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Book
1 online resource (690 p.)
  • Front Cover; Ecological Modelling and Engineering of Lakes and Wetlands; Copyright; Contents; Contributors; Chapter 1: Introduction; 1.1. Models of Lakes and Wetlands; 1.2. Ecological Engineering Applied to Lakes and Wetlands; References; Chapter 2: Structurally Dynamic Models of Lakes; 2.1. Introduction; 2.2. How to Construct Structurally Dynamic Models and Definitions of Eco-Exergy; 2.3. Biomanipulation; 2.4. Development of a SDM to Describe the Competition Between Phytoplankton and Submerged Vegetation; 2.5. SDM Developed for Lake Fure; 2.6. Summary and Conclusions; References
  • Chapter 3: Development of Level-IV Fugacity-Based QWASI Model for Dynamic Multimedia Fate and Transport Processes of HCHs ...3.1. Introduction; 3.1.1. Hexachlorocyclohexanes and the isomers; 3.1.2. HCHs usage and residue level in the study site; 3.1.3. Level-IV fugacity-based QWASI model; 3.2. Development of Level IV Fugacity-Based QWASI Model; 3.2.1. Model framework; 3.2.2. Model simulation and validation; 3.2.3. Parameter determination; 3.2.4. Sensitivity analysis; 3.2.5. Uncertainty analysis; 3.3. Results and Discussion; 3.3.1. Simulation of seasonal variations; 3.3.2. Transfer fluxes
  • 3.3.3. Sensitivity analysis of the model parameters3.3.4. Uncertainty analysis of the model simulation; 3.4. Conclusion; References; Chapter 4: Eco-Risk Assessments for Toxic Contaminants Based on Species Sensitivity Distribution Models in Lake Chaohu, China; 4.1. Introduction; 4.1.1. Ecological risk assessments; 4.1.2. Organochlorine pesticides; 4.1.3. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; 4.1.4. The study site of Lake Chaohu; 4.2. Materials and Methods; 4.2.1. Measurements of OCPs and PAHs; 4.2.1.1. Measurement of OCPs in the water; 4.2.1.2. Measurement of PAHs in the water
  • 4.2.2. Ecological risk assessments by SSD and PRA4.2.2.1. General procedures of the SSD and PRA methods; 4.2.2.2. Collecting toxicity data; 4.2.2.3. Fitting the distribution of toxicity and exposure data; 4.2.2.4. Ecological risk assessment based on multiple risk indices; 4.2.2.5. Uncertainty analysis; 4.3. Eco-Risk Assessments for OCPs in Lake Chaohu; 4.3.1. The residues of OCPs in the water (Liu et al., 2012); 4.3.2. The spatial and temporal distribution of OCPs in the water; 4.3.3. Eco-risk assessments for OCPs; 4.4. Eco-Risk Assessments for PAHs in Lake Chaohu
  • 4.4.1. The residues of PAHs in the water (Qin et al., 2013)4.4.2. Site-specific ecological risk of PAHs based on the SSD method; 4.4.3. Probability of ecological risk of PAHs based on the PRA method; 4.4.4. Uncertainty analysis; 4.4.5. Discussion; References; Chapter 5: Addressing the Uncertainty in Modeling Watershed Nonpoint Source Pollution; 5.1. Introduction to the Issue; 5.1.1. Current status of nonpoint source pollution; 5.1.2. Management efforts; 5.1.3. Existing models; 5.1.4. Modeling for decision support; 5.2. Uncertainty in Modeling NPS Pollution: State of the Art
Ecological modelling has developed rapidly in recent decades, with the focus primarily on the restoration of lakes and wetlands. Ecological Modelling and Engineering in Lakes and Wetlands presents the progress being made in modelling for a wealth of applications. It covers the older biogeochemical models still in use today, structurally dynamic models, 3D models, biophysical models, entire watershed models, and ecotoxicological models, as well as the expansion of modeling to the Arctic and Antarctic climate-zones. The book also addresses modelling the effect of climate change,
  • Front Cover; Ecological Modelling and Engineering of Lakes and Wetlands; Copyright; Contents; Contributors; Chapter 1: Introduction; 1.1. Models of Lakes and Wetlands; 1.2. Ecological Engineering Applied to Lakes and Wetlands; References; Chapter 2: Structurally Dynamic Models of Lakes; 2.1. Introduction; 2.2. How to Construct Structurally Dynamic Models and Definitions of Eco-Exergy; 2.3. Biomanipulation; 2.4. Development of a SDM to Describe the Competition Between Phytoplankton and Submerged Vegetation; 2.5. SDM Developed for Lake Fure; 2.6. Summary and Conclusions; References
  • Chapter 3: Development of Level-IV Fugacity-Based QWASI Model for Dynamic Multimedia Fate and Transport Processes of HCHs ...3.1. Introduction; 3.1.1. Hexachlorocyclohexanes and the isomers; 3.1.2. HCHs usage and residue level in the study site; 3.1.3. Level-IV fugacity-based QWASI model; 3.2. Development of Level IV Fugacity-Based QWASI Model; 3.2.1. Model framework; 3.2.2. Model simulation and validation; 3.2.3. Parameter determination; 3.2.4. Sensitivity analysis; 3.2.5. Uncertainty analysis; 3.3. Results and Discussion; 3.3.1. Simulation of seasonal variations; 3.3.2. Transfer fluxes
  • 3.3.3. Sensitivity analysis of the model parameters3.3.4. Uncertainty analysis of the model simulation; 3.4. Conclusion; References; Chapter 4: Eco-Risk Assessments for Toxic Contaminants Based on Species Sensitivity Distribution Models in Lake Chaohu, China; 4.1. Introduction; 4.1.1. Ecological risk assessments; 4.1.2. Organochlorine pesticides; 4.1.3. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; 4.1.4. The study site of Lake Chaohu; 4.2. Materials and Methods; 4.2.1. Measurements of OCPs and PAHs; 4.2.1.1. Measurement of OCPs in the water; 4.2.1.2. Measurement of PAHs in the water
  • 4.2.2. Ecological risk assessments by SSD and PRA4.2.2.1. General procedures of the SSD and PRA methods; 4.2.2.2. Collecting toxicity data; 4.2.2.3. Fitting the distribution of toxicity and exposure data; 4.2.2.4. Ecological risk assessment based on multiple risk indices; 4.2.2.5. Uncertainty analysis; 4.3. Eco-Risk Assessments for OCPs in Lake Chaohu; 4.3.1. The residues of OCPs in the water (Liu et al., 2012); 4.3.2. The spatial and temporal distribution of OCPs in the water; 4.3.3. Eco-risk assessments for OCPs; 4.4. Eco-Risk Assessments for PAHs in Lake Chaohu
  • 4.4.1. The residues of PAHs in the water (Qin et al., 2013)4.4.2. Site-specific ecological risk of PAHs based on the SSD method; 4.4.3. Probability of ecological risk of PAHs based on the PRA method; 4.4.4. Uncertainty analysis; 4.4.5. Discussion; References; Chapter 5: Addressing the Uncertainty in Modeling Watershed Nonpoint Source Pollution; 5.1. Introduction to the Issue; 5.1.1. Current status of nonpoint source pollution; 5.1.2. Management efforts; 5.1.3. Existing models; 5.1.4. Modeling for decision support; 5.2. Uncertainty in Modeling NPS Pollution: State of the Art
Ecological modelling has developed rapidly in recent decades, with the focus primarily on the restoration of lakes and wetlands. Ecological Modelling and Engineering in Lakes and Wetlands presents the progress being made in modelling for a wealth of applications. It covers the older biogeochemical models still in use today, structurally dynamic models, 3D models, biophysical models, entire watershed models, and ecotoxicological models, as well as the expansion of modeling to the Arctic and Antarctic climate-zones. The book also addresses modelling the effect of climate change,
Book
66 p. ; 21 x 29.7 cm.
In its 2012 edition of the World Energy Outlook, the International Energy Agency (IEA) produced an Efficient World Scenario (IEA, 2012) to assess how implementing only economically viable energy efficiency measures would affect energy markets, investment and greenhouse emissions (GHG). The IEA analysis found that in order to halve global primary energy demand over 2010-2035, additional investments of USD 11.8 trillion in more efficient end-use technologies would be necessary. Using the OECD ENV-Linkages macro-economic model, this report simulates the economic and environmental impacts which the IEA Efficient World Scenario implies...
In its 2012 edition of the World Energy Outlook, the International Energy Agency (IEA) produced an Efficient World Scenario (IEA, 2012) to assess how implementing only economically viable energy efficiency measures would affect energy markets, investment and greenhouse emissions (GHG). The IEA analysis found that in order to halve global primary energy demand over 2010-2035, additional investments of USD 11.8 trillion in more efficient end-use technologies would be necessary. Using the OECD ENV-Linkages macro-economic model, this report simulates the economic and environmental impacts which the IEA Efficient World Scenario implies...
Book
43 p. ; 21 x 29.7 cm.
Start-up firms play a crucial role in bringing to the market the innovations needed to move to a greener growth path. Risk finance is essential for allowing new ventures to commercialise new ideas and grow, especially in emerging sectors. Still, very little is known about the drivers and the characteristics of risk finance in the green sector. This paper aims to fill this gap by providing a detailed description of risk finance in the green sector across 29 OECD and BRIICS countries over the period 2005-2010 and identifying the role that policies might have in shaping high-growth investments in this sector. Results are drawn from a comprehensive deal-level database of businesses seeking financing in the green industry combined with indicators of renewable policies and government R&D expenditures. The results suggest that both supply-side policies and environmental deployment policies, designed with a long-term perspective of creating a market for environmental technologies, are associated with higher levels of risk finance relative to more short-term fiscal policies, such as tax incentives and rebates. In addition, when focusing on renewable energy generation, the results confirm the positive association of generous feed-in tariffs (FITs) with risk-finance investment. However in the solar sector excessively generous FITs tend to discourage investment.
Start-up firms play a crucial role in bringing to the market the innovations needed to move to a greener growth path. Risk finance is essential for allowing new ventures to commercialise new ideas and grow, especially in emerging sectors. Still, very little is known about the drivers and the characteristics of risk finance in the green sector. This paper aims to fill this gap by providing a detailed description of risk finance in the green sector across 29 OECD and BRIICS countries over the period 2005-2010 and identifying the role that policies might have in shaping high-growth investments in this sector. Results are drawn from a comprehensive deal-level database of businesses seeking financing in the green industry combined with indicators of renewable policies and government R&D expenditures. The results suggest that both supply-side policies and environmental deployment policies, designed with a long-term perspective of creating a market for environmental technologies, are associated with higher levels of risk finance relative to more short-term fiscal policies, such as tax incentives and rebates. In addition, when focusing on renewable energy generation, the results confirm the positive association of generous feed-in tariffs (FITs) with risk-finance investment. However in the solar sector excessively generous FITs tend to discourage investment.
Book
140 p. ; 21x28 cm
  • Avant-propos et remerciements
  • Liste des acronymes
  • Résumé exécutif
  • Évaluation et recommandations
  • Les enjeux d'une crue majeure de la Seine en Île-de-France
  • Les enjeux de gouvernance pour la prévention des risques d'inondations de la Seine en Île-de-France
  • Accroître la résilience de l'Île-de-France par la prévention du risque d'inondation
  • Financer l'accroissement de la résilience de l'Île-de-France face aux inondations de la Seine
  • Liste des acteurs interviewés
  • Questionnaires envoyés aux parties prenantes
  • Un modèle d'équilibre général pour analyser les effets d'une inondation de la Seine
  • Annexe technique.
Cette étude s'intéresse à la prévention du risque d'inondation de la Seine en Ile-de-France. Elle étudie l'impact qu'une inondaton majeure telle que celle produite en 1910 pourrait avoir sur le bien-être des citoyens, le fonctonnement de la métropole et l'économie. Elle propose des pistes d'améloration relative à la gouvernance et la prévention de ce risque majeur.
  • Avant-propos et remerciements
  • Liste des acronymes
  • Résumé exécutif
  • Évaluation et recommandations
  • Les enjeux d'une crue majeure de la Seine en Île-de-France
  • Les enjeux de gouvernance pour la prévention des risques d'inondations de la Seine en Île-de-France
  • Accroître la résilience de l'Île-de-France par la prévention du risque d'inondation
  • Financer l'accroissement de la résilience de l'Île-de-France face aux inondations de la Seine
  • Liste des acteurs interviewés
  • Questionnaires envoyés aux parties prenantes
  • Un modèle d'équilibre général pour analyser les effets d'une inondation de la Seine
  • Annexe technique.
Cette étude s'intéresse à la prévention du risque d'inondation de la Seine en Ile-de-France. Elle étudie l'impact qu'une inondaton majeure telle que celle produite en 1910 pourrait avoir sur le bien-être des citoyens, le fonctonnement de la métropole et l'économie. Elle propose des pistes d'améloration relative à la gouvernance et la prévention de ce risque majeur.
Book
256 p. : ill. ; 21x28 cm.
Book
228 p. ; 21x28 cm.
  • Foreword
  • Preface
  • Executive summary
  • Green skills for a low-carbon future
  • The case for a global green skills training action plan
  • The New Skills for Green Jobs Project: European context
  • The interaction of environmental and labour market policy: An overview of the quantity and quality of green jobs in Europe
  • The Austrian Masterplan for Human Resources for Renewable Energies
  • Skills for green jobs: Gearing up education and training for green growth
  • Education and training for sustainability: An ecological vision
  • Licensing and certification to increase skills provision and utilisation amongst low-carbon small and medium-sized enterprises in the United Kingdom
  • Anticipating and managing the effects of greening of industries in the European Union: Skills development in the overall context of job quality
  • Greening technical vocational education and training in the European steel industry
  • Managerial skills in the green corporation
  • Local development strategy, green jobs and skills in the Indian context
  • Climate change adaptation and local development: The new imperatives for green skills development
  • Lessons from the project "Employment Centres and Sustainable Development" in France
  • Notes on the contributors.
Green skills, that is, skills needed in a low-carbon economy, will be required in all sectors and at all levels in the workforce as emerging economic activities create new (or renewed) occupations. Structural changes will realign sectors that are likely to decline as a result of the greening of the economy and workers will need to be retrained accordingly. The successful transition to a low-carbon economy will only be possible if workers can flexibly adapt and transfer from areas of decreasing employment to new industries. This report suggests that the role of skills and education and training policies should be an important component of the ecological transformation process.
  • Foreword
  • Preface
  • Executive summary
  • Green skills for a low-carbon future
  • The case for a global green skills training action plan
  • The New Skills for Green Jobs Project: European context
  • The interaction of environmental and labour market policy: An overview of the quantity and quality of green jobs in Europe
  • The Austrian Masterplan for Human Resources for Renewable Energies
  • Skills for green jobs: Gearing up education and training for green growth
  • Education and training for sustainability: An ecological vision
  • Licensing and certification to increase skills provision and utilisation amongst low-carbon small and medium-sized enterprises in the United Kingdom
  • Anticipating and managing the effects of greening of industries in the European Union: Skills development in the overall context of job quality
  • Greening technical vocational education and training in the European steel industry
  • Managerial skills in the green corporation
  • Local development strategy, green jobs and skills in the Indian context
  • Climate change adaptation and local development: The new imperatives for green skills development
  • Lessons from the project "Employment Centres and Sustainable Development" in France
  • Notes on the contributors.
Green skills, that is, skills needed in a low-carbon economy, will be required in all sectors and at all levels in the workforce as emerging economic activities create new (or renewed) occupations. Structural changes will realign sectors that are likely to decline as a result of the greening of the economy and workers will need to be retrained accordingly. The successful transition to a low-carbon economy will only be possible if workers can flexibly adapt and transfer from areas of decreasing employment to new industries. This report suggests that the role of skills and education and training policies should be an important component of the ecological transformation process.
Book
56 p. ; 21 x 29.7 cm.
This paper presents a framework to include feedbacks from climate impacts on the economy in integrated assessment models. The proposed framework uses a production function approach, which links climate impacts to key variables and parameters used in the specification of economic activity. The key endpoints within climate impact categories are linked to the relevant connections for a range of sectors in the economy. The paper pays particular attention to the challenges of distinguishing between damages and the costs of adapting to climate change. The paper also reviews existing studies and available data that can be used to establish linkages between climate impacts and key variables within economic models. There is considerable heterogeneity across the timing and geographic distribution of changes in climatic variables, the consequent changes in key physical and biogeochemical "endpoints" that might occur over time and space, and the magnitude of the resulting damages that these effects are likely to impose on the range of sectors in the economy. The review underlines the uncertainty involved in each of these dimensions and the research needs for the future.
This paper presents a framework to include feedbacks from climate impacts on the economy in integrated assessment models. The proposed framework uses a production function approach, which links climate impacts to key variables and parameters used in the specification of economic activity. The key endpoints within climate impact categories are linked to the relevant connections for a range of sectors in the economy. The paper pays particular attention to the challenges of distinguishing between damages and the costs of adapting to climate change. The paper also reviews existing studies and available data that can be used to establish linkages between climate impacts and key variables within economic models. There is considerable heterogeneity across the timing and geographic distribution of changes in climatic variables, the consequent changes in key physical and biogeochemical "endpoints" that might occur over time and space, and the magnitude of the resulting damages that these effects are likely to impose on the range of sectors in the economy. The review underlines the uncertainty involved in each of these dimensions and the research needs for the future.
Book
1 online resource (xii, 137 p.) : col. ill.
  • Indigenous traditional knowledge and Global Environmental Change
  • An introduction to Goa and Khazan ecosystems
  • Traditional ecological knowledge and environmental sustainability in Khazan
  • Management of khazan ecosystems: contested environments, competing interests and changing institutions
  • Erosion of indigenous resource base: causes and challenges
  • A framework for ecosystem performance, ecological vulnerability, ecosystem valuation and local livelihoods using Khazan example
  • Building on indigenous resource management systems: key to finding solutions.
This book elaborates on the Khazan ecosystems of Goa, India. Khazans are human-managed ecosystems, which are reclaimed from coastal wetlands, salt marshes and mangrove areas, where tidal influence is regulated through a highly structured system of dykes, canals, furrows, and sluice gates using resources that are amply available locally. Khazan ecosystems are marvels of tribal engineering. They are a simple architectural design, which operate at a very low running cost using tidal, hydro, and solar energy. The design contributes to a highly complex but eco-friendly ecosystem integrating agriculture, aquaculture and salt panning.
  • Indigenous traditional knowledge and Global Environmental Change
  • An introduction to Goa and Khazan ecosystems
  • Traditional ecological knowledge and environmental sustainability in Khazan
  • Management of khazan ecosystems: contested environments, competing interests and changing institutions
  • Erosion of indigenous resource base: causes and challenges
  • A framework for ecosystem performance, ecological vulnerability, ecosystem valuation and local livelihoods using Khazan example
  • Building on indigenous resource management systems: key to finding solutions.
This book elaborates on the Khazan ecosystems of Goa, India. Khazans are human-managed ecosystems, which are reclaimed from coastal wetlands, salt marshes and mangrove areas, where tidal influence is regulated through a highly structured system of dykes, canals, furrows, and sluice gates using resources that are amply available locally. Khazan ecosystems are marvels of tribal engineering. They are a simple architectural design, which operate at a very low running cost using tidal, hydro, and solar energy. The design contributes to a highly complex but eco-friendly ecosystem integrating agriculture, aquaculture and salt panning.
Book
44 p. ; 21 x 29.7 cm.
This document provides a detailed technical description of the ENV-Linkages model. The OECD ENV-Linkages Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model is an economic model that describes how economic activities are inter-linked across several macroeconomic sectors and regions. It links economic activity to environmental pressure, specifically to emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs). The links between economic activities and emissions are projected for several decades into the future, and thus shed light on the impacts of environmental policies for the medium- and long-term future. In this paper specific attention is given to the equations that form the core of the model. The version of the model presented here is used for analysis carried out for the OECD Environmental Outlook to 2050 (OECD, 2012). An updated version of the model is expected to play a key role in the new CIRCLE project (OECD, 2013).
This document provides a detailed technical description of the ENV-Linkages model. The OECD ENV-Linkages Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model is an economic model that describes how economic activities are inter-linked across several macroeconomic sectors and regions. It links economic activity to environmental pressure, specifically to emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs). The links between economic activities and emissions are projected for several decades into the future, and thus shed light on the impacts of environmental policies for the medium- and long-term future. In this paper specific attention is given to the equations that form the core of the model. The version of the model presented here is used for analysis carried out for the OECD Environmental Outlook to 2050 (OECD, 2012). An updated version of the model is expected to play a key role in the new CIRCLE project (OECD, 2013).
Book
xxxiv, 257 p.
  • The long term. 1. Crisis
  • 2. Decline
  • 3. Proper Baselines: the example of English butterflies
  • England and the Netherlands. 4. Commodity landscapes: southern England
  • 5. Agricultural change: southern England
  • 6. Landscapes of destruction: the curse of the pheasant
  • 7. Landscapes of destruction: the sacrifice to trout
  • 8. The Netherlands: reclamation and exploitation
  • 9. England: reclamation and exploitation
  • European expansion. 10. Europe's expansion overseas
  • 11. Europe's distant reach
  • 12. Pristine America
  • The modern world. 13. East Asia
  • 14. The modern expansion of agriculture
  • Conclusion. 15. What should we conserve?
Revealed Biodiversity: An Economic History of the Human Impact aims to show that for several centuries environmental conditions have been substantially the product of economic fluctuations. It contests the notion of perpetual decline in species composition. The arguments are supported by far more precise historical detail than is usual in books about ecology. The need to take the gains to human society into account when assessing environmental change is strongly emphasized. The book features case studies including England, the Netherlands, USA, East Asia, Brazil, and the areas of modern agricultural 'land grab'. This book is important for its close attention to the documented historical record of environmental change in several countries over several centuries; for its demonstration of how much wildlife populations have been influenced by fluctuations in market activity; for revealing the need to be sensitive to historical baselines; and for emphasizing the imperative of taking the gains to human society into account when assessing environmental change. It, therefore, has considerable significance for environmental and conservation policies as well as for future studies in ecological history.
  • The long term. 1. Crisis
  • 2. Decline
  • 3. Proper Baselines: the example of English butterflies
  • England and the Netherlands. 4. Commodity landscapes: southern England
  • 5. Agricultural change: southern England
  • 6. Landscapes of destruction: the curse of the pheasant
  • 7. Landscapes of destruction: the sacrifice to trout
  • 8. The Netherlands: reclamation and exploitation
  • 9. England: reclamation and exploitation
  • European expansion. 10. Europe's expansion overseas
  • 11. Europe's distant reach
  • 12. Pristine America
  • The modern world. 13. East Asia
  • 14. The modern expansion of agriculture
  • Conclusion. 15. What should we conserve?
Revealed Biodiversity: An Economic History of the Human Impact aims to show that for several centuries environmental conditions have been substantially the product of economic fluctuations. It contests the notion of perpetual decline in species composition. The arguments are supported by far more precise historical detail than is usual in books about ecology. The need to take the gains to human society into account when assessing environmental change is strongly emphasized. The book features case studies including England, the Netherlands, USA, East Asia, Brazil, and the areas of modern agricultural 'land grab'. This book is important for its close attention to the documented historical record of environmental change in several countries over several centuries; for its demonstration of how much wildlife populations have been influenced by fluctuations in market activity; for revealing the need to be sensitive to historical baselines; and for emphasizing the imperative of taking the gains to human society into account when assessing environmental change. It, therefore, has considerable significance for environmental and conservation policies as well as for future studies in ecological history.
Book
31 p. ; 21 x 29.7 cm.
Climate change has already resulted in climate-related extreme events of greater frequency and/or intensity. This, along with long-term changes in average conditions (whether in temperature or rainfall), is likely to continue to have a major impact on livelihoods. Developing countries will be especially affected by such events – and more specifically, the poor people in developing countries – because of their geographical exposure and their greater reliance on climate-sensitive sectors such as agriculture. Social protection offers a wide range of instruments (e.g. cash transfers, insurance products, pension schemes and employment guarantee schemes) that can be used to support households that are particularly vulnerable to both the ongoing and acute impacts of climate changes. Although the evidence base showing how these measures can help those affected prevent and cope with climate challenges is still limited, this paper aims to provide a condensed review of the current knowledge and evidence about the role of social protection in reducing the impact of climate change on the poorest populations and provides a series of recommendations for both social protection and climate change practitioners and for strengthening the evidence base.
Climate change has already resulted in climate-related extreme events of greater frequency and/or intensity. This, along with long-term changes in average conditions (whether in temperature or rainfall), is likely to continue to have a major impact on livelihoods. Developing countries will be especially affected by such events – and more specifically, the poor people in developing countries – because of their geographical exposure and their greater reliance on climate-sensitive sectors such as agriculture. Social protection offers a wide range of instruments (e.g. cash transfers, insurance products, pension schemes and employment guarantee schemes) that can be used to support households that are particularly vulnerable to both the ongoing and acute impacts of climate changes. Although the evidence base showing how these measures can help those affected prevent and cope with climate challenges is still limited, this paper aims to provide a condensed review of the current knowledge and evidence about the role of social protection in reducing the impact of climate change on the poorest populations and provides a series of recommendations for both social protection and climate change practitioners and for strengthening the evidence base.
Book
xi, 307 p. : ill.
  • ch. 1. Soils, landscapes, and ecosystems
  • ch. 2. Soil parent material, weathering, and primary particles
  • ch. 3. Soil architecture : structural units and horizons
  • ch. 4. Heat and soil temperature
  • ch. 5. Soil water, air, and climate
  • ch. 6. Soil classification : kinds of soils
  • ch. 7. Soils and landscapes
  • ch. 8. Primary production and plant nutrition
  • ch. 9. Soil organisms : life in soils
  • ch. 10. Soil organic matter
  • ch. 11. Soils and global processes
  • ch. 12. Land management and soil quality.
  • ch. 1. Soils, landscapes, and ecosystems
  • ch. 2. Soil parent material, weathering, and primary particles
  • ch. 3. Soil architecture : structural units and horizons
  • ch. 4. Heat and soil temperature
  • ch. 5. Soil water, air, and climate
  • ch. 6. Soil classification : kinds of soils
  • ch. 7. Soils and landscapes
  • ch. 8. Primary production and plant nutrition
  • ch. 9. Soil organisms : life in soils
  • ch. 10. Soil organic matter
  • ch. 11. Soils and global processes
  • ch. 12. Land management and soil quality.
Book
1 online resource (2 v.) : illustrations (some color)
  • v. 1. [no specific title]. Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria: Potential candidates for gibberellins production and crop growth promotion
  • Mycorrhizal Fungi to Alleviate Drought Stress on Plant Growth
  • Role of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi in Alleviation of Acidity Stress on Plant Growth
  • Use of Plant Growth-Promoting Rhizobacteria to Alleviate Salinity Stress in Plants
  • Mycorrhizal Fungi to Alleviate Drought Stress on Plant Growth
  • PGPR to Alleviate the Stress of Suboptimal Root Zone Temperature on Leguminous Plant Growth
  • Salinity Stress and Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis in Plants.
  • v. 2. Alleviation of soil stress by PGPR and mycorrhizal fungi.
Use of Microbes for the Alleviation of Soil Stresses, Volume 1 describes the most important details and advances related to the alleviation of soil stresses by soil microbes. Comprised of seven chapters, the book reviews the mechanisms by which plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) alleviate plant growth under stress; the role of mycorrhizal fungi on the alleviation of drought stress in host plants; how PGPR may alleviate salinity stress on the growth of host plants; and the role of PGPR on the growth of the host plant under the stress of sub optimal root zone temperature. Written by experts in their respective fields, Use of Microbes for the Alleviation of Soil Stresses, Volume 1 is a comprehensive and valuable resource for researchers and students interested in the field of microbiology and soil stresses.
  • v. 1. [no specific title]. Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria: Potential candidates for gibberellins production and crop growth promotion
  • Mycorrhizal Fungi to Alleviate Drought Stress on Plant Growth
  • Role of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi in Alleviation of Acidity Stress on Plant Growth
  • Use of Plant Growth-Promoting Rhizobacteria to Alleviate Salinity Stress in Plants
  • Mycorrhizal Fungi to Alleviate Drought Stress on Plant Growth
  • PGPR to Alleviate the Stress of Suboptimal Root Zone Temperature on Leguminous Plant Growth
  • Salinity Stress and Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis in Plants.
  • v. 2. Alleviation of soil stress by PGPR and mycorrhizal fungi.
Use of Microbes for the Alleviation of Soil Stresses, Volume 1 describes the most important details and advances related to the alleviation of soil stresses by soil microbes. Comprised of seven chapters, the book reviews the mechanisms by which plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) alleviate plant growth under stress; the role of mycorrhizal fungi on the alleviation of drought stress in host plants; how PGPR may alleviate salinity stress on the growth of host plants; and the role of PGPR on the growth of the host plant under the stress of sub optimal root zone temperature. Written by experts in their respective fields, Use of Microbes for the Alleviation of Soil Stresses, Volume 1 is a comprehensive and valuable resource for researchers and students interested in the field of microbiology and soil stresses.
Book
1 online resource (xxiv, 2346 pages) : illustrations.
  • Impact of Site-Scale Green Infrastructure on Volume Reduction in Combined Sewers
  • Determining Infiltration Loss of a Grassed Swale
  • Modeling Hydrologic Performance of Permeable Pavement with DRAINMOD in North Carolina and Ohio
  • Tidal Back River Greening Projects : A Case Study in BMP Placement, Performance, and Practice
  • Estimating the Time of Concentration of Overland Flow on an Impervious Surface Using a Particle Tracking Model
  • Isotopic Analysis for Characterizing Nutrient Sources in a Small Urban Nebraska Watershed
  • Field Estimation of In Situ Vegetation Resistance in Large Managed Wetlands Using Generated Waves
  • St. Louis MSD Green Infrastructure Pilot Program
  • Interim Report on the Retrofit of an Existing Flood Control Facility to Improve Pollutant Removal in an Urban Watershed
  • Influence of Meteorological Characteristics on Atmospheric Contaminant Loadings in Stormwater Runoff at an International Airport
  • Changing the Paradigm : Stormwater Management for the Greater New Orleans Area.
  • Evaluation of Retrofitted Green Infrastructure Stormwater Controls in Urban Areas Served by Combined and Separate Sewer Systems in Cincinnati, OH
  • Construction and Soil Monitoring Plan for an ET-Infiltration Rain Garden Comparison Site
  • Comparing Stormwater Control Measure Effluent Quality with Road Runoff Management in Mind
  • Evaluating the Performance of Disconnected Downspouts on Existing and Amended Lawns as a Stormwater Control Measure
  • Performance of Pervious Concrete on Runoff Reduction in Grand Forks, ND
  • Evaluating the Hydrologic and Water Quality Performance of Infiltrating Wet Retention Ponds
  • Permeable Pavement and Filterra Performance at an Amtrak Station in North Carolina, USA
  • Integrating Hydrologic and Water Quality Variability into Land-Use-Based Stormwater Load Modeling
  • Estimating Effective Permeable Areas in Consolidated Urban Watersheds Based on Satellite Image Analysis and Field Survey
  • Measured Water Detention Performance of Enhanced Green Roof Tray Systems
  • Biochar-Amended Media for Enhanced Nutrient Removal in Stormwater Facilities
  • Unsaturated 1D Hydrological Process and Modeling of Living Roof Media during Steady Rainfall
  • Phosphate Removal by Metal Cross-Linked Biopolymers
  • Engineered Injection and Extraction for In Situ Remediation of Sorbing Contaminants in Aquifers.
  • Adjoint Modeling of Contaminant Fate and Transport in Riverbank Filtration Systems
  • Evolution of a Groundwater Model over 20 Years
  • Assessment of Groundwater Vulnerability in a Coastal Region Using DRASTIC and IM-DRASTIC models : Case study of Kish Island, Iran
  • Modeling of Solute Transport in Pore Scale Sediment Beds : A Summary of Hydrodynamic Interactions Induced by Surface Wave, Bed Form, and Near Bed Turbulence
  • Increased Total Dissolved Solids, Chloride, and Bromide Concentrations Due to Sea-Level Rise in a Coastal Aquifer
  • Applications of the Green-Ampt Method across Scales
  • Evaluation of the Effect of Initial Conditions on Parameter Estimation in a Groundwater Flow and Transport Model
  • Analytical Solution for Vapor Flow to a Horizontal Well in Unsaturated Soils
  • Simplified Groundwater Modeling Approach for Quaternary Deposits in Laxemar-Simpevarp, Sweden
  • Conjunctive Use of Surface and Groundwater Resources Using System Dynamics Approach : Case Study of Namroud Dam
  • Groundwater Use in Agriculture : Approaches to Sustainable Management in U.S. Case Studies
  • Advective and Dispersive Contributions to Gas-Phase Transport in Porous Media
  • Operation of Mobile Sensors for Monitoring Municipal Drinking Water Distribution Systems
  • Challenges and Opportunities in Hydraulic Modeling during Business Transformation
  • How Does Water Distribution Design Really Work?.
  • Detection of Leakage in Pipe Networks Using Transient and Simulated Annealing
  • Optimal Water System Operation Using Successive Shortest Path Graph Algorithm
  • Long Time Simulations and Analysis of Future Scenarios for Design and Benefit Cost Analysis of Small Hydropower in Water Distribution Systems
  • Sensor Placement and Leakage Isolation with Differential Evolution
  • Leakage Calibration of Water Distribution Systems
  • Pump Scheduling for Uncertain Electricity Prices
  • Fuzzy Analysis of Pressure-Deficient Water Distribution Networks
  • Development of a Methodology to Predict the Failure of Large-Diameter Cast Iron Water Mains
  • Trunk Water Main Failure Consequence Modeling of Hydraulic Failure and Fire Flow
  • Spanning Tree-Based Algorithm for Generating Water Distribution Network Sets by Using Street Network Data Sets
  • Tradeoffs in Public Acceptance and Water Savings in Using Reclaimed Water for Irrigation Applications
  • Optimal Sensor Placement in Water Distribution Systems for Injection of Chlorpyrifos
  • Optimization of Surge Protection Devices in Water Distribution Systems
  • GA for Optimal Upgrading of Water Distribution Networks for Level-1 Redundancy
  • Assessing Model Structure Uncertainties in Water Distribution Models
  • Impact of Failure Mode, Crack Area, and Pressure on Leakage Outflow
  • Sensor Placement Optimization for Water Quality Model Calibration
  • Evaluation of Transient Scenarios on a Water Distribution Lab Model Calibrated under Steady State Conditions.
  • What Does it Take to Make Automated Calibration Find Closed Valves and Leaks?
  • Effects of Chlorine and Chloramine on Microbial Biomass and Community Structure in Model Drinking Water Distribution Systems
  • A New Integer Linear Programming-Based Design Methodology for Water Distribution Systems
  • Statistical Downscaling versus Dynamic Downscaling : An Assessment Based upon a Sample Study
  • Assessment of Change in Precipitation Frequency under Future Climate Change Conditions
  • Multisite Statistical Downscaling of Daily Precipitation Processes
  • Dynamic Equilibrium Glacier Modeling under Evolving Climate Conditions
  • Climate Change Effects on Soil Erosion from a Winter Wheat Field in Central Oklahoma
  • Incorporating Climate Variability in a Nonparametric Modeling Framework for Improving Hydrologic Predictions
  • Investigation of the Linkages between Oceanic Atmospheric Variability and Continental U.S. Streamflow
  • Inland Municipal Desalination Plants in the United States
  • Concentrate Management Practices in U.S. Municipal Desalination Plants
  • Brine Discharge Load Design and Optimization Framework for Desalination Process Using Mixing Plume Criteria and Discharge Pipe Length Augmentation
  • Study of Salinization in Shallow Aquifers in the Ada East-West Districts of Ghana
  • High-Recovery Processing of WTP and WWTP Desalination Concentrate
  • Dimensionless Criteria for Selecting Tidally Influenced Advective-Dispersive Desalination Brine Mixing Plume Characterization Models.
  • From Chow's Lab to Bypass the Time of Concentration
  • Ven Te Chow and Deterministic Hydrology
  • Chow, Froude, and Vedernikov
  • Ven Te Chow : An Outstanding Scholar
  • Methodology for IWRM for Humid Alluvial Plains
  • Water Education Foundation's William R. Gianelli Water Leaders Class
  • Education and Service to EWRI and ASCE through EWRI History and Heritage Sessions
  • New Vision for Water Resources Engineering : Beyond Vision 2025
  • Evaluation of Biofilter Denitrification with Solid-State Electron Donors
  • Ubiquitous Sensing : Potential and Pitfalls
  • Simulating Flow Changes Due to Current Energy Capture : SNL-EFDC Model Verification
  • Use of Innovative Techniques to Enhance the Hydraulic Disinfection Efficiency of Drinking Water Contact Tanks
  • Development and Implementation of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) for Measuring Water Quality
  • Improving Streamflow Reconstructions Using Oceanic-Atmospheric Climate Variability
  • Implementing CFD in the Development of a Hydrodynamic Separator for Grit Washing
  • Relating Temperature Trends to Urban Change and NDVI in Las Vegas
  • Coastal Floodplain Mapping and Evaluation Using GIS and HEC-GeoRAS Models
  • Integration of Coastal Storm Inundation Model (GSSHA) with Grid Surface and Subsurface Hydrological Model
  • Enabling Communications for Buried Pipe Networks
  • Quantifying Resilience to Coastal Flood Events : A Case Study of New York City
  • Probable Role of Anthropogenic Activities in 2013 Flood Disaster in Uttarakhand, India.
  • Climate Change Impacts on Urban Runoff in a New York City Watershed
  • LID Implementation to Mitigate Climate Change Impacts on Urban Runoff
  • Challenges of Sustainable Development and Management of Water Resources in Ethiopia
  • Real-Time Analysis of Moisture and Flow Data to Describe Wet Weather Response in a Permeable Pavement Parking Lot
  • Hydrogen Sulfide Exposure and Human-Health Risk in Mining-Impacted Regions
  • Prediction of GHG Emissions from a New Reservoir
  • Automatic Calibration of Water Quality Models for Reservoirs and Lakes
  • Permit Management: Keeping Projects in Compliance Aggressive Permit Management for New York City's Wastewater Treatment and Water Supply Capital Plan
  • Value of Forecasts in Reservoir Operations Management
  • Many-Objective Direct Policy Search in the Dez and Karoun Multireservoir System, Iran
  • Managing for Floodplains and Aquatic Species : A Framework for Multiobjective Reservoir Operations
  • Managing the Impacts of Reservoirs in the Mekong River Basin
  • Meeting Temperature Requirements for Fisheries Downstream of Folsom Reservoir, California
  • Optimizing Short-Term Operation of a Multireservoir System during Transition of Objectives and Constraints
  • Recent Southern Nevada Water History and Water Education
  • Bank Erosion of the Illinois River
  • Ecological Response of Floodplain Restoration to Flooding Disturbance : A Comparison of the Effects of Heavy and Light Flooding.
  • Impacts of the Mount St. Helens Eruption on the Columbia and Cowlitz Rivers and the Corps' Response to Date
  • Effects of the Great Missoula Floods
  • Early Exploration and Mapping of the Columbia River
  • Grand Coulee Dam History
  • Framework for Bridge Scour Measurement Using Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)
  • Two-Dimensional Numerical Simulation of a Grand Canyon Sandbar during a High Flow Experiment
  • Riprap Design for Overtopping Man Do I Need a Martini!
  • Scaling and Self-Similarity of One-Dimensional Suspended Sediment Transport Equations
  • Evaluation of Reducing Elbow Characteristics versus Velocity Distribution at the Pump Inlet
  • Calibration of a Geophone Acoustic Sensor to Bedload Particle Mode of Transport
  • Energy Dissipation in Six-Foot Drop Broken Back Culverts under Open Channel Flow Conditions
  • Uniform Flow Development Length in a Rough Laboratory Flume
  • Quantifying Sediment Sources to the Suspended Load of an Agricultural Stream Using Radioisotopes
  • Evaluated Head of Rubble Mound Breakwater Stability with Experimental under Irregular Waves
  • Redistribution Effects on Changes in Soil Carbon Storage Potential in Intensely Managed Landscapes
  • Alternative Tile Intake Design for Tile Drainage : A Case Study
  • Experimental Study on Scale Effects in Surges Caused by Sudden Air Pocket Entrapments
  • Age of Water and Salt Exchange in the Perdido and Wolf Bay System
  • Project Feasibility Analysis : Willamette River Study.
  • Physical Model Testing and Validation of Large Long-Throated Flumes
  • Benchmark Exercise for Comparing the Computational Performance of Two-Dimensional Flood Models in CPU, Multi-CPU, and GPU Frameworks
  • Effects on Streambeds Due to Changes in Discharge and Channel Width
  • Model Studies of Semi-Permeable Rubble Mound Weirs
  • Prediction of Scouring Depth at the Outlet of Partially Blocked Box Culvert
  • MAST-1D : A Size-Specific Sediment Transport and Tracer Model with Off-Channel Storage
  • Gas Extraction from Lake Kivu : The Dynamics of the Degassed Water Plume
  • Deep Creek Streambank Stabilization : Sustainably Protecting Critical Infrastructure
  • Scour Pool Development at Countersunk Culverts
  • Sediment Transport Conditions near Culverts
  • Analysis of Maximum Probable Storm Surge at the South Texas Project Site
  • Three-Dimensional Simulation of Tidal Flow in Vegetated Marsh Area
  • Two-Dimensional Finite Volume Model for Sediment Transport in Unsteady Flow
  • Predicting Cumulative Stream Power in Ungauged, Rural Watersheds
  • Examining Seasonal Trends in Sediment Source Contributions in an Intensely Cultivated Midwestern Sub-Watershed Using Bayesian Unmixing
  • Two-Stage Raw Water Intake A Case Study of a Unique Flood Water Pump Station
  • Channel Avulsion Dynamics in Meandering Rivers
  • L-8 Flow Equalization Basin Project Converting Retired Rock Quarries for Environmental Restoration
  • Bank Stability Analysis for Fluvial Erosion and Mass Failure
  • Simulation of the Rapid Filling of a Transmission Main Undergoing Flow Regime Transition.
  • Determination of River Maintenance Need at Individual Sites and Reaches on the Middle Rio Grande, NM
  • Three-Dimensional Numerical Modeling of Air-Water Geyser Flows
  • Susceptibility Analysis of River Bank Erosion Based on Exposure to Shear Stress and Velocity Combined with Hydrologic and Geomorphologic Variables
  • Evaluating the Natural Development of the Meta River for Proposing Hydraulic Works Oriented to River Training for Fluvial Navigation
  • Climate Change Impacts on Rainfed Corn Production in Malawi's Lilongwe District
  • Social and Environmental Impacts of Waste Management Alternatives in India : A Critical Analysis
  • System-Dynamics Approach to Evaluate Climate Change Adaptation Strategies for Iran's Zayandeh-Rud Water System
  • Bacterial Testing Plate Incubation in Developing Regions
  • Microbiological and Economic Assessment of Ceramic Pot Filters Used Long Term in Households in San Pedro La Laguna, Guatemala
  • Performance Characterization of a Wind-Powered Water Pump for Use in Rural Bolivia
  • Mapping the Way : Testing Methods to Map Water Points in Developing Countries
  • Importance of Cash Contributions to the Sustainability of International Development Projects
  • Columbia River Treaty 2014/2024 : Integrating Numerical Models and HEC-WAT Plug-In Technology
  • Columbia River Treaty 2014/2024 : HEC-WAT Innovations for CRT Computes
  • Columbia River Treaty 2014-2024 : Distributed Computing for HEC-WAT/FRA
  • Columbia River Treaty 2014/2024 : Monte Carlo Simulation in HEC-WAT
  • Columbia River Treaty 2014/2024 : HEC-WAT and the FRA Compute Option.
  • Pressure Recorders : Low-Cost, Robust, Low-Battery-Use Field Measurement Techniques for Trending Water Pressure
  • What Caffeine Tells Us about Nutrient Source Apportionment in Rural Watershed Tile Drainage
  • Wetted-Perimeter-Dependent Furrow Infiltration and Its Implication for the Hydraulic Analysis of Furrow Irrigation Systems
  • Optimal Dynamic Water Allocation for Irrigation of Multiple Crops
  • Estimating Evapotranspiration from Fields with and without Tile Drainage Using Remote Sensing
  • Optimized Water Delivery to Farmers in Maduru-Oya, Sri Lanka, Using Irrigation Demands Communicated through SMS Messaging
  • Validation and Performance of Several Radiation Models in Shahrekord Plain
  • Weed-Resistant Propeller-Meter System
  • Estimating Pistachio Evapotranspiration Using MODIS Imagery : A Case Study from Ardakan, Iran
  • Implementation of New Irrigation Protocols on Strawberry Transplants on the California Central Coast
  • An Agent-Based Modeling Approach to Simulate the Dynamics of Water Supply and Water Demand
  • Multiobjective Optimization to Explore Tradeoffs in Rainwater Harvesting Strategies for Urban Water Sustainability
  • Complex Adaptive System Framework to Simulate Adaptations of Human-Environmental Systems to Climate Change and Urbanization : The Verde River Basin
  • Iterative Approach to Many-Objective Engineering Design : Balancing Conflicting Objectives for Engineered Injection and Extraction.
  • Empirical Acceptance-Resistance Agent-Based Modeling Approach for Simulating the Adoption of Water Reuse
  • Application of a Water Resources Model to Assist Planning in Elsinore Valley Municipal Water District
  • Modeling Streamflow Dominated by Snowmelt in an Ungauged Basin in Northwestern China
  • Sustainable Water Supply Planning for North Central Texas : Using a Decision-Support System to Evaluate the Triple Bottom Line
  • Online Gaming for Understanding Agents' Behavior in Water-Sharing Problems
  • Flood Storage Allocation Rules for Parallel Reservoirs
  • Bayesian Model Averaging for Flood Frequency Analysis
  • Hydrologic Responses to Irrigation Management in the Wood River Basin, Klamath County, Oregon
  • Estimating the Storm Surge Recurrence Interval for Hurricane Sandy
  • Evolution of Storage Capacity in the Brazilian Hydropower System
  • Brazilian Hydrothermal System Operation : Interconnected Large System or Isolated Subsystems?
  • GIS-Based System to Better Guide Water Resources Management and Decision Making
  • Flood Hazard Reevaluation at Existing U.S. Nuclear Power Plants in Response to the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Loss of Coolant Accident
  • Correlating Human Preferences and Optimized Watershed Management Plans
  • Classifying Streams on the Basis of Elevation above Mean Sea Level A Universal Approach
  • Efficacies of Centralized versus Distributed Chlorinated Treatment on Inhibiting Microbial Regrowth and Biofilm Potential for Water Distributions Systems
  • Modeling the Co-Evolution of Potable and Reclaimed Water Distribution Systems
  • Pervious Concrete : A Testing of Traits and Methodology.
  • Sustainability and Economics of Reservoir Sedimentation
  • Perspectives on Sustainable Materials and Practice in the Concrete Industry of Bangladesh
  • Keep It Local : Sustainable Storm-Water Management Methods on Urban Streets
  • Compulsion, Coercion, and Cooperation : Consumer Attitudes to Domestic Water Efficiency
  • New Finance-Based Portfolio Analysis Framework for Sustainable Energy Planning
  • The Science Not Yet Behind Wetland Policy : Ecology, Hydrology, Public Perception, and Conservation
  • Sustainable Energy Planning with Respect to Resource Use Efficiency : Insights for the United States
  • Social Sustainability and Important Indicators in Infrastructure
  • Hydro-Climate from Wake County's Perspective
  • Decision Analytic Model for Nonstationary Flood Risk Management
  • Climate Change Risk on the Water Resources Management of Himalayan Basins.
  • Evaluating the Effects of Climate Change on Water Reliability in Iran's Karkheh River Basin
  • Climate Change IMpacts on Reservoir Inflow Using Various Weighting Approaches
  • Forcing Hydrologic Model with GCM Output : Bias Correction vs. the "Delta Change" Method
  • Evaluation of an Unsaturated Flow Model for Flow Attenuation in Green Roofs
  • Challenges of Restoring an Altered Reservoir/Debris/Detention Basin to Its Maximum Potential Flood Mitigation Capacity A Case Study in Ventura County, California.
  • Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Wastewater Treatment Plants and By-Product Operations A Comprehensive Review
  • Review of Processes and Wastewater Quality Produced in Different Ready-Made Garment Industries of Bangladesh and Their Impact on the Potential Use of Zero Liquid Discharge Effluent Treatment Plant Systems
  • Predicting Impacts of Changing Land Use/Cover on Streamflow in Ungauged Watersheds
  • Flow Rate and Sediment-Trapping Laboratory Experiments Using Various Biofilter Media
  • The North Valley Regional Recycled Water Program : Putting Title 22 Water to Beneficial Use in California's Central Valley
  • Innovative Stormwater Floating Islands as Wetland Plant Nurseries.
  • Curve Numbers for Two Agro-Forested Watersheds
  • Thermal Desalination Technologies as Alternative Options for Water Scarcity in Libya
  • Predictability of the Recurrence of the 1976-77 Dry Conditions in California Using Saros Cycles and Analogous Orbital Geometries
  • Comparison of Erosion Hotspots for Two Watersheds in Ohio
  • Implications of SRTM- and ASTER-Based DEMs on Hydrologic Responses at Various Catchment Scales
  • Identification of Safe Navigation Routes in a Remote Watershed under Extreme Storm Events Utilizing GIS and Hydrologic Models
  • Identifying Dominant Biogeochemical Processes Regarding theNitrogen Cycle in Active and Passive Zones of a Restored Wetland through WetQual Model
  • Decision Support Tool Utilizing an HSPF Watershed Model Application for the Central Big Sioux River in Eastern South Dakota
  • Rainfall and Intensity-Duration-Frequency (IDF) Curves in the United Arab Emirates
  • Prediction of Hydrologic Statistics in Nested Watersheds across the United States
  • Examining the Reliability of Hydrologic Drought-Risk Forecasting at Seasonal Timescales.
"This collection contains 233 papers covering a broad range of current research and practice in the field of environmental and water resources engineering with a focus on trans-boundary water management. Papers from the following symposia are included: 11th Urban Watershed Management Symposium; 12th Symposium on Groundwater Hydrology, Quality, and Management; 16th Annual Symposium on Water Distribution Systems Analysis; 2nd Annual Symposium on Desalination and Water Reuse; 2014 Hydro-Climate Symposium on Modeling Climate Change; International Symposium on the Columbia River Basin; and Water Systems Planning under Climate Change Symposium. Additional topics include integrated water resources management; education and research; hydraulics and waterways; environmental planning and management; water, wastewater and stormwater management; and history and heritage"--Provided by publisher.
  • Impact of Site-Scale Green Infrastructure on Volume Reduction in Combined Sewers
  • Determining Infiltration Loss of a Grassed Swale
  • Modeling Hydrologic Performance of Permeable Pavement with DRAINMOD in North Carolina and Ohio
  • Tidal Back River Greening Projects : A Case Study in BMP Placement, Performance, and Practice
  • Estimating the Time of Concentration of Overland Flow on an Impervious Surface Using a Particle Tracking Model
  • Isotopic Analysis for Characterizing Nutrient Sources in a Small Urban Nebraska Watershed
  • Field Estimation of In Situ Vegetation Resistance in Large Managed Wetlands Using Generated Waves
  • St. Louis MSD Green Infrastructure Pilot Program
  • Interim Report on the Retrofit of an Existing Flood Control Facility to Improve Pollutant Removal in an Urban Watershed
  • Influence of Meteorological Characteristics on Atmospheric Contaminant Loadings in Stormwater Runoff at an International Airport
  • Changing the Paradigm : Stormwater Management for the Greater New Orleans Area.
  • Evaluation of Retrofitted Green Infrastructure Stormwater Controls in Urban Areas Served by Combined and Separate Sewer Systems in Cincinnati, OH
  • Construction and Soil Monitoring Plan for an ET-Infiltration Rain Garden Comparison Site
  • Comparing Stormwater Control Measure Effluent Quality with Road Runoff Management in Mind
  • Evaluating the Performance of Disconnected Downspouts on Existing and Amended Lawns as a Stormwater Control Measure
  • Performance of Pervious Concrete on Runoff Reduction in Grand Forks, ND
  • Evaluating the Hydrologic and Water Quality Performance of Infiltrating Wet Retention Ponds
  • Permeable Pavement and Filterra Performance at an Amtrak Station in North Carolina, USA
  • Integrating Hydrologic and Water Quality Variability into Land-Use-Based Stormwater Load Modeling
  • Estimating Effective Permeable Areas in Consolidated Urban Watersheds Based on Satellite Image Analysis and Field Survey
  • Measured Water Detention Performance of Enhanced Green Roof Tray Systems
  • Biochar-Amended Media for Enhanced Nutrient Removal in Stormwater Facilities
  • Unsaturated 1D Hydrological Process and Modeling of Living Roof Media during Steady Rainfall
  • Phosphate Removal by Metal Cross-Linked Biopolymers
  • Engineered Injection and Extraction for In Situ Remediation of Sorbing Contaminants in Aquifers.
  • Adjoint Modeling of Contaminant Fate and Transport in Riverbank Filtration Systems
  • Evolution of a Groundwater Model over 20 Years
  • Assessment of Groundwater Vulnerability in a Coastal Region Using DRASTIC and IM-DRASTIC models : Case study of Kish Island, Iran
  • Modeling of Solute Transport in Pore Scale Sediment Beds : A Summary of Hydrodynamic Interactions Induced by Surface Wave, Bed Form, and Near Bed Turbulence
  • Increased Total Dissolved Solids, Chloride, and Bromide Concentrations Due to Sea-Level Rise in a Coastal Aquifer
  • Applications of the Green-Ampt Method across Scales
  • Evaluation of the Effect of Initial Conditions on Parameter Estimation in a Groundwater Flow and Transport Model
  • Analytical Solution for Vapor Flow to a Horizontal Well in Unsaturated Soils
  • Simplified Groundwater Modeling Approach for Quaternary Deposits in Laxemar-Simpevarp, Sweden
  • Conjunctive Use of Surface and Groundwater Resources Using System Dynamics Approach : Case Study of Namroud Dam
  • Groundwater Use in Agriculture : Approaches to Sustainable Management in U.S. Case Studies
  • Advective and Dispersive Contributions to Gas-Phase Transport in Porous Media
  • Operation of Mobile Sensors for Monitoring Municipal Drinking Water Distribution Systems
  • Challenges and Opportunities in Hydraulic Modeling during Business Transformation
  • How Does Water Distribution Design Really Work?.
  • Detection of Leakage in Pipe Networks Using Transient and Simulated Annealing
  • Optimal Water System Operation Using Successive Shortest Path Graph Algorithm
  • Long Time Simulations and Analysis of Future Scenarios for Design and Benefit Cost Analysis of Small Hydropower in Water Distribution Systems
  • Sensor Placement and Leakage Isolation with Differential Evolution
  • Leakage Calibration of Water Distribution Systems
  • Pump Scheduling for Uncertain Electricity Prices
  • Fuzzy Analysis of Pressure-Deficient Water Distribution Networks
  • Development of a Methodology to Predict the Failure of Large-Diameter Cast Iron Water Mains
  • Trunk Water Main Failure Consequence Modeling of Hydraulic Failure and Fire Flow
  • Spanning Tree-Based Algorithm for Generating Water Distribution Network Sets by Using Street Network Data Sets
  • Tradeoffs in Public Acceptance and Water Savings in Using Reclaimed Water for Irrigation Applications
  • Optimal Sensor Placement in Water Distribution Systems for Injection of Chlorpyrifos
  • Optimization of Surge Protection Devices in Water Distribution Systems
  • GA for Optimal Upgrading of Water Distribution Networks for Level-1 Redundancy
  • Assessing Model Structure Uncertainties in Water Distribution Models
  • Impact of Failure Mode, Crack Area, and Pressure on Leakage Outflow
  • Sensor Placement Optimization for Water Quality Model Calibration
  • Evaluation of Transient Scenarios on a Water Distribution Lab Model Calibrated under Steady State Conditions.
  • What Does it Take to Make Automated Calibration Find Closed Valves and Leaks?
  • Effects of Chlorine and Chloramine on Microbial Biomass and Community Structure in Model Drinking Water Distribution Systems
  • A New Integer Linear Programming-Based Design Methodology for Water Distribution Systems
  • Statistical Downscaling versus Dynamic Downscaling : An Assessment Based upon a Sample Study
  • Assessment of Change in Precipitation Frequency under Future Climate Change Conditions
  • Multisite Statistical Downscaling of Daily Precipitation Processes
  • Dynamic Equilibrium Glacier Modeling under Evolving Climate Conditions
  • Climate Change Effects on Soil Erosion from a Winter Wheat Field in Central Oklahoma
  • Incorporating Climate Variability in a Nonparametric Modeling Framework for Improving Hydrologic Predictions
  • Investigation of the Linkages between Oceanic Atmospheric Variability and Continental U.S. Streamflow
  • Inland Municipal Desalination Plants in the United States
  • Concentrate Management Practices in U.S. Municipal Desalination Plants
  • Brine Discharge Load Design and Optimization Framework for Desalination Process Using Mixing Plume Criteria and Discharge Pipe Length Augmentation
  • Study of Salinization in Shallow Aquifers in the Ada East-West Districts of Ghana
  • High-Recovery Processing of WTP and WWTP Desalination Concentrate
  • Dimensionless Criteria for Selecting Tidally Influenced Advective-Dispersive Desalination Brine Mixing Plume Characterization Models.
  • From Chow's Lab to Bypass the Time of Concentration
  • Ven Te Chow and Deterministic Hydrology
  • Chow, Froude, and Vedernikov
  • Ven Te Chow : An Outstanding Scholar
  • Methodology for IWRM for Humid Alluvial Plains
  • Water Education Foundation's William R. Gianelli Water Leaders Class
  • Education and Service to EWRI and ASCE through EWRI History and Heritage Sessions
  • New Vision for Water Resources Engineering : Beyond Vision 2025
  • Evaluation of Biofilter Denitrification with Solid-State Electron Donors
  • Ubiquitous Sensing : Potential and Pitfalls
  • Simulating Flow Changes Due to Current Energy Capture : SNL-EFDC Model Verification
  • Use of Innovative Techniques to Enhance the Hydraulic Disinfection Efficiency of Drinking Water Contact Tanks
  • Development and Implementation of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) for Measuring Water Quality
  • Improving Streamflow Reconstructions Using Oceanic-Atmospheric Climate Variability
  • Implementing CFD in the Development of a Hydrodynamic Separator for Grit Washing
  • Relating Temperature Trends to Urban Change and NDVI in Las Vegas
  • Coastal Floodplain Mapping and Evaluation Using GIS and HEC-GeoRAS Models
  • Integration of Coastal Storm Inundation Model (GSSHA) with Grid Surface and Subsurface Hydrological Model
  • Enabling Communications for Buried Pipe Networks
  • Quantifying Resilience to Coastal Flood Events : A Case Study of New York City
  • Probable Role of Anthropogenic Activities in 2013 Flood Disaster in Uttarakhand, India.
  • Climate Change Impacts on Urban Runoff in a New York City Watershed
  • LID Implementation to Mitigate Climate Change Impacts on Urban Runoff
  • Challenges of Sustainable Development and Management of Water Resources in Ethiopia
  • Real-Time Analysis of Moisture and Flow Data to Describe Wet Weather Response in a Permeable Pavement Parking Lot
  • Hydrogen Sulfide Exposure and Human-Health Risk in Mining-Impacted Regions
  • Prediction of GHG Emissions from a New Reservoir
  • Automatic Calibration of Water Quality Models for Reservoirs and Lakes
  • Permit Management: Keeping Projects in Compliance Aggressive Permit Management for New York City's Wastewater Treatment and Water Supply Capital Plan
  • Value of Forecasts in Reservoir Operations Management
  • Many-Objective Direct Policy Search in the Dez and Karoun Multireservoir System, Iran
  • Managing for Floodplains and Aquatic Species : A Framework for Multiobjective Reservoir Operations
  • Managing the Impacts of Reservoirs in the Mekong River Basin
  • Meeting Temperature Requirements for Fisheries Downstream of Folsom Reservoir, California
  • Optimizing Short-Term Operation of a Multireservoir System during Transition of Objectives and Constraints
  • Recent Southern Nevada Water History and Water Education
  • Bank Erosion of the Illinois River
  • Ecological Response of Floodplain Restoration to Flooding Disturbance : A Comparison of the Effects of Heavy and Light Flooding.
  • Impacts of the Mount St. Helens Eruption on the Columbia and Cowlitz Rivers and the Corps' Response to Date
  • Effects of the Great Missoula Floods
  • Early Exploration and Mapping of the Columbia River
  • Grand Coulee Dam History
  • Framework for Bridge Scour Measurement Using Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)
  • Two-Dimensional Numerical Simulation of a Grand Canyon Sandbar during a High Flow Experiment
  • Riprap Design for Overtopping Man Do I Need a Martini!
  • Scaling and Self-Similarity of One-Dimensional Suspended Sediment Transport Equations
  • Evaluation of Reducing Elbow Characteristics versus Velocity Distribution at the Pump Inlet
  • Calibration of a Geophone Acoustic Sensor to Bedload Particle Mode of Transport
  • Energy Dissipation in Six-Foot Drop Broken Back Culverts under Open Channel Flow Conditions
  • Uniform Flow Development Length in a Rough Laboratory Flume
  • Quantifying Sediment Sources to the Suspended Load of an Agricultural Stream Using Radioisotopes
  • Evaluated Head of Rubble Mound Breakwater Stability with Experimental under Irregular Waves
  • Redistribution Effects on Changes in Soil Carbon Storage Potential in Intensely Managed Landscapes
  • Alternative Tile Intake Design for Tile Drainage : A Case Study
  • Experimental Study on Scale Effects in Surges Caused by Sudden Air Pocket Entrapments
  • Age of Water and Salt Exchange in the Perdido and Wolf Bay System
  • Project Feasibility Analysis : Willamette River Study.
  • Physical Model Testing and Validation of Large Long-Throated Flumes
  • Benchmark Exercise for Comparing the Computational Performance of Two-Dimensional Flood Models in CPU, Multi-CPU, and GPU Frameworks
  • Effects on Streambeds Due to Changes in Discharge and Channel Width
  • Model Studies of Semi-Permeable Rubble Mound Weirs
  • Prediction of Scouring Depth at the Outlet of Partially Blocked Box Culvert
  • MAST-1D : A Size-Specific Sediment Transport and Tracer Model with Off-Channel Storage
  • Gas Extraction from Lake Kivu : The Dynamics of the Degassed Water Plume
  • Deep Creek Streambank Stabilization : Sustainably Protecting Critical Infrastructure
  • Scour Pool Development at Countersunk Culverts
  • Sediment Transport Conditions near Culverts
  • Analysis of Maximum Probable Storm Surge at the South Texas Project Site
  • Three-Dimensional Simulation of Tidal Flow in Vegetated Marsh Area
  • Two-Dimensional Finite Volume Model for Sediment Transport in Unsteady Flow
  • Predicting Cumulative Stream Power in Ungauged, Rural Watersheds
  • Examining Seasonal Trends in Sediment Source Contributions in an Intensely Cultivated Midwestern Sub-Watershed Using Bayesian Unmixing
  • Two-Stage Raw Water Intake A Case Study of a Unique Flood Water Pump Station
  • Channel Avulsion Dynamics in Meandering Rivers
  • L-8 Flow Equalization Basin Project Converting Retired Rock Quarries for Environmental Restoration
  • Bank Stability Analysis for Fluvial Erosion and Mass Failure
  • Simulation of the Rapid Filling of a Transmission Main Undergoing Flow Regime Transition.
  • Determination of River Maintenance Need at Individual Sites and Reaches on the Middle Rio Grande, NM
  • Three-Dimensional Numerical Modeling of Air-Water Geyser Flows
  • Susceptibility Analysis of River Bank Erosion Based on Exposure to Shear Stress and Velocity Combined with Hydrologic and Geomorphologic Variables
  • Evaluating the Natural Development of the Meta River for Proposing Hydraulic Works Oriented to River Training for Fluvial Navigation
  • Climate Change Impacts on Rainfed Corn Production in Malawi's Lilongwe District
  • Social and Environmental Impacts of Waste Management Alternatives in India : A Critical Analysis
  • System-Dynamics Approach to Evaluate Climate Change Adaptation Strategies for Iran's Zayandeh-Rud Water System
  • Bacterial Testing Plate Incubation in Developing Regions
  • Microbiological and Economic Assessment of Ceramic Pot Filters Used Long Term in Households in San Pedro La Laguna, Guatemala
  • Performance Characterization of a Wind-Powered Water Pump for Use in Rural Bolivia
  • Mapping the Way : Testing Methods to Map Water Points in Developing Countries
  • Importance of Cash Contributions to the Sustainability of International Development Projects
  • Columbia River Treaty 2014/2024 : Integrating Numerical Models and HEC-WAT Plug-In Technology
  • Columbia River Treaty 2014/2024 : HEC-WAT Innovations for CRT Computes
  • Columbia River Treaty 2014-2024 : Distributed Computing for HEC-WAT/FRA
  • Columbia River Treaty 2014/2024 : Monte Carlo Simulation in HEC-WAT
  • Columbia River Treaty 2014/2024 : HEC-WAT and the FRA Compute Option.
  • Pressure Recorders : Low-Cost, Robust, Low-Battery-Use Field Measurement Techniques for Trending Water Pressure
  • What Caffeine Tells Us about Nutrient Source Apportionment in Rural Watershed Tile Drainage
  • Wetted-Perimeter-Dependent Furrow Infiltration and Its Implication for the Hydraulic Analysis of Furrow Irrigation Systems
  • Optimal Dynamic Water Allocation for Irrigation of Multiple Crops
  • Estimating Evapotranspiration from Fields with and without Tile Drainage Using Remote Sensing
  • Optimized Water Delivery to Farmers in Maduru-Oya, Sri Lanka, Using Irrigation Demands Communicated through SMS Messaging
  • Validation and Performance of Several Radiation Models in Shahrekord Plain
  • Weed-Resistant Propeller-Meter System
  • Estimating Pistachio Evapotranspiration Using MODIS Imagery : A Case Study from Ardakan, Iran
  • Implementation of New Irrigation Protocols on Strawberry Transplants on the California Central Coast
  • An Agent-Based Modeling Approach to Simulate the Dynamics of Water Supply and Water Demand
  • Multiobjective Optimization to Explore Tradeoffs in Rainwater Harvesting Strategies for Urban Water Sustainability
  • Complex Adaptive System Framework to Simulate Adaptations of Human-Environmental Systems to Climate Change and Urbanization : The Verde River Basin
  • Iterative Approach to Many-Objective Engineering Design : Balancing Conflicting Objectives for Engineered Injection and Extraction.
  • Empirical Acceptance-Resistance Agent-Based Modeling Approach for Simulating the Adoption of Water Reuse
  • Application of a Water Resources Model to Assist Planning in Elsinore Valley Municipal Water District
  • Modeling Streamflow Dominated by Snowmelt in an Ungauged Basin in Northwestern China
  • Sustainable Water Supply Planning for North Central Texas : Using a Decision-Support System to Evaluate the Triple Bottom Line
  • Online Gaming for Understanding Agents' Behavior in Water-Sharing Problems
  • Flood Storage Allocation Rules for Parallel Reservoirs
  • Bayesian Model Averaging for Flood Frequency Analysis
  • Hydrologic Responses to Irrigation Management in the Wood River Basin, Klamath County, Oregon
  • Estimating the Storm Surge Recurrence Interval for Hurricane Sandy
  • Evolution of Storage Capacity in the Brazilian Hydropower System
  • Brazilian Hydrothermal System Operation : Interconnected Large System or Isolated Subsystems?
  • GIS-Based System to Better Guide Water Resources Management and Decision Making
  • Flood Hazard Reevaluation at Existing U.S. Nuclear Power Plants in Response to the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Loss of Coolant Accident
  • Correlating Human Preferences and Optimized Watershed Management Plans
  • Classifying Streams on the Basis of Elevation above Mean Sea Level A Universal Approach
  • Efficacies of Centralized versus Distributed Chlorinated Treatment on Inhibiting Microbial Regrowth and Biofilm Potential for Water Distributions Systems
  • Modeling the Co-Evolution of Potable and Reclaimed Water Distribution Systems
  • Pervious Concrete : A Testing of Traits and Methodology.
  • Sustainability and Economics of Reservoir Sedimentation
  • Perspectives on Sustainable Materials and Practice in the Concrete Industry of Bangladesh
  • Keep It Local : Sustainable Storm-Water Management Methods on Urban Streets
  • Compulsion, Coercion, and Cooperation : Consumer Attitudes to Domestic Water Efficiency
  • New Finance-Based Portfolio Analysis Framework for Sustainable Energy Planning
  • The Science Not Yet Behind Wetland Policy : Ecology, Hydrology, Public Perception, and Conservation
  • Sustainable Energy Planning with Respect to Resource Use Efficiency : Insights for the United States
  • Social Sustainability and Important Indicators in Infrastructure
  • Hydro-Climate from Wake County's Perspective
  • Decision Analytic Model for Nonstationary Flood Risk Management
  • Climate Change Risk on the Water Resources Management of Himalayan Basins.
  • Evaluating the Effects of Climate Change on Water Reliability in Iran's Karkheh River Basin
  • Climate Change IMpacts on Reservoir Inflow Using Various Weighting Approaches
  • Forcing Hydrologic Model with GCM Output : Bias Correction vs. the "Delta Change" Method
  • Evaluation of an Unsaturated Flow Model for Flow Attenuation in Green Roofs
  • Challenges of Restoring an Altered Reservoir/Debris/Detention Basin to Its Maximum Potential Flood Mitigation Capacity A Case Study in Ventura County, California.
  • Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Wastewater Treatment Plants and By-Product Operations A Comprehensive Review
  • Review of Processes and Wastewater Quality Produced in Different Ready-Made Garment Industries of Bangladesh and Their Impact on the Potential Use of Zero Liquid Discharge Effluent Treatment Plant Systems
  • Predicting Impacts of Changing Land Use/Cover on Streamflow in Ungauged Watersheds
  • Flow Rate and Sediment-Trapping Laboratory Experiments Using Various Biofilter Media
  • The North Valley Regional Recycled Water Program : Putting Title 22 Water to Beneficial Use in California's Central Valley
  • Innovative Stormwater Floating Islands as Wetland Plant Nurseries.
  • Curve Numbers for Two Agro-Forested Watersheds
  • Thermal Desalination Technologies as Alternative Options for Water Scarcity in Libya
  • Predictability of the Recurrence of the 1976-77 Dry Conditions in California Using Saros Cycles and Analogous Orbital Geometries
  • Comparison of Erosion Hotspots for Two Watersheds in Ohio
  • Implications of SRTM- and ASTER-Based DEMs on Hydrologic Responses at Various Catchment Scales
  • Identification of Safe Navigation Routes in a Remote Watershed under Extreme Storm Events Utilizing GIS and Hydrologic Models
  • Identifying Dominant Biogeochemical Processes Regarding theNitrogen Cycle in Active and Passive Zones of a Restored Wetland through WetQual Model
  • Decision Support Tool Utilizing an HSPF Watershed Model Application for the Central Big Sioux River in Eastern South Dakota
  • Rainfall and Intensity-Duration-Frequency (IDF) Curves in the United Arab Emirates
  • Prediction of Hydrologic Statistics in Nested Watersheds across the United States
  • Examining the Reliability of Hydrologic Drought-Risk Forecasting at Seasonal Timescales.
"This collection contains 233 papers covering a broad range of current research and practice in the field of environmental and water resources engineering with a focus on trans-boundary water management. Papers from the following symposia are included: 11th Urban Watershed Management Symposium; 12th Symposium on Groundwater Hydrology, Quality, and Management; 16th Annual Symposium on Water Distribution Systems Analysis; 2nd Annual Symposium on Desalination and Water Reuse; 2014 Hydro-Climate Symposium on Modeling Climate Change; International Symposium on the Columbia River Basin; and Water Systems Planning under Climate Change Symposium. Additional topics include integrated water resources management; education and research; hydraulics and waterways; environmental planning and management; water, wastewater and stormwater management; and history and heritage"--Provided by publisher.
Stanford University Libraries
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Book
1 online resource (31 p.)
The success of reducing carbon emissions from deforestation and forest degradation depends on the design of an effective financial mechanism that provides landholders sufficient incentives to participate and provide additional and permanent carbon offsets. This paper proposes self-enforcing contracts as a potential solution for the constraints in formal contract enforcement derived from the stylized facts of reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation implementation in developing countries. It characterizes the optimal self-enforcing contract and provides the parameters under which private enforcement is sustainable when the seller type that is, the opportunity cost of the land, is private information. The optimal contract suggests that the seller with low opportunity cost receives a positive enforceable payment equivalent to the information rents required for self-selection, in contrast to when the buyer knows the seller type in which case all payments should be made contingent on additional forest conservation. When the buyer does not know the seller type, a first-best self-enforcing contract can be implemented if forest conservation is sufficiently productive. If the gains from forest conservation are small, self-enforcing contracts may induce some carbon sequestration by some or all seller types, depending on the value of the shared gains of the relationship.
The success of reducing carbon emissions from deforestation and forest degradation depends on the design of an effective financial mechanism that provides landholders sufficient incentives to participate and provide additional and permanent carbon offsets. This paper proposes self-enforcing contracts as a potential solution for the constraints in formal contract enforcement derived from the stylized facts of reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation implementation in developing countries. It characterizes the optimal self-enforcing contract and provides the parameters under which private enforcement is sustainable when the seller type that is, the opportunity cost of the land, is private information. The optimal contract suggests that the seller with low opportunity cost receives a positive enforceable payment equivalent to the information rents required for self-selection, in contrast to when the buyer knows the seller type in which case all payments should be made contingent on additional forest conservation. When the buyer does not know the seller type, a first-best self-enforcing contract can be implemented if forest conservation is sufficiently productive. If the gains from forest conservation are small, self-enforcing contracts may induce some carbon sequestration by some or all seller types, depending on the value of the shared gains of the relationship.
Book
47 p. ; 21 x 29.7 cm.
Competitiveness and carbon leakage issues have been some of the main concerns in the implementation and discussions of climate policies. These concerns are particularly important in the presence of multiple carbon markets since differences in climate change policy approaches may have impacts on the relative competitiveness of domestic sectors in countries with more stringent policies, and on the environmental effectiveness through carbon leakage. This paper examines the macroeconomic and sectoral competitiveness and carbon leakage impacts associated with a range of stylised mitigation policy scenarios. The scenarios reflect different depictions of carbon markets in terms of their level of linkages, their coverage (i.e. number of countries participating, types of gases and sectors) and the stringency of the carbon pricing policy across countries. The paper also investigates some policies to address competitiveness and carbon leakage issues. The analysis considers border carbon adjustments (BCAs) as well as direct and indirect (offset-based) linking of carbon markets. The results show that in presence of multiple carbon markets, competitiveness can decrease in countries that undertake climate policies, also leading to carbon leakage. The negative sectoral competitiveness and leakage effects can be reduced when more countries act, more emission sources are covered, and when the climate mitigation policy is harmonised across countries. The results also show that response policies, such as BCAs and linking of carbon markets, can address some, but not all, of the competitiveness and carbon leakage issues. While BCAs are more effective in addressing domestic competitiveness concerns than linking instruments, the latter are better in preserving the welfare of countries that are not undertaking a climate policy.
Competitiveness and carbon leakage issues have been some of the main concerns in the implementation and discussions of climate policies. These concerns are particularly important in the presence of multiple carbon markets since differences in climate change policy approaches may have impacts on the relative competitiveness of domestic sectors in countries with more stringent policies, and on the environmental effectiveness through carbon leakage. This paper examines the macroeconomic and sectoral competitiveness and carbon leakage impacts associated with a range of stylised mitigation policy scenarios. The scenarios reflect different depictions of carbon markets in terms of their level of linkages, their coverage (i.e. number of countries participating, types of gases and sectors) and the stringency of the carbon pricing policy across countries. The paper also investigates some policies to address competitiveness and carbon leakage issues. The analysis considers border carbon adjustments (BCAs) as well as direct and indirect (offset-based) linking of carbon markets. The results show that in presence of multiple carbon markets, competitiveness can decrease in countries that undertake climate policies, also leading to carbon leakage. The negative sectoral competitiveness and leakage effects can be reduced when more countries act, more emission sources are covered, and when the climate mitigation policy is harmonised across countries. The results also show that response policies, such as BCAs and linking of carbon markets, can address some, but not all, of the competitiveness and carbon leakage issues. While BCAs are more effective in addressing domestic competitiveness concerns than linking instruments, the latter are better in preserving the welfare of countries that are not undertaking a climate policy.
Book
1 online resource (xiii, 460 p.) : ill, map.
  • Variation in Phenological Development of Winter Barley / Novo Pržulj, Vojislava Momèiloviæ, Dragan Perović
  • Leaf Number and Thermal Requirements for Leaf Development in Winter Barley / Vojislava Momčilović, Novo Pržulj, Miloš Nožinić
  • Characterization of the Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) miRNome: A Computational-Based Update on MicroRNAs and Their Targets / Moreno Colaiacovo, Cristina Crosatti, Lorenzo Giusti
  • The Construction of Molecular Genetic Map of Barley Using SRAP Markers / Leilei L. Guo, Xianjun J. Liu, Xinchun C. Liu, Zhimin M. Yang
  • Phenotypic Evaluation of Spring Barley RIL Mapping Populations for Pre-harvest Sprouting, Fusarium Head Blight and [beta]-Glucans / Linda Legzdina, Mara Bleidere, Guna Usele, Daiga Vilcane
  • Molecular Mechanisms for Covered vs. Naked Caryopsis in Barley / Shin Taketa, Takahisa Yuo, Yuko Yamashita, Mika Ozeki.
  • Evolution of Wild Barley and Barley Improvement / Eviatar Nevo
  • Genetic Diversity in Latvian Spring Barley Association Mapping Population / Ieva Mezaka, Linda Legzdina, Robbie Waugh, Timothy J. Close
  • Genome-Wide Association Mapping of Malting Quality Traits in Relevant Barley Germplasm in Uruguay / Ariel Castro, Lorena Cammarota, Blanca Gomez, Lucia Gutierrez
  • The "Italian" Barley Genetic Mutant Collection: Conservation, Development of New Mutants and Use / Antonio Michele Stanca, Giorgio Tumino, Donata Pagani
  • Alpha-Amylase Allelic Variation in Domesticated and Wild Barley / Suong Cu, Sophia Roumeliotis, Jason Eglinton
  • Novel Genes from Wild Barley Hordeum spontaneum for Barley Improvement / Xue Gong, Chengdao Li, Guoping Zhang, Guijun Yan, Reg Lance
  • The Distribution of the Hordoindoline Genes and Identification of Puroindoline b-2 Variant Gene Homologs in the Genus Hordeum / Yohei Terasawa, Kanenori Takata, Tatsuya M. Ikeda
  • Exploiting and Utilizing the Novel Annual Wild Barleys Germplasms on the Qing-Tibetan Plateau / Dongfa Sun, Tingwen Xu, Guoping Zhang, Zhao Ling, Daokun Sun
  • Agronomic and Quality Attributes of Worldwide Primitive Barley Subspecies / Abderrazek Jilal, Stefania Grando, Robert James Henry
  • Differences between Steely and Mealy Barley Samples Associated with Endosperm Modification / Barbara Ferrari, Marina Baronchelli, Antonio M. Stanca
  • Genotypic Difference in Molecular Spectral Features of Cellulosic Compounds and Nutrient Supply in Barley: A Review / Peiqiang Yu Ph.D.
  • Use of Barley Flour to Lower the Glycemic Index of Food: Air Classification [beta]-Glucan Enrichment and Postprandial Glycemic Response After Consumption of Bread Made with Barley [beta]-Glucan-Enriched Flour Fractions / Francesca Finocchiaro, Alberto Gianinetti, Barbara Ferrari
  • Food Preparation from Hulless Barley in Tibet / Nyima Tashi, Tang Yawei, Zeng Xingquan
  • Screening Hull-less Barley Mutants for Potential Use in Grain Whisky Distilling / John Stuart Swanston, Jill Elaine Middlefell-Williams
  • Natural Variation in Grain Iron and Zinc Concentrations of Wild Barley, Hordeum spontaneum, Populations from Israel / Jun Yan, Fang Wang, Rongzhi Yang, Tangfu Xiao, Tzion Fahima
  • Genes Controlling Low Phytic Acid in Plants: Identifying Targets for Barley Breeding / Hongxia Ye, Chengdao Li, Matthew Bellgard, Reg Lance
  • Correlation Analysis of Functional Components of Barley Grain / Tao Yang, Ya-Wen Zeng, Xiao-Ying Pu, Juan Du, Shu-Ming Yang
  • Genome-Wide Association Mapping Identifies Disease-Resistance QTLs in Barley Germplasm from Latin America / Lucía Gutiérrez, Natalia Berberian, Flavio Capettini
  • The CC-NB-LRR-type Rdg2a Resistance Gene Evolved Through Recombination and Confers Immunity to the Seed-Borne Barley Leaf Stripe Pathogen in the Absence of Hypersensitive Cell Death / Chiara Biselli, Davide Bulgarelli, Nicholas C. Collins
  • Increased Auxin Content and Altered Auxin Response in Barley Necrotic Mutant nec1 / Anete Keisa, Ilva Nakurte, Laura Kunga, Liga Kale
  • Vulnerability of Cultivated and Wild Barley to African Stem Rust Race TTKSK / Brian J. Steffenson, Hao Zhou, Yuan Chai, Stefania Grando
  • Genome-Wide Association Mapping Reveals Genetic Architecture of Durable Spot Blotch Resistance in US Barley Breeding Germplasm / Hao Zhou, Brian J. Steffenson
  • Genetic Fine Mapping of a Novel Leaf Rust Resistance Gene and a Barley Yellow Dwarf Virus Tolerance (BYDV) Introgressed from Hordeum bulbosum by the Use of the 9K iSelect Chip / Perovic Dragan, Doris Kopahnke, Brian J. Steffenson
  • A Major QTL Controlling Adult Plant Resistance for Barley Leaf Rust / Chengdao Li, Sanjiv Gupta, Xiao-Qi Zhang, Sharon Westcott
  • Large Population with Low Marker Density Verse Small Population with High Marker Density for QTL Mapping: A Case Study for Mapping QTL Controlling Barley Net Blotch Resistance / Jian Yang, Chengdao Li, Xue Gong, Sanjiv Gupta, Reg Lance
  • "Deep Phenotyping" of Early Plant Response to Abiotic Stress Using Non-invasive Approaches in Barley / Agim Ballvora, Christoph Römer, Mirwaes Wahabzada
  • Barley Adaptation: Teachings from Landraces Will Help to Respond to Climate Change / Ernesto Igartua, Ildikó Karsai, M. Cristina Casao, Otto Veisz
  • Development of Recombinant Chromosome Substitution Lines for Aluminum Tolerance in Barley / Kazuhiro Sato, Jianfeng Ma
  • New and Renewed Breeding Methodology / Hayes Patrick, Cuesta-Marcos Alfonso
  • Barley in Tropical Areas: The Brazilian Experience / Euclydes Minella
  • Performance and Yield Components of Forage Barley Grown Under Harsh Environmental Conditions of Kuwait / Habibah S. Al-Menaie, Hayam S. Mahgoub, Ouhoud Al-Ragam
  • Variability of Spring Barley Traits Essential for Organic Farming in Association Mapping Population / Linda Legzdina, Ieva Mezaka, Indra Beinarovica, Aina Kokare
  • Barley Production and Breeding in Europe: Modern Cultivars Combine Disease Resistance, Malting Quality and High Yield / Wolfgang Friedt, Frank Ordon
  • Variation in Phenological Development of Winter Barley / Novo Pržulj, Vojislava Momèiloviæ, Dragan Perović
  • Leaf Number and Thermal Requirements for Leaf Development in Winter Barley / Vojislava Momčilović, Novo Pržulj, Miloš Nožinić
  • Characterization of the Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) miRNome: A Computational-Based Update on MicroRNAs and Their Targets / Moreno Colaiacovo, Cristina Crosatti, Lorenzo Giusti
  • The Construction of Molecular Genetic Map of Barley Using SRAP Markers / Leilei L. Guo, Xianjun J. Liu, Xinchun C. Liu, Zhimin M. Yang
  • Phenotypic Evaluation of Spring Barley RIL Mapping Populations for Pre-harvest Sprouting, Fusarium Head Blight and [beta]-Glucans / Linda Legzdina, Mara Bleidere, Guna Usele, Daiga Vilcane
  • Molecular Mechanisms for Covered vs. Naked Caryopsis in Barley / Shin Taketa, Takahisa Yuo, Yuko Yamashita, Mika Ozeki.
  • Evolution of Wild Barley and Barley Improvement / Eviatar Nevo
  • Genetic Diversity in Latvian Spring Barley Association Mapping Population / Ieva Mezaka, Linda Legzdina, Robbie Waugh, Timothy J. Close
  • Genome-Wide Association Mapping of Malting Quality Traits in Relevant Barley Germplasm in Uruguay / Ariel Castro, Lorena Cammarota, Blanca Gomez, Lucia Gutierrez
  • The "Italian" Barley Genetic Mutant Collection: Conservation, Development of New Mutants and Use / Antonio Michele Stanca, Giorgio Tumino, Donata Pagani
  • Alpha-Amylase Allelic Variation in Domesticated and Wild Barley / Suong Cu, Sophia Roumeliotis, Jason Eglinton
  • Novel Genes from Wild Barley Hordeum spontaneum for Barley Improvement / Xue Gong, Chengdao Li, Guoping Zhang, Guijun Yan, Reg Lance
  • The Distribution of the Hordoindoline Genes and Identification of Puroindoline b-2 Variant Gene Homologs in the Genus Hordeum / Yohei Terasawa, Kanenori Takata, Tatsuya M. Ikeda
  • Exploiting and Utilizing the Novel Annual Wild Barleys Germplasms on the Qing-Tibetan Plateau / Dongfa Sun, Tingwen Xu, Guoping Zhang, Zhao Ling, Daokun Sun
  • Agronomic and Quality Attributes of Worldwide Primitive Barley Subspecies / Abderrazek Jilal, Stefania Grando, Robert James Henry
  • Differences between Steely and Mealy Barley Samples Associated with Endosperm Modification / Barbara Ferrari, Marina Baronchelli, Antonio M. Stanca
  • Genotypic Difference in Molecular Spectral Features of Cellulosic Compounds and Nutrient Supply in Barley: A Review / Peiqiang Yu Ph.D.
  • Use of Barley Flour to Lower the Glycemic Index of Food: Air Classification [beta]-Glucan Enrichment and Postprandial Glycemic Response After Consumption of Bread Made with Barley [beta]-Glucan-Enriched Flour Fractions / Francesca Finocchiaro, Alberto Gianinetti, Barbara Ferrari
  • Food Preparation from Hulless Barley in Tibet / Nyima Tashi, Tang Yawei, Zeng Xingquan
  • Screening Hull-less Barley Mutants for Potential Use in Grain Whisky Distilling / John Stuart Swanston, Jill Elaine Middlefell-Williams
  • Natural Variation in Grain Iron and Zinc Concentrations of Wild Barley, Hordeum spontaneum, Populations from Israel / Jun Yan, Fang Wang, Rongzhi Yang, Tangfu Xiao, Tzion Fahima
  • Genes Controlling Low Phytic Acid in Plants: Identifying Targets for Barley Breeding / Hongxia Ye, Chengdao Li, Matthew Bellgard, Reg Lance
  • Correlation Analysis of Functional Components of Barley Grain / Tao Yang, Ya-Wen Zeng, Xiao-Ying Pu, Juan Du, Shu-Ming Yang
  • Genome-Wide Association Mapping Identifies Disease-Resistance QTLs in Barley Germplasm from Latin America / Lucía Gutiérrez, Natalia Berberian, Flavio Capettini
  • The CC-NB-LRR-type Rdg2a Resistance Gene Evolved Through Recombination and Confers Immunity to the Seed-Borne Barley Leaf Stripe Pathogen in the Absence of Hypersensitive Cell Death / Chiara Biselli, Davide Bulgarelli, Nicholas C. Collins
  • Increased Auxin Content and Altered Auxin Response in Barley Necrotic Mutant nec1 / Anete Keisa, Ilva Nakurte, Laura Kunga, Liga Kale
  • Vulnerability of Cultivated and Wild Barley to African Stem Rust Race TTKSK / Brian J. Steffenson, Hao Zhou, Yuan Chai, Stefania Grando
  • Genome-Wide Association Mapping Reveals Genetic Architecture of Durable Spot Blotch Resistance in US Barley Breeding Germplasm / Hao Zhou, Brian J. Steffenson
  • Genetic Fine Mapping of a Novel Leaf Rust Resistance Gene and a Barley Yellow Dwarf Virus Tolerance (BYDV) Introgressed from Hordeum bulbosum by the Use of the 9K iSelect Chip / Perovic Dragan, Doris Kopahnke, Brian J. Steffenson
  • A Major QTL Controlling Adult Plant Resistance for Barley Leaf Rust / Chengdao Li, Sanjiv Gupta, Xiao-Qi Zhang, Sharon Westcott
  • Large Population with Low Marker Density Verse Small Population with High Marker Density for QTL Mapping: A Case Study for Mapping QTL Controlling Barley Net Blotch Resistance / Jian Yang, Chengdao Li, Xue Gong, Sanjiv Gupta, Reg Lance
  • "Deep Phenotyping" of Early Plant Response to Abiotic Stress Using Non-invasive Approaches in Barley / Agim Ballvora, Christoph Römer, Mirwaes Wahabzada
  • Barley Adaptation: Teachings from Landraces Will Help to Respond to Climate Change / Ernesto Igartua, Ildikó Karsai, M. Cristina Casao, Otto Veisz
  • Development of Recombinant Chromosome Substitution Lines for Aluminum Tolerance in Barley / Kazuhiro Sato, Jianfeng Ma
  • New and Renewed Breeding Methodology / Hayes Patrick, Cuesta-Marcos Alfonso
  • Barley in Tropical Areas: The Brazilian Experience / Euclydes Minella
  • Performance and Yield Components of Forage Barley Grown Under Harsh Environmental Conditions of Kuwait / Habibah S. Al-Menaie, Hayam S. Mahgoub, Ouhoud Al-Ragam
  • Variability of Spring Barley Traits Essential for Organic Farming in Association Mapping Population / Linda Legzdina, Ieva Mezaka, Indra Beinarovica, Aina Kokare
  • Barley Production and Breeding in Europe: Modern Cultivars Combine Disease Resistance, Malting Quality and High Yield / Wolfgang Friedt, Frank Ordon
Book
1 online resource.
Book
1 online resource : col. ill.
Book
1 online resource (43 p.)
This paper sheds light on how to harvest the "youth dividend" in Sub-Saharan Africa by creating jobs in agriculture. The agriculture that attracts the youth will have to be profitable, competitive, and dynamic. These are the same characteristics needed for agriculture to deliver growth, to improve food security, and to preserve a fragile natural environment. With higher priority accorded to implementation of well-designed public investments in agriculture, continued progress on regulatory and policy reform, and attention to assure inclusion of young people in Africa's agricultural renaissance, the sector's handsome youth dividend can be collected and widely shared.
This paper sheds light on how to harvest the "youth dividend" in Sub-Saharan Africa by creating jobs in agriculture. The agriculture that attracts the youth will have to be profitable, competitive, and dynamic. These are the same characteristics needed for agriculture to deliver growth, to improve food security, and to preserve a fragile natural environment. With higher priority accorded to implementation of well-designed public investments in agriculture, continued progress on regulatory and policy reform, and attention to assure inclusion of young people in Africa's agricultural renaissance, the sector's handsome youth dividend can be collected and widely shared.