chain Polymerization Experimental Determination of Rp : Dilatometry Methods of Initiation Dead-End Polymerization Determination of Absolute Rate Constants Chain Length and Degree of Polymerization Chain Transfer Deviations from Ideal Kinetics Inhibition/Retardation of Polymerization Effects of Temperature Molecular Weight Distribution Polymerization Processes Living Radical Polymerization References Exercises Chain Copolymerization Introduction Binary Copolymer Composition - Terminal Model Multicomponent Copolymerization: Terpolymerization Deviations from Terminal Model Copolymerization and Crosslinking Block and Graft Copolymerization Reference Exercises Ionic Chain Polymerization Introduction Ionic Polymerizability of Monomers Anionic Polymerization Anionic Copolymerization Cationic Polymerization References Exercises Coordination Addition Polymerization Introduction Ziegler-Natta Catalysts Mechanism of Ziegler-Natta Polymerization Kinetics of Ziegler-Natta Polymerization Supported Metal Oxide Catalysts Ziegler-Natta Copolymerization Metallocene-Based Ziegler-Natta Catalysts Immobilized Metallocene Catalysts Oscillating Metallocene Catalysts References Exercises Ring-Opening Polymerization Introduction Polymerization Mechanism and Kinetics References Exercises Living/Controlled Radical Polymerization Introduction Stable Free Radical Polymerization Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization (ATRP) Degenerative Chain Transfer Reversible Addition-Fragmentation Chain Transfer References Exercises Polymer Synthesis by Click Chemistry Introduction Copper-Catalyzed Azide-Alkyne Cycloaddition Strain-Promoted Azide-Alkyne Coupling Diels-Alder Click Reactions Thiol-Ene Reactions References Exercises Appendix A Conversion of Units Appendix B Fundamental Constants Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Industry and academia remain fascinated with the diverse properties and applications of polymers. However, most introductory books on this enormous and important field do not stress practical problem solving or include recent advances, which are critical for the modern polymer scientist-to-be. Updating the popular first edition of "the polymer book for the new millennium, " Introduction to Polymer Science and Chemistry: A Problem-Solving Approach, Second Edition seamlessly integrates exploration of the fundamentals of polymer science and polymer chemistry. See What's New in the Second Edition: * Chapter on living/controlled radical polymerization, using a unique problem-solving approach * Chapter on polymer synthesis by "click" chemistry, using a unique problem-solving approach * Relevant and practical work-out problems and case studies * Examples of novel methods of synthesis of complex polymer molecules by exciting new techniques * Figures and schematics of the novel synthetic pathways described in the new examples Author Manas Chanda takes an innovative problem-solving approach in which the text presents worked-out problems or questions with answers at every step of the development of a new theory or concept, ensuring a better grasp of the subject and scope for self study. Containing 286 text-embedded solved problems and 277 end-of-chapter home-study problems (fully answered separately in a Solutions Manual), the book provides a comprehensive understanding of the subject. These features and more set this book apart from other currently available polymer chemistry texts.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Status of items at Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain) Status
Stacks
QD381 .C473 2013 Unknown
Book
xxxvii, 214 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm
  • 1. Introduction: 1.1. Practical background-- 1.2. A 'microstructural' discussion of the phenomena of drying of moist porous materials-- 1.3. The reaction engineering approach (REA) to modeling drying-- 1.4. Summary-- 2. Reaction Engineering Approach I: Lumped-REA: 2.1. The REA formulation-- 2.2. Determination of REA model parameters-- 2.3. Coupling the momentum, heat and mass balances-- 2.4. Mass or heat transfer limiting-- 2.5. Convective drying of particulates or thin layer products modeled using the L-REA-- 2.6. Convective drying of thick samples modeled using the L-REA-- 2.7. The intermittent drying of food materials modeled using the L-REA-- 2.8. The intermittent drying under time-varying temperature and humidity modeled using the L-REA-- 2.9. The heating of wood under linear-increased gas temperature modeled using the L-REA-- 2.10. The baking of cake modeled using the L-REA-- 2.11. The infrared-heating drying of a mixture of polymer solution under time-varying infrared-heating intensity modeled using the L-REA-- 2.12. The intermittent drying of a mixture of polymer solution under time-varying infrared-heating intensity modeled using the L-REA-- 2.13. Summary-- 3. Reaction Engineering Approach II: Spatial-REA: 3.1. The spatial reaction engineering approach (S-REA) formulation-- 3.2. Determination of the S-REA parameters-- 3.3. The S-REA for convective drying-- 3.4. The S-REA for intermittent drying-- 3.5. The S-REA for wood heating under constant heating rate-- 3.6. The S-REA for baking of bread-- 3.7. Summary-- 4. Comparisons of the REA with Fickian-Type Drying Theories, Luikov's and Whitaker's approach: 4.1. Model formulation-- 4.2. Boundary conditions' controversies-- 4.3. Diffusion-based model with the local evaporation rate-- 4.4. Comparison of the diffusion-based model and the L-REA on the convective drying-- 4.5. Comparison of the diffusion-based model and the S-REA on the convective drying-- 4.6. Model formulation of Luikov's approach-- 4.7. Model formulation of Whitaker's approach-- 4.8. Comparison of the L-REA, Luikov's and Whitaker's approach for modeling heat treatment of wood under constant heating rate-- 4.9. Comparison of the S-REA, Luikov's and Whitaker's approach for modeling heat treatment of wood under constant heating rate-- 4.10. Summary.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
This comprehensive summary of the state of the art and the ideas behind the reaction engineering approach (REA) to drying processes is an ideal resource for researchers, academics and industry practitioners. Starting with the formulation, modelling and applications of the lumped-REA, it goes on to detail the use of the REA to describe local evaporation and condensation, and its coupling with equations of conservation of heat and mass transfer, called the spatial-REA, to model non-equilibrium multiphase drying. Finally, it summarises other established drying models, discussing their features, limitations and comparisons with the REA. Application examples featured throughout help fine-tune the models and implement them for process design and the evaluation of existing drying processes and product quality during drying. Further uses of the principles of REA are demonstrated, including computational fluid dynamics-based modelling, and further expanded to model other simultaneous heat and mass transfer processes.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
  • 1. Introduction: 1.1. Practical background-- 1.2. A 'microstructural' discussion of the phenomena of drying of moist porous materials-- 1.3. The reaction engineering approach (REA) to modeling drying-- 1.4. Summary-- 2. Reaction Engineering Approach I: Lumped-REA: 2.1. The REA formulation-- 2.2. Determination of REA model parameters-- 2.3. Coupling the momentum, heat and mass balances-- 2.4. Mass or heat transfer limiting-- 2.5. Convective drying of particulates or thin layer products modeled using the L-REA-- 2.6. Convective drying of thick samples modeled using the L-REA-- 2.7. The intermittent drying of food materials modeled using the L-REA-- 2.8. The intermittent drying under time-varying temperature and humidity modeled using the L-REA-- 2.9. The heating of wood under linear-increased gas temperature modeled using the L-REA-- 2.10. The baking of cake modeled using the L-REA-- 2.11. The infrared-heating drying of a mixture of polymer solution under time-varying infrared-heating intensity modeled using the L-REA-- 2.12. The intermittent drying of a mixture of polymer solution under time-varying infrared-heating intensity modeled using the L-REA-- 2.13. Summary-- 3. Reaction Engineering Approach II: Spatial-REA: 3.1. The spatial reaction engineering approach (S-REA) formulation-- 3.2. Determination of the S-REA parameters-- 3.3. The S-REA for convective drying-- 3.4. The S-REA for intermittent drying-- 3.5. The S-REA for wood heating under constant heating rate-- 3.6. The S-REA for baking of bread-- 3.7. Summary-- 4. Comparisons of the REA with Fickian-Type Drying Theories, Luikov's and Whitaker's approach: 4.1. Model formulation-- 4.2. Boundary conditions' controversies-- 4.3. Diffusion-based model with the local evaporation rate-- 4.4. Comparison of the diffusion-based model and the L-REA on the convective drying-- 4.5. Comparison of the diffusion-based model and the S-REA on the convective drying-- 4.6. Model formulation of Luikov's approach-- 4.7. Model formulation of Whitaker's approach-- 4.8. Comparison of the L-REA, Luikov's and Whitaker's approach for modeling heat treatment of wood under constant heating rate-- 4.9. Comparison of the S-REA, Luikov's and Whitaker's approach for modeling heat treatment of wood under constant heating rate-- 4.10. Summary.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
This comprehensive summary of the state of the art and the ideas behind the reaction engineering approach (REA) to drying processes is an ideal resource for researchers, academics and industry practitioners. Starting with the formulation, modelling and applications of the lumped-REA, it goes on to detail the use of the REA to describe local evaporation and condensation, and its coupling with equations of conservation of heat and mass transfer, called the spatial-REA, to model non-equilibrium multiphase drying. Finally, it summarises other established drying models, discussing their features, limitations and comparisons with the REA. Application examples featured throughout help fine-tune the models and implement them for process design and the evaluation of existing drying processes and product quality during drying. Further uses of the principles of REA are demonstrated, including computational fluid dynamics-based modelling, and further expanded to model other simultaneous heat and mass transfer processes.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Status of items at Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain) Status
Stacks
TP363 .C528 2013 Unknown
Book
xii, 277 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 24 cm
  • New Frontiers in Molecular Imprinting: from Micro- to Nano-Fafrication Synthetic Chemistry in Molecular Imprinting Rational Molecularly Imprinted Polymer Design: Theoretical and Computational Strategies Application of Controlled/"Living" Radical Polymerization Techniques in Molecular Imprinting Molecularly Imprinted Nanoparticles Molecularly Imprinted Nano- and Micro-Structures by Electrospinning Molecular Monolayers, Thin Films and Membranes.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Molecular imprinting is one of the most efficient methods to fabricate functional polymer structures with pre-defined molecular recognition selectivity. Molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) have been used as antibody and enzyme mimics in a large number of applications. The outstanding stability and straightforward preparation make MIPs ideal substitutes for biologically derived molecular recognition materials, especially for development of affinity separation systems, chemical sensors and high selectivity catalysts. New MIP materials are being increasingly applied to solve challenging problems in environmental sciences, food safety control, biotechnology and medical diagnostics. Development in molecular imprinting research over the past decade has enabled tailor-designed molecular recognition sites to be created in synthetic materials with physical dimensions in the micro- and nano-regime. The new breakthroughs in MIP synthesis/fabrication have brought in many unprecedented functions of the micro- and nano-structured polymers. The aim of this review volume is to introduce to the readers the new developments in molecularly imprinted micro- and nano-structures, and the new applications that have been made possible with the new generation of imprinted materials.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
  • New Frontiers in Molecular Imprinting: from Micro- to Nano-Fafrication Synthetic Chemistry in Molecular Imprinting Rational Molecularly Imprinted Polymer Design: Theoretical and Computational Strategies Application of Controlled/"Living" Radical Polymerization Techniques in Molecular Imprinting Molecularly Imprinted Nanoparticles Molecularly Imprinted Nano- and Micro-Structures by Electrospinning Molecular Monolayers, Thin Films and Membranes.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Molecular imprinting is one of the most efficient methods to fabricate functional polymer structures with pre-defined molecular recognition selectivity. Molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) have been used as antibody and enzyme mimics in a large number of applications. The outstanding stability and straightforward preparation make MIPs ideal substitutes for biologically derived molecular recognition materials, especially for development of affinity separation systems, chemical sensors and high selectivity catalysts. New MIP materials are being increasingly applied to solve challenging problems in environmental sciences, food safety control, biotechnology and medical diagnostics. Development in molecular imprinting research over the past decade has enabled tailor-designed molecular recognition sites to be created in synthetic materials with physical dimensions in the micro- and nano-regime. The new breakthroughs in MIP synthesis/fabrication have brought in many unprecedented functions of the micro- and nano-structured polymers. The aim of this review volume is to introduce to the readers the new developments in molecularly imprinted micro- and nano-structures, and the new applications that have been made possible with the new generation of imprinted materials.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Status of items at Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain) Status
Stacks
QD382 .I43 M66 2013 Unknown
Book
vii, 356 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm
  • 1. Introduction-- 2. Techniques for the characterisation of physical gels-- 3. The sol-gel transition-- 4. General properties of polymer networks-- 5. Ionic gels-- 6. Hydrophobically associated networks-- 7. Helical structures from neutral biopolymers-- 8. Gelation through phase transformation in synthetic and natural polymers-- 9. Colloidal gels from proteins and peptides-- 10. Mixed gels-- 11. Innovative systems and applications.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Presenting a unique perspective on state-of-the-art physical gels, this interdisciplinary guide provides a complete, critical analysis of the field and highlights recent developments. It shows the interconnections between the key aspects of gels, from molecules and structure through to rheological and functional properties, with each chapter focusing on a different class of gel. There is also a final chapter covering innovative systems and applications, providing the information needed to understand current and future practical applications of gels in the pharmaceutical, agricultural, cosmetic, chemical and food industries. Many research teams are involved in the field of gels, including theoreticians, experimentalists and chemical engineers, but this interdisciplinary book collates and rationalises the many different points of view to provide a clear understanding of these complex systems for researchers and graduate students.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
  • 1. Introduction-- 2. Techniques for the characterisation of physical gels-- 3. The sol-gel transition-- 4. General properties of polymer networks-- 5. Ionic gels-- 6. Hydrophobically associated networks-- 7. Helical structures from neutral biopolymers-- 8. Gelation through phase transformation in synthetic and natural polymers-- 9. Colloidal gels from proteins and peptides-- 10. Mixed gels-- 11. Innovative systems and applications.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Presenting a unique perspective on state-of-the-art physical gels, this interdisciplinary guide provides a complete, critical analysis of the field and highlights recent developments. It shows the interconnections between the key aspects of gels, from molecules and structure through to rheological and functional properties, with each chapter focusing on a different class of gel. There is also a final chapter covering innovative systems and applications, providing the information needed to understand current and future practical applications of gels in the pharmaceutical, agricultural, cosmetic, chemical and food industries. Many research teams are involved in the field of gels, including theoreticians, experimentalists and chemical engineers, but this interdisciplinary book collates and rationalises the many different points of view to provide a clear understanding of these complex systems for researchers and graduate students.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Status of items at Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain) Status
Stacks
QD549.2 .P64 D56 2013 Unknown
Book
xiii, 184 p. : ill. ; 23 cm.
  • PolymerChemistry-- Polymerisation Reactions-- Polymer Structure-- Crosslinking-- PolymerSolutions-- Methods of Determining Relative MolarMass-- Mechanical Properties of Polymers-- PolymerDegradation-- Dendrimers-- Special Topics in Polymer Chemistry-- Polymers and the Environment--.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
This updated new edition of the well established and highly readable introductory text book on polymer science is ideal for those requiring a broad overview of the subject. Following on from the success of the earlier editions, The Chemistry of Polymers, fourth edition, continues to explore the subject from an applications point of view, providing a comprehensive introduction to all aspects of polymer science including synthesis, structure, properties, degradation and dendrimers. Recent advances in special topics in polymer chemistry and polymers and the environment are also discussed in an informative and up-to-date manner. Highlights include new sections on RAFT polymerization, polymers in drug delivery and polymer LEDs and updated sections on green polymerization, polymers for solar cells and polymers from renewable sources showcasing the recent developments and applications in this exciting area. The Chemistry of Polymers, fourth edition, is essential reading for university students, teachers and scientists who wish to acquire an up-to-the-minute overview of polymer science and its many specialised topics in an informative and easy to read style.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
  • PolymerChemistry-- Polymerisation Reactions-- Polymer Structure-- Crosslinking-- PolymerSolutions-- Methods of Determining Relative MolarMass-- Mechanical Properties of Polymers-- PolymerDegradation-- Dendrimers-- Special Topics in Polymer Chemistry-- Polymers and the Environment--.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
This updated new edition of the well established and highly readable introductory text book on polymer science is ideal for those requiring a broad overview of the subject. Following on from the success of the earlier editions, The Chemistry of Polymers, fourth edition, continues to explore the subject from an applications point of view, providing a comprehensive introduction to all aspects of polymer science including synthesis, structure, properties, degradation and dendrimers. Recent advances in special topics in polymer chemistry and polymers and the environment are also discussed in an informative and up-to-date manner. Highlights include new sections on RAFT polymerization, polymers in drug delivery and polymer LEDs and updated sections on green polymerization, polymers for solar cells and polymers from renewable sources showcasing the recent developments and applications in this exciting area. The Chemistry of Polymers, fourth edition, is essential reading for university students, teachers and scientists who wish to acquire an up-to-the-minute overview of polymer science and its many specialised topics in an informative and easy to read style.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Status of items at Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain) Status
Stacks
QD381 .N53 2012 Unknown
Book
iv, 307 p. : ill ; 26 cm.
  • Hybrid vandates, towards metal-organic frameworks
  • Structure and magnetic properties of mono - and polynuclear complexes containing rhenium(IV)
  • The applications ofmetal organic frameworks in the fields of hydrogen storage and catalysis
  • MOF-based mixed-matrix-membranes for industrial applications
  • Cooridination polymers : opportunities in heterogeneous catalysis
  • High pressure gas storage on porous solids : a comparative study of MOFs and activated carbons
  • Metal-organic frameworks for CO 2 capture : what are learned from molecular simulations
  • Halogen bonding in the assembly of high-dimensional supramolecular coordination polymers
  • Subtractive approach for introducing functional groups onto metal-organic framework
  • Performance of metal-organic framework MIL-101 in the liquid phase adsorption of heterocyclic nitrogen compounds.
  • Hybrid vandates, towards metal-organic frameworks
  • Structure and magnetic properties of mono - and polynuclear complexes containing rhenium(IV)
  • The applications ofmetal organic frameworks in the fields of hydrogen storage and catalysis
  • MOF-based mixed-matrix-membranes for industrial applications
  • Cooridination polymers : opportunities in heterogeneous catalysis
  • High pressure gas storage on porous solids : a comparative study of MOFs and activated carbons
  • Metal-organic frameworks for CO 2 capture : what are learned from molecular simulations
  • Halogen bonding in the assembly of high-dimensional supramolecular coordination polymers
  • Subtractive approach for introducing functional groups onto metal-organic framework
  • Performance of metal-organic framework MIL-101 in the liquid phase adsorption of heterocyclic nitrogen compounds.
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Status of items at Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain) Status
Stacks
QD382 .C67 C66 2012 Unknown
Book
xix, 355 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
  • Methodological aspects
  • Aspects common to all oxidation processes
  • Basic kinetic schemes
  • Oxidation and oxygen diffusion
  • Stabilization
  • Molecular mobility and reactivity
  • Structural changes caused by oxidation
  • Effects of oxidation on physical and mechanical properties
  • Couplings
  • Oxidation under irradiation.
"This book aims to rehabilitate kinetic modeling in the domain of polymer ageing, where it has been almost abandoned by the research community. Kinetic modeling is a key step for lifetime prediction, a crucial problem in many industrial domains in which needs cannot be satisfied by the common empirical methods. This book proposes a renewed approach of lifetime prediction in polymer oxidative ageing. This approach is based on kinetic models built from relatively simple mechanistic schemes but integrating physical processes (oxygen diffusion and stabilizer transport), and use property (for instance mechanical failure) changes. An important chapter is dedicated to radiation-induced oxidation and its most important applications: radiochemical ageing at low dose rates and photo-chemical ageing under solar radiation. There is also a chapter devoted to the problem of ageing under coupled oxidation and mechanical loading"-- Provided by publisher.
  • Methodological aspects
  • Aspects common to all oxidation processes
  • Basic kinetic schemes
  • Oxidation and oxygen diffusion
  • Stabilization
  • Molecular mobility and reactivity
  • Structural changes caused by oxidation
  • Effects of oxidation on physical and mechanical properties
  • Couplings
  • Oxidation under irradiation.
"This book aims to rehabilitate kinetic modeling in the domain of polymer ageing, where it has been almost abandoned by the research community. Kinetic modeling is a key step for lifetime prediction, a crucial problem in many industrial domains in which needs cannot be satisfied by the common empirical methods. This book proposes a renewed approach of lifetime prediction in polymer oxidative ageing. This approach is based on kinetic models built from relatively simple mechanistic schemes but integrating physical processes (oxygen diffusion and stabilizer transport), and use property (for instance mechanical failure) changes. An important chapter is dedicated to radiation-induced oxidation and its most important applications: radiochemical ageing at low dose rates and photo-chemical ageing under solar radiation. There is also a chapter devoted to the problem of ageing under coupled oxidation and mechanical loading"-- Provided by publisher.
dx.doi.org Wiley Online Library
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Status of items at Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain) Status
Stacks
QD381.9 .M3 V47 2012 Unknown
Book
x, 380 p. : ill. ; 27 cm.
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Status of items at Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain) Status
Stacks
TP156 .P6 P583 2012 Unknown
Book
xix, 351 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
  • Introduction to Polymer Blends History of Polymer Blends Flory-Huggin's Solution Theory-and Beyond Miscible Polymer Blends Partially Miscible Polymer Blends Natural Polymers Polymer Alloy Equation of State Theories for Polymers Small Molecules and Large Molecules PVT Relations for Polymeric Liquids Tait Equation Flory, Orwoll, and Vrij Model Prigogine Square-Well Cell Model Lattice Fluid Model of Sanchez and Lacombe Negative Coefficient of Thermal Expansion Binary Interaction Model Introduction Compositional Window of Miscibility: Copolymer-Homopolymer Compositional Window of Miscibility: Copolymers with Common Monomers Compositional Window of Miscibility: Terpolymer System with Common Monomers Compositional Window of Miscibility: Terpolymer and Homopolymer System without Common Monomers Spinodal Curve from B Values and EOS Copolymer/Homopolymer Blends of AMS-AN/PVC Copolymer/Homopolymer Blends of AMS-AN with Other Copolymers Intramolecular Repulsion as Driving Force for Miscibility-Mean Field Approach Keesom Forces and Group Solubility Parameter Approach Hildebrandt Solubility Parameter Hansen Three-Dimensional Solubility Parameter Specific Interactions Phase Behavior Introduction LCST and UCST Circular Envelope in Phase Diagram Hourglass Behavior in Phase Diagrams Molecular Architecture Partially Miscible Blends Commercial Blends That Are Partially Miscible Entropy Difference Model (DELTADELTASm) Estimates of Change in Entropy of Mixing at Glass Transition, DELTADELTASm Copolymer and Homopolymer Blend Sequence Distribution Effects on Miscibility Polymer Nanocomposites Introduction Commercial Products Thermodynamic Stability Vision and Realities Fullerenes Carbon Nanotubes (CNT) Morphology of CNTs Nanostructuring Operations Polymer Thin Films Nanostructuring from Self-Assembly of Block Copolymers Intercalated and Exfoliated Nanocomposites Polymer Alloys Introduction PC/ABS Alloys Nylon/ABS Alloys PVC Alloys Polyolefin Alloys Natural Polymer Alloy Binary Diffusion in Polymer Blends Introduction Diffusion Phenomena Fick's First and Second Laws of Diffusion Skylab Diffusion Demonstration Experiments Bulk Motion, Molecular Motion, and Total Molar Flux Stokes-Einstein Equation for Dilute Solutions Diffusion in Solids Diffusion Coefficient in Polymers Transient Diffusion Damped Wave Diffusion and Relaxation Periodic Boundary Condition Copolymer Composition Introduction Composition for Random Copolymers Composition of Random Terpolymers Reactivity Ratios Multicomponent Copolymerization-n Monomers Sequence Distribution of Copolymers Dyad and Triad Probabilities in Copolymer Dyad and Triad Probabilities in Terpolymers Sequence Alignment in DNA and Protein Sequences Reversible Polymerization Heat Effects during Polymerization Ceiling Temperature during Reversible Polymerization Subcritical Oscillations during Thermal Polymerization Thermal Terpolymerization of Alphamethyl Styrene, Acrylonitrile, and Styrene Reversible Copolymerization Appendix A: Maxwell's Relations Appendix B: Five Laws of Thermodynamics Appendix C: Glass Transition Temperature Appendix D: Statistical Distributions Index A Summary and References appear at the end of each chapter.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Polymer Thermodynamics: Blends, Copolymers and Reversible Polymerization describes the thermodynamic basis for miscibility as well as the mathematical models used to predict the compositional window of miscibility and construct temperature versus volume-fraction phase diagrams. The book covers the binary interaction model, the solubility parameter approach, and the entropic difference model. Using equation of state (EOS) theories, thermodynamic models, and information from physical properties, it illustrates the construction of phase envelopes. The book presents nine EOS theories, including some that take into account molecular weight effects. Characteristic values are given in tables. It uses the binary interaction model to predict the compositional window of miscibility for copolymer/homopolymer blends and blends of copolymers and terpolymers with common monomers. It discusses Hansen fractional solubility parameter values, six phase diagram types, the role of polymer architecture in phase behavior, and the mathematical framework for multiple glass transition temperatures found in partially miscible polymer blends. The author also illustrates biomedical and commercial applications of nanocomposites, the properties of various polymer alloys, Fick's laws of diffusion and their implications during transient events, and the use of the dynamic programming method in the sequence alignment of DNA and proteins. The final chapter reviews the thermodynamics of reversible polymerization and copolymerization. Polymer blends offer improved performance/cost ratios and the flexibility to tailor products to suit customers' needs. Exploring physical phenomena, such as phase separation, this book provides readers with methods to design polymer blends and predict the phase behavior of binary polymer blends using desktop computers.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
  • Introduction to Polymer Blends History of Polymer Blends Flory-Huggin's Solution Theory-and Beyond Miscible Polymer Blends Partially Miscible Polymer Blends Natural Polymers Polymer Alloy Equation of State Theories for Polymers Small Molecules and Large Molecules PVT Relations for Polymeric Liquids Tait Equation Flory, Orwoll, and Vrij Model Prigogine Square-Well Cell Model Lattice Fluid Model of Sanchez and Lacombe Negative Coefficient of Thermal Expansion Binary Interaction Model Introduction Compositional Window of Miscibility: Copolymer-Homopolymer Compositional Window of Miscibility: Copolymers with Common Monomers Compositional Window of Miscibility: Terpolymer System with Common Monomers Compositional Window of Miscibility: Terpolymer and Homopolymer System without Common Monomers Spinodal Curve from B Values and EOS Copolymer/Homopolymer Blends of AMS-AN/PVC Copolymer/Homopolymer Blends of AMS-AN with Other Copolymers Intramolecular Repulsion as Driving Force for Miscibility-Mean Field Approach Keesom Forces and Group Solubility Parameter Approach Hildebrandt Solubility Parameter Hansen Three-Dimensional Solubility Parameter Specific Interactions Phase Behavior Introduction LCST and UCST Circular Envelope in Phase Diagram Hourglass Behavior in Phase Diagrams Molecular Architecture Partially Miscible Blends Commercial Blends That Are Partially Miscible Entropy Difference Model (DELTADELTASm) Estimates of Change in Entropy of Mixing at Glass Transition, DELTADELTASm Copolymer and Homopolymer Blend Sequence Distribution Effects on Miscibility Polymer Nanocomposites Introduction Commercial Products Thermodynamic Stability Vision and Realities Fullerenes Carbon Nanotubes (CNT) Morphology of CNTs Nanostructuring Operations Polymer Thin Films Nanostructuring from Self-Assembly of Block Copolymers Intercalated and Exfoliated Nanocomposites Polymer Alloys Introduction PC/ABS Alloys Nylon/ABS Alloys PVC Alloys Polyolefin Alloys Natural Polymer Alloy Binary Diffusion in Polymer Blends Introduction Diffusion Phenomena Fick's First and Second Laws of Diffusion Skylab Diffusion Demonstration Experiments Bulk Motion, Molecular Motion, and Total Molar Flux Stokes-Einstein Equation for Dilute Solutions Diffusion in Solids Diffusion Coefficient in Polymers Transient Diffusion Damped Wave Diffusion and Relaxation Periodic Boundary Condition Copolymer Composition Introduction Composition for Random Copolymers Composition of Random Terpolymers Reactivity Ratios Multicomponent Copolymerization-n Monomers Sequence Distribution of Copolymers Dyad and Triad Probabilities in Copolymer Dyad and Triad Probabilities in Terpolymers Sequence Alignment in DNA and Protein Sequences Reversible Polymerization Heat Effects during Polymerization Ceiling Temperature during Reversible Polymerization Subcritical Oscillations during Thermal Polymerization Thermal Terpolymerization of Alphamethyl Styrene, Acrylonitrile, and Styrene Reversible Copolymerization Appendix A: Maxwell's Relations Appendix B: Five Laws of Thermodynamics Appendix C: Glass Transition Temperature Appendix D: Statistical Distributions Index A Summary and References appear at the end of each chapter.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Polymer Thermodynamics: Blends, Copolymers and Reversible Polymerization describes the thermodynamic basis for miscibility as well as the mathematical models used to predict the compositional window of miscibility and construct temperature versus volume-fraction phase diagrams. The book covers the binary interaction model, the solubility parameter approach, and the entropic difference model. Using equation of state (EOS) theories, thermodynamic models, and information from physical properties, it illustrates the construction of phase envelopes. The book presents nine EOS theories, including some that take into account molecular weight effects. Characteristic values are given in tables. It uses the binary interaction model to predict the compositional window of miscibility for copolymer/homopolymer blends and blends of copolymers and terpolymers with common monomers. It discusses Hansen fractional solubility parameter values, six phase diagram types, the role of polymer architecture in phase behavior, and the mathematical framework for multiple glass transition temperatures found in partially miscible polymer blends. The author also illustrates biomedical and commercial applications of nanocomposites, the properties of various polymer alloys, Fick's laws of diffusion and their implications during transient events, and the use of the dynamic programming method in the sequence alignment of DNA and proteins. The final chapter reviews the thermodynamics of reversible polymerization and copolymerization. Polymer blends offer improved performance/cost ratios and the flexibility to tailor products to suit customers' needs. Exploring physical phenomena, such as phase separation, this book provides readers with methods to design polymer blends and predict the phase behavior of binary polymer blends using desktop computers.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Status of items at Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain) Status
Stacks
QC173.4 .P65 S53 2012 Unknown
Book
ix, 541 p. ; 27 cm.
  • INTRODUCTION Objectives of the handbook Experimental methods involved Guide to the data tables List of symbols References VAPOR-LIQUID EQUILIBRIUM (VLE) AND GAS SOLUBILTIES OF COPOLYMER SOLUTIONS Binary copolymer solutions Table of binary systems where data were published only in graphical form as phase diagrams or related figures Ternary and quaternary copolymer solutions Table of ternary or quaternary systems where data were published only in graphical form as phase diagrams or related figures Classical mass-fraction Henry's constants of solvent vapors in molten copolymers References LIQUID-LIQUID EQUILIBRIUM (LLE) DATA OF COPOLYMER SOLUTIONS Cloud-point and/or coexistence curves of quasibinary solutions Table of binary systems where data were published only in graphical form as phase diagrams or related figures Cloud-point and/or coexistence curves of quasiternary and/or quasiquaternary solutions Table of ternary or quaternary systems where data were published only in graphical form as phase diagrams or related figures Upper critical (UCST) and/or lower critical (LCST) solution temperatures References HIGH-PRESSURE FLUID PHASE EQUILIBRIUM (HPPE) DATA OF COPOLYMER SOLUTIONS Cloud-point and/or coexistence curves of quasibinary solutions Table of binary systems where data were published only in graphical form as phase diagrams or related figures Cloud-point and/or coexistence curves of quasiternary and/or quasiquaternary solutions Table of ternary or quaternary systems where data were published only in graphical form as phase diagrams or related figures References ENTHALPY CHANGES FOR COPOLYMER SOLUTIONS Enthalpies of mixing or intermediary enthalpies of dilution, copolymer partial enthalpies of mixing (at infinite dilution), or copolymer (first) integral enthalpies of solution Partial molar enthalpies of mixing at infinite dilution and enthalpies of solution of gases/vapors of solvents in molten copolymers from inverse gas-liquid chromatography (IGC) Table of systems where additional information on enthalpy effects in copolymer solutions can be found References PVT DATA OF COPOLYMERS AND SOLUTIONS PVT data of copolymers Excess volumes and/or densities of copolymer solutions References SECOND VIRIAL COEFFICIENTS (A2) OF COPOLYMER SOLUTIONS Experimental A2 data References APPENDICES Appendix 1 List of copolymers in alphabetical order Appendix 2 List of systems and properties in order of the copolymers Appendix 3 List of solvents in alphabetical order Appendix 4 List of solvents in order of their molecular formulas INDEX.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Ten years after the debut of the expansive CRC Handbook of Thermodynamic Data of Copolymer Solutions, The CRC Handbook of Phase Equilibria and Thermodynamic Data of Copolymer Solutions updates and expands the world's first comprehensive source of this vital data. Author Christian Wohlfarth, a chemical thermodynamicist specializing in phase equilibria of polymer and copolymer solutions and a respected contributor to the CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, has gathered up-to-the-minute data from more than 500 newly published references. Fully committed to ensuring the reliability of the data, the author included only results with published or personally communicated numerical values. With volumetric, calormetric, and various phase equilibrium data on more than 450 copolymers and 130 solvents, this handbook furnishes: *150 new vapor-liquid equilibrium datasets *50 new tables containing classical Henry's coefficients *250 new liquid-liquid equilibrium datasets *350 new high-pressure fluid phase equilibrium *70 new PVT-properties datasets *40 new enthalpic datasets * Expanded second osmotic virial coefficients data table Carefully organized, clearly presented, and fully referenced, The Handbook of Phase Equilibria and Thermodynamic Data of Copolymer Solutions will prove a cardinal contribution to the open literature and invaluable to anyone working with copolymers.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
  • INTRODUCTION Objectives of the handbook Experimental methods involved Guide to the data tables List of symbols References VAPOR-LIQUID EQUILIBRIUM (VLE) AND GAS SOLUBILTIES OF COPOLYMER SOLUTIONS Binary copolymer solutions Table of binary systems where data were published only in graphical form as phase diagrams or related figures Ternary and quaternary copolymer solutions Table of ternary or quaternary systems where data were published only in graphical form as phase diagrams or related figures Classical mass-fraction Henry's constants of solvent vapors in molten copolymers References LIQUID-LIQUID EQUILIBRIUM (LLE) DATA OF COPOLYMER SOLUTIONS Cloud-point and/or coexistence curves of quasibinary solutions Table of binary systems where data were published only in graphical form as phase diagrams or related figures Cloud-point and/or coexistence curves of quasiternary and/or quasiquaternary solutions Table of ternary or quaternary systems where data were published only in graphical form as phase diagrams or related figures Upper critical (UCST) and/or lower critical (LCST) solution temperatures References HIGH-PRESSURE FLUID PHASE EQUILIBRIUM (HPPE) DATA OF COPOLYMER SOLUTIONS Cloud-point and/or coexistence curves of quasibinary solutions Table of binary systems where data were published only in graphical form as phase diagrams or related figures Cloud-point and/or coexistence curves of quasiternary and/or quasiquaternary solutions Table of ternary or quaternary systems where data were published only in graphical form as phase diagrams or related figures References ENTHALPY CHANGES FOR COPOLYMER SOLUTIONS Enthalpies of mixing or intermediary enthalpies of dilution, copolymer partial enthalpies of mixing (at infinite dilution), or copolymer (first) integral enthalpies of solution Partial molar enthalpies of mixing at infinite dilution and enthalpies of solution of gases/vapors of solvents in molten copolymers from inverse gas-liquid chromatography (IGC) Table of systems where additional information on enthalpy effects in copolymer solutions can be found References PVT DATA OF COPOLYMERS AND SOLUTIONS PVT data of copolymers Excess volumes and/or densities of copolymer solutions References SECOND VIRIAL COEFFICIENTS (A2) OF COPOLYMER SOLUTIONS Experimental A2 data References APPENDICES Appendix 1 List of copolymers in alphabetical order Appendix 2 List of systems and properties in order of the copolymers Appendix 3 List of solvents in alphabetical order Appendix 4 List of solvents in order of their molecular formulas INDEX.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Ten years after the debut of the expansive CRC Handbook of Thermodynamic Data of Copolymer Solutions, The CRC Handbook of Phase Equilibria and Thermodynamic Data of Copolymer Solutions updates and expands the world's first comprehensive source of this vital data. Author Christian Wohlfarth, a chemical thermodynamicist specializing in phase equilibria of polymer and copolymer solutions and a respected contributor to the CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, has gathered up-to-the-minute data from more than 500 newly published references. Fully committed to ensuring the reliability of the data, the author included only results with published or personally communicated numerical values. With volumetric, calormetric, and various phase equilibrium data on more than 450 copolymers and 130 solvents, this handbook furnishes: *150 new vapor-liquid equilibrium datasets *50 new tables containing classical Henry's coefficients *250 new liquid-liquid equilibrium datasets *350 new high-pressure fluid phase equilibrium *70 new PVT-properties datasets *40 new enthalpic datasets * Expanded second osmotic virial coefficients data table Carefully organized, clearly presented, and fully referenced, The Handbook of Phase Equilibria and Thermodynamic Data of Copolymer Solutions will prove a cardinal contribution to the open literature and invaluable to anyone working with copolymers.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Status of items at Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain) Status
Stacks
QD381.9 .S65 W6326 2011 Unknown
Book
xv, 605 p., [8] p. of plates : ill. (some colo.) ; 25 cm.
  • Preface Editors Contributors Densely Cross-Linked Systems Densely Cross-Linked Liquid Crystal Networks by Controlled Photopolymerization of Ordered Liquid Crystal Monomers: Properties and Applications, Johan Lub and Dirk J. Broer Spatially Ordered Polymers Self-Assembled in Ordered Liquid Crystal Templates, Liang-Chy Chien, Carmen Otilia Catanescu, and Lanfang Li Responsive Reactive Mesogen Microstructure, Darran R. Cairns, Matthew E. Sousa, and Gregory P. Crawford Viewing Angle Compensation Films for LCD Using Reactive Mesogens, Ichiro Amimori and Tokuju Oikawa Interferometric Applications Using Liquid Crystalline Networks, Toralf Scharf and Gerben Boer Anisotropic Emitting Cross-Linked Polymers Based on Liquid Crystals, L. Oriol, M. Pinol, and Jose Luis Serrano Photomechanical Effects of Cross-Linked Liquid-Crystalline Polymers, Jun-ichi Mamiya, Yanlei Yu, and Tomiki Ikeda Photoreactive Processes for Flexible Displays and Optical Devices, Sin-Doo Lee and Jae-Hoon Kim Polymer MEMS, Casper L. van Oosten, Cees W.M. Bastiaansen, and Dirk J. Broer Polymerizable Liquid Crystal Networks for Semiconductor Applications, Maxim N. Shkunov, Iain McCulloch, and Theo Kreouzis Reactive Mesogens in Organic Light-Emitting Devices, Peter Strohriegl Weakly Cross-Linked Systems: Liquid Crystal Elastomers Physical Properties of Liquid Crystalline Elastomers, Eugene M. Terentjev Lagrange Elasticity Theory of Liquid Crystal Elastomers, Tom C. Lubensky and Olaf Stenull Orientational Order and Paranematic-Nematic Phase Transition in Liquid Single Crystal Elastomers: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Calorimetric Studies, Bostjan Zalar, Zdravko Kutnjak, Slobodan Zumer, and Heino Finkelmann Computer Simulations of Liquid Crystal Polymeric Networks and Elastomer, G. Skacej and Claudio Zannoni Electromechanical Effects in Swollen Nematic Elastomers, Kenji Urayama and Toshikazu Takigawa Smectic Elastomers, Mark Warner Physical Properties of Magnetic Gels, Helmut R. Brand, Philippe Martinoty, and Harald Pleiner Side-On Nematic Liquid-Crystalline Elastomers for Artificial Muscle Applications, Min-Hui Li and Patrick Keller Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Liquid crystal displays were discovered in the 1960s, and today we continue to enjoy the benefits of that fundamental discovery and its translation into a wide variety of products. Like liquid crystals, polymers are unusual materials, and have similarly enjoyed a great deal of research attention because of their vast applications and uses and complex fundamental properties. The combination of liquid crystal and polymer properties produces a broad array of new effects-spanning from densely crosslinked, rigid polymer networks to weakly crosslinked elastomers-that are not simply manifestations of either native liquid crystals or polymers alone. Cross-Linked Liquid Crystalline Systems brings together liquid crystal and polymer systems and their variations. The field, much like traditional liquid crystals, is one of an interdisciplinary nature with a broad spectrum, from the very fundamental questions of nature to a myriad of practical uses. There seems to be no shortage of unusual properties and far-reaching applications in densely crossed-linked liquid crystal systems and liquid crystal elastomers. These systems provide a rich new avenue for both fundamental and applied research and continue to fascinate scientists and engineers. Specifically, this book covers: Cross-linked networks created from reactive mesogen materials Manipulation of liquid crystalline by external constraints Advances in liquid crystal display screen technology Physical and electromagnetic properties of elastomers and magnetic gels Computer simulations and theory of liquid crystal polymeric networks and elastomers Side-on nematic liquid-crystalline elastomers for artificial muscle applications Liquid crystal display technology has driven much of the fundamental research in crosslinked liquid crystalline systems. The systems' ability to enforce three-dimensional structure in the molecular order and capture it created a number of compelling application possibilities because it provided necessary control of the molecular order. This book advances the understanding of basic science behind these systems, accelerates some of the proposed applications to the marketplace, and hopes to inspire generations of scientists to think broadly about these exciting and useful materials.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
  • Preface Editors Contributors Densely Cross-Linked Systems Densely Cross-Linked Liquid Crystal Networks by Controlled Photopolymerization of Ordered Liquid Crystal Monomers: Properties and Applications, Johan Lub and Dirk J. Broer Spatially Ordered Polymers Self-Assembled in Ordered Liquid Crystal Templates, Liang-Chy Chien, Carmen Otilia Catanescu, and Lanfang Li Responsive Reactive Mesogen Microstructure, Darran R. Cairns, Matthew E. Sousa, and Gregory P. Crawford Viewing Angle Compensation Films for LCD Using Reactive Mesogens, Ichiro Amimori and Tokuju Oikawa Interferometric Applications Using Liquid Crystalline Networks, Toralf Scharf and Gerben Boer Anisotropic Emitting Cross-Linked Polymers Based on Liquid Crystals, L. Oriol, M. Pinol, and Jose Luis Serrano Photomechanical Effects of Cross-Linked Liquid-Crystalline Polymers, Jun-ichi Mamiya, Yanlei Yu, and Tomiki Ikeda Photoreactive Processes for Flexible Displays and Optical Devices, Sin-Doo Lee and Jae-Hoon Kim Polymer MEMS, Casper L. van Oosten, Cees W.M. Bastiaansen, and Dirk J. Broer Polymerizable Liquid Crystal Networks for Semiconductor Applications, Maxim N. Shkunov, Iain McCulloch, and Theo Kreouzis Reactive Mesogens in Organic Light-Emitting Devices, Peter Strohriegl Weakly Cross-Linked Systems: Liquid Crystal Elastomers Physical Properties of Liquid Crystalline Elastomers, Eugene M. Terentjev Lagrange Elasticity Theory of Liquid Crystal Elastomers, Tom C. Lubensky and Olaf Stenull Orientational Order and Paranematic-Nematic Phase Transition in Liquid Single Crystal Elastomers: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Calorimetric Studies, Bostjan Zalar, Zdravko Kutnjak, Slobodan Zumer, and Heino Finkelmann Computer Simulations of Liquid Crystal Polymeric Networks and Elastomer, G. Skacej and Claudio Zannoni Electromechanical Effects in Swollen Nematic Elastomers, Kenji Urayama and Toshikazu Takigawa Smectic Elastomers, Mark Warner Physical Properties of Magnetic Gels, Helmut R. Brand, Philippe Martinoty, and Harald Pleiner Side-On Nematic Liquid-Crystalline Elastomers for Artificial Muscle Applications, Min-Hui Li and Patrick Keller Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Liquid crystal displays were discovered in the 1960s, and today we continue to enjoy the benefits of that fundamental discovery and its translation into a wide variety of products. Like liquid crystals, polymers are unusual materials, and have similarly enjoyed a great deal of research attention because of their vast applications and uses and complex fundamental properties. The combination of liquid crystal and polymer properties produces a broad array of new effects-spanning from densely crosslinked, rigid polymer networks to weakly crosslinked elastomers-that are not simply manifestations of either native liquid crystals or polymers alone. Cross-Linked Liquid Crystalline Systems brings together liquid crystal and polymer systems and their variations. The field, much like traditional liquid crystals, is one of an interdisciplinary nature with a broad spectrum, from the very fundamental questions of nature to a myriad of practical uses. There seems to be no shortage of unusual properties and far-reaching applications in densely crossed-linked liquid crystal systems and liquid crystal elastomers. These systems provide a rich new avenue for both fundamental and applied research and continue to fascinate scientists and engineers. Specifically, this book covers: Cross-linked networks created from reactive mesogen materials Manipulation of liquid crystalline by external constraints Advances in liquid crystal display screen technology Physical and electromagnetic properties of elastomers and magnetic gels Computer simulations and theory of liquid crystal polymeric networks and elastomers Side-on nematic liquid-crystalline elastomers for artificial muscle applications Liquid crystal display technology has driven much of the fundamental research in crosslinked liquid crystalline systems. The systems' ability to enforce three-dimensional structure in the molecular order and capture it created a number of compelling application possibilities because it provided necessary control of the molecular order. This book advances the understanding of basic science behind these systems, accelerates some of the proposed applications to the marketplace, and hopes to inspire generations of scientists to think broadly about these exciting and useful materials.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Status of items at Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain) Status
Stacks
TA418.9 .L54 C76 2011 Unknown
Book
xx, 668 p. : ill. ; 26 cm.
  • CONCEPTS, NOMENCLATURE AND SYNTHESIS OF POLYMERS Concepts and Nomenclature The Origins of Polymer Science and the Polymer Industry Basic Definitions and Nomenclature Molar Mass and Degree of Polymerization Principles of Polymerization Introduction Classification of Polymerization Reactions Monomer Functionality and Polymer Skeletal Structure Functional Group Reactivity and Molecular Size: The Principle of Equal Reactivity Step Polymerization Introduction Linear Step Polymerization Non-Linear Step Polymerization Radical Polymerization Introduction to Radical Polymerization The Chemistry of Conventional Free-Radical Polymerization Kinetics of Conventional Free-Radical Polymerization Free-Radical Polymerization Processes Reversible-Deactivation ('Living') Radical Polymerizations Non-Linear Radical Polymerizations Ionic Polymerization Introduction to Ionic Polymerization Cationic Polymerization Anionic Polymerization Group-Transfer Polymerization Stereochemistry and Coordination Polymerization Introduction to Stereochemistry of Polymerization Tacticity of Polymers Geometric Isomerism in Polymers Prepared from Conjugated Dienes Ziegler-Natta Coordination Polymerization Metallocene Coordination Polymerization Ring-Opening Polymerization Introduction to Ring-Opening Polymerization Cationic Ring-Opening Polymerization Anionic Ring-Opening Polymerization Free-Radical Ring-Opening Polymerization Ring-Opening Metathesis Polymerization Specialized Methods of Polymer Synthesis Introduction Solid-State Topochemical Polymerization Polymerization by Oxidative Coupling Precursor Routes to Intractable Polymers Supramolecular Polymerization (Polyassociation) Copolymerization Introduction Step Copolymerization Chain Copolymerization Block Copolymer Synthesis Graft Copolymer Synthesis CHARACTERIZATION OF POLYMERS Theoretical Description of Polymers in Solution Introduction Thermodynamics of Polymer Solutions Chain Dimensions Frictional Properties of Polymer Molecules in Dilute Solution Number-Average Molar Mass Introduction to Measurements of Number-Average Molar Mass Membrane Osmometry Vapour Pressure Osmometry Ebulliometry and Cryoscopy End-Group Analysis Effects of Low Molar Mass Impurities upon Mn Scattering Methods Introduction Static Light Scattering Dynamic Light Scattering Small-Angle X-Ray and Neutron Scattering Frictional Properties of Polymers in Solution Introduction Dilute Solution Viscometry Ultracentrifugation Molar Mass Distribution Introduction Fractionation Gel Permeation Chromatography Field-Flow Fractionation Mass Spectroscopy Chemical Composition and Molecular Microstructure Introduction Principles of Spectroscopy Ultraviolet and Visible Light Absorption Spectroscopy Infrared Spectroscopy Raman Spectroscopy Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Mass Spectroscopy PHASE STRUCTURE AND MORPHOLOGY OF BULK POLYMERS The Amorphous State Introduction The Glass Transition Factors Controlling the Tg Macromolecular Dynamics The Crystalline State Introduction Determination of Crystal Structure Polymer Single Crystals Semi-Crystalline Polymers Liquid Crystalline Polymers Defects in Crystalline Polymers Crystallization Melting Multicomponent Polymer Systems Introduction Polymer Blends Block Copolymers PROPERTIES OF BULK POLYMERS Elastic Deformation Introduction Elastic Deformation Elastic Deformation of Polymers Viscoelasticity Introduction Viscoelastic Mechanical Models Boltzmann Superposition Principle Dynamic Mechanical Testing Frequency Dependence of Viscoelastic Behaviour Transitions and Polymer Structure Time-Temperature Superposition Effect of Entanglements Non-Linear Viscoelasticity Elastomers Introduction Thermodynamics of Elastomer Deformation Statistical Theory of Elastomer Deformation Stress-Strain Behaviour of Elastomers Factors Affecting Mechanical Behaviour Yield and Crazing Introduction Phenomenology of Yield Yield Criteria Deformation Mechanisms Crazing Fracture and Toughening Introduction Fundamentals of Fracture Mechanics of Fracture Fracture Phenomena Toughened Polymers Polymer Composites Introduction to Composite Materials Matrix Materials Types of Reinforcement Composite Composition Particulate Reinforcement Fibre Reinforcement Nanocomposites Electrical Properties Introduction to Electrical Properties Dielectric Properties Conduction in Polymers Polymer Electronics Answers to Problems Index Problems and Further Reading appear at the end of each chapter.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Thoroughly updated, Introduction to Polymers, Third Edition presents the science underpinning the synthesis, characterization and properties of polymers. The material has been completely reorganized and expanded to include important new topics and provide a coherent platform for teaching and learning the fundamental aspects of contemporary polymer science. New to the Third Edition Part I This first part covers newer developments in polymer synthesis, including 'living' radical polymerization, catalytic chain transfer and free-radical ring-opening polymerization, along with strategies for the synthesis of conducting polymers, dendrimers, hyperbranched polymers and block copolymers. Polymerization mechanisms have been made more explicit by showing electron movements. Part II In this part, the authors have added new topics on diffusion, solution behaviour of polyelectrolytes and field-flow fractionation methods. They also greatly expand coverage of spectroscopy, including UV visible, Raman, infrared, NMR and mass spectroscopy. In addition, the Flory-Huggins theory for polymer solutions and their phase separation is treated more rigorously. Part III A completely new, major topic in this section is multicomponent polymer systems. The book also incorporates new material on macromolecular dynamics and reptation, liquid crystalline polymers and thermal analysis. Many of the diagrams and micrographs have been updated to more clearly highlight features of polymer morphology. Part IV The last part of the book contains major new sections on polymer composites, such as nanocomposites, and electrical properties of polymers. Other new topics include effects of chain entanglements, swelling of elastomers, polymer fibres, impact behaviour and ductile fracture. Coverage of rubber-toughening of brittle plastics has also been revised and expanded. While this edition adds many new concepts, the philosophy of the book remains unchanged. Largely self-contained, the text fully derives most equations and cross-references topics between chapters where appropriate. Each chapter not only includes a list of further reading to help readers expand their knowledge of the subject but also provides problem sets to test understanding, particularly of numerical aspects.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
  • CONCEPTS, NOMENCLATURE AND SYNTHESIS OF POLYMERS Concepts and Nomenclature The Origins of Polymer Science and the Polymer Industry Basic Definitions and Nomenclature Molar Mass and Degree of Polymerization Principles of Polymerization Introduction Classification of Polymerization Reactions Monomer Functionality and Polymer Skeletal Structure Functional Group Reactivity and Molecular Size: The Principle of Equal Reactivity Step Polymerization Introduction Linear Step Polymerization Non-Linear Step Polymerization Radical Polymerization Introduction to Radical Polymerization The Chemistry of Conventional Free-Radical Polymerization Kinetics of Conventional Free-Radical Polymerization Free-Radical Polymerization Processes Reversible-Deactivation ('Living') Radical Polymerizations Non-Linear Radical Polymerizations Ionic Polymerization Introduction to Ionic Polymerization Cationic Polymerization Anionic Polymerization Group-Transfer Polymerization Stereochemistry and Coordination Polymerization Introduction to Stereochemistry of Polymerization Tacticity of Polymers Geometric Isomerism in Polymers Prepared from Conjugated Dienes Ziegler-Natta Coordination Polymerization Metallocene Coordination Polymerization Ring-Opening Polymerization Introduction to Ring-Opening Polymerization Cationic Ring-Opening Polymerization Anionic Ring-Opening Polymerization Free-Radical Ring-Opening Polymerization Ring-Opening Metathesis Polymerization Specialized Methods of Polymer Synthesis Introduction Solid-State Topochemical Polymerization Polymerization by Oxidative Coupling Precursor Routes to Intractable Polymers Supramolecular Polymerization (Polyassociation) Copolymerization Introduction Step Copolymerization Chain Copolymerization Block Copolymer Synthesis Graft Copolymer Synthesis CHARACTERIZATION OF POLYMERS Theoretical Description of Polymers in Solution Introduction Thermodynamics of Polymer Solutions Chain Dimensions Frictional Properties of Polymer Molecules in Dilute Solution Number-Average Molar Mass Introduction to Measurements of Number-Average Molar Mass Membrane Osmometry Vapour Pressure Osmometry Ebulliometry and Cryoscopy End-Group Analysis Effects of Low Molar Mass Impurities upon Mn Scattering Methods Introduction Static Light Scattering Dynamic Light Scattering Small-Angle X-Ray and Neutron Scattering Frictional Properties of Polymers in Solution Introduction Dilute Solution Viscometry Ultracentrifugation Molar Mass Distribution Introduction Fractionation Gel Permeation Chromatography Field-Flow Fractionation Mass Spectroscopy Chemical Composition and Molecular Microstructure Introduction Principles of Spectroscopy Ultraviolet and Visible Light Absorption Spectroscopy Infrared Spectroscopy Raman Spectroscopy Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Mass Spectroscopy PHASE STRUCTURE AND MORPHOLOGY OF BULK POLYMERS The Amorphous State Introduction The Glass Transition Factors Controlling the Tg Macromolecular Dynamics The Crystalline State Introduction Determination of Crystal Structure Polymer Single Crystals Semi-Crystalline Polymers Liquid Crystalline Polymers Defects in Crystalline Polymers Crystallization Melting Multicomponent Polymer Systems Introduction Polymer Blends Block Copolymers PROPERTIES OF BULK POLYMERS Elastic Deformation Introduction Elastic Deformation Elastic Deformation of Polymers Viscoelasticity Introduction Viscoelastic Mechanical Models Boltzmann Superposition Principle Dynamic Mechanical Testing Frequency Dependence of Viscoelastic Behaviour Transitions and Polymer Structure Time-Temperature Superposition Effect of Entanglements Non-Linear Viscoelasticity Elastomers Introduction Thermodynamics of Elastomer Deformation Statistical Theory of Elastomer Deformation Stress-Strain Behaviour of Elastomers Factors Affecting Mechanical Behaviour Yield and Crazing Introduction Phenomenology of Yield Yield Criteria Deformation Mechanisms Crazing Fracture and Toughening Introduction Fundamentals of Fracture Mechanics of Fracture Fracture Phenomena Toughened Polymers Polymer Composites Introduction to Composite Materials Matrix Materials Types of Reinforcement Composite Composition Particulate Reinforcement Fibre Reinforcement Nanocomposites Electrical Properties Introduction to Electrical Properties Dielectric Properties Conduction in Polymers Polymer Electronics Answers to Problems Index Problems and Further Reading appear at the end of each chapter.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Thoroughly updated, Introduction to Polymers, Third Edition presents the science underpinning the synthesis, characterization and properties of polymers. The material has been completely reorganized and expanded to include important new topics and provide a coherent platform for teaching and learning the fundamental aspects of contemporary polymer science. New to the Third Edition Part I This first part covers newer developments in polymer synthesis, including 'living' radical polymerization, catalytic chain transfer and free-radical ring-opening polymerization, along with strategies for the synthesis of conducting polymers, dendrimers, hyperbranched polymers and block copolymers. Polymerization mechanisms have been made more explicit by showing electron movements. Part II In this part, the authors have added new topics on diffusion, solution behaviour of polyelectrolytes and field-flow fractionation methods. They also greatly expand coverage of spectroscopy, including UV visible, Raman, infrared, NMR and mass spectroscopy. In addition, the Flory-Huggins theory for polymer solutions and their phase separation is treated more rigorously. Part III A completely new, major topic in this section is multicomponent polymer systems. The book also incorporates new material on macromolecular dynamics and reptation, liquid crystalline polymers and thermal analysis. Many of the diagrams and micrographs have been updated to more clearly highlight features of polymer morphology. Part IV The last part of the book contains major new sections on polymer composites, such as nanocomposites, and electrical properties of polymers. Other new topics include effects of chain entanglements, swelling of elastomers, polymer fibres, impact behaviour and ductile fracture. Coverage of rubber-toughening of brittle plastics has also been revised and expanded. While this edition adds many new concepts, the philosophy of the book remains unchanged. Largely self-contained, the text fully derives most equations and cross-references topics between chapters where appropriate. Each chapter not only includes a list of further reading to help readers expand their knowledge of the subject but also provides problem sets to test understanding, particularly of numerical aspects.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Status of items at Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain) Status
Stacks
QD381 .Y68 2011 Unknown
Book
xvi, 509 p. : ill. ; 26 cm.
  • 1. Introduction-- 2. Sedimentation-- 3. Electrophoresis-- 4. Quasielastic light scattering and diffusion-- 5. Solvent dynamics-- 6. Segmental diffusion-- 7. Dielectric relaxation-- 8. Self and tracer diffusion-- 9. Probe diffusion-- 10. Dynamics of colloids-- 11. The dynamic structure factor-- 12. Viscosity-- 13. Viscoelasticity-- 14. Nonlinear viscoelastic phenomena-- 15. Qualitative summary-- 16. Phenomenology-- 17. Afterword: hydrodynamic scaling model for polymer dynamics-- References-- Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Presenting a completely new approach to examining how polymers move in non-dilute solution, this book focuses on experimental facts, not theoretical speculations, and concentrates on polymer solutions, not dilute solutions or polymer melts. From centrifugation and solvent dynamics to viscosity and diffusion, experimental measurements and their quantitative representations are the core of the discussion. The book reveals several experiments never before recognized as revealing polymer solution properties. A novel approach to relaxation phenomena accurately describes viscoelasticity and dielectric relaxation and how they depend on polymer size and concentration. Ideal for graduate students and researchers interested in the properties of polymer solutions, the book covers real measurements on practical systems, including the very latest results. Every significant experimental method is presented in considerable detail, giving unprecedented coverage of polymers in solution.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
  • 1. Introduction-- 2. Sedimentation-- 3. Electrophoresis-- 4. Quasielastic light scattering and diffusion-- 5. Solvent dynamics-- 6. Segmental diffusion-- 7. Dielectric relaxation-- 8. Self and tracer diffusion-- 9. Probe diffusion-- 10. Dynamics of colloids-- 11. The dynamic structure factor-- 12. Viscosity-- 13. Viscoelasticity-- 14. Nonlinear viscoelastic phenomena-- 15. Qualitative summary-- 16. Phenomenology-- 17. Afterword: hydrodynamic scaling model for polymer dynamics-- References-- Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)
Presenting a completely new approach to examining how polymers move in non-dilute solution, this book focuses on experimental facts, not theoretical speculations, and concentrates on polymer solutions, not dilute solutions or polymer melts. From centrifugation and solvent dynamics to viscosity and diffusion, experimental measurements and their quantitative representations are the core of the discussion. The book reveals several experiments never before recognized as revealing polymer solution properties. A novel approach to relaxation phenomena accurately describes viscoelasticity and dielectric relaxation and how they depend on polymer size and concentration. Ideal for graduate students and researchers interested in the properties of polymer solutions, the book covers real measurements on practical systems, including the very latest results. Every significant experimental method is presented in considerable detail, giving unprecedented coverage of polymers in solution.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Status of items at Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain)
Chemistry & ChemEng Library (Swain) Status
Stacks
QD381.9 .S65 P45 2011 Unknown

Looking for different results?

Modify your search: Remove limit(s) Search all fields

Search elsewhere: Search WorldCat Search library website